PHYTOLITHS A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE FOR ARCHAEOLOGISTS AND PALEOECOLOGISTS

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Phytoliths

Author : Dolores R. Piperno
ISBN : 0759103852
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.67 MB
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Introductory guide to the analysis of plant phytoliths in archaeology.
Category: Social Science

Phytolyth Analysis

Author : Dolores R. Piperno
ISBN : 9781483297118
Genre : Science
File Size : 60.30 MB
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This is a methodological guide to the use of plant opal phytolith analysis in paleoenvironmental and paleoecological reconstruction. It is the first book-length treatment of this promising technique, which has undergone rapid development within the past few years and is now beginning to be used with considerable success by paleobotanists who serve the archaeological and paleontological research communities. It will be mandatory reading for all paleobotanists, paleoecologists, and archaeological scientists.
Category: Science

Encyclopedia Of Quaternary Science

Author :
ISBN : 9780080547824
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.49 MB
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The quaternary sciences constitute a dynamic, multidisciplinary field of research that has been growing in scientific and societal importance in recent years. This branch of the Earth sciences links ancient prehistory to modern environments. Quaternary terrestrial sediments contain the fossil remains of existing species of flora and fauna, and their immediate predecessors. Quaternary science plays an integral part in such important issues for modern society as groundwater resources and contamination, sea level change, geologic hazards (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis), and soil erosion. With over 360 articles and 2,600 pages, many in full-color, the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science provides broad ranging, up-to-date articles on all of the major topics in the field. Written by a team of leading experts and under the guidance of an international editorial board, the articles are at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with the latest information in the field. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. 360 individual articles written by prominent international authorities, encompassing all important aspects of quaternary science Each entry provides comprehensive, in-depth treatment of an overview topic and presented in a functional, clear and uniform layout Reference section provides guidence for further research on the topic Article text supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert
Category: Science

Paleoethnobotany Third Edition

Author : Deborah M Pearsall
ISBN : 9781315423081
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.80 MB
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This new edition of the definitive work on doing paleoethnobotany brings the book up to date by incorporating new methods and examples of research, while preserving the overall organization and approach of the book to facilitate its use as a textbook. In addition to updates on the comprehensive discussions of macroremains, pollen, and phytoliths, this edition includes a chapter on starch analysis, the newest tool in the paleoethnobotanist's research kit. Other highlights include updated case studies; expanded discussions of deposition and preservation of archaeobotanical remains; updated historical overviews; new and updated techniques and approaches, including insights from experimental and ethnoarchaeological studies; and a current listing of electronic resources. Extensively illustrated, this will be the standard work on paleoethnobotany for a generation.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology And Anthropology Of Hunter Gatherers

Author : Vicki Cummings
ISBN : 9780199551224
Genre : History
File Size : 20.55 MB
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For more than a century, the study of hunting and gathering societies has been central to the development of both archaeology and anthropology as academic disciplines, and has also generated widespread public interest and debate. This book provides a comprehensive review of hunter-gatherer studies, tracing histories of research and undertaking detailed regional and thematic case-studies that span the archaeology, history and anthropology of hunter gatherers,concluding with an in-depth review of the main opportunities, research questions, and moral obligations that lie ahead.
Category: History

Biomolecular Archaeology

Author : T. A. Brown
ISBN : 1444392433
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.31 MB
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Illustrated thoroughly, Biomolecular Archaeology is the first book to clearly guide students through the study of ancient DNA: how to analyze biomolecular evidence (DNA, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates) to address important archaeological questions. The first book to address the scope and methods of this new cross-disciplinary area of research for archaeologists Offers a completely up-to-date overview of the latest research in this innovative subject Guides students who wish to become biomolecular archaeologists through the complexities of both the scientific methods and archaeological goals. Provides an essential component to undergraduate and graduate archaeological research
Category: Social Science

Paleoethnobotany Third Edition

Author : Deborah M Pearsall
ISBN : 9781611322996
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.21 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This new edition of the definitive work on doing paleoethnobotany brings the book up to date by incorporating new methods and examples of research, while preserving the overall organization and approach of the book to facilitate its use as a textbook. In addition to updates on the comprehensive discussions of macroremains, pollen, and phytoliths, this edition includes a chapter on starch analysis, the newest tool in the paleoethnobotanist's research kit. Other highlights include updated case studies; expanded discussions of deposition and preservation of archaeobotanical remains; updated historical overviews; new and updated techniques and approaches, including insights from experimental and ethnoarchaeological studies; and a current listing of electronic resources. Extensively illustrated, this will be the standard work on paleoethnobotany for a generation.
Category: Science

Theory And Practice Of Archaeological Residue Analysis

Author : H. Barnard
ISBN : UOM:39015070947422
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25.59 MB
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Organic residues include a broad range of materials that can be analyzed at a macro-, micro- or molecular level. They represent the carbon-based remains (in combination with H, N, O, P and S) of fungi, plants, animals and humans. Organic residue analysis is a relatively new technique to archaeology. The chapters of this volume bring together scholars from across the globe and attest to the diverse range of analytical methods, material types, spatio-temporal cultural units and research questions to which organic residue analysis has been applied. They are partly the proceedings of a symposium on this subject, held on 31 March 2005 in Salt Lake City (Utah) during the 70th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, and partly the result of invitations to contribute forwarded to many active in this field. Contents: 1) Introduction (J.W. Eerkens and H. Barnard); 2) Residues of Maize in North American Pottery: What Phytoliths can add to the Story of Maize (R.K. Lusteck and R.G. Thompson); 3) Micro-Residues on Stone Tools: The Bigger Picture from a South African Middle Stone Age Perspective (M. Lombard and L. Wadley); 4) Methods of Interpreting Bronze Age Vessel Residues: Discussion, Correlation and the Verification of Data (N.I. Shishlina, et al.); 5) An Introduction to Archaeological Lipid Analysis by GC/MS (H. Barnard, A.N. Dooley and K.F. Faull); 6) Elucidating Pottery Function using a Multi-step Analytical Methodology combining Infrared Spectroscopy, Chromatographic Procedures and Mass Spectrometry (M. Regert); 7) Fatty Acid Analysis of Archaeological Residues: Procedures and Possibilities (M.E. Malainey); 8) Organic Residue Analysis and the Decomposition of Fatty Acids in Ancient Potsherds (J.W. Eerkens); 9) A Comparative Study of Extractable Lipids in the Sherds and Surface Residual Crusts of Ceramic Vessels from Neolithic and Roman Iron Age Settlements in the Netherlands (T.F.M. Oudemans and J.J. Boon); 10) Patterns of Subsistence Change During the Final Neolithic in the Primorye Region of the Russian Far East as Revealed by Fatty Acid Residue Analysis (J. Cassidy); 11) Using Residue Analysis to Confirm Trade Connections at Pella, Jordan (H.A. Hoekman-Sites); 12) The Well-Tempered Pottery Analysis: Residue and Typological Analysis of Potsherds from the Lower Mississippi Valley (E.A. Reber); 13) Analysis of Lipid Residues in Archaeological Artifacts: Marine Mammal Oil and Cooking Practices in the Arctic (C. Solazzo and D. Erhardt); 14) The Archaeology of Alkaloids (S.M. Rafferty); 15) Reconstructing Mississippian Diet in the American Bottom with Stable Isotope Ratios of Pot Sherd Residues (D.E. Beehr and S.H. Ambrose); 16) Results of Seven Methods for Organic Residue Analysis Applied to One Vessel with the Residue of a Known Foodstuff (H. Barnard, et al.); 17) Introduction to the Analysis of Protein Residues in Archaeological Ceramics (H. Barnard, et al.).
Category: Social Science

Current Research In Phytolith Analysis

Author : Deborah M. Pearsall
ISBN : 1931707022
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.28 MB
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Paleobotanical studies are assuming an increasingly important role in archaeology, providing information on prehistoric social structures, environments, and economic concerns. This volume presents the latest applications of phytolith analysis in archaeology and paleoecology. It demonstrates the versatility of the discipline. MASCA Vol. 10
Category: Social Science

Paleoethnobotany

Author : Deborah M. Pearsall
ISBN : 9781483288963
Genre : Science
File Size : 67.77 MB
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This book describes the approaches and techniques of paleoethnobotany--the study of the interrelationships between human populations and the plant world through the archaeological record. Its purpose is twofold. First, it assembles in one volume the three major methods of paleoethnobotany, the analysis of macroremains, pollen analysis, and phytolith analysis, for the student or professional interested in the field. Second, it presents on paleoethnobotanist's view of the discipline: its past, present, and future, its strengths and weaknesses, and its role in modern archaeology. ï A comprehensive reference work for archaeologists and paleobotanists interested in reconstructing interrelationships between humans and plants from the archaeological record ï The first general of work theory and methods to emerge from this subdiscipline which has developed during the past twenty years ï Makes the approaches and techniques of this field more accessible to the general anthropological and botanical audiences ï Offers archaeologists a handbook of field sampling and flotation techniques as well as an introduction to methods of analysis and interpretation in paleoethnobotany
Category: Science