PLENTIFUL ENERGY THE STORY OF THE INTEGRAL FAST REACTOR THE COMPLEX HISTORY OF A SIMPLE REACTOR TECHNOLOGY WITH EMPHASIS ON ITS SCIENTIFIC BASES FOR NON SPECIALISTS

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Plentiful Energy

Author : Charles E. Till
ISBN : 1466384603
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.41 MB
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The Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) is a fast reactor system developed at Argonne National Laboratory in the decade 1984 to 1994. The IFR project developed the technology for a complete system; the reactor, the entire fuel cycle and the waste management technologies were all included in the development program. The reactor concept had important features and characteristics that were completely new and fuel cycle and waste management technologies that were entirely new developments. The reactor is a “fast” reactor – that is, the chain reaction is maintained by “fast” neutrons with high energy – which produces its own fuel. The IFR reactor and associated fuel cycle is a closed system. Electrical power is generated, new fissile fuel is produced to replace the fuel burned, its used fuel is processed for recycling by pyroprocessing – a new development – and waste is put in final form for disposal. All this is done on one self-sufficient site.The scale and duration of the project and its funding made it the largest nuclear energy R and D program of its day. Its purpose was the development of a long term massive new energy source, capable of meeting the nation's electrical energy needs in any amount, and for as long as it is needed, forever, if necessary. Safety, non-proliferation and waste toxicity properties were improved as well, these three the characteristics most commonly cited in opposition to nuclear power.Development proceeded from success to success. Most of the development had been done when the program was abruptly cancelled by the newly elected Clinton Administration. In his 1994 State of the Union address the president stated that “unnecessary programs in advanced reactor development will be terminated.” The IFR was that program.This book gives the real story of the IFR, written by the two nuclear scientists who were most deeply involved in its conception, the development of its R and D program, and its management.Between the scientific and engineering papers and reports, and books on the IFR, and the non-technical and often impassioned dialogue that continues to this day on fast reactor technology, we felt there is room for a volume that, while accurate technically, is written in a manner accessible to the non-specialist and even to the non-technical reader who simply wants to know what this technology is.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Superfuel

Author : Richard Martin
ISBN : 9780230341913
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.6 MB
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A riveting look at how an alternative source of energy is revoluntionising nuclear power, promising a safe and clean future for millions, and why thorium was sidelined at the height of the Cold War In this groundbreaking account of an energy revolution in the making, award-winning science writer Richard Martin introduces us to thorium, a radioactive element and alternative nuclear fuel that is far safer, cleaner, and more abundant than uranium. At the dawn of the Atomic Age, thorium and uranium seemed to be in close competition as the fuel of the future. Uranium, with its ability to undergo fission and produce explosive material for atomic weapons, won out over its more pacific sister element, relegating thorium to the dustbin of science. Now, as we grapple with the perils of nuclear energy and rogue atomic weapons, and mankind confronts the specter of global climate change, thorium is re-emerging as the overlooked energy source as a small group of activists and outsiders is working, with the help of Silicon Valley investors, to build a thorium-power industry. In the first book mainstream book to tackle these issues, Superfuel is a story of rediscovery of a long lost technology that has the power to transform the world's future, and the story of the pacifists, who were sidelined in favour of atomic weapon hawks, but who can wean us off our fossil-fuel addiction and avert the risk of nuclear meltdown for ever.
Category: Science

Prescription For The Planet

Author : Tom Blees
ISBN : 1419655825
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.51 MB
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Prescription for the Planet by Tom Blees offers readers a revolutionary plan to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions, end resource wars, and usher in a post-scarcity era for the world by 2050.
Category: Science

Power To Save The World

Author : Gwyneth Cravens
ISBN : 9780307268563
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.32 MB
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An informed look at the myths and fears surrounding nuclear energy, and a practical, politically realistic solution to global warming and our energy needs. Faced by the world's oil shortages and curious about alternative energy sources, Gwyneth Cravens skeptically sets out to find the truth about nuclear energy. Her conclusion: it is a totally viable and practical solution to global warming. In the end, we see that if we are to care for subsequent generations, embracing nuclear energy is an ethical imperative.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Thorium

Author : Robert Hargraves
ISBN : 1478161299
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.49 MB
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Thorium energy can help check CO2 and global warming, cut deadly air pollution, provide inexhaustible energy, and increase human prosperity. Our world is beset by global warming, pollution, resource conflicts, and energy poverty. Millions die from coal plant emissions. We war over mideast oil. Food supplies from sea and land are threatened. Developing nations' growth exacerbates the crises. Few nations will adopt carbon taxes or energy policies against their economic self-interests to reduce global CO2 emissions. Energy cheaper than coal will dissuade all nations from burning coal. Innovative thorium energy uses economic persuasion to end the pollution, to provide energy and prosperity to developing nations, and to create energy security for all people for all time. "This book presents a lucid explanation of the workings of thorium-based reactors. It is must reading for anyone interested in our energy future." Leon Cooper, Brown University physicist and 1972 Nobel laureate for superconductivity "As our energy future is essential I can strongly recommend the book for everybody interested in this most significant topic." George Olah, 1994 Nobel laureate for carbon chemistry
Category: Science

Terrestrial Energy

Author : William Tucker
ISBN : UOM:39015080869939
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.33 MB
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Argues the claims of nuclear energy as a clean, reliable and safe form of power.
Category: Science

Molten Salt Reactors And Thorium Energy

Author : Thomas James Dolan
ISBN : 9780081012437
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28.97 MB
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Molten Salt Reactors is a comprehensive reference on the status of molten salt reactor (MSR) research and thorium fuel utilization. There is growing awareness that nuclear energy is needed to complement intermittent energy sources and to avoid pollution from fossil fuels. Light water reactors are complex, expensive, and vulnerable to core melt, steam explosions, and hydrogen explosions, so better technology is needed. MSRs could operate safely at nearly atmospheric pressure and high temperature, yielding efficient electrical power generation, desalination, actinide incineration, hydrogen production, and other industrial heat applications. Coverage includes: Motivation -- why are we interested? Technical issues – reactor physics, thermal hydraulics, materials, environment, ... Generic designs -- thermal, fast, solid fuel, liquid fuel, ... Specific designs – aimed at electrical power, actinide incineration, thorium utilization, ... Worldwide activities in 23 countries Conclusions This book is a collaboration of 58 authors from 23 countries, written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten Salt Forum. It can serve as a reference for engineers and scientists, and it can be used as a textbook for graduate students and advanced undergrads. Molten Salt Reactors is the only complete review of the technology currently available, making this an essential text for anyone reviewing the use of MSRs and thorium fuel, including students, nuclear researchers, industrial engineers, and policy makers. Written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten-Salt Forum Covers MSR-specific issues, various reactor designs, and discusses issues such as the environmental impact, non-proliferation, and licensing Includes case studies and examples from experts across the globe
Category: Technology & Engineering

Science A La Carte

Author : Mathijs Beckers
ISBN : 1530880696
Genre :
File Size : 67.54 MB
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Are you ready to get your preconceived notions about energy and climate change challenged? Whether we can alleviate the effects of man-made climate change will be determined by reality, not economics or ideology. Can we do it using solar energy? Or wind power? What about geothermal? Or nuclear energy? To determine what can and cannot be done we have to consider countless of reports shared with us by research institutes from all over the world. To derive some conclusions we have to examine questions grounded in physics and mathematics. In this book we will try to weed out the nonsense and gain a clear perspective on the future of humanity in terms of energy generation and consumption. This is essential because we need to get real if we want to counter the negative effects of climate change. It is very sad to discover that highly estimable scientists and academics have joined the ranks of the nonsense-peddlers. They should know better, they cannot have their science a la carte. Fallacious mutterings and writings deserve to be scrutinized and if need be criticized. Academic pedigree does not matter. Take nothing at face-value and question everything. Use your mind!
Category:

Nuclear Back End And Transmutation Technology For Waste Disposal

Author : Ken Nakajima
ISBN : 9784431551119
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90.8 MB
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This book covers essential aspects of transmutation technologies, highlighting especially the advances in Japan. The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) has caused us to focus attention on a large amount of spent nuclear fuels stored in NPPs. In addition, public anxiety regarding the treatment and disposal of high-level radioactive wastes that require long-term control is growing. The Japanese policy on the back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle is still unpredictable in the aftermath of the accident. Therefore, research and development for enhancing the safety of various processes involved in nuclear energy production are being actively pursued worldwide. In particular, nuclear transmutation technology has been drawing significant attention after the accident. This publication is timely with the following highlights: 1) Development of accelerator-driven systems (ADSs), which is a brand-new reactor concept for transmutation of highly radioactive wastes; 2) Nuclear reactor systems from the point of view of the nuclear fuel cycle. How to reduce nuclear wastes or how to treat them including the debris from TEPCO’s Fukushima nuclear power stations is discussed; and 3) Environmental radioactivity, radioactive waste treatment and geological disposal policy. State-of-the-art technologies for overall back-end issues of the nuclear fuel cycle as well as the technologies of transmutation are presented here. The chapter authors are actively involved in the development of ADSs and transmutation-related technologies. The future of the back-end issues in Japan is very uncertain after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi NPP and this book provides an opportunity for readers to consider the future direction of those issues.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Campaigning For Clean Air

Author : Meredith Joan Angwin
ISBN : 0989119041
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69.9 MB
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Award-winning author Meredith Joan Angwin guides you in your pro-nuclear advocacy, from a day when you are quietly typing at your computer to the day when you might take the microphone in front of a legislative committee. The book contains anecdotes, examples, and insights that will inspire and support your work toward a clean energy future.
Category: Technology & Engineering