Principles And Practice Of Structural Equation Modeling Fourth Edition

Author : Rex B. Kline
ISBN : 9781462523351
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61.95 MB
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New to This Edition *Extensively revised to cover important new topics: Pearl' s graphing theory and SCM, causal inference frameworks, conditional process modeling, path models for longitudinal data, item response theory, and more. *Chapters on best practices in all stages of SEM, measurement invariance in confirmatory factor analysis, and significance testing issues and bootstrapping. *Expanded coverage of psychometrics. *Additional computer tools: online files for all detailed examples, previously provided in EQS, LISREL, and Mplus, are now also given in Amos, Stata, and R (lavaan). *Reorganized to cover the specification, identification, and analysis of observed variable models separately from latent variable models. Pedagogical Features *Exercises with answers, plus end-of-chapter annotated lists of further reading. *Real examplesof troublesome data, demonstrating how to handle typical problems in analyses.
Category: Social Science

Principles And Practice Of Structural Equation Modeling Third Edition

Author : Rex B. Kline
ISBN : 9781606238783
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81.32 MB
Format : PDF
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This bestselling text provides a balance between the technical and practical aspects of structural equation modeling (SEM). Using clear and accessible language, Rex B. Kline covers core techniques, potential pitfalls, and applications across the behavioral and social sciences. Some more advanced topics are also covered, including estimation of interactive effects of latent variables and multilevel SEM. The companion Web page offers downloadable syntax, data, and output files for each detailed example for EQS, LISREL, and Mplus, allowing readers to view the results of the same analysis generated by three different computer tools. New to This Edition *Thoroughly revised and restructured to follow the phases of most SEM analyses. *Syntax, data, and output files for all detailed research examples are now provided online. *Chapter on computer tools. *Exercises with answers, which support self-study. *Topic boxes on specialized issues, such as dealing with problems in the analysis; the assessment of construct measurement reliability; and more. *Updated coverage of a more rigorous approach to hypothesis and model testing; the evaluation of measurement invariance; and more. *”Troublesome” examples have been added to provide a context for discussing how to handle various problems that can crop up in SEM analyses.
Category: Psychology

Measurement Theory And Applications For The Social Sciences

Author : Deborah L. Bandalos
ISBN : 9781462532131
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61.17 MB
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Which types of validity evidence should be considered when determining whether a scale is appropriate for a given measurement situation? What about reliability evidence? Using clear explanations illustrated by examples from across the social and behavioral sciences, this engaging text prepares students to make effective decisions about the selection, administration, scoring, interpretation, and development of measurement instruments. Coverage includes the essential measurement topics of scale development, item writing and analysis, and reliability and validity, as well as more advanced topics such as exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, item response theory, diagnostic classification models, test bias and fairness, standard setting, and equating. End-of-chapter exercises (with answers) emphasize both computations and conceptual understanding to encourage readers to think critically about the material.
Category: Business & Economics

Growth Modeling

Author : Kevin J. Grimm
ISBN : 9781462526062
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.14 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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Growth models are among the core methods for analyzing how and when people change. Discussing both structural equation and multilevel modeling approaches, this book leads readers step by step through applying each model to longitudinal data to answer particular research questions. It demonstrates cutting-edge ways to describe linear and nonlinear change patterns, examine within-person and between-person differences in change, study change in latent variables, identify leading and lagging indicators of change, evaluate co-occurring patterns of change across multiple variables, and more. User-friendly features include real data examples, code (for Mplus or NLMIXED in SAS, and OpenMx or nlme in R), discussion of the output, and interpretation of each model's results. User-Friendly Features *Real, worked-through longitudinal data examples serving as illustrations in each chapter. *Script boxes that provide code for fitting the models to example data and facilitate application to the reader's own data. *"Important Considerations" sections offering caveats, warnings, and recommendations for the use of specific models. *Companion website supplying datasets and syntax for the book's examples, along with additional code in SAS/R for linear mixed-effects modeling.
Category: Social Science

Hypothesis Testing And Model Selection In The Social Sciences

Author : David L. Weakliem
ISBN : 9781462525669
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.93 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Examining the major approaches to hypothesis testing and model selection, this book blends statistical theory with recommendations for practice, illustrated with real-world social science examples. It systematically compares classical (frequentist) and Bayesian approaches, showing how they are applied, exploring ways to reconcile the differences between them, and evaluating key controversies and criticisms. The book also addresses the role of hypothesis testing in the evaluation of theories, the relationship between hypothesis tests and confidence intervals, and the role of prior knowledge in Bayesian estimation and Bayesian hypothesis testing. Two easily calculated alternatives to standard hypothesis tests are discussed in depth: the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and Bayesian information criterion (BIC). The companion website ([ital]www.guilford.com/weakliem-materials[/ital]) supplies data and syntax files for the book's examples.
Category: Social Science

Introduction To Mediation Moderation And Conditional Process Analysis Second Edition

Author : Andrew F. Hayes
ISBN : 9781462534654
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 52.52 MB
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Lauded for its easy-to-understand, conversational discussion of the fundamentals of mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis, this book has been fully revised with 50% new content, including sections on working with multicategorical antecedent variables, the use of PROCESS version 3 for SPSS and SAS for model estimation, and annotated PROCESS v3 outputs. Using the principles of ordinary least squares regression, Andrew F. Hayes carefully explains procedures for testing hypotheses about the conditions under and the mechanisms by which causal effects operate, as well as the moderation of such mechanisms. Hayes shows how to estimate and interpret direct, indirect, and conditional effects; probe and visualize interactions; test questions about moderated mediation; and report different types of analyses. Data for all the examples are available on the companion website (www.afhayes.com), along with links to download PROCESS. New to This Edition *Chapters on using each type of analysis with multicategorical antecedent variables. *Example analyses using PROCESS v3, with annotated outputs throughout the book. *More tips and advice, including new or revised discussions of formally testing moderation of a mechanism using the index of moderated mediation; effect size in mediation analysis; comparing conditional effects in models with more than one moderat∨ using R code for visualizing interactions; distinguishing between testing interaction and probing it; and more. *Rewritten Appendix A, which provides the only documentation of PROCESS v3, including 13 new preprogrammed models that combine moderation with serial mediation or parallel and serial mediation. *Appendix B, describing how to create customized models in PROCESS v3 or edit preprogrammed models.
Category: Business & Economics

Psychometric Methods

Author : Larry R. Price
ISBN : 9781462524785
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72.68 MB
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Grounded in current knowledge and professional practice, this book provides up-to-date coverage of psychometric theory, methods, and interpretation of results. Essential topics include measurement and statistical concepts, scaling models, test design and development, reliability, validity, factor analysis, item response theory, and generalizability theory. Also addressed are norming and test equating, topics not typically covered in traditional psychometrics texts. Examples drawn from a dataset on intelligence testing are used throughout the book, elucidating the assumptions underlying particular methods and providing SPSS (or alternative) syntax for conducting analyses. The companion website presents datasets for all examples as well as PowerPoint slides of figures and key concepts. Pedagogical features include equation boxes with explanations of statistical notation, and end-of-chapter glossaries. The Appendix offers extensions of the topical chapters with example source code from SAS, SPSS, IRTPRO, BILOG-MG, PARSCALE, TESTFACT, and DIMTEST.
Category: Social Science

Regression Analysis And Linear Models

Author : Richard B. Darlington
ISBN : 9781462527984
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84.35 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Ephasizing conceptual understanding over mathematics, this user-friendly text introduces linear regression analysis to students and researchers across the social, behavioral, consumer, and health sciences. Coverage includes model construction and estimation, quantification and measurement of multivariate and partial associations, statistical control, group comparisons, moderation analysis, mediation and path analysis, and regression diagnostics, among other important topics. Engaging worked-through examples demonstrate each technique, accompanied by helpful advice and cautions. The use of SPSS, SAS, and STATA is emphasized, with an appendix on regression analysis using R. The companion website (www.afhayes.com) provides datasets for the book's examples as well as the RLM macro for SPSS and SAS. Pedagogical Features: *Chapters include SPSS, SAS, or STATA code pertinent to the analyses described, with each distinctively formatted for easy identification. *An appendix documents the RLM macro, which facilitates computations for estimating and probing interactions, dominance analysis, heteroscedasticity-consistent standard errors, and linear spline regression, among other analyses. *Students are guided to practice what they learn in each chapter using datasets provided online. *Addresses topics not usually covered, such as ways to measure a variable’s importance, coding systems for representing categorical variables, causation, and myths about testing interaction.
Category: Social Science

Entscheidungen Bei Ungewi Heit

Author : Ralf Diedrich
ISBN : 9783642524240
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43.91 MB
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Neuere Entwicklungen der Entscheidungstheorie, die in der deutschsprachigen Literatur bislang noch kaum Beachtung fanden, sind Gegenstand dieses Buchs. Es geht um Alternativen zur subjektiven Erwartungsnutzentheorie, die der Erfassung intransitiver Präferenzen und der Berücksichtigung von Ergebnisplausibilitäten, Ambiguität, potentieller Enttäuschung und potentiellem Bedauern dienen. Im Mittelpunkt steht ein axiomatischer Ansatz, der die Entwicklung leicht verständlicher Axiomensysteme und die Lösung einiger bislang noch ungelöster Axiomatisierungsprobleme erlaubt. Die ausführlich dargestellten Beweise sind in Anhänge zu den einzelnen Kapiteln ausgelagert.
Category: Business & Economics

Think Big Start Small

Author : Achim Kampker
ISBN : 9783662549971
Genre : Automotive engineering
File Size : 87.83 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Dieses Buch ist eine Open-Access-Publikation unter einer CC BY 4.0 Lizenz. »Wenn eine Idee anfangs nicht absurd klingt, dann gibt es keine Hoffnung für sie« Albert Einstein Ideen werden am Anfang gerne in Frage gestellt. Die Macher des StreetScooter sind anders herangegangen, sie haben den Status quo, der sich ihnen bot, in Frage gestellt. Der herkömmliche Innovationsprozess bei der Entwicklung neuer, nachhaltiger Produkte war in ihren Augen viel zu aufwendig und zu teuer. In der Automobilindustrie dauert er viele Jahre und verschlingt Milliarden. Wie ein radikal anderes Innovationsdenken zu bezahlbarer Funktionalität führt, zeigt die rasante Entwicklung eines ungewöhnlichen Unternehmens, das aus der Rheinisch-Westfälisch-Technischen Hochschule Aachen hervorgegangen ist und heute der Deutschen Post DHL gehört. Es ist eine e-mobile Erfolgsstory über ein Fahrzeug, das kundenspezifisch, wirtschaftlich, ökologisch, flexibel, sicher und zuverlässig ist. Ausgewählte Stimmen zum StreetScooter: »Mit gesundem Menschenverstand an die Sache herangegangen. In den verkrusteten Dino-Hierarchien der Old Technology wäre so ein Projekt höchstens bis zum Papierkorb im Archiv gekommen.« »Eines der wenigen sinnvollen Projekte. Elektromobilität ist selten an die Bedürfnisse und Notwendigkeiten angepasst. Der StreetScooter ist genau das, was gebraucht wird.« »Auch für den freien Verkauf geeignet, da die Besonderheiten wie großer ergonomischer Laderaum und Ein- bzw. Ausstieg mit weniger Sitzabnutzung sowie verstärkten Türen, also weniger anfällig und geringere Service- und Wartungskosten für viele andere Kunden kaufentscheidend sind.« This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 licence. “If an idea doesn?t sound absurd at the start, then it doesn?t have a chance.” Albert Einstein People love to challenge ideas at the start. The makers of StreetScooter approached things differently: they challenged the status quo they were presented with instead. In their view, the conventional process of innovation in developing new, sustainable products was much too complicated and too expensive. In the automobile industry, this takes many years and costs billions. The rapid development of an unusual company emerging from the RWTH Aachen University and now part of Deutsche Post DHL demonstrates how a radically different innovative thinking leads to affordable functionality, It is an e-mobile success story about a vehicle that is customized, economic, ecological, flexible, safe, and reliable. Selected quotes on the StreetScooter: “Approached the issue with common sense. In the crusty stone age hierarchies of the old technology, such a project would most often end up deep-sixed.” “One of the few sensible projects. Electromobility is rarely adapted to needs and necessities. The StreetScooter is exactly what is needed.” “Also suitable for free sale to others, since features such as large ergonomic loading area and boarding and disembarking with less seat wear and reinforced doors, and therefore more durable with lower service and maintenance costs are decisive buying decision factors for many other customers.”.
Category: Automotive engineering