Qur An And Woman

Author : Amina Wadud
ISBN : 0198029438
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64.32 MB
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Fourteen centuries of Islamic thought have produced a legacy of interpretive readings of the Qu'ran written almost entirely by men. Now, with Qu'ran and Woman, Amina Wadud provides a first interpretive reading by a woman, a reading which validates the female voice in the Qu'ran and brings it out of the shadows. Muslim progressives have long argued that it is not the religion but patriarchal interpretation and implementation of the Qu'ran that have kept women oppressed. For many, the way to reform is the reexamination and reinterpretation of religious texts. Qu'ran and Woman contributes a gender inclusive reading to one of the most fundamental disciplines in Islamic thought, Qu'ranic exegesis. Wadud breaks down specific texts and key words which have been used to limit women's public and private role, even to justify violence toward Muslim women, revealing that their original meaning and context defy such interpretations. What her analysis clarifies is the lack of gender bias, precedence, or prejudice in the essential language of the Qur'an. Despite much Qu'ranic evidence about the significance of women, gender reform in Muslim society has been stubbornly resisted. Wadud's reading of the Qu'ran confirms women's equality and constitutes legitimate grounds for contesting the unequal treatment that women have experienced historically and continue to experience legally in Muslim communities. The Qu'ran does not prescribe one timeless and unchanging social structure for men and women, Wadud argues lucidly, affirming that the Qu'ran holds greater possibilities for guiding human society to a more fulfilling and productive mutual collaboration between men and women than as yet attained by Muslims or non-Muslims.
Category: Social Science

Den Islam Neu Denken

Author : Katajun Amirpur
ISBN : 9783406644467
Genre : Religion
File Size : 51.82 MB
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Dem Islam wird oft nachgesagt, er habe den Anschluss an Moderne und Aufklärung verpasst – ein Irrtum, wie Katajun Amirpur in ihrem eindrucksvollen Buch zeigt. Sie stellt die einflussreichsten Erneuerer des Islams vor, die sich für Demokratie und Menschenrechte einsetzen und dabei immer mehr Anhänger in Orient und Okzident finden. Sie wollen die Deutungshoheit über den Islam nicht den Fundamentalisten überlassen und setzen dem Dschihad gegen die Ungläubigen ihren eigenen Dschihad für mehr Freiheit und die Gleichberechtigung der Geschlechter entgegen. Zur Sprache kommen unter anderem der ägyptische Korangelehrte Abu Zaid, der durch die Zwangsscheidung von seiner Frau bekannt wurde, und die amerikanische Frauenrechtlerin Amina Wadud, die mit der Leitung eines Freitagsgebets – als erste Frau überhaupt – weltweit Aufsehen erregte. Ihre auf dem Koran gründenden Überlegungen zu einer gerechten politischen Teilhabe aller Menschen können, so zeigt das Buch, auch für Nicht-Muslime höchst anregend sein. «Die Frage ist nicht, ob der Islam mit der Demokratie vereinbar ist, sondern ob die Muslime heute diese Vereinbarkeit entstehen lassen wollen.» Mohammad M. Shabestari
Category: Religion

Imame Und Frauen In Moscheen Im Integrationsprozess

Author : Rauf Ceylan
ISBN : 9783862348237
Genre : Religion
File Size : 30.64 MB
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Erfahrungen mit dem Islam enden in Deutschland meist spätestens an der Moscheetür, entsprechend viele Fragen zum Islam gibt es. Die Vielfalt islamischer Gemeindearbeit sichtbar und verständlich zu machen, ist das Ziel dieses Bandes. Unter verschiedenen Fragestellungen und Blickwinkeln werden das vorherrschende Imambild und das Bild von muslimischen Frauen in Deutschland neu sichtbar gemacht. Dabei berücksichtigen die Autoren geschichtliche sowie aktuelle Entwicklungen. Sie werfen einen Blick in andere europäische Länder und auf Bedürfnisse und Forderungen für die Zukunft. So bietet dieser Band, der im Rahmen der internationalen Fachtagungen »Imame und Moscheegemeinden im Integrationsprozess. Aspekte Islamischer Gemeindepädagogik« und »Die Rolle der muslimischen Frauen in den Moscheegemeinden« entstanden ist, einen eindrucksvollen Blick in die Welt hinter der Moscheetür.
Category: Religion

Feministische Bibelwissenschaft Im 20 Jahrhundert

Author : Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza
ISBN : 9783170289918
Genre : Religion
File Size : 85.89 MB
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Der Band führt eine innovative und kritische Konzeption der Bibelwissenschaft bis in die Gegenwart weiter, die mit der Frauenbewegung begann. In den einzelnen Beiträgen wird der Schlüsselbegriff "Feminismus" nicht im engeren Sinn von Frauen- oder Geschlechterforschung verstanden, sondern er benennt performativ unterschiedliche soziokulturelle und theoretisch-religiöse Standorte. "Feministisch" umfasst gender- und befreiungstheologische, postkoloniale, queere und interreligöse Forschungen und viele andere patriarchatskritische Perspektiven. Das Thema "Frauen und Bibel" wird zwischen den internationalen Frauenbewegungen und der akademischen Erforschung biblischer und anderer heiliger Texte situiert.
Category: Religion

Qur An Of The Oppressed

Author : Assistant Professor in the International Studies Department Shadaab Rahemtulla
ISBN : 9780198796480
Genre :
File Size : 48.45 MB
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This study analyses the commentaries of four Muslim intellectuals who have turned to scripture as a liberating text to confront an array of problems, from patriarchy, racism, and empire to poverty and interreligious communal violence. Shadaab Rahemtulla considers the exegeses of the SouthAfrican Farid Esack (b. 1956), the Indian Asghar Ali Engineer (1939-2013), the African American Amina Wadud (b. 1952), and the Pakistani-American Asma Barlas (b. 1950). The authors considered all proritise the Qur'an over the hadith. Rahemtulla considers this an essential move for a Muslimliberation theology and concludes with proposals with a new construal of what a politically radical Islam might mean, sharply differentitated from Islamism.This work provides a rich analysis of the thought-ways of specific Muslim intellectuals, it substantiates a broadly framed school of thought. Rahemtulla draws out their specific and general importance without displaying an uncritical sympathy. He sheds light on the impact of modern exegeticalcommentary which is more self-conciously concerned with historical context and present realities. In a mutally reinforcing way, this work thus illuminates both the role of agency and heremnetucal approaches in Modern Islamic thought.
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Feminist Biblical Studies In The Twentieth Century

Author : Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza
ISBN : 9781589839212
Genre : Religion
File Size : 27.92 MB
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Chart the development of feminist approaches and theories of interpretation during the period when women first joined the ranks of biblical scholars This collection of essays on feminist biblical studies in the twentieth century seeks to explore four areas of inquiry demanding further investigation. In the first section, articles chart the beginnings and developments of feminist biblical studies as a conversation among feminists around the world. The second section introduces, reviews, and discusses the hermeneutic religious spaces created by feminist biblical studies. The third segment discusses academic methods of reading and interpretation that dismantle androcentric language and kyriarchal authority. The fourth section returns to the first with work that transgresses academic boundaries in order to exemplify the transforming, inspiring, and institutionalizing feminist work that has been and is being done to change religious mindsets of domination and to enable wo/men to engage in critical readings of the Bible. Features: Essays examine the rupture or break in the malestream reception history of the Bible Exploration of the term feminism in different social-cultural and theoretical-religious locations Authors from around the world present research and future directions for research challenging the next generation of feminist interpreters
Category: Religion

Islamic Legal Theory

Author : Mashood A. Baderin
ISBN : 9781351925907
Genre : Law
File Size : 46.16 MB
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Islamic legal theory (usūl al-fiqh) is literally regarded as ’the roots of the law’ whilst Islamic jurists consider it to be the basis of Islamic jurisprudence and thus an essential aspect of Islamic law. This volume addresses the sources, methods and principles of Islamic law leading to an appreciation of the skills of independent juristic and legal reasoning necessary for deriving specific rulings from the established sources of the law. The articles engage critically with relevant traditional views to enable a diagnostic understanding of the different issues, covering both Sunnī and Shī’ī perspectives on some of the issues for comparison. The volume features an introductory overview of the subject as well as a comprehensive bibliography to aid further research. Islamic legal theory is a complex subject which challenges the ingenuity of any expert and therefore special care has been taken to select articles for their clarity as well as their quality, variety and critique to ensure an in-depth, engaging and easy understanding of what is normally a highly theoretical subject.
Category: Law

New Thinking In Islam

Author : Katajun Amirpur
ISBN : 9781909942745
Genre : Religion
File Size : 74.32 MB
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In Rethinking Islam, Katajun Amirpur argues that the West’s impression of Islam as a backward-looking faith, resistant to post-Enlightenment thinking, is misleading and—due to its effects on political discourse—damaging. Introducing readers to key thinkers and activists—such as Abu Zaid, a free-thinking Egyptian Qur’an scholar; Abdolkarim Soroush, an academic and former member of Khomeini’s Cultural Revolution Committee; and Amina Wadud, an American feminist who was the first woman to lead the faithful in Friday Prayer—Amirpur reveals a powerful yet lesser-known tradition of inquiry and dissent within Islam, one that is committed to democracy and human rights. By examining these and many other similar figures’ ideas, she reveals the many ways they reject fundamentalist assertions and instead call for a diversity of opinion, greater freedom, and equality of the sexes.
Category: Religion

A Companion To The Muslim World

Author : Amyn B. Sajoo
ISBN : 9780857711557
Genre : Religion
File Size : 81.33 MB
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What is the extraordinary text that is the Quran - and how does it relate to the life and times of the Prophet Muhammad? How did a legacy so richly varied in faith, law and civilization emerge from the message of the Revelation that came to be called ‘Islam’ (or submission to God’s will)? This immaculately researched yet thoroughly accessible book offers a journey into the full range of experience - past and present, secular and sacred - of the diverse peoples and cultures of the Muslim world. Threads of continuity and change are woven through each chapter to make a coherent narrative covering a broad variety of themes and topics. Poets, cities and the architecture of mosques are as much a part of the exploration as multiple aspects of scripture, the status of women in the faith, and the emergence of a ‘digital community’ of believers. In the aftermath of September 11, 2001, understanding what Islam is about and what Muslims believe is a vital concern across all frontiers. A Companion to the Muslim World is an attractive venture by distinguished scholars to contribute toward this urgent process of comprehension.
Category: Religion

Sufi Narratives Of Intimacy

Author : Sa'diyya Shaikh
ISBN : 9780807869864
Genre : Religion
File Size : 58.73 MB
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Thirteenth-century Sufi poet, mystic, and legal scholar Muhyi al-Din ibn al-'Arabi gave deep and sustained attention to gender as integral to questions of human existence and moral personhood. Reading his works through a critical feminist lens, Sa'diyya Shaikh opens fertile spaces in which new and creative encounters with gender justice in Islam can take place. Grounding her work in Islamic epistemology, Shaikh attends to the ways in which Sufi metaphysics and theology might allow for fundamental shifts in Islamic gender ethics and legal formulations, addressing wide-ranging contemporary challenges including questions of women's rights in marriage and divorce, the politics of veiling, and women's leadership of ritual prayer. Shaikh deftly deconstructs traditional binaries between the spiritual and the political, private conceptions of spiritual development and public notions of social justice, and the realms of inner refinement and those of communal virtue. Drawing on the treasured works of Sufism, Shaikh raises a number of critical questions about the nature of selfhood, subjectivity, spirituality, and society to contribute richly to the prospects of Islamic feminism as well as feminist ethics more broadly.
Category: Religion