POWER ANALYSIS FOR EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR THE BIOLOGICAL MEDICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

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Power Analysis For Experimental Research

Author : R. Barker Bausell
ISBN : 1139441663
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.63 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Power analysis is an essential tool for determining whether a statistically significant result can be expected in a scientific experiment prior to the experiment being performed. Many funding agencies and institutional review boards now require power analyses to be carried out before they will approve experiments, particularly where they involve the use of human subjects. This comprehensive, yet accessible, book provides practising researchers with step-by-step instructions for conducting power/sample size analyses, assuming only basic prior knowledge of summary statistics and the normal distribution. It contains a unified approach to statistical power analysis, with numerous easy-to-use tables to guide the reader without the need for further calculations or statistical expertise. This will be an indispensable text for researchers and graduates in the medical and biological sciences needing to apply power analysis in the design of their experiments.
Category: Science

Data Analysis For The Social Sciences

Author : Douglas Bors
ISBN : 9781526422323
Genre : Reference
File Size : 65.46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Packed with global, interdisciplinary examples that ground statistical theory and concepts in real-world situations, it shows students not only how to apply newfound knowledge using IBM SPSS Statistics, but also why they would want to - all supported by lots of visuals, interactive demonstrations, author videos, and practice datasets.
Category: Reference

The Oxford Handbook Of Quantitative Methods In Psychology

Author : Todd D. Little
ISBN : 9780199934874
Genre : Medical
File Size : 43.75 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods in Psychology provides an accessible and comprehensive review of the current state-of-the-science and a one-stop source for learning and reviewing current best-practices in a quantitative methods across the social, behavioral, and educational sciences.
Category: Medical

Encyclopedia Of Medical Decision Making

Author : Michael W. Kattan
ISBN : 9781452261492
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45.62 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Decision making is a critical element in the field of medicine that can lead to life-or-death outcomes, yet it is an element fraught with complex and conflicting variables, diagnostic and therapeutic uncertainties, patient preferences and values, and costs. Together, decisions made by physicians, patients, insurers, and policymakers determine the quality of health care, quality that depends inherently on counterbalancing risks and benefits and competing objectives such as maximizing life expectancy versus optimizing quality of life or quality of care versus economic realities. Broadly speaking, concepts in medical decision making (MDM) may be divided into two major categories: prescriptive and descriptive. Work in the area of prescriptive MDM investigates how medical decisions should be done using complicated analyses and algorithms to determine cost-effectiveness measures, prediction methods, and so on. In contrast, descriptive MDM studies how decisions actually are made involving human judgment, biases, social influences, patient factors, and so on. The Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making gives a gentle introduction to both categories, revealing how medical and healthcare decisions are actually made—and constrained—and how physician, healthcare management, and patient decision making can be improved to optimize health outcomes. Key Features Discusses very general issues that span many aspects of MDM, including bioethics; health policy and economics; disaster simulation modeling; medical informatics; the psychology of decision making; shared and team medical decision making; social, moral, and religious factors; end-of-life decision making; assessing patient preference and patient adherence; and more Incorporates both quantity and quality of life in optimizing a medical decision Considers characteristics of the decisionmaker and how those characteristics influence their decisions Presents outcome measures to judge the quality or impact of a medical decision Examines some of the more commonly encountered biostatistical methods used in prescriptive decision making Provides utility assessment techniques that facilitate quantitative medical decision making Addresses the many different assumption perspectives the decision maker might choose from when trying to optimize a decision Offers mechanisms for defining MDM algorithms With comprehensive and authoritative coverage by experts in the fields of medicine, decision science and cognitive psychology, and healthcare management, this two-volume Encyclopedia is a must-have resource for any academic library.
Category: Medical

The Design And Conduct Of Meaningful Experiments Involving Human Participants

Author : R. Barker Bausell
ISBN : 9780199385256
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 82.13 MB
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Designing and conducting experiments involving human participants requires a skillset different from that needed for statistically analyzing the resulting data. The Design and Conduct of Meaningful Experiments Involving Human Participants combines an introduction to scientific culture and ethical mores with specific experimental design and procedural content. Author R. Barker Bausell assumes no statistical background on the part of the reader, resulting in a highly accessible text. Clear instructions are provided on topics ranging from the selection of a societally important outcome variable to potentially efficacious interventions to the conduct of the experiment itself. Early chapters introduce the concept of experimental design in an intuitive manner involving both hypothetical and real-life examples of how people make causal inferences. The fundamentals of formal experimentation, randomization, and the use of control groups are introduced in the same manner, followed by the presentation and explanation of common (and later, more advanced) designs. Replete with synopses of examples from the journal literature and supplemented by 25 experimental principles, this book is designed to serve as an interdisciplinary supplementary text for research-methods courses in the educational, psychological, behavioral, social, and health sciences. It also serves as an excellent primary text for methods seminar courses.
Category: Psychology

Research Techniques For Clinical Social Workers

Author : M. Elizabeth Vonk
ISBN : 9780231508544
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.99 MB
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This volume has long been an invaluable resource for students and practitioners of social work. It thoroughly and clearly presents research concepts and skills, uniquely organizing them according to assessment and treatment formulation, treatment implementation and monitoring, and evaluation. Also, numerous practice cases and detailed exercises offer a complete grasp of crucial concepts and techniques. This new edition reflects contemporary developments in practice research, such as an emphasis on empirical or evidence-based practice; the importance of evaluation within the managed-care environment; the role of social work ethics in practice research; the value of qualitative research methodology for particular aspects of monitoring and evaluation; and the role of computer technology and the use of the Internet.
Category: Social Science

Nutrient Requirements Of Fish And Shrimp

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309216197
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68.68 MB
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Aquaculture now supplies half of the seafood and fisheries products consumed worldwide and is gaining international significance as a source of food and income. Future demands for seafood and fisheries products can only be met by expanded aquaculture production. Such production will likely become more intensive and will depend increasingly on nutritious and efficient aquaculture feeds containing ingredients from sustainable sources. To meet this challenge, Nutrient Requirements of Fish and Shrimp provides a comprehensive summary of current knowledge about nutrient requirements of fish and shrimp and supporting nutritional science. This edition incorporates new material and significant updates to information in the 1993 edition. It also examines the practical aspects of feeding of fish and shrimp. Nutrient Requirements of Fish and Shrimp will be a key resource for everyone involved in aquaculture and for others responsible for the feeding and care of fish and shrimp. It will also aid scientists in developing new and improved approaches to satisfy the demands of the growing aquaculture industry.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Amstat News

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015072605929
Genre : Statistics
File Size : 76.6 MB
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Category: Statistics

Healthcare Evaluation

Author : R Barker Bausell
ISBN : 144624928X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.82 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Health evaluation has become increasingly important in recent years as policy makers, health professionals and health researchers become more concerned with the rigorous assessment of healthcare policies, health interventions and health research. This important volume, edited by Barker Bausell, will be a must-read for anyone interested in the methodological fundamentals of how best to design, carry out and analyse health evaluation studies, and anyone interested in making healthcare policy and health research more effective. This collection includes key publications on the topic of health evaluation, focusing primarily on four themes: evaluation theory and approaches to the process of evaluation, methods and design considerations, statistical issues and exemplary case studies. As part of the Fundamentals of Applied Research series, this four-volume major work offers an overview of seminal articles in the field of health evaluation that are designed to enable health professionals and their students to learn about, interpret and ultimately undertake evaluation studies in their own specialist fields.
Category: Medical