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Pollution Control In United States

Author : J. Clarence Davies
ISBN : 9781135891664
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60.98 MB
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Pollution control, a key component of U.S. environmental policy, has made important progress in recent decades. Yet important problems remain and there is need for improvement in the pollution control regulatory system. This book is the most extensive evaluation of that system ever produced. It reveals many strengths and accomplishments, but also illustrates serious shortcomings and the need for reform. The volume emerges from three years of research on a fragmented 'system' of institutions, statutes, and procedures that is often inefficient and ineffective, hobbled by misplaced priorities. Part I provides an in-depth description of this system, centered on the federal Environmental Protection Agency and the labyrinthine laws it must implement. The authors evaluate the federal legislation, administrative decisionmaking, and the state-federal division of labor that defines the system. Davies and Mazurek assess the effectiveness and efficiency of U.S. pollution control. They discuss the performance of U.S. laws and regulations in comparison with those of other nations, assess the ability of the U.S. pollution control system to meet future problems, and consider proposals for reform and repair. Within this far reaching analysis, they include criteria that are often overlooked by policymakers and analysts, including social values, equity, nonintrusiveness, and public participation.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Morning After Earth Day

Author : Mary Graham
ISBN : 0815791127
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67.78 MB
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As we approach the 30th anniversary of Earth Day (the first of its kind was April 1970), congressional debate about environmental protection often remains paralyzed and polarized. But across the country, environmental pragmatism is gaining ground. The Morning after Earth Day explores how policymakers, business executives, and citizen groups are fighting novel political battles and sometimes making peace with surprising compromises. After a generation of progress in reducing large sources of industrial and municipal pollution and in improving management of public lands, today's environmental conflicts are more complex. They involve controlling pollution caused by farmers, small businesses, drivers of aging cars, and homeowners, as well as minimizing ecological threats on private land. Remedies often lie in politically treacherous territory--persuading ordinary people to change their daily routines rather than ordering big business to adopt new technology or government officials to manage land differently. As Mary Graham shows, practical approaches are resolving immediate disputes and providing clues for future policy. But core dilemmas remain. They include how to reconcile environmental protection with respect for private property, how to balance federal and state authority, and how much to rely on behavioral versus technological change. Only by reclaiming the debate about these dilemmas from extremists and confronting them head-on will the nation build a solid foundation for the next generation of environmental policy. Copublished with the Governance Institute
Category: Political Science

Environmental Policies For Agricultural Pollution Control

Author : J. S. Shortle
ISBN : 0851997791
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 81.55 MB
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This book describes the environmental problems associated with agriculture, particularly the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers and the disposal of animal waste. These have become major policy issues in many countries, with the main polluting effect being on water quality. As with other types of pollution, significant reductions in agriculture's contribution to water pollution requires the application of either enforceable regulatory approaches or changes in the economic environment, so that farmers adopt environmentally-friendly production practices. Providing a review and guide to the policy options and their economic administrative and political merits, the reader can develop an understanding of these options and their merits in the emerging policy context. The principal focus is on the developed world, particularly North America and Europe. The book is aimed at advanced students, researchers and professionals in agricultural economics and policy, and environmental and pollution sciences.
Category: Business & Economics

Understanding Environmental Policy

Author : Steven Cohen
ISBN : 9780231537681
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63.34 MB
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The first edition of this pragmatic course text emphasized the policy value of a "big picture" approach to the ethical, political, technological, scientific, economic, and management aspects of environmental issues. The text then applied this approach to real-world case examples involving leaks in underground storage tanks, toxic waste cleanup, and the effects of global climate change. This second edition demonstrates the ongoing effectiveness of the book's framework in generating meaningful action and policy solutions to current environmental issues. The text adds case examples concerning congestion taxes, e-waste, hydrofracking, and recent developments in global climate change, updating references and other materials throughout and incorporating the political and policy changes of the Obama administration's first term and developments in national and global environmental issues.
Category: Political Science

Regulating Pollution

Author : J. Clarence Davies
ISBN : 9780788148057
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 60.76 MB
Format : PDF
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Focusing largely on federal environmental efforts, this report provides a sound basis for considering the future of the pollution control regulatory system. It describes and evaluates the legislation, administrative decisionmaking, and federal-state division of labor that are the main elements of the U.S. regulatory process. The overall system is examined and evaluated to determine whether the most important problems have been targeted and pollution levels reduced, and whether the system has been effective and cost-efficient, has been responsive to social values, and is prepared to deal with future problems.
Category: Political Science

Regulatory Reform In The United States

Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
ISBN : STANFORD:36105021837666
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.56 MB
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The United States has been a world leader in regulatory reform for a quarter century. Contrary to popular belief, the United States is not less regulated than other countries, but differently regulated due to the pro-competition policy stance of ...
Category: Business & Economics

Energy Futures And Urban Air Pollution

Author : Chinese Academy of Sciences
ISBN : 0309178835
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.58 MB
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The United States and China are the top two energy consumers in the world. As a consequence, they are also the top two emitters of numerous air pollutants which have local, regional, and global impacts. Urbanization has led to serious air pollution problems in U.S. and Chinese cities; although U.S. cities continues to face challenges, the lessons they have learned in managing energy use and air quality are relevant to the Chinese experience. This book summarizes current trends, profiles two U.S. and two Chinese cities, and recommends key actions to enable each country to continue to improve urban air quality.
Category: Science


Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015047397735
Genre : Natural resources
File Size : 54.33 MB
Format : PDF
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Category: Natural resources