PILGRIMAGE AND HOLY SPACE IN LATE ANTIQUE EGYPT

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Pilgrimage And Holy Space In Late Antique Egypt

Author : David Frankfurter
ISBN : 9004111271
Genre : Religion
File Size : 39.90 MB
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This collection of essays by ancient historians, Egyptologists, Coptologists, and historians of religions covers the Egyptian and Jewish backgrounds of Coptic pilgrimage, its major shrines, and diverse responses to it in sermon and literature.
Category: Religion

The Monastic Landscape Of Late Antique Egypt

Author : Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom
ISBN : 9781107161818
Genre : History
File Size : 69.10 MB
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Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom offers a new history of the field of Egyptian monastic archaeology. It is the first study in English to trace how scholars identified a space or site as monastic within the Egyptian landscape and how such identifications impacted perceptions of monasticism. Brooks Hedstrom then provides an ecohistory of Egypt's tripartite landscape to offer a reorientation of the perception of the physical landscape. She analyzes late-antique documentary evidence, early monastic literature, and ecclesiastical history before turning to the extensive archaeological evidence of Christian monastic settlements. In doing so, she illustrates the stark differences between idealized monastic landscape and the actual monastic landscape that was urbanized through monastic constructions. Drawing upon critical theories in landscape studies, materiality and phenomenology, Brooks Hedstrom looks at domestic settlements of non-monastic and monastic settlements to posit what features makes monastic settlements unique, thus offering a new history of monasticism in Egypt.
Category: History

Encountering The Sacred

Author : Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony
ISBN : 0520931122
Genre : Religion
File Size : 32.44 MB
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This innovative study sheds new light on one of the most spectacular changes to occur in late antiquity—the rise of pilgrimage all over the Christian world—by setting the phenomenon against the wide background of the political and theological debates of the time. Asking how the emerging notion of a sacred geography challenged the leading intellectuals and ecclesiastical authorities, Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony deftly reshapes our understanding of early Christian mentalities by unraveling the process by which a territory of grace became a territory of power. Examining ancient writers' responses to the rising practice of pilgrimage, Bitton-Ashkelony offers a nuanced reading of their thinking on the merits and the demerits of pilgrimage, revealing theological and ecclesiastical motivations that have been overlooked, and questioning the long-held assumption of scholars that pilgrimage was only a popular, not an elite, religious practice. In addition to Greek and Latin sources, she includes Syriac material, which allows her to build a rich picture of the emerging theology of landscape that took shape over the fourth to sixth centuries.
Category: Religion

Sacred Space In Early Modern Europe

Author : Will Coster
ISBN : 0521824877
Genre : History
File Size : 38.80 MB
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In this 2005 book, leading historians examine sanctity and sacred space in Europe during and after the religious upheavals of the early modern period.
Category: History

Alexandria

Author : Niall Finneran
ISBN : 0752433415
Genre : History
File Size : 32.41 MB
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Alexandria was one of the most important cities of the ancient world, with achievements in the arts, sciences, and religion. Niall Finneran seeks to understand the wider picture, the longer period of evolution as a city, as both an urban concept and a literary and historical ideal. He does this by bringing together the disciplines of archaeology, anthropology, history, geography, oral history, art, and literature. As a result, Alexandria is seen as a unique example of African urbanism, an Egyptian city facing the wider Mediterranean world, which became an archetype for social, religious, and cultural cosmopolitanism.
Category: History

Daughters Of Hecate

Author : Kimberly B. Stratton
ISBN : 9780190202149
Genre : History
File Size : 56.81 MB
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Daughters of Hecate unites for the first time research on the problem of gender and magic in three ancient Mediterranean societies: early Judaism, Christianity, and Graeco-Roman culture. The book illuminates the gendering of ancient magic by approaching the topic from three distinct disciplinary perspectives: literary stereotyping, the social application of magic discourse, and material culture. The authors probe the foundations of, processes, and motivations behind gendered stereotypes, beginning with Western culture's earliest associations of women and magic in the Bible and Homer's Odyssey. Daughters of Hecate provides a nuanced exploration of the topic while avoiding reductive approaches. In fact, the essays in this volume uncover complexities and counter-discourses that challenge, rather than reaffirm, many gendered stereotypes taken for granted and reified by most modern scholarship. By combining critical theoretical methods with research into literary and material evidence, Daughters of Hecate interrogates a false association that has persisted from antiquity, to early modern witch hunts, to the present day.
Category: History

The Red Sea From Byzantium To The Caliphate

Author : Timothy Power
ISBN : 9781617973505
Genre : History
File Size : 74.67 MB
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This book examines the historic process traditionally referred to as the fall of Rome and rise of Islam from the perspective of the Red Sea, a strategic waterway linking the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean and a distinct region incorporating Africa with Arabia. The transition from Byzantium to the Caliphate is contextualized in the contestation of regional hegemony between Aksumite Ethiopia, Sasanian Iran, and the Islamic Hijaz. The economic stimulus associated with Arab colonization is then considered, including the foundation of ports and roads linking new metropolises and facilitating commercial expansion, particularly gold mining and the slave trade. Finally, the economic inheritance of the Fatimids and the formation of the commercial networks glimpsed in the Cairo Geniza is contextualized in the diffusion of the Abbasid ‘bourgeois revolution’ and resumption of the ‘India trade’ under the Tulunids and Ziyadids. Timothy Power’s careful analysis reveals the complex cultural and economic factors that provided a fertile ground for the origins of the Islamic civilization to take root in the Red Sea region, offering a new perspective on a vital period of history.
Category: History

Monastic Estates In Late Antique And Early Islamic Egypt

Author : Anne Bouvarel-Boud'hors
ISBN : 0970059183
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 48.44 MB
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Scholars and colleagues of Sarah Clackson honored her memory through a two-day symposium, "The Administration of Monastic Estates in Late Antique and Early Islamic Egypt," held at Christ Church, Oxford, 25-26 September 2004. This rich and varied volume presents the papers given at that symposium plus four additional ones. The foreword presents a complete bibliography for Sarah Clackson and an essay examining her formative role in Coptic Studies up to the time of her premature death. The contributions consist of editions of previously unpublished ostraca and papyri, or of revised and expanded editions of previously published items (O.Clackson 1-34 and P.Clackson 35-50), and nine essays addressing socio-economic and religious issues that impacted the monastic communities of Egypt during Late Antiquity and the Early Islamic period. The volume concludes with the requisite indices: for the ostraca and papyri, indices nominum, rerum, et verborum, and a general index of topics for the commentaries on documents and the essays. Black-and-white images are provided for the ostraca and papyri.
Category: Foreign Language Study

From Jerusalem Priest To Roman Jew

Author : Michael Tuval
ISBN : 3161523865
Genre : History
File Size : 56.93 MB
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In this study, Michael Tuval examines the religion of Flavius Josephus diachronically. The author suggests that because Diaspora Jews could not participate regularly in the cultic life of the Jerusalem Temple, they developed other paradigms of Judaic religiosity. He interprets Josephus as a Jew who began his career as a Judean priest but moved to Rome and gradually became a Diaspora intellectual. Josephus' first work, Judean War, reflects a Judean priestly view of Judaism, with the Temple and cult at the center. After these disappeared, there was not much hope left in the religious realm. Tuval also analyzes Antiquities of the Jews, which was written fifteen years later. Here the religious picture has been transformed drastically. The Temple has been marginalized or replaced by the law which is universal and perfect for all humanity.
Category: History

Portraits Of Spiritual Authority

Author : Jan Willem Drijvers
ISBN : 9004114599
Genre : History
File Size : 81.54 MB
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This study of several figures of spiritual authority in early Christianity (2nd-8th centuries) examines how the struggle for religious power developed with the changing relationships between church and society.
Category: History