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Power To Gas Technology And Business Models

Author : Markus Lehner
ISBN : 9783319039954
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21.66 MB
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Increased production of energy from renewable sources leads to a need for both new and enhanced capacities for energy transmission and intermediate storage. The book first compares different available storage options and then introduces the power-to-gas concept in a comprehensive overview of the technology. The state of the art, advancements, and future requirements for both water electrolysis and methanation are described. The integration of renewable hydrogen and methane into the gas grid is discussed in terms of the necessary technological measures to be taken. Because the power-to-gas system is very flexible, providing numerous specific applications for different targets within the energy sector, possible business models are presented on the basis of various process chains taking into account different plant scales and operating scenarios. The influence of the scale and the type of the integration of the technology into the existing energy network is highlighted with an emphasis on economic consequences. Finally, legal aspects of the operation and integration of the power-to-gas system are discussed.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Pem Water Electrolysis

Author : Dmitri Bessarabov
ISBN : 9780081028315
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.49 MB
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PEM Water Electrolysis, a volume in the Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cell Primers series presents the most recent advances in the field. It brings together information that has thus far been scattered in many different sources under one single title, making it a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students. Volumes One and Two allow readers to identify technology gaps for commercially viable PEM electrolysis systems for energy applications and examine the fundamentals of PEM electrolysis and selected research topics that are top of mind for the academic and industry community, such as gas cross-over and AST protocols. The book lays the foundation for the exploration of the current industrial trends for PEM electrolysis, such as power to gas application and a strong focus on the current trends in the application of PEM electrolysis associated with energy storage. Presents the fundamentals and most current knowledge in proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers Explores the technology gaps and challenges for commercial deployment of PEM water electrolysis technologies Includes unconventional systems, such as ozone generators Brings together information from many different sources under one single title, making it a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students alike
Category: Science

Hydrogen Supply Chain

Author : Catherine Azzaro-Pantel
ISBN : 9780128111987
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81.29 MB
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Design, Deployment and Operation of a Hydrogen Supply Chain introduces current energy system and the challenges that may hinder the large-scale adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier. It covers the different aspects of a methodological framework for designing a HSC, including production, storage, transportation and infrastructure. Each technology’s advantages and drawbacks are evaluated, including their technology readiness level (TRL). The multiple applications of hydrogen for energy are presented, including use in fuel cells, combustion engines, as an alternative to natural gas and power to gas. Through analysis and forecasting, the authors explore deployment scenarios, considering the dynamic aspect of HSCs. In addition, the book proposes methods and tools that can be selected for a multi-criteria optimal design, including performance drivers and economic, environmental and societal metrics. Due to its systems-based approach, this book is ideal for engineering professionals, researchers and graduate students in the field of energy systems, energy supply and management, process systems and even policymakers. Explores the key drivers of hydrogen supply chain design and performance evaluation, including production and storage facilities, transportation, information, sourcing, pricing and sustainability Presents multi-criteria tools for the optimization of hydrogen supply chains and their integration in the overall energy system Examines the available technology, their strengths and weaknesses, and their technology readiness levels (TRL), to draw future perspectives of hydrogen markets and propose deployment scenarios Includes international case studies of hydrogen supply chains at various scales
Category: Technology & Engineering

How Green Are Electric Or Hydrogen Powered Cars

Author : Jesús Montoya Sánchez de Pablo
ISBN : 9783319324340
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.29 MB
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Have you ever wondered by how much CO2 emissions can be reduced by running cars electrically or with hydrogen as fuel? This Brief provides a quantitative answer to this question using the example of the combined road traffic in Spain. The authors calculate the resulting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for the production of hydrogen gas or the required electricity and installing and maintaining the necessary infrastructure. In this way, they can compare with the GHG emissions in the present situation of oil fueled cars. Using different scenarios, they obtain an assessment how much ‘greener’ the electric or hydrogen cars can get.The method described in this Brief is scalable and readily adaptable to other countries. It can thus be used for investigating sensible approaches and developing recommendations for a conversion. As expected, the results depend strongly on the production scenarios for hydrogen or electricity production. The wrong choice can even result in increased GHG emissions. A proper choice of the roadmap toward a more sustainable and greener future is of greatest importance – the results described in this Brief can serve as a valuable and useful guide on our way.
Category: Science

Modeling The Renewable Energy Transition In Canada

Author : Tanveer Ahmed
ISBN : 9783319315058
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.11 MB
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The work demonstrates a techno-economic model of power generation for the cost-effective integration of renewable energy sources, with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Canada. The methodological approach outlined by the author is based on periodic simulation of price variations. The result demonstrates that a 10% transition to renewable energy generation is possible, practical and affordable when supported by an effective policy framework that does not need to introduce a feed-in tariff or loan-based financial mode.
Category: Science

Optimum Investment Strategy In The Power Industry

Author : Ryszard Bartnik
ISBN : 9783319318721
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72.21 MB
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This book presents an innovative methodology for identifying optimum investment strategies in the power industry. To do so, it examines results including, among others, the impact of oxy-fuel technology on CO2 emissions prices, and the specific cost of electricity production. The technical and economic analysis presented here extend the available knowledge in the field of investment optimization in energy engineering, while also enabling investors to make decisions involving its application. Individual chapters explore the potential impacts of different factors like environmental charges on costs connected with investments in the power sector, as well as discussing the available technologies for heat and power generation. The book offers a valuable resource for researchers, market analysts, decision makers, power engineers and students alike.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Terawatt Solar Photovoltaics

Author : Meng Tao
ISBN : 9781447156437
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.76 MB
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Solar energy will undoubtedly become a main source of energy in our life by the end of this century, but how big of a role will photovoltaics play in this new energy infrastructure? Besides cost and efficiency, there are other barriers for current solar cell technologies to become a noticeable source of energy in the future. Availability of raw materials, energy input, storage of solar electricity, and recycling of dead modules can all prevent or hinder a tangible impact by solar photovoltaics. This book is intended for readers with minimal technical background and aims to explore not only the fundamentals but also major issues in large-scale deployment of solar photovoltaics. Thought-provoking ideas to overcoming some of the barriers are discussed.
Category: Science

Laser Drilling

Author : Bekir Sami Yilbas
ISBN : 9783642349829
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38.81 MB
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This book introduces laser drilling processes including modelling, quality assessment of drilled holes, and laser drilling applications. It provides insights into the laser drilling process and relation among the drilling parameters pertinent to improved end product quality. This book is written for engineers and scientists working on laser machining, particularly laser drilling.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Economics And Power Intensive Industries

Author : Helga Kristjánsdóttir
ISBN : 9783319129402
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22.74 MB
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Delving into the connections between renewable energy and economics on an international level, this book focuses specifically on hydropower and geothermal power production for use in the power intensive industry. It takes readily available government and international statistics to provide insight into how businesses and economists can interpret the factors that influence the growth of power intensive industries. It also discusses the CarbFix and SulFix projects that involve the injection of hydrogen sulphide (H2S), and carbon dioxide (CO2) back to reservoir as an emission reduction method. With improved engineering processes, both types of power generation are increasingly subject to economies of scale. These exciting technological developments have a great potential to change the way the world works, as the economy continues to rely so heavily on energy to drive production. Green energy is without a question going to be a major factor in our future, so studying it at its nascence is particularly exciting. This book is intended for academic researchers and students interested in current economic and environmental hot topics, as well as people interested in the inner workings of a possible new investment opportunity.
Category: Business & Economics

Investment Strategy In Heating And Chp

Author : Ryszard Bartnik
ISBN : 9783319610245
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.70 MB
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This book provides a methodology for developing an optimum investment strategy in the heating and combined heat and power (CHP) industry. It demonstrates how to apply mathematical models to the analysis of heat and electricity source operation from technical and economic perspectives. It also allows readers to ascertain the economic effectiveness of modernizing an existing CHP plant. The mathematical models presented are designed to recognize identity profits in continuous time so that they can be better predicted. The authors examine the operational costs of a CHP plant and the impact of factors, such as environmental costs, associated with investment in the heating and CHP sector to enable readers to select the most appropriate technologies. It presents a state-of-the-art technical and economic analysis to enhance readers’ understanding of investment in and optimization of heating and CHP, and provides practical guidance for investors’ decision-making. The book is a valuable source of information, making it ideal for financial analysts and power engineers. Thanks to its in-depth analysis of mathematical methods, it is also suitable for students and researchers with an interest in investment strategy.
Category: Technology & Engineering