PRINCIPLES OF BIOMEDICAL INFORMATICS

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Principles Of Biomedical Informatics

Author : Ira J. Kalet, PhD
ISBN : 9780123914620
Genre : Computers
File Size : 26.87 MB
Format : PDF
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This second edition of a pioneering technical work in biomedical informatics provides a very readable treatment of the deep computational ideas at the foundation of the field. Principles of Biomedical Informatics, 2nd Edition is radically reorganized to make it especially useable as a textbook for courses that move beyond the standard introductory material. It includes exercises at the end of each chapter, ideas for student projects, and a number of new topics, such as: • tree structured data, interval trees, and time-oriented medical data and their use • On Line Application Processing (OLAP), an old database idea that is only recently coming of age and finding surprising importance in biomedical informatics • a discussion of nursing knowledge and an example of encoding nursing advice in a rule-based system • X-ray physics and algorithms for cross-sectional medical image reconstruction, recognizing that this area was one of the most central to the origin of biomedical computing • an introduction to Markov processes, and • an outline of the elements of a hospital IT security program, focusing on fundamental ideas rather than specifics of system vulnerabilities or specific technologies. It is simultaneously a unified description of the core research concept areas of biomedical data and knowledge representation, biomedical information access, biomedical decision-making, and information and technology use in biomedical contexts, and a pre-eminent teaching reference for the growing number of healthcare and computing professionals embracing computation in health-related fields. As in the first edition, it includes many worked example programs in Common LISP, the most powerful and accessible modern language for advanced biomedical concept representation and manipulation. The text also includes humor, history, and anecdotal material to balance the mathematically and computationally intensive development in many of the topic areas. The emphasis, as in the first edition, is on ideas and methods that are likely to be of lasting value, not just the popular topics of the day. Ira Kalet is Professor Emeritus of Radiation Oncology, and of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, at the University of Washington. Until retiring in 2011 he was also an Adjunct Professor in Computer Science and Engineering, and Biological Structure. From 2005 to 2010 he served as IT Security Director for the University of Washington School of Medicine and its major teaching hospitals. He has been a member of the American Medical Informatics Association since 1990, and an elected Fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics since 2011. His research interests include simulation systems for design of radiation treatment for cancer, software development methodology, and artificial intelligence applications to medicine, particularly expert systems, ontologies and modeling. Develops principles and methods for representing biomedical data, using information in context and in decision making, and accessing information to assist the medical community in using data to its full potential Provides a series of principles for expressing biomedical data and ideas in a computable form to integrate biological, clinical, and public health applications Includes a discussion of user interfaces, interactive graphics, and knowledge resources and reference material on programming languages to provide medical informatics programmers with the technical tools to develop systems
Category: Computers

Methods In Biomedical Informatics

Author : Indra Neil Sarkar
ISBN : 9780124016842
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76.85 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Beginning with a survey of fundamental concepts associated with data integration, knowledge representation, and hypothesis generation from heterogeneous data sets, Methods in Biomedical Informatics provides a practical survey of methodologies used in biological, clinical, and public health contexts. These concepts provide the foundation for more advanced topics like information retrieval, natural language processing, Bayesian modeling, and learning classifier systems. The survey of topics then concludes with an exposition of essential methods associated with engineering, personalized medicine, and linking of genomic and clinical data. Within an overall context of the scientific method, Methods in Biomedical Informatics provides a practical coverage of topics that is specifically designed for: (1) domain experts seeking an understanding of biomedical informatics approaches for addressing specific methodological needs; or (2) biomedical informaticians seeking an approachable overview of methodologies that can be used in scenarios germane to biomedical research. Contributors represent leading biomedical informatics experts: individuals who have demonstrated effective use of biomedical informatics methodologies in the real-world, high-quality biomedical applications Material is presented as a balance between foundational coverage of core topics in biomedical informatics with practical "in-the-trenches" scenarios. Contains appendices that function as primers on: (1) Unix; (2) Ruby; (3) Databases; and (4) Web Services.
Category: Computers

Evaluation Methods In Biomedical Informatics

Author : Charles P. Friedman
ISBN : 0387258892
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90.12 MB
Format : PDF
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Heavily updated and revised from the successful first edition Appeals to a wide range of informatics professionals, from students to on-site medical information system administrators Includes case studies and real world system evaluations References and self-tests for feedback and motivation after each chapter Great for teaching purposes, the book is recommended for courses offered at universities such as Columbia University Precise definition and use of terms
Category: Medical

Biomedical Informatics

Author : Edward H. Shortliffe
ISBN : 9781447144748
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72.74 MB
Format : PDF
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The practice of modern medicine and biomedical research requires sophisticated information technologies with which to manage patient information, plan diagnostic procedures, interpret laboratory results, and carry out investigations. Biomedical Informatics provides both a conceptual framework and a practical inspiration for this swiftly emerging scientific discipline at the intersection of computer science, decision science, information science, cognitive science, and biomedicine. Now revised and in its third edition, this text meets the growing demand by practitioners, researchers, and students for a comprehensive introduction to key topics in the field. Authored by leaders in medical informatics and extensively tested in their courses, the chapters in this volume constitute an effective textbook for students of medical informatics and its areas of application. The book is also a useful reference work for individual readers needing to understand the role that computers can play in the provision of clinical services and the pursuit of biological questions. The volume is organized so as first to explain basic concepts and then to illustrate them with specific systems and technologies.
Category: Medical

Global Health Informatics

Author : Hamish S. F. Fraser
ISBN : 9780262533201
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.85 MB
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Key concepts, frameworks, examples, and lessons learned in designing and implementing health information and communication technology systems in the developing world.
Category: Medical

Clinical Information Systems Overcoming Adverse Consequences

Author : Dean F. Sittig
ISBN : 9780763787271
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81.30 MB
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Part of the JONES AND BARTLETT SERIES IN BIOMEDICAL INFORMATICS As the number of healthcare organizations beginning to implement clinical information systems grows, the number of unanticipated and unintentional consequences inevitably increases as well. While existing research suggests that much good can come from clinicians entering orders directly, errors or other unintended consequences related to technology may arise. Ideal for both clinicians and information technology professionals, Clinical Information Systems: Overcoming Adverse Consequences helps fledgling organizations better prepare for the inevitable challenges and obstacles they will face upon the implementation of such systems. Based on the research and findings from the Provider Order Entry Team from the Oregon Health & Science University, this book discusses the nine categories of unintended adverse consequences that occurred at many of the leading medical centers during their implementation and maintenance of a state-of-the-art clinical information system. It goes on to present the best practices they identified to help organizations overcome these obstacles.
Category: Computers

Principles Of Health Interoperability Hl7 And Snomed

Author : Tim Benson
ISBN : 9781447128014
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39.51 MB
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The aims and scope of the second edition are unchanged from the first edition. The major market is in health informatics education. The three part format, which covers principles of health interoperability, HL7 and interchange formats, and SNOMED CT and clinical terminology, works well. In the US, The ONC (Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology) has estimated that the HITECH stimulus will create more than 50,000 new jobs for health informatics professionals, who need to be educated.
Category: Medical

Biomedical Informatics

Author : David J. Lubliner
ISBN : 9781466596214
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58.65 MB
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Medical informatics lies at the intersection of computer science and medicine, and understanding critical aspects of both fields provides for more proficient practitioners. Biomedical Informatics: An Introduction to Information Systems and Software in Medicine and Health supplies a cohesive narrative of the multidisciplinary concepts linking the field. This complete medical informatics textbook begins by reviewing the IT aspects of informatics, including systems architecture, electronic health records, interoperability, privacy and security, cloud computing, mobile healthcare, imaging, data capture, and design issues. Next, the text provides case studies that demonstrate the roll out of electronic health records (EHRs) in hospitals. The third section incorporates four anatomy and physiology lectures that focus on the physiological basis behind data captured in EHRs. Examples include detailed descriptions of the heart and electrical systems, lungs and alveoli, and oxygen exchange. The book includes a primer on the theoretical concepts that underpin the science behind medical informatics, including an Anatomy & Physiology Essentials guide. It also contains a tutorial on application development to help students understand the tools for improving user interfaces for EHRs on mobile platforms. The author uses a student-friendly organizational structure that supplies students with a clear demarcation between essential and optional material. The text supplies clear delineation between Level I, the basic concepts every biomedical informatics professional needs to master; Level II, applied concepts and examples; and Level III, advanced topics. This format allows undergraduate and graduate instructors and professionals in the field to focus quickly on the essential topics, and if interested, delve into Level III advanced topics. The book includes links to documents and standards sources so students can explore each idea described in more detail. Instructor’s manual, solutions manual, videos, figure slides, and lecture slides are available upon qualified course adoption.
Category: Business & Economics

Cognitive Informatics For Biomedicine

Author : Vimla L. Patel
ISBN : 9783319172729
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.99 MB
Format : PDF
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The book reports on the current state on HCI in biomedicine and health care, focusing on the role of human factors, patient safety well as methodological underpinnings of HCI theories and its application for biomedical informatics. Theories, models and frameworks for human-computer interaction (HCI) have been recognized as key contributors for the design, development and use of computer-based systems. In the clinical domain, key themes that litter the research landscape of health information technology (HIT) are usability, decision support and clinical workflow – all of which are affected directly or indirectly by the nature of HCI. While the implications of HCI principles for the design of HIT are acknowledged, the adoption of the tools and techniques among clinicians, informatics researchers and developers of HIT are limited. There is a general consensus that HIT has not realized its potential as a tool to facilitate clinical decision-making, the coordination of care and improves patient safety. Embracing sound principles of iterative design can yield significant dividends. It can also enhance practitioner’s abilities to meet “meaningful use” requirements. The purpose of the book is two-fold: to address key gaps on the applicability of theories, models and evaluation frameworks of HCI and human factors for research in biomedical informatics. It highlights the state of the art, drawing from the current research in HCI. Second, it also serves as a graduate level textbook highlighting key topics in HCI relevant for biomedical informatics, computer science and social science students working in the healthcare domain. For instructional purposes, the book provides additional information and a set of questions for interactive class discussion for each section. The purpose of these questions is to encourage students to apply the learned concepts to real world healthcare problems.​
Category: Medical

Computational Intelligence In Medical Informatics

Author : Arpad Kelemen
ISBN : 9783540757672
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82.72 MB
Format : PDF
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Medical Informatics (MI) is an emerging interdisciplinary science. This book deals with the application of computational intelligence in MI. Addressing the various issues of medical informatics using different computational intelligence approaches is the novelty of this edited volume. This volume comprises of 15 chapters selected on the basis of fundamental ideas/concepts including an introductory chapter giving the fundamental definitions and some important research challenges.
Category: Medical