PUBLIC HEALTH IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW AND ARBITRATION ROUTLEDGE RESEARCH IN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC LAW

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Public Health In International Investment Law And Arbitration

Author : Valentina Vadi
ISBN : 9780415507493
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27.3 MB
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Is a State free to adopt measures to protect the public health of its citizens? If so, what are the limits, if any, to such regulatory powers? This book addresses these questions by focusing on the clash between the regulatory autonomy of the state and international investment governance. As a wide variety of state regulations allegedly aimed at protecting public health may interfere with foreign investments, a tension exists between the public health policies of the host state and investment treaty provisions. Under most investment treaties, States have waived their sovereign immunity, and have agreed to give arbitrators a comprehensive jurisdiction over what are essentially regulatory disputes. Some scholars and practitioners have expressed concern regarding the magnitude of decision-making power allocated to investment treaty tribunals. This book contributes to the current understanding of international investment law and arbitration, addressing the fundamental question of whether public health has and/or should have any relevance in contemporary international investment law and policy. With a focus on the 'clash of cultures' between international investment law and public health, the author critically analyses the emerging case law of investment treaty arbitration and considers the theoretical interplay between public health and investor rights in international investment law. The book also explores the interplay between investment law and public health in practice, focusing on specific sectors such as pharmaceutical patents, tobacco regulation and environmental health. It then goes on to analyze the available means for promoting consideration of public health in international investment law and suggests new methods and approaches to better reconcile public health and investor rights.
Category: Business & Economics

Culture And International Economic Law

Author : Valentina Vadi
ISBN : 9781317910756
Genre : Law
File Size : 46.4 MB
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Globalization and international economic governance offer unprecedented opportunities for cultural exchange. Foreign direct investments can promote cultural diversity and provide the funds needed to locate, recover and preserve cultural heritage. Nonetheless, globalization and international economic governance can also jeopardize cultural diversity and determine the erosion of the cultural wealth of nations. Has?an international economic culture emerged that emphasizes productivity and economic development at the expense of the common wealth? This book explores the ‘clash of cultures’ between international law and international cultural law, and asks whether States can promote economic development without infringing their cultural wealth. The book contains original chapters by experts in the field. Key issues include how international courts and tribunals are adjudicating culture–related cases; the interplay between indigenous peoples' rights and economic globalization; and the relationships between culture, human rights, and economic activities. The book will be of great interest and use to researchers and students of international trade law, cultural heritage law, and public international law.?
Category: Law

The Reform Of International Economic Governance

Author : Antonio Segura Serrano
ISBN : 9781317018131
Genre : Law
File Size : 82.34 MB
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The second half of the twentieth century saw the emergence of international economic law as a major force in the international legal system. This force has been severely tested by the economic crisis of 2008. Unable to prevent the crisis, the existing legal mechanisms have struggled to react against its direst consequences. This book brings together leading experts to analyse the main causes of the crisis and the role that international economic law has played in trying to prevent it, on the one hand, and worsening it, on the other. The work highlights the reaction and examines the tools that have been created by the international legal field to implement international cooperation in an effort to help put an end to the crisis and avoid similar events in the future. The volume brings together eminent legal academics and economists to examine key issues from the perspectives of trade law, financial law, and investment law with the collective aim of reform of international economic governance.
Category: Law

Yearbook On International Investment Law Policy 2013 2014

Author : Andrea K. Bjorklund
ISBN : 9780190265779
Genre : Law
File Size : 71.80 MB
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International investment law today consists of a network of multifaceted, multilayered international treaties that, in one way or another, involve virtually every country of the world. The evolution of this network raises a host of issues regarding international investment law and policy, especially in the area of international investment disputes. The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2013-2014 monitors current developments in international investment law and policy, focusing on recent trends and issues in foreign direct investment (FDI). With contributions by leading experts in the field, this title provides timely, authoritative information on FDI that can be used by a wide audience, including practitioners, academics, researchers, and policy makers. The 2013-2014 Yearbook begins with trends in international investment and the activities of multinational enterprises, a review of trends and new approaches in international investment agreements for 2013-2014, and a review of international investment law and arbitration for 2013. This edition contains a sample of the research and ideas generated by the Investment Treaty Forum at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law--The Investment Treaty Forum brings together experts in international investment law to engage in high-level debate about salient topics in investment law. This edition covers many important topics, such as the principle of proportionality and the problem of indeterminacy in international investment treaties; proportionality, reasonableness and standards of review in investment treaty arbitration; and the role of investors' legitimate expectations in defense of investment treaty claims. The general articles included in this volume provide analysis of balancing investor protection and regulatory freedom in international investment law. The jurisprudential interaction between ICSID tribunals and the International Court of Justice are also discussed, along with inconsistencies in investor-state awards, the role of state interpretations; old and new ways for host states to defend against investment arbitrations, and approaches and analogies in the countermeasures defense in investor-state disputes. This volume explores the political economy of crises and the international law of necessity after the great recession. In addition to this are articles on minilateral treaty-making and bilateral investment treaties; investment promotion, agencies; the trend toward open contracting; and new regulations on foreign acquisitions of land in Brazil and Argentina. This volume concludes with the winning memorials from the 2013 FDI International Moot Competition.
Category: Law

Science And Technology In International Economic Law

Author : Bryan Mercurio
ISBN : 9781134119707
Genre : Law
File Size : 73.48 MB
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Science and technology plays an increasingly important role in the continued development of international economic law. This book brings together well-known and rising scholars to explore the status and interaction of science, technology and international economic law. The book reviews the place of science and technology in the development of international economic law with a view to ensure a balance between the promotion of trade and investment liberalisation and decision-making based on a sound scientific process without hampering technological development. The book features chapters from a range of experts – including Lukasz Gruszczynski, Jürgen Kurtz, Andrew Mitchell and Peter K. Yu – who examine a wide range of issues such as investment law, international trade law, and international intellectual property. By bringing together these issues, the book asks how international trade and investment regimes utilise science and technology, and whether they do so fairly and in the interest of broader public policies. This book will be of great interest to researchers of international economic law, health law, technology law and international intellectual property law.
Category: Law

Integrating Sustainable Development Into International Investment Agreements

Author : John Anthony VanDuzer
ISBN : 9781849290869
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43.16 MB
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As International Investment Agreements (IIAs) continue to evolve and become increasingly complex, a key challenge for developing countries is how to maintain coherent investment obligations that are consistent across any overlapping treaty provisions. An even greater challenge is the effective negotiation of trade in services and investment commitments in Preferential Trade Agreements to make foreign investment supportive of development. This guide is designed to assist developing countries to negotiate IIAs that are more effective in promoting their sustainable development. It identifies and consolidates emerging best practices from existing treaty models, evaluating the costs and benefits of different approaches; suggesting new and innovative provisions to encourage foreign investment flows; and outlining how states can achieve coherence among their IIAs. A useful reference tool for developing country negotiators and interested parties, including investment promotion agencies, policy-makers, legislative drafters and officials in government legal departments.
Category: Business & Economics

Handbuch Ethik Und Recht Der Forschung Am Menschen

Author : Christian Lenk
ISBN : 9783642350993
Genre : Law
File Size : 56.1 MB
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Das vorliegende Handbuch liefert einen konzisen Überblick und eine verlässliche Orientierungshilfe bei ethischen und rechtlichen Entscheidungsprozessen in der Forschung am Menschen. Es dient dabei einerseits als eine Dokumentation des Status quo, andererseits aber auch als Diskussionsgrundlage für zukünftige Entwicklungen. An dem Handbuch haben Praktiker aus Forschung und medizinischer Behandlung, Ethiker und Philosophen, Medizinhistoriker, Rechtswissenschaftler, Pharmakologen, Strahlentherapeuten, Pädiater, Chirurgen und Psychiater mitgearbeitet, die für eine hohe Detailkenntnis und Praxisrelevanz der gesammelten Beiträge bürgen. Das Buch gibt Ethikkommissionsmitgliedern, Forschern und Antragstellern bei Ethikkommissionen einen Einblick in Kriterien und Entscheidungsmechanismen der Forschungsethik und macht Entscheidungen und Beurteilungen von Ethikkommissionen besser verständlich. Darüber hinaus liefert es einen Beitrag zu einer Harmonisierung der bestehenden Praxis.
Category: Law

Verfassungsfragmente

Author : Gunther Teubner
ISBN : 9783518772805
Genre : Law
File Size : 63.40 MB
Format : PDF
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Nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von öffentlichen Skandalen wurde in den letzten Jahren die »Neue Verfassungsfrage« aufgeworfen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch multinationale Unternehmen, Korruption im Medizin- und Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Bedrohung der Meinungsfreiheit durch private Intermediäre im Internet, massive Eingriffe in die Privatsphäre durch Datensammlung privater Organisationen und mit besonderer Wucht die Entfesselung katastrophaler Risiken auf den weltweiten Kapitalmärkten – sie alle werfen Verfassungsprobleme im strengen Sinne auf. Ging es früher um die Freisetzung der politischen Machtenergien des Nationalstaats und zugleich um ihre wirksame rechtsstaatliche Begrenzung, so geht es nun darum, ganz andere gesellschaftliche Energien zu diskutieren und in ihren destruktiven Konsequenzen wirksam zu beschränken. Konstitutionalismus jenseits des Nationalstaats – das heißt zweierlei: Die Verfassungsprobleme stellen sich außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalstaats in transnationalen Politikprozessen und zugleich außerhalb des institutionalisierten Politiksektors in den »privaten« Sektoren der Weltgesellschaft.
Category: Law