POISONOUS PLANTS A CULTURAL AND SOCIAL HISTORY

Download Poisonous Plants A Cultural And Social History ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to POISONOUS PLANTS A CULTURAL AND SOCIAL HISTORY book pdf for free now.

Poisonous Plants

Author : Robert Bevan-Jones
ISBN : 9781909686229
Genre : Nature
File Size : 40.92 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 122
Read : 525

The botanical history of Britain and North West Europe has a dark and a light side. Plants have been used as weapons to harm people, taken deliberately as addictive drugs and also employed as tools in witchcraft and used as magical amulets. Yet many of these same plants have been medicinally vital to numerous European communities; as the author notes, frequently the only difference between a benevolent medicine and a poison is dosage. In this book, which is richly illustrated with modern colour photographs and illustrations from herbals, Robert Bevan-Jones brings together a wealth of documentary and archaeo-botanical sources to discuss the cultural, social (and anti-social) role of the fifty most significant species of poisonous plants and fungi found in Britain, either as natives or as introductions. An introductory essay puts into context the development of British society's knowledge of toxic plants: the 'cultural botany' applied in Britain today has evolved over thousands of years, absorbing information from European texts and importing useful plants from Europe, such as the mandrake. The book's central A to Z section - from aconite to yew - then informs the reader about the history and uses of 43 species of poisonous plants, especially those that have a documented history of medicinal usage. Four important fungi species - death cap, liberty cap, fly agaric and ergot - also have separate essays. As well as the plants' histories and appearance, their chemical constituents receive coverage; these give them powerful and diverse properties, which demand our admiration and respect. The book aims to add to the knowledge offered by field identification guides, and help reduce the risk associated with accidental ingestion. Case histories are given in as much detail as possible and the information will hopefully help the reader understand the properties of plants they may encounter, either in an archaeological, botanical or horticultural context. Most of these plants can yet be found growing in woodlands, parks, botanical gardens, roadsides, waterways, churchyards and abbey sites. This is an essential book not only for botanists and historical ecologists, but also for anyone interested in the toxic plant traditions of Britain and Europe.
Category: Nature

Duchess Of Northumberland S Little Book Of Poisons Potions And Aphrodisiacs

Author : The Duchess of Northumberland
ISBN : 9780752497259
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 60.5 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 243
Read : 754

From the creator of the world-famous Poison Garden at Alnwick Castle Combining the fascinating archive of the first Duchess of Northumberland with the expertise of Jane, the present Duchess and the creator of the famous Poison Garden at Alnwick Castle, this illustrated gift book tells the story of the poison found within the plants that grow wild across Britain's countryside and the medicinal potions that derive from them. Based on the information gleaned from the Poison Garden and the Household Books of the first Duchess of Northumberland, the reader will learn the secrets, past and present, of the poisonous and curative properties of these plants and the more unusual varieties that have been cultivated and planted for centuries. Beautifully illustrated, this is the ideal gift for those with an interest in the wild plants of Britain and for those with an interest in poison and potions.
Category: Gardening

Chemical Food Safety

Author : Leon Brimer
ISBN : 1845937872
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39.29 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 832
Read : 254

Preventing contamination with problematic chemical compounds in food, from 'plant to plate and meat to meal', begins with an understanding of the food production and processing chain as well as relevant issues in toxicology and risk management. The diversity in origin and structure of unwanted chemical substances means that combating chemical contaminants in food needs a good understanding of science in a number of disciplines as well as the regulatory processes designed to minimise risks to a world population increasingly exposed through international trade. This book covers the basic and applied science needed to understand, analyse and take professional action on problems and questions concerning chemical food safety, from acute to long lasting problems that call for interventions on a local, regional, national or international level. Risk assessment is explained in the context of targeted future risk management and risk communication. The book follows problematic chemical compounds through production and processing of foods of plant, fungal, algal or animal origin, including oral exposure and intestinal absorption of such contaminants. The aim is to reach a harmonized level of understanding of all aspects of chemical food safety, so as to make the graduated student ready for work in all sectors related to food and its production.
Category: Medical

How To Survive The End Of The World

Author : HowStuffWorks
ISBN : 9781480400849
Genre : Reference
File Size : 42.33 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 417
Read : 289

From the creative editorial minds at HowStuffWorks.com comes a volume of entertaining advice to help readers survive the end of the world as we know it In response to our readers, who are particularly curious about both doomsday scenarios and survivalist techniques, HowStuffWorks.com presents Surviving the End of the World. There are many possible ends in store for our world. Zombie hordes could rise up and eat our brains. A viral pandemic could sweep the globe, decimating the human population but for a hearty, immune few. Or a catastrophic solar superstorm might render all electronics on the planet inert, causing a civilization-ending panic. You won’t survive hanging around the dead, the near-dead, or the undead, so in case of Armageddon, head for the hills. Perhaps you’re being chased and leave with nothing but a machete and your will to live. Perhaps you actually have time to pack, but you aren’t sure what you might need. Once you’re in the wilderness, how will you cope? This volume will advise you on such subjects as building shelter in the forest with your bare hands, hunting edible berries in the summer and edible termites year-round, and avoiding the critical stages of dehydration. We even include tips on making moonshine and chocolate, since you’ll need something to sweeten the New World Order. If the world as we knew it came to an end, we’d like to think we’d survive. At least, we’d like to think that this book, with its equal parts education and laughter, gives our readers an advantage. Join us for the apocalypse. Let’s survive together.
Category: Reference

World Food An Encyclopedia Of History Culture And Social Influence From Hunter Gatherers To The Age Of Globalization

Author : Mary Ellen Snodgrass
ISBN : 9781317451600
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78.85 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 883
Read : 313

This multicultural and interdisciplinary reference brings a fresh social and cultural perspective to the global history of food, foodstuffs, and cultural exchange from the age of discovery to contemporary times. Comprehensive in scope, this two-volume encyclopedia covers agriculture and industry, food preparation and regional cuisines, science and technology, nutrition and health, and trade and commerce, as well as key contemporary issues such as famine relief, farm subsidies, food safety, and the organic movement. Articles also include specific foodstuffs such as chocolate, potatoes, and tomatoes; topics such as Mediterranean diet and the Spice Route; and pivotal figures such as Marco Polo, Columbus, and Catherine de' Medici. Special features include: dozens of recipes representing different historic periods and cuisines of the world; listing of herbal foods and uses; and a chronology of key events/people in food history.
Category: Political Science

The Ancient Yew

Author : Robert Bevan-Jones
ISBN : 9781911188148
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.14 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 679
Read : 835

The gnarled, immutable yew tree is one of the most evocative sights in the British and Irish language, an evergreen impression of immortality, the tree that provides a living botanical link between our own landscapes and those of the distant past. This book tells the extraordinary story of the yew’s role in the landscape through the millennia, and makes a convincing case for the origins of many of the oldest trees, as markers of the holy places founded by Celtic saints in the early medieval ‘Dark Ages’. With wonderful photographic portraits of ancient yews and a gazetteer (with locations) of the oldest yew trees in Britain, the book brings together for the first time all the evidence about the dating, history, archaeology and cultural connections of the yew. Robert Bevan-Jones discusses its history, biology, the origins of its name, the yew berry and its toxicity, its distribution across Britain, means of dating examples, and their association with folklore, with churchyards, abbeys, springs, pre-Reformation wells and as landscape markers. This third edition has an updated introduction with new photographs and corrections to the main text.
Category: Science

Hybrid

Author : Noel Kingsbury
ISBN : 9780226437057
Genre : Science
File Size : 57.59 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 804
Read : 785

Disheartened by the shrink-wrapped, Styrofoam-packed state of contemporary supermarket fruits and vegetables, many shoppers hark back to a more innocent time, to visions of succulent red tomatoes plucked straight from the vine, gleaming orange carrots pulled from loamy brown soil, swirling heads of green lettuce basking in the sun. With Hybrid, Noel Kingsbury reveals that even those imaginary perfect foods are themselves far from anything that could properly be called natural; rather, they represent the end of a millennia-long history of selective breeding and hybridization. Starting his story at the birth of agriculture, Kingsbury traces the history of human attempts to make plants more reliable, productive, and nutritious—a story that owes as much to accident and error as to innovation and experiment. Drawing on historical and scientific accounts, as well as a rich trove of anecdotes, Kingsbury shows how scientists, amateur breeders, and countless anonymous farmers and gardeners slowly caused the evolutionary pressures of nature to be supplanted by those of human needs—and thus led us from sparse wild grasses to succulent corn cobs, and from mealy, white wild carrots to the juicy vegetables we enjoy today. At the same time, Kingsbury reminds us that contemporary controversies over the Green Revolution and genetically modified crops are not new; plant breeding has always had a political dimension. A powerful reminder of the complicated and ever-evolving relationship between humans and the natural world, Hybrid will give readers a thoughtful new perspective on—and a renewed appreciation of—the cereal crops, vegetables, fruits, and flowers that are central to our way of life.
Category: Science

Tobacco

Author : Iain Gately
ISBN : 0802198481
Genre : History
File Size : 73.90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 545
Read : 863

“A rich, complex history . . . Deeply engaging and witty” (Los Angeles Times). Long before Columbus arrived in the New Word, tobacco was cultivated and enjoyed by the indigenous inhabitants of the Americas, who used it for medicinal, religious, and social purposes. But when Europeans began to colonize the American continents, it became something else entirely—a cultural touchstone of pleasure and success, and a coveted commodity that would transform the world economy forever. Iain Gately’s Tobacco tells the epic story of an unusual plant and its unique relationship with the history of humanity, from its obscure ancient beginnings, through its rise to global prominence, to its current embattled state today. In a lively narrative, Gately makes the case for the tobacco trade being the driving force behind the growth of the American colonies, the foundation of Dutch trading empire, the underpinning cause of the African slave trade, and the financial basis for victory in the American Revolution. Well-researched and wide-ranging, Tobacco is a vivid and provocative look at the surprising roles this plant has played in the culture of the world. “Ambitious . . . informative and perceptive . . . Gately is an amusing writer, which is a blessing.” —The Washington Post “Documents the resourcefulness with which human beings of every class, religion, race, and continent have pursued the lethal leaf.” —The New York Times Book Review
Category: History

The Cultural History Of Plants

Author : Sir Ghillean Prance
ISBN : 9781135958114
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 87.8 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 592
Read : 295

This valuable reference will be useful for both scholars and general readers. It is both botanical and cultural, describing the role of plant in social life, regional customs, the arts, natural and covers all aspects of plant cultivation and migration and covers all aspects of plant cultivation and migration. The text includes an explanation of plant names and a list of general references on the history of useful plants.
Category: Gardening