PROTEIN FOLDING AND METAL IONS MECHANISMS BIOLOGY AND DISEASE

Download Protein Folding And Metal Ions Mechanisms Biology And Disease ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to PROTEIN FOLDING AND METAL IONS MECHANISMS BIOLOGY AND DISEASE book pdf for free now.

Protein Folding And Metal Ions

Author : Cláudio M. Gomes
ISBN : 9781439809655
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72.95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 970
Read : 1201

The role of metal ions in protein folding and structure is a critical topic to a range of scientists in numerous fields, particularly those working in structural biology and bioinorganic chemistry, those studying protein folding and disease, and those involved in the molecular and cellular aspects of metals in biological systems. Protein Folding and Metal Ions: Mechanisms, Biology and Disease presents the contributions of a cadre of international experts who offer a comprehensive exploration of this timely subject at the forefront of current research. Divided into four sections, this volume: Provides case study examples of protein folding and stability studies in particular systems or proteins that comprise different metal ions of co-factors Reviews the proteins that shuttle metal ions in the cell to a particular target metalloprotein Illustrates how metal binding can be connected to pathological protein conformations in unrelated diseases, from cancer to protein deposition disorders such as Parkinson’s disease Addresses protein redesign of metal-containing proteins by computational methods, folding simulation studies, and work on model peptides — dissecting the relative energetic contribution of metals sites to protein folding and stability Together, the 13 chapters in this text cogently describe the state of the science today, illuminate current challenges, propose future possibilities, and encourage further study in this area that offers much promise especially with regard to novel approaches to the treatment of some of the most challenging and tragic diseases.
Category: Medical

Protein Folding Disorders Of The Central Nervous System

Author : Ghiso Jorge A
ISBN : 9789813222977
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40.85 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 548
Read : 404

This exciting new book explores the dark side of the molecular protein assembly bringing an updated view of how failures in the homeostatic mechanisms that efficiently regulate protein folding leads to the accumulation of structurally abnormal pathogenic assemblies, encompassing an emerging group of diseases collectively known as "Protein Folding Disorders." This complex and diverse group of chronic and progressive entities are bridged together by their relationship to structural transitions in the native state of specific proteinaceous components, which for reasons poorly understood, convert into polymeric aggregates that generate poorly soluble tissue deposits and which are considered today the culprit of the disease pathogenesis in their respective diseases. Despite the diversity in the amino acid sequence of the different proteins involved in these heterogeneous disorders, all the pathologic conformers can trigger cascades of events ultimately resulting in cell dysfunction and death with devastating clinical consequences in many of the most precious aspects of human existence including personality, cognition, memory, and skilled movements. This book, which is composed of a compilation of chapters authored by outstanding and well-published scientists in the respective fields currently performing active investigations at world renowned universities and research centers, focuses on the growing number of diseases associated with protein misfolding in the central nervous system. Individual chapters are dedicated to the most common neurodegenerative diseases associated with protein aggregation/fibrillization focusing on the nature of the pathogenic species and the cellular pathways involved in the molecular pathogenesis of Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases as well as in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, and Prion disorders. A group of contributions is centered on the current knowledge of the intracellular pathways and subcellular organelles affected by the different disease conditions, while others are focused in the emerging pathogenic role of misfolded subunits assembled into neurotoxic soluble oligomers, and in the novel notion of the transmissibility of the protein misfolded species, an innovative concept until recently only accepted for Prion diseases. Lastly, a different set of chapters is dedicated to the evaluation of novel therapeutic strategies for these devastating diseases. Contents: Misfolding, Aggregation, and Amyloid Formation: The Dark Side of Proteins (Agueda Rostagno and Jorge A Ghiso)Oligomers at the Synapse: Synaptic Dysfunction and Neurodegeneration (Emily Vogler, Matthew Mahavongtrakul, and Jorge Busciglio)Prion-Like Protein Seeding and the Pathobiology of Alzheimer's Disease (Lary C Walker)The Tau Misfolding Pathway to Dementia (Alejandra D Alonso, Leah S Cohen, and Viktoriya Morozova)The Biology and Pathobiology of α-Synuclein (Joel C Watts, Anurag Tandon, and Paul E Fraser)Impact of Loss of Proteostasis on Central Nervous System Disorders (Sentiljana Gumeni, Eleni N Tsakiri, Christina-Maria Cheimonidi, Zoi Evangelakou, Despoina Gianniou, Kostantinos Tallas, Eleni-Dimitra Papanagnou, Aimilia D Sklirou, and Ioannis P Trougakos)Protein Misfolding and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Giovanni Manfredi and Hibiki Kawamata)Impact of Mitostasis and the Role of the Anti-Oxidant Responses on Central Nervous System Disorders (Sentiljana Gumeni, Eleni N Tsakiri, Christina-Maria Cheimonidi, Zoi Evangelakou, Despoina Gianniou, Kostantinos Tallas, Eleni-Dimitra Papanagnou, Aimilia D Sklirou, and Ioannis P Trougakos)Propagation of Misfolded Proteins in Neurodegeneration: Insights and Cautions from the Study of Prion Disease Prototypes (Robert C C Mercer, Nathalie Daude,
Category: Medical

Metallofoldamers

Author : Galia Maayan
ISBN : 9781118517437
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.47 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 190
Read : 329

Metallofoldamers are oligomers that fold into three-dimensional structures in a controlled manner upon coordination with metal ions. Molecules in this class have shown an impressive ability to form single-handed helical structures and other three-dimensional architectures. Several metallofoldamers have been applied as sensors due to their selective folding when binding to a specific metal ion, while others show promise for applications as responsive materials on the basis of their ability to fold and unfold upon changes in the oxidation state of the coordinated metal ion, and as novel catalysts. Metallofoldamers: From Helicates to Biomimetic Architectures describes the variety of interactions between oligomers and metal species, with a focus on non-natural synthetic molecules. Topics covered include: the major classes of foldamers and their folding driving force metalloproteins and metalloenzymes helicates: self-assembly, structure and applications abiotic metallo-DNA metallo-PNA and iDNA metallopeptides interactions of biomimetic oligomers with metal ions applications of metallofoldamers
Category: Science

Molecular Biology Of The Cell

Author : Bruce Alberts
ISBN : 9781317563747
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.72 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 453
Read : 888

As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.
Category: Science

Protein Misfolding Aggregation And Conformational Diseases

Author : Vladimir N. Uversky
ISBN : 9780387259192
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.36 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 974
Read : 841

Research indicates that most neurodegenerative diseases, systemic amyloidoses and many others, arise from the misfolding and aggregation of an underlying protein. This is the first book to discuss significant achievements in protein structure-function relationships in biochemistry, molecular biology and molecular medicine. The authors summarize recent progress in the understanding of the relationships between protein misfolding, aggregation and development of protein deposition disorders.
Category: Science

Metal Ions In Neurological Systems

Author : Wolfgang Linert
ISBN : 9783709110010
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31.44 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 631
Read : 438

Metal ions in the brain are a necessity as well as a poison. The presence of metal ions in the active sites of biological catalysts or metalloproteins and in the biological functioning of nucleic acids is very well documented and they are required for brain activity. On the other hand, metals are very effective in generating oxidative stress. This effect does not only play a role in immunology but also is the root of practically all neurodegenerative disorders by inducing disease via the death of neurons. Managing metal ions in the brain could therefore be an important strategy in the search for therapeutic agents used in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. This new title gives an overview to key topics in the area of metal ions in the brain. It focuses on the role of metal ions in neurological systems by describing their advantageous functions as well as their poisonous features. It is therefore of interest for scientists in biochemistry and biophysics, physiology, toxicology as well as for physicians focused on this topic.
Category: Medical

Metal Metabolism In Animals

Author : Reinhard Dallinger
ISBN : 9783038428435
Genre : Science
File Size : 58.50 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 163
Read : 563

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Metal Metabolism in Animals" that was published in IJMS
Category: Science

Protein Misfolding Aggregation And Conformational Diseases

Author : Vladimir N. Uversky
ISBN : 9780387365343
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.64 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 225
Read : 304

The second volume continues to fill the gap in protein review and protocol literature. It does this while summarizing recent achievements in the understanding of the relationships between protein misfoldings, aggregation, and development of protein deposition disorders. The focus of Part B is the molecular basis of differential disorders.
Category: Medical

Neurodegenerative Diseases And Metal Ions

Author : Astrid Sigel
ISBN : 9780470028100
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.50 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 246
Read : 1264

About the Series... Metal Ions in Life Sciences links coordination chemistry and biochemistry in their widest sense and thus increases our understanding of the relationship between the chemistry of metals and life processes. The series reflects the interdisciplinary nature of Biological Inorganic Chemistry and coordinates the efforts of scientists in fields like biochemistry, inorganic chemistry, coordination chemistry, molecular and structural biology, enzymology, environmental chemistry, physiology, toxicology, biophysics, pharmacy, and medicine. Consequently, the volumes are an essential source for researchers active in these and related fields as well as teachers preparing courses, e.g., in Bioinorganic Chemistry. About this Book... Volume 1, devoted solely to the vital research area concerning the role of metal ions in neurodegenerative diseases, offers in 15 stimulating chapters an authoritative and timely view of this fascinating subject. Written by 41 internationally recognized experts, Neurodegenerative Diseases and Metal Ions highlights, supported by 130 illustrations, the recent progress made in understanding the role metal ions play in diseases like transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (Creutzfeldt-Jakob and related diseases), Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's, Wilson's and Menkes' diseases, as well as in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and others. The interplay between metal ions, catecholamines and the formation of reactive oxygen species resulting in oxidative stress is considered, as is the metalloneurochemistry of zinc and the neurotoxicity of aluminum, cadmium, lead, and mercury. The need for novel drugs which manipulate metal-centered neuropathology is emphasized.
Category: Science

Computational Protein Protein Interactions

Author : Ruth Nussinov
ISBN : 142007007X
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.75 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 574
Read : 919

Often considered the workhorse of the cellular machinery, proteins are responsible for functions ranging from molecular motors to signaling. The broad recognition of their involvement in all cellular processes has led to focused efforts to predict their functions from sequences, and if available, from their structures. An overview of current research directions, Computational Protein-Protein Interactions examines topics in the prediction of protein-protein interactions, including interference with protein-protein interactions and their design. Explores Computational Approaches to Understanding Protein-Protein Interactions Outlining fundamental and applied aspects of the usefulness of computations when approaching protein-protein interactions, this book incorporates different views of the same biochemical problem from sequence to structure to energetics. It covers protein-protein interaction prediction and dynamics, design, drug design for inhibition, and uses for the prediction of function. The text provides general chapters that overview the topic and also includes advanced material. The chapters detail the complexity of protein interaction studies and discuss potential caveats. Addresses the Next Big Problem in Molecular Biology While it is important to predict protein associations, this is a daunting task. Edited by two experts in the field and containing contributions from those at the forefront of research, the book provides a basic outline of major directions in computational protein-protein interactions research at the heart of functional genomics and crucial for drug discovery. It addresses the next big problem in molecular biology: how to create links between all the pieces of the cell jigsaw puzzle.
Category: Science