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Problems In Analytic Number Theory

Author : U.S.R. Murty
ISBN : 9781475734416
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63.29 MB
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"In order to become proficient in mathematics, or in any subject," writes Andre Weil, "the student must realize that most topics in volve only a small number of basic ideas. " After learning these basic concepts and theorems, the student should "drill in routine exercises, by which the necessary reflexes in handling such concepts may be ac quired. . . . There can be no real understanding of the basic concepts of a mathematical theory without an ability to use them intelligently and apply them to specific problems. " Weil's insightfulobservation becomes especially important at the graduate and research level. It is the viewpoint of this book. Our goal is to acquaint the student with the methods of analytic number theory as rapidly as possible through examples and exercises. Any landmark theorem opens up a method of attacking other problems. Unless the student is able to sift out from the mass of theory the underlying techniques, his or her understanding will only be academic and not that of a participant in research. The prime number theorem has given rise to the rich Tauberian theory and a general method of Dirichlet series with which one can study the asymptotics of sequences. It has also motivated the development of sieve methods. We focus on this theme in the book. We also touch upon the emerging Selberg theory (in Chapter 8) and p-adic analytic number theory (in Chapter 10).
Category: Mathematics

Problems In Algebraic Number Theory

Author : M. Ram Murty
ISBN : 9780387269986
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35.77 MB
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The problems are systematically arranged to reveal the evolution of concepts and ideas of the subject Includes various levels of problems - some are easy and straightforward, while others are more challenging All problems are elegantly solved
Category: Mathematics

A Classical Introduction To Modern Number Theory

Author : Kenneth Ireland
ISBN : 9781475721034
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 74.31 MB
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This well-developed, accessible text details the historical development of the subject throughout. It also provides wide-ranging coverage of significant results with comparatively elementary proofs, some of them new. This second edition contains two new chapters that provide a complete proof of the Mordel-Weil theorem for elliptic curves over the rational numbers and an overview of recent progress on the arithmetic of elliptic curves.
Category: Mathematics

Fermat S Last Theorem

Author : Harold M. Edwards
ISBN : 0387950028
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 76.43 MB
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This introduction to algebraic number theory via "Fermat's Last Theorem" follows its historical development, beginning with the work of Fermat and ending with Kummer theory of "ideal" factorization. In treats elementary topics, new concepts and techniques; and it details the application of Kummer theory to quadratic integers, relating it to Gauss theory of binary quadratic forms, an interesting connection not explored in any other book.
Category: Mathematics

Algebraic Number Theory

Author : Ian Stewart
ISBN : 0412138409
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.64 MB
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The title of this book may be read in two ways. One is 'algebraic number-theory', that is, the theory of numbers viewed algebraically; the other, 'algebraic-number theory', the study of algebraic numbers. Both readings are compatible with our aims, and both are perhaps misleading. Misleading, because a proper coverage of either topic would require more space than is available, and demand more of the reader than we wish to; compatible, because our aim is to illustrate how some of the basic notions of the theory of algebraic numbers may be applied to problems in number theory. Algebra is an easy subject to compartmentalize, with topics such as 'groups', 'rings' or 'modules' being taught in comparative isolation. Many students view it this way. While it would be easy to exaggerate this tendency, it is not an especially desirable one. The leading mathematicians of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries developed and used most of the basic results and techniques of linear algebra for perhaps a hundred years, without ever defining an abstract vector space: nor is there anything to suggest that they suf fered thereby. This historical fact may indicate that abstrac tion is not always as necessary as one commonly imagines; on the other hand the axiomatization of mathematics has led to enormous organizational and conceptual gains.
Category: Science

A Primer Of Analytic Number Theory

Author : Jeffrey Stopple
ISBN : 0521012538
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58.86 MB
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This 2003 undergraduate introduction to analytic number theory develops analytic skills in the course of studying ancient questions on polygonal numbers, perfect numbers and amicable pairs. The question of how the primes are distributed amongst all the integers is central in analytic number theory. This distribution is determined by the Riemann zeta function, and Riemann's work shows how it is connected to the zeroes of his function, and the significance of the Riemann Hypothesis. Starting from a traditional calculus course and assuming no complex analysis, the author develops the basic ideas of elementary number theory. The text is supplemented by series of exercises to further develop the concepts, and includes brief sketches of more advanced ideas, to present contemporary research problems at a level suitable for undergraduates. In addition to proofs, both rigorous and heuristic, the book includes extensive graphics and tables to make analytic concepts as concrete as possible.
Category: Mathematics

Problems In The Theory Of Modular Forms

Author : M. Ram Murty
ISBN : 9789811026515
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38.90 MB
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This book introduces the reader to the fascinating world of modular forms through a problem-solving approach. As such, besides researchers, the book can be used by the undergraduate and graduate students for self-instruction. The topics covered include q-series, the modular group, the upper half-plane, modular forms of level one and higher level, the Ramanujan τ-function, the Petersson inner product, Hecke operators, Dirichlet series attached to modular forms and further special topics. It can be viewed as a gentle introduction for a deeper study of the subject. Thus, it is ideal for non-experts seeking an entry into the field.
Category: Mathematics

A Course In Number Theory And Cryptography

Author : Neal Koblitz
ISBN : 9781468403107
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56.85 MB
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The purpose of this book is to introduce the reader to arithmetic topics, both ancient and modern, that have been at the center of interest in applications of number theory, particularly in cryptography. Because number theory and cryptography are fast-moving fields, this new edition contains substantial revisions and updated references.
Category: Mathematics

A Course In Analytic Number Theory

Author : Marius Overholt
ISBN : 9781470417062
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49.72 MB
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This book is an introduction to analytic number theory suitable for beginning graduate students. It covers everything one expects in a first course in this field, such as growth of arithmetic functions, existence of primes in arithmetic progressions, and the Prime Number Theorem. But it also covers more challenging topics that might be used in a second course, such as the Siegel-Walfisz theorem, functional equations of L-functions, and the explicit formula of von Mangoldt. For students with an interest in Diophantine analysis, there is a chapter on the Circle Method and Waring's Problem. Those with an interest in algebraic number theory may find the chapter on the analytic theory of number fields of interest, with proofs of the Dirichlet unit theorem, the analytic class number formula, the functional equation of the Dedekind zeta function, and the Prime Ideal Theorem. The exposition is both clear and precise, reflecting careful attention to the needs of the reader. The text includes extensive historical notes, which occur at the ends of the chapters. The exercises range from introductory problems and standard problems in analytic number theory to interesting original problems that will challenge the reader. The author has made an effort to provide clear explanations for the techniques of analysis used. No background in analysis beyond rigorous calculus and a first course in complex function theory is assumed.
Category: Mathematics

Introduction To Elliptic Curves And Modular Forms

Author : N. Koblitz
ISBN : 9781468402551
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28.61 MB
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This textbook covers the basic properties of elliptic curves and modular forms, with emphasis on certain connections with number theory. The ancient "congruent number problem" is the central motivating example for most of the book. My purpose is to make the subject accessible to those who find it hard to read more advanced or more algebraically oriented treatments. At the same time I want to introduce topics which are at the forefront of current research. Down-to-earth examples are given in the text and exercises, with the aim of making the material readable and interesting to mathematicians in fields far removed from the subject of the book. With numerous exercises (and answers) included, the textbook is also intended for graduate students who have completed the standard first-year courses in real and complex analysis and algebra. Such students would learn applications of techniques from those courses, thereby solidifying their under standing of some basic tools used throughout mathematics. Graduate stu dents wanting to work in number theory or algebraic geometry would get a motivational, example-oriented introduction. In addition, advanced under graduates could use the book for independent study projects, senior theses, and seminar work.
Category: Mathematics