PROBIOTIC BACTERIA AND THEIR EFFECT ON HUMAN HEALTH AND WELL BEING WORLD REVIEW OF NUTRITION AND DIETETICS

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Probiotic Bacteria And Their Effect On Human Health And Well Being

Author : A. Guarino
ISBN : 9783318023251
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32.73 MB
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Our microflora is an individual personal feature, providing a distinct tag to individuals. However, our intestinal microbiome is strongly affected by genetic, nutritional, and other external factors, and evolves with age. An effect of different microbial patterns on health appears very likely as there seem to be specific changes of intestinal microflora associated with various diseases. Specific microbial tags may thus be used as biomarkers of disease: to diagnose it, to monitor its evolution, and eventually to predict its response to treatment. This scenario opens the opportunity for targeting intestinal microflora using probiotics, both for prevention and treatment of an increasing number of conditions. Probiotic therapy is applied either as an adjunct to other treatments or as primary therapy, and evidence of efficacy is accumulating in several conditions, affecting either the intestine or nonintestinal organs. This publication provides an update on probiotics directed at physicians, biologists, biotechnologists, and researchers working in the food industry and agriculture, as well as in the environmental and basic sciences.
Category: Medical

Nutritional Care Of Preterm Infants

Author : B. Koletzko
ISBN : 9783318026412
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82.49 MB
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Improved conditions of care for premature infants have led to markedly increased survival rates over the last few decades, particularly in very low and extremely low birth weight infants. Nutritional measures play a central role in the long-term outcome, health and quality of life of these premature infants. In this publication, leading experts from all 5 continents present the most recent evidence and critical analyses of nutrient requirements and the practice of nutritional care (with the focus on very low birth weight infants) to provide guidance for clinical application. After the introductory chapters, covering nutritional needs and research evidence in a more general manner, topics such as amino acids and proteins, lipids, microminerals and vitamins, parenteral and enteral nutrition as well as approaches to various disease conditions are addressed. Due to its focus on critical appraisals and recommendations, this book is of interest not only for the researcher who wants to keep up to date, but also for the clinician faced with premature infants in his practice.
Category: Medical

Nutrition And Growth

Author : B. Koletzko
ISBN : 9783318025668
Genre : Medical
File Size : 28.36 MB
Format : PDF
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The relation between nutrition and growth in children is one of the key concerns of pediatric health that touches a multitude of specialties. Exchanging concepts and knowledge between professionals of all the different disciplines involved is thus crucial to facilitate research and interdisciplinary clinical collaborations. The present 'Yearbook on Nutrition and Growth' is unique in its concept: The contributing editors of each chapter have chosen recent journal articles that have the most potential in relation to the topic of their chapter. Providing the practicing physician with succinct editorial comments, the editors also evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application. This yearbook is a valuable resource for pediatricians interested in the subspecialties of nutrition, endocrinology and gastroenterology, but also for pediatric nutritionists and dieticians, and other health professionals involved in the care of children.
Category: Medical

Evidence Based Research In Pediatric Nutrition

Author : H. Szajewska
ISBN : 9783318024579
Genre : Medical
File Size : 75.95 MB
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Recognition of evidence-based medicine is not only increasing rapidly, but it has become essential to pediatric nutrition. Starting with some methodological issues - discussing systemic reviews, meta-analyses and clinical trials - this publication then concisely summarizes current knowledge as well as ignorance and uncertainty regarding selected aspects of childhood nutrition. These aspects include functional gastrointestinal disorders, issues concerning various kinds of milk, complementary foods, enteral nutrition, celiac disease or obesity. Contents are based on evidence and summarize current guidelines; moreover, when there is no clear evidence, they provide some food for thought.
Category: Medical

Bioactive Foods In Promoting Health

Author : Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN : 9780080958545
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.1 MB
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Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion: Probiotics and Prebiotics brings together experts working on the different aspects of supplementation, foods, and bacterial preparations, in health promotion and disease prevention, to provide current scientific information, as well as providing a framework upon which to build clinical disease treatment studies. Since common dietary bacterial preparations are over-the-counter and readily available, this book will be useful to the growing nutrition, food science, and natural product community that will use it as a resource in identifying dietary behavioral modifications in pursuit of improved health as well as for treatment of specific disease, as it focuses on the growing body of knowledge of the role of various bacteria in reducing disease risk and disease. Probiotics are now a multi-billion-dollar, dietary supplement business which is built upon extremely little research data. In order to follow the 1994 ruling, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration with the support of Congress is currently pushing this industry to base its claims and products on scientific research. Research as shown that dietary habits need to be altered for most people whether for continued or improved good health. The conclusions and recommendations from the various chapters in this book will provide a basis for those important factors of change by industry with new uses. Animal studies and early clinical ones will lead to new uses and studies. Particularly the cutting edge experimental and clinical studies from Europe will provide novel approaches to clinical uses through their innovative new studies. Feature: Heavy emphasis on clinical applications (benefits and/or lack thereof) as well as future biomedical therapeutic uses identified in animal model studies Benefits: Focused on therapies and data supporting them for application in clinical medicine as complementary and alternative medicines Feature: Key insights into gut flora and the potential health benefits thereof. Benefit: Health scientists and nutritionists will use this information to map out key areas of research. Food scientists will use it in product development. Feature:Information on pre-and probiotics as important sources of micro-and macronutrients Benefit: Aids in the development of methods of bio-modification of dietary plant molecules for health promotion. Feature: Coverage of a broad range of bacterial consituents Benefits: Nutritionists will use the information to identify which of these constituents should be used as dietary supplements based on health status of an individual Feature: Science-based information on the health promoting characteristics of pre-and probiotics Benefits: Provides defense of food selections for individual consumption based on health needs and current status Feature: Diverse international authoring team experienced in studying prebiotics and probiotics for medical practice Benefits: Unusally broad range of experiences and newly completed clinical and animal studies provides extended access to latest information
Category: Technology & Engineering

Dairy In Human Health And Disease Across The Lifespan

Author : Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN : 9780128098691
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69.96 MB
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Dairy in Human Health and Disease across the Lifespan addresses the contribution of milk to the human diet and health throughout the life span. This comprehensive book is divided into three sections and presents a balanced overview of dairy’s impact on nutrition from infancy to adulthood. Summaries capture the most salient points of each chapter, and the book provides coverage of dairy as a functional food in health and disease. Presents various dairy products and their impact on health specific to various stages in the lifespan Provides information to identify which food and diet constituents should be used as dietary supplements based on modification of health and nutrition Incorporates contributions from an international team of authors with varying areas of expertise related to dairy and nutrition
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nutrients In Dairy And Their Implications For Health And Disease

Author : Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN : 9780128097632
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 82.52 MB
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Nutrients in Dairy and Their Implications for Health and Disease addresses various dairy products and their impact on health. This comprehensive book is divided into three sections and presents a balanced overview of the health benefits of milk and milk products. Summaries capture the most salient points of each chapter, and the importance of milk and its products as functional foods is addressed throughout. Presents various dairy products and their impact on health Provides information on dairy milk as an important source of micro-and macronutrients that impact body functions Addresses dietary supplements and their incorporation into dairy products
Category: Health & Fitness

The Human Microbiome Diet And Health

Author : Food Forum
ISBN : 9780309265850
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.65 MB
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The Food Forum convened a public workshop on February 22-23, 2012, to explore current and emerging knowledge of the human microbiome, its role in human health, its interaction with the diet, and the translation of new research findings into tools and products that improve the nutritional quality of the food supply. The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health: Workshop Summary summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. Over the two day workshop, several themes covered included: The microbiome is integral to human physiology, health, and disease. The microbiome is arguably the most intimate connection that humans have with their external environment, mostly through diet. Given the emerging nature of research on the microbiome, some important methodology issues might still have to be resolved with respect to undersampling and a lack of causal and mechanistic studies. Dietary interventions intended to have an impact on host biology via their impact on the microbiome are being developed, and the market for these products is seeing tremendous success. However, the current regulatory framework poses challenges to industry interest and investment.
Category: Medical

Vegetarian And Plant Based Diets In Health And Disease Prevention

Author : François Mariotti
ISBN : 9780128039694
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34.81 MB
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Vegetarian and Plant-Based Diets in Health and Disease Prevention examines the science of vegetarian and plant-based diets and their nutritional impact on human health. This book assembles the science related to vegetarian and plant-based diets in a comprehensive, balanced, single reference that discusses both the overall benefits of plant-based diets on health and the risk of disease and issues concerning the status in certain nutrients of the individuals, while providing overall consideration to the entire spectrum of vegetarian diets. Broken into five sections, the first provides a general overview of vegetarian / plant-based diets so that readers have a foundational understanding of the topic. Dietary choices and their relation with nutritional transition and sustainability issues are discussed. The second and third sections provide a comprehensive description of the relationship between plant-based diets and health and disease prevention. The fourth section provides a deeper look into how the relationship between plant-based diets and health and disease prevention may differ in populations with different age or physiological status. The fifth and final section of the book details the nutrients and substances whose intakes are related to the proportions of plant or animal products in the diet. Discusses the links between health and certain important characteristics of plant-based diets at the level of food groups Analyzes the relation between plant-based diet and health at the different nutritional levels, i.e. from dietary patterns to specific nutrients and substances Provides a balanced evidence-based approach to analyze the positive and negative aspects of vegetarianism Addresses the different aspects of diets predominantly based on plants, including geographical and cultural variations of vegetarianism
Category: Technology & Engineering

Wheat And Rice In Disease Prevention And Health

Author : Ronald Ross Watson
ISBN : 9780124046047
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26.25 MB
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Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health reviews the wide range of studies focusing on the health benefits and disease prevention associated with the consumption of wheat and rice, the two most widely consumed whole grains. This book provides researchers, clinicians, and students with a comprehensive, definitive, and up-to-date compendium on the diverse basic and translational aspects of whole grain consumption and its protective effects across human health and disease. It serves as both a resource for current researchers as well as a guide to assist those in related disciplines to enter the realm of whole grain and nutrition research. Overall, studies have shown that a decrease in the amount of whole grains in the modern diet is related to a corresponding increase in health problems that are attributed to this all-too-common dietary imbalance. The resulting health issues associated with an over-processed diet, which provides inadequate levels of nutrients from whole grains, may include obesity, diabetes, high blood lipids, chronic inflammatory states, and an excess of oxidative stress. Strength and endurance may also suffer as a result of these nutrient deficiencies, followed by declines in energy and immunity. Saves researchers and clinicians time in quickly accessing the latest details on a broad range of nutritional and epidemiological issues Provides a common language for nutritionists, nutrition researchers, epidemiologists, and dietitians to discuss how the action of wheat and rice protect against disease and modify human health Preclinical, clinical, and population studies help nutritionists, dieticians, and clinicians map out key areas for research and further clinical recommendations
Category: Technology & Engineering