POLYTHEISM AND SOCIETY AT ATHENS

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Polytheism And Society At Athens

Author : Robert Parker
ISBN : 0199216118
Genre : History
File Size : 54.72 MB
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This book is the first attempt that has ever been made to give a comprehensive account of the religious life of ancient Athens. The city's many festivals are discussed in detail, with attention to recent anthropological theory; so too, for instance, are the cults of households and of smaller groups, the role of religious practice and argumentation in public life, the authority of priests, the activities of religious professionals such as seers and priestesses, magic, the place of theatrical representations of the gods within public attitudes to the divine. A long final section considers the sphere of activity of the various gods, and takes Athens as a uniquely detailed test case for the structuralist approach to polytheism. The work is a synchronic, thematically organized complement (though designed to be read independently) to the same author's Athenian Religion: A History (Oxford 1996).
Category: History

Polytheism And Society At Athens

Author : Robert Parker
ISBN : 9780199274833
Genre : History
File Size : 87.48 MB
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The first attempt that has ever been made to give a comprehensive account of the religious life of ancient Athens.
Category: History

Greek Gods Abroad

Author : Robert Parker
ISBN : 9780520967250
Genre : History
File Size : 29.81 MB
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From even before the time of Alexander the Great, the Greek gods spread throughout the Mediterranean, carried by settlers and largely adopted by the indigenous populations. By the third century b.c., gods bearing Greek names were worshipped everywhere from Spain to Afghanistan, with the resulting religious systems a variable blend of Greek and indigenous elements. Greek Gods Abroad examines the interaction between Greek religion and the cultures of the eastern Mediterranean with which it came into contact. Robert Parker shows how Greek conventions for naming gods were extended and adapted and provides bold new insights into religious and psychological values across the Mediterranean. The result is a rich portrait of ancient polytheism as it was practiced over 600 years of history.
Category: History

On Greek Religion

Author : Robert Parker
ISBN : 0801462010
Genre : History
File Size : 48.17 MB
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"There is something of a paradox about our access to ancient Greek religion. We know too much, and too little. The materials that bear on it far outreach an individual's capacity to assimilate: so many casual allusions in so many literary texts over more than a millennium, so many direct or indirect references in so many inscriptions from so many places in the Greek world, such an overwhelming abundance of physical remains. But genuinely revealing evidence does not often cluster coherently enough to create a vivid sense of the religious realities of a particular time and place. Amid a vast archipelago of scattered islets of information, only a few are of a size to be habitable."-from the Preface In On Greek Religion, Robert Parker offers a provocative and wide-ranging entrée into the world of ancient Greek religion, focusing especially on the interpretive challenge of studying a religious system that in many ways remains desperately alien from the vantage point of the twenty-first century. One of the world's leading authorities on ancient Greek religion, Parker raises fundamental methodological questions about the study of this vast subject. Given the abundance of evidence we now have about the nature and practice of religion among the ancient Greeks-including literary, historical, and archaeological sources-how can we best exploit that evidence and agree on the central underlying issues? Is it possible to develop a larger, "unified" theoretical framework that allows for coherent discussions among archaeologists, anthropologists, literary scholars, and historians? In seven thematic chapters, Parker focuses on key themes in Greek religion: the epistemological basis of Greek religion; the relation of ritual to belief; theories of sacrifice; the nature of gods and heroes; the meaning of rituals, festivals, and feasts; and the absence of religious authority. Ranging across the archaic, classical, and Hellenistic periods, he draws on multiple disciplines both within and outside classical studies. He also remains sensitive to varieties of Greek religious experience. Also included are five appendixes in which Parker applies his innovative methodological approach to particular cases, such as the acceptance of new gods and the consultation of oracles. On Greek Religion will stir debate for its bold questioning of disciplinary norms and for offering scholars and students new points of departure for future research.
Category: History

Der Gott Des Gelages

Author : Alexander Heinemann
ISBN : 9783110222241
Genre : Art
File Size : 64.33 MB
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Darstellungen des Dionysos und seines Kreises zieren zu Tausenden die bemalte Feinkeramik aus dem klassischen Athen. Die Studie unternimmt eine umfassende Deutung dieser außerordentlich wandelbaren Bildwelt und geht insbesondere der Frage nach, welche Funktion sie für ihre Betrachter im Kontext des Trinkgelages erfüllte, für das ein Großteil der Gefäße gefertigt war. Nach Klärung der quellenkritischen Voraussetzungen werden abschnittsweise zentrale Problemfelder behandelt: die Konstruktion von Körperbildern und Geschlechterrollen; das Verhältnis der Bilder zum Bühnenwesen; die soziale Funktion von Mythenbildern; das komische Potential der Satyrfigur; das Spannungsverhältnis von Bild, Bildträger und dionysischem Ritual. Gemessen an der literarischen Überlieferung betonen die Darstellungen die freudvolle Dimension des Gottes. Dies gilt namentlich für die vielen allegorischen, parodistischen oder utopischen Bildfindugen, die den Sinnhorizont dieser Ikonographie weit über die zuletzt stark betonten Deutungsparadigmen von Identität und sozialer Norm hinaus ausdehnen. Zugleich wird nachvollziehbar, wie das Bildergeschirr in die kommunikativen Prozesse des Trinkgelages hineinwirkt und aktiv zu diesem komplexen sozialen Ritual beiträgt.
Category: Art

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 88.65 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Category: History

The One Who Sows Bountifully

Author : Caroline Johnson Hodge
ISBN : 9781930675889
Genre : Religion
File Size : 33.12 MB
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This festschrift honors the work of Stanley K. Stowers, a renowned specialist in the field of Pauline studies and early Christianity, on the occasion of his sixty-fifth birthday and retirement from Brown University. The collection includes twenty-eight essays on theory and history of interpretation, Israelite religion and ancient Judaism, the Greco-Roman world, and early Christinity, a preface honoring Stowers, and a select bibliography of his publications. Contributors include: Adriana Destro, John T. Fitzgerald, John G. Gager, Caroline Johnson Hodge, Ross S. Kraemer, Saul M. Olyan, Mauro Pesce, Daniel Ullucci, Debra Scoggins Ballentine, William K. Gilders, David Konstan, Nathaniel B. Levtow, Jordan D. Rosenblum, Michael L. Satlow, Karen B. Stern, Emma Wasserman, Nathaniel DesRosiers, John S. Kloppenborg, Luther H. Martin, Arthur P. Urbano, L. Michael White, William Arnal, Pamela Eisenbaum, Troels Engberg-Pedersen, Karen L. King, Christopher R. Matthews, Erin Roberts, and Richard Wright.
Category: Religion

Autopsy In Athens

Author : Margaret M. Miles
ISBN : 9781782978565
Genre : History
File Size : 88.35 MB
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This is an exciting time to study in Athens. The “rescue” excavations of recent years, conducted during construction of the Metro system and in preparation for the 2004 Olympics Games, combined with major restoration projects and a new enthusiasm for fresh examination of old material, using new techniques and applications, brings new perspectives and answers on many aspects of the ancient city of Athens and life, politics and religion in Attica. The 15 papers presented here contribute new findings that result from intensive, firsthand examinations of the archaeological and epigraphical evidence. They illustrate how much may be gained by reexamining material from older excavations, and from the methodological shift from documenting information to closer analysis and larger historical reflection. They offer a variety of perspectives on a range of issues: the ambiance of the ancient city for passersby, filled with roadside shrines; techniques of architectural construction and sculpting; religious expression in Athens including cults of Asklepios and Serapis; the precise procedures for Greek sacrifice; how the borders of Attica were defined over time, and details of its road-system. In presenting this volume the contributors are continuing in a long tradition of autopsy – in the sense of 'personal observation' – in Athens, that began even in the Hellenistic period and has continued through the writings of centuries of travelers and academics to the present day.
Category: History

Attische Feste

Author : Ludwig Deubner
ISBN : OCLC:150469939
Genre : Athens (Greece)
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Category: Athens (Greece)

Die Politische Rolle Der Heraklesgestalt Im Griechischen Herrschertum

Author : Ulrich Huttner
ISBN : UVA:X006054633
Genre : History
File Size : 31.59 MB
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Die detaillierte Untersuchung zeigt durch Auswertung literarischer, epigraphischer, numismatischer und archaologischer Quellen den erheblichen politischen Einflua auf, welcher der Heraklesgestalt in der Legitimation, Reprasentation und sakralen Uberhohung griechischer Herrscher zukommt. Von archaischer Zeit bis in den spaten Hellenismus fungiert Herakles als Ahnherr, Schutzgott, Vorbild und Identifikationsfigur der Konige, wobei das ausschlaggebende Moment in der genealogischen Verbindung liegt. Die diversen Beziehungen zwischen Herrscher und Herakles lassen sich vielfach aus dem Selbstverstandnis griechischer Aristokratie herleiten und bieten wichtige Einblicke in das Wesen des antiken Herrscherkultes. (Franz Steiner 1997)
Category: History