PHYTOLITHS A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE FOR ARCHAEOLOGISTS AND PALEOECOLOGISTS

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Phytoliths

Author : Dolores R. Piperno
ISBN : 0759103852
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.41 MB
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Introductory guide to the analysis of plant phytoliths in archaeology.
Category: Social Science

Phytoliths

Author : Dolores R. Piperno
ISBN : 9780759114463
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.43 MB
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The study of phytoliths—inorganic silica remnants plants leave behind when they die and decay—has developed dramatically over the last twenty years. New publications have documented a diverse array of phytoliths from many regions around the globe, while new understandings have emerged as to how and why plants produce phytoliths. Together, these developments make phytoliths a powerful tool in reconstructing past environments and human uses of plants. In Phytoliths, Dolores Piperno makes sense of the discipline for both those working directly with phytoliths in the field or the lab as well as for those who rely on the results of phytolith studies for their own research. Including over a hundred images, Piperno's book will be of great benefit to archaeologists and paleobotanists in the classroom or the lab.
Category: Social Science

Phytoliths

Author : Dolores R. Piperno
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114500130
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52.55 MB
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Introductory guide to the analysis of plant phytoliths in archaeology.
Category: Social Science

Phytolyth Analysis

Author : Dolores R. Piperno
ISBN : 9781483297118
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.19 MB
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This is a methodological guide to the use of plant opal phytolith analysis in paleoenvironmental and paleoecological reconstruction. It is the first book-length treatment of this promising technique, which has undergone rapid development within the past few years and is now beginning to be used with considerable success by paleobotanists who serve the archaeological and paleontological research communities. It will be mandatory reading for all paleobotanists, paleoecologists, and archaeological scientists.
Category: Science

Paleoethnobotany Third Edition

Author : Deborah M Pearsall
ISBN : 9781611322996
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.13 MB
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This new edition of the definitive work on doing paleoethnobotany brings the book up to date by incorporating new methods and examples of research, while preserving the overall organization and approach of the book to facilitate its use as a textbook. In addition to updates on the comprehensive discussions of macroremains, pollen, and phytoliths, this edition includes a chapter on starch analysis, the newest tool in the paleoethnobotanist's research kit. Other highlights include updated case studies; expanded discussions of deposition and preservation of archaeobotanical remains; updated historical overviews; new and updated techniques and approaches, including insights from experimental and ethnoarchaeological studies; and a current listing of electronic resources. Extensively illustrated, this will be the standard work on paleoethnobotany for a generation.
Category: Science

Paleoethnobotany

Author : Deborah M. Pearsall
ISBN : 9781483288963
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.31 MB
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This book describes the approaches and techniques of paleoethnobotany--the study of the interrelationships between human populations and the plant world through the archaeological record. Its purpose is twofold. First, it assembles in one volume the three major methods of paleoethnobotany, the analysis of macroremains, pollen analysis, and phytolith analysis, for the student or professional interested in the field. Second, it presents on paleoethnobotanist's view of the discipline: its past, present, and future, its strengths and weaknesses, and its role in modern archaeology. ï A comprehensive reference work for archaeologists and paleobotanists interested in reconstructing interrelationships between humans and plants from the archaeological record ï The first general of work theory and methods to emerge from this subdiscipline which has developed during the past twenty years ï Makes the approaches and techniques of this field more accessible to the general anthropological and botanical audiences ï Offers archaeologists a handbook of field sampling and flotation techniques as well as an introduction to methods of analysis and interpretation in paleoethnobotany
Category: Science

The Paleontology Of Gran Barranca

Author : Richard H. Madden
ISBN : 9780521872416
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.38 MB
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A wealth of new information on the diversity, evolution and geochronology of the uniquely complete fossil record of Gran Barranca.
Category: Science

Interpretation Of Micromorphological Features Of Soils And Regoliths

Author : Georges Stoops
ISBN : 0080932304
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.22 MB
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Interpretation of Micromorphological Features of Soils and Regolith, 2nd edition, provides researchers and students with a global tool for interpretation of micromorphological features of regoliths and soils. After an introduction and general overview by the editors, micromorphological aspects of regoliths (e.g. saprolites, unconsolidated sediments, transported materials) are highlighted, followed by a systematic and coherent discussion of the micromorphological expression of various pedogenic processes. This is done by discussing diagnostic horizons, materials and processes. The following topics are also treated: freeze-thaw features, redoximorphic features, calcareous and gypsiferous formations, textural features, spodic and oxic horizons, andic and volcanic materials, organic and surface horizons, laterites, surface crusts, salts, biogenic and inorganic siliceous materials, authigenic silicates, phosphates, thionic and derived materials, and features related to faunal activity. The last chapters address the impact of anthropic activities, with regard to archaeology and palaeopedology. Interpretation of Micromorphological Features of Soils and Regolith, 2nd edition, is written by a team of well-known, global experts in the field who all used a single set of concepts and terminology, making it a valuable interdisciplinary reference. The first exhaustive publication on interpretation of micromorphological features Covers related topics, making micromorphology more attractive and accessible for geographers, archaeologists and quaternary geologists Thematic treatment of a range of soil micromorphology fields broadens the content’s applications Authored by a multi-disciplinary team, ensuring thorough coverage of archaeological, geological, and earth science disciplines
Category: Technology & Engineering

Encyclopedia Of Quaternary Science

Author : Scott Elias
ISBN : 9780444536426
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.12 MB
Format : PDF
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The second revised edition of the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, provides both students and professionals with an up-to-date reference work on this important and highly varied area of research. There are lots of new articles, and many of the articles that appeared in the first edition have been updated to reflect advances in knowledge since 2006, when the original articles were written. The second edition will contain about 375 articles, written by leading experts around the world. This major reference work is richly illustrated with more than 3,000 illustrations, most of them in colour. Research in the Quaternary sciences has advanced greatly in the last 10 years, especially since topics like global climate change, geologic hazards and soil erosion were put high on the political agenda. This second edition builds upon its award-winning predecessor to provide the reader assured quality along with essential updated coverage Contains 357 broad-ranging articles (4310 pages) written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with a ready reference resource for information in the field. Facilitates teaching and learning The first edition was regarded by many as the most significant single overview of Quaternary science ever, yet Editor-in-Chief, Scott Elias, has managed to surpass that in this second edition by securing even more expert reviews whilst retaining his renowned editorial consistency that enables readers to navigates seamlessly from one unfamiliar topic to the next
Category: Science

The Origins Of Agriculture In The Lowland Neotropics

Author : Dolores R. Piperno
ISBN : 9780125571807
Genre : Science
File Size : 31.81 MB
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This first modern, full-bodied study of early horticulture and agriculture in the Neotropics unites new methods of recovering, identifying, and dating plant remains with a strong case for Optimal Foraging Strategy inthis historical context. Drawing upon new approaches to tropical archaeology, Dolores Piperno and Deborah Pearsall argue that the tropical forest habitat is neither as hostile nor as benevolent for human occupation and plant experimentation as researchers have suggested. Among other conclusions, they demonstrate that tropical forest food production emerged concurrent with that in the Near East, that many tropical lowland societies practiced food production for at least 5,000 years before the emergence of village life, and that by 7000 B.P. cultivated plots had been extended into the forest, with the concomitant felling and killing of trees to admit sunlight to seed and tuber beds. Piperno and Pearsall have written a polished study of the low-lying regions between southwestern Mexico and the southern rim of the Amazon Basin. With modern techniques for recording and dating botanical remains from archaeological sites and genetic studies to determine the relationships between wild and domesticated plants, their research pulls together a huge mass of information produced by scholars in various disciplines and provides a strong theoretical framework in which to interpret it. Key Features * Argues that tropical forest food production emerged at approximately the same time as that in the Near East and is earlier than currently demonstrated in highland Mexico and Peru * Contends that the lowland tropics witnessed climatic and vegetational changes between 11,000 BP and 10,000 BP, no less profound than those experienced at higher latitudes * Appeals to anyone concerned with Latin American prehistory * Covers the development of slash and burn (or swidden) cultivation * Focuses on low and lower mid-elevations
Category: Science