PRIMEVAL KINSHIP

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Primeval Kinship

Author : Bernard Chapais
ISBN : 9780674029422
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48.24 MB
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Category: Business & Economics

What Is Parenthood

Author : Linda C. McClain
ISBN : 9780814729151
Genre : Law
File Size : 53.13 MB
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Extraordinary changes in patterns of family life—and family law—have dramatically altered the boundaries of parenthood and opened up numerous questions and debates. What is parenthood and why does it matter? How should society define, regulate, and support it? Is parenthood separable from marriage—or couplehood—when society seeks to foster children’s well-being? What is the better model of parenthood from the perspective of child outcomes? Intense disagreements over the definition and future of marriage often rest upon conflicting convictions about parenthood. What Is Parenthood? asks bold and direct questions about parenthood in contemporary society, and it brings together a stellar interdisciplinary group of scholars with widely varying perspectives to investigate them. Editors Linda C. McClain and Daniel Cere facilitate a dynamic conversation between scholars from several disciplines about competing models of parenthood and a sweeping array of topics, including single parenthood, adoption, donor-created families, gay and lesbian parents, transnational parenthood, parentchild attachment, and gender difference and parenthood.
Category: Law

The Character Of Human Institutions

Author : Michael Egan
ISBN : 9781351485289
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65.26 MB
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This volume celebrates the life and work of Robin Fox and the idea of a biosocial science. From his early studies of kinship, primates, the brain, evolution, the incest taboo, and aggression, to his later work on literature, politics, civilization, law, the Bible, Shakespeare, and the history of ideas, Robin Fox inspired many with an evolutionary vision of humanity that goes beyond narrow disciplinary boundaries and embraces the universal history of mankind. Fox's work represents an independent biosocial science stream of thinking that accepts the Darwinian mandate while avoiding reductionism by recognizing culture as a natural phenomenon. The essays cover Fox's life and his contributions, and address topics as diverse as the meaning and function of laughter; the unforgiving discipline of writing popular anthropology; extreme drinking rituals among young men training for the British army; Darwin and close-cousin marriage; the universal essence of the epic form as a super-attractor; anthropologists' autobiographies; the conflict between science and anti-science; and the decline of British imperial education. This engaging collection on a mainstream maverick has been edited by Michael Egan. It includes essays by Sir Antony Jay, Lionel Tiger, Howard Bloom, Michael McGuire, Kate Fox, Melvin Konner, Alan Macfarlane, Adam Kuper, Dieter Steklis, Alexandra Maryanski, Bernard Chapais, Jonathan Turner, Linda Stone, Charles Macdonald, Anne Fox, David Jenkins, Frederick Turner, Robert Trivers, and an essay by Robin Fox himself.
Category: Social Science

Lone Survivors

Author : Chris Stringer
ISBN : 9781429973441
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.88 MB
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A leading researcher on human evolution proposes a new and controversial theory of how our species came to be In this groundbreaking and engaging work of science, world-renowned paleoanthropologist Chris Stringer sets out a new theory of humanity's origin, challenging both the multiregionalists (who hold that modern humans developed from ancient ancestors in different parts of the world) and his own "out of Africa" theory, which maintains that humans emerged rapidly in one small part of Africa and then spread to replace all other humans within and outside the continent. Stringer's new theory, based on archeological and genetic evidence, holds that distinct humans coexisted and competed across the African continent—exchanging genes, tools, and behavioral strategies. Stringer draws on analyses of old and new fossils from around the world, DNA studies of Neanderthals (using the full genome map) and other species, and recent archeological digs to unveil his new theory. He shows how the most sensational recent fossil findings fit with his model, and he questions previous concepts (including his own) of modernity and how it evolved. Lone Survivors will be the definitive account of who and what we were, and will change perceptions about our origins and about what it means to be human.
Category: Science

Kinship And Killing

Author : Katherine Wills Perlo
ISBN : 9780231519601
Genre : Religion
File Size : 20.50 MB
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Through close readings of Jewish, Christian, Islamic, and Buddhist texts, Katherine Wills Perlo proves that our relationship with animals shapes religious doctrine, particularly through the tension between animal exploitation and the bonds of kinship. She pinpoints four different strategies for coping with this conflict. The first is aggression, in which a divinely conferred superiority or karma justifies animal usage. The second is evasion, which emphasizes benevolent aspects of the human-animal relationship within the exploitative structure, such as the image of Jesus as a "good shepherd." The third is defense, which acknowledges the problematic nature of killing, leading many religions to adopt a propitiation mechanism, such as apologizing for sacrifice. And the fourth is effective-defensive, which recognizes animal abuse as inherently unethical. As humans feel more empathy toward animals, Perlo finds that adherents revise their interpretations of religious texts. Preexisting ontologies, such as Christianity's changing God or Buddhism's principle of impermanence, along with advances in farming practices and technology, also encourage changes in treatment. As cultures begin to appreciate the different types of perception and consciousness experienced by nonhumans, definitions of reality become complicated and humans lean more toward unitary accounts of shared existence. These evolving attitudes exert a crucial influence on religious thought, Perlo argues, moving humans ever closer to a nonspeciesist world.
Category: Religion

Corporations And Society

Author : M. G. Smith
ISBN : 9780202365183
Genre : SOCIAL SCIENCE
File Size : 74.65 MB
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Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Europa Ethnica

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000115817078
Genre : Europe
File Size : 77.77 MB
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Category: Europe

Der Ursprung Der Familie Des Privateigentums Und Des Staats

Author : Friedrich Engels
ISBN : 9783954550593
Genre : History
File Size : 58.75 MB
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Mit seiner 1892 in der endgültigen Fassung veröffentlichten Schrift zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der menschlichen Gesellschaft gilt Friedrich Engels als unmittelbarer Vorläufer der modernen Wirtschafts- und Staatssoziologie. Zunächst betrachtet der Autor die schrittweise Entwicklung von der barbarischen Urgesellschaft bis zur Durchsetzung der Zivilisation in Gestalt des römischen Reichs. In einem zweiten Schritt parallelisiert Engels diesen Prozess dann mit der Entstehung der verschiedenen Familienformen und der daraus hervorgehenden Vorstellung des Privateigentums.
Category: History