QUANTUM PHYSICS IN THE NANOWORLD SCHRODINGERS CAT AND THE DWARFS GRADUATE TEXTS IN PHYSICS

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Quantum Physics In The Nanoworld

Author : Hans Lüth
ISBN : 9783319146690
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.20 MB
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The second edition deals with all essential aspects of non-relativistic quantum physics up to the quantisation of fields. In contrast to common textbooks of quantum mechanics, modern experiments are described both for the purpose of foundation of the theory and in relation to recent applications. Links are made to important research fields and applications such as elementary particle physics, solid state physics and nuclear magnetic resonance in medicine, biology and material science. Special emphasis is paid to quantum physics in nanoelectronics such as resonant tunnelling, Coulomb blockade and the realisation of quantum bits. This second edition also considers quantum transport through quantum point contacts and its application as charge detectors in nanoelectronic circuits. Also the realization and the study of electronic properties of an artificial quantum dot molecule are presented. Because of its recent interest a brief discussion of Bose-Einstein condensation has been included, as well as the recently detected Higgs particle. Another essential new addition to the present book concerns a detailed discussion of the particle picture in quantum field theory. Counterintuitive aspects of single particle quantum physics such as particle-wave duality and the Einstein-Podolski-Rosen (EPR) paradox appear more acceptable to our understanding if discussed on the background of quantum field theory. The non-locality of quantum fields explains non-local behaviour of particles in classical Schrödinger quantum mechanics. Finally, new problems have been added. The book is suitable as an introduction into quantum physics, not only for physicists but also for chemists, biologists, engineers, computer scientists and even for philosophers as far as they are interested in natural philosophy and epistemology.
Category: Science

Modern Elementary Particle Physics

Author : Gordon Kane
ISBN : 9781107165083
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.10 MB
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This book is written for students and scientists wanting to learn about the Standard Model of particle physics. Only an introductory course knowledge about quantum theory is needed. The text provides a pedagogical description of the theory, and incorporates the recent Higgs boson and top quark discoveries. With its clear and engaging style, this new edition retains its essential simplicity. Long and detailed calculations are replaced by simple approximate ones. It includes introductions to accelerators, colliders, and detectors, and several main experimental tests of the Standard Model are explained. Descriptions of some well-motivated extensions of the Standard Model prepare the reader for new developments. It emphasizes the concepts of gauge theories and Higgs physics, electroweak unification and symmetry breaking, and how force strengths vary with energy, providing a solid foundation for those working in the field, and for those who simply want to learn about the Standard Model.
Category: Science

Anxious To Please

Author : Craig English
ISBN : 9781402231759
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 88.55 MB
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Do you (or does someone you know)... --Apologize frequently or for things you are not responsible for? --Get preoccupied with what other people think of you? --Become unhappy when your partner isn't happy? --Feel worried or fretful so often it seems normal? --Often not know what you want? --Constantly second-guess yourself? Chronic Niceness affects multitudes, causing severe anxiety and depression, crippling self-esteem, and undermining and destroying relationships Anxious to Please reveals the primary psychological cause of Chronic Niceness--Anxious Attachment. Anxious Attachment drives the Nice Person to accommodate, acquiesce and avoid conflict. Nice People take what they're given rather than asking for what they want, often sacrificing relationship, careers and their own integrity. Anxious to Please presents seven powerful practices designed to bring about: resilient self-esteem; a happier and calmer emotional life; a reality-based optimism for the future; fulfilling sex; and satisfying relationships.
Category: Self-Help

Controlling The Quantum World

Author : Board on Physics and Astronomy
ISBN : 9780309102704
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.17 MB
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As part of the Physics 2010 decadal survey project, the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation requested that the National Research Council assess the opportunities, over roughly the next decade, in atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science and technology. In particular, the National Research Council was asked to cover the state of AMO science, emphasizing recent accomplishments and identifying new and compelling scientific questions. Controlling the Quantum World, discusses both the roles and challenges for AMO science in instrumentation; scientific research near absolute zero; development of extremely intense x-ray and laser sources; exploration and control of molecular processes; photonics at the nanoscale level; and development of quantum information technology. This book also offers an assessment of and recommendations about critical issues concerning maintaining U.S. leadership in AMO science and technology.
Category: Science

Low Dimensional And Nanostructured Materials And Devices

Author : Hilmi Ünlü
ISBN : 9783319253404
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.76 MB
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This book focuses on the fundamental phenomena at nanoscale. It covers synthesis, properties, characterization and computer modelling of nanomaterials, nanotechnologies, bionanotechnology, involving nanodevices. Further topics are imaging, measuring, modeling and manipulating of low dimensional matter at nanoscale. The topics covered in the book are of vital importance in a wide range of modern and emerging technologies employed or to be employed in most industries, communication, healthcare, energy, conservation , biology, medical science, food, environment, and education, and consequently have great impact on our society.
Category: Science

Nanomedicine

Author : R.A. Freitas
ISBN : 3805577222
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56.76 MB
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The safety, effectiveness, and utility of medical nanorobotic devices will critically depend upon their biocompatibility with human organs, tissues, cells, and biochemical systems. In this second volume of the Nanomedicine technical book series, the definition of nanomedical biocompatibility is broadened to include all of the mechanical, physiological, immunological, cytological, and biochemical responses of the human body to the introduction of artificial medical nanodevices, whether 'particulate (large doses of independent micron-sized individual nanorobots) or 'bulk (nanorobotic organs assembled either as solid objects or built up from trillions of smaller artificial cells or docked nanorobots inside the body) in form. The primary intended audience of this volume is biomedical engineers, biocompatibility engineers, medical systems engineers, research physiologists, clinical laboratory analysts and other technical and professional people interested in the future of medical technology.
Category: Medical

Quantum Nanochemistry Volume One

Author : Mihai V. Putz
ISBN : 9781498729536
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.97 MB
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Volume 1 of the 5-volume Quantum Nanochemistry set presents an overall perspective of nuclear, atomic, molecular, and solids structures, and the observability and quantum properties as based on the quantum principles in their various levels of applications, from Planck, Bohr, Einstein, Schrödinger, Hartree-Fock, up to Feynman Path Integral approaches. The volume presents in a balanced manner the fundamental and advanced concepts, principles, and models as well as their first and novel combinations and applications in modeling complex natural or designed phenomena.
Category: Science

The Artilect War

Author : Hugo De Garis
ISBN : 0882801538
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.29 MB
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Category: Science

The Simpsons And Their Mathematical Secrets

Author : Simon Singh
ISBN : 9781620402771
Genre : Art
File Size : 36.7 MB
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Based on interviews with the writers of The Simpsons and accompanied by images from the show, facsimiles of scripts, paintings and drawings and other imagery, this fascinating book reveals the meaningful mathematical concepts behind the most successful show in TV history.
Category: Art

Solid Surfaces Interfaces And Thin Films

Author : Hans Lüth
ISBN : 9783319107561
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.77 MB
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This book emphasises both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface, interface and thin-film physics. As in previous editions the preparation of surfaces and thin films, their atomic and morphological structure, their vibronic and electronic properties as well as fundamentals of adsorption are treated. Because of their importance in modern information technology and nanostructure research, particular emphasis is paid to electronic surface and interface states, semiconductor space charge layers and heterostructures. A special chapter of the book is devoted to collective phenomena at interfaces and in thin films such as superconductivity and magnetism. The latter topic includes the meanwhile important issues giant magnetoresistance and spin-transfer torque mechanism, both effects being of high interest in information technology. In this new edition, for the first time, the effect of spin-orbit coupling on surface states is treated. In this context the class of the recently detected topological insulators, materials of significant importance for spin electronics, are discussed. Particular emphasis, hereby, is laid on the new type of topologically protected surface states with well-defined spin orientation. Furthermore, some important well established experimental techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD) and reflection anisotropy spectroscopy (RAS), which were missing so far in earlier editions, were added in this new 6th edition of the book.
Category: Science