PHARMACOLOGICAL ASSAYS OF PLANT BASED NATURAL PRODUCTS PROGRESS IN DRUG RESEARCH

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Pharmacological Assays Of Plant Based Natural Products

Author : Parimelazhagan Thangaraj
ISBN : 9783319268118
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42.97 MB
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This volume provides information on how to select and screen plants for their medicinal properties. It describes phytopharmacological techniques for extracting and qualitatively and quantitatively analyzing a plant’s phytochemicals. After a detailed in vitro investigation including nutritional and anti-nutritional analyses, medicinal properties were tested with various in vivo models for anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-pyretic, anticancer and anti-diabetic properties, as well as wound healing, neurodegenerative diseases, etc. Compound identification and purification techniques include, among others, TLC and column chromatography, as well as molecular docking with specific proteins.
Category: Medical

Food Traceability And Authenticity

Author : Didier Montet
ISBN : 9781351230902
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.99 MB
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Food traceability is a growing consumer concern worldwide. Traceability is undertaken primarily at the administrative level, where the use of advanced analytical tools is not available. Nevertheless, the determination of geographical origin is a requirement of the traceability system for the import and export of foodstuffs (EU regulation 178/2002). The topics covered in this book include the history of traceability; legislations and rules; the actual traceability techniques and the potential analytical techniques for food traceability such as molecular methods (e.g. DGGE, SSCP), next generation sequencers (NGS), bio-captors, chromatographic techniques, isotopic analysis that are used for discrimination of organic food, fish, oils. The chromatographic techniques help in the use of volatile compounds analysis. The isotope analysis helps in distinguishing between chicken meat and vegetable oils. Ambient mass spectrometry is used for studying mycotoxines and alkaloids in foodstuffs and their management, food and feed authentication in olive and other plant oils, and wine. Vibrational methods (e.g. NMR and NIRS) are used to trace food by global spectrum. The book reviews the current and future techniques including metabolomic techniques.
Category: Science

Drug Discovery And Evaluation Pharmacological Assays

Author : Hans Vogel
ISBN : 9783540714200
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69.95 MB
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The new edition of this successful reference offers both cutting-edge and classic pharmacological methods. Thoroughly revised and expanded to two volumes, it offers an updated selection of the most frequently used assays for reliably detecting the pharmacological effects of potential drugs. Every chapter has been updated, and numerous assays have been added. Each of the more than 1,000 assays comprises a detailed protocol outlining purpose and rationale, and a critical assessment of the results and their pharmacological and clinical relevance.
Category: Medical

Drug Discovery In Africa

Author : Kelly Chibale
ISBN : 9783642281754
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.49 MB
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Drug discovery originating in Africa has the potential to provide significantly improved treatment of endemic diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. This book critically reviews the current status of drug discovery research and development in Africa, for diseases that are a major threat to the health of people living in Africa. Compiled by leading African and international experts, this book presents the science and strategies of modern drug discovery. It explores how the use of natural products and traditional medicines can benefit from conventional drug discovery approaches, and proposes solutions to current technological, infrastructural, human resources, and economic challenges, which are presented when attempting to engage in full-scale drug discovery. Topics addressed are varied; from African medicinal plants to marine bioprospecting, pharmacogenetics and the use of nanotechnology. This book brings together for the first time a collection of strategies and techniques that need to be considered when developing drugs in an African setting. It is an unprecedented and truly international effort, highlighting the remarkable effort made so far in the area of drug discovery research by African scientists, and scientists from other parts of the world working on African health problems.
Category: Science

Computational Phytochemistry

Author : Satyajit Dey Sarker
ISBN : 9780128125465
Genre : Science
File Size : 71.10 MB
Format : PDF
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Computational Phytochemistry explores how recent advances in computational techniques and methods have been embraced by phytochemical researchers to enhance many of their operations, thus refocusing and expanding the possibilities of phytochemical studies. By applying computational aids and mathematical models to extraction, isolation, structure determination and bioactivity testing, researchers can extract highly detailed information about phytochemicals and optimize working approaches. This book aims to support and encourage researchers currently working with, or looking to incorporate, computational methods into their phytochemical work. Topics in this book include computational methods for predicting medicinal properties, optimizing extraction, isolating plant secondary metabolites and building dereplicated phytochemical libraries. The role of high-throughput screening, spectral data for structural prediction, plant metabolomics and biosynthesis are all reviewed, before the application of computational aids for assessing bioactivities and virtual screening are discussed. Illustrated with detailed figures and supported by practical examples, this book is an indispensable guide for all those involved with the identification, extraction and application of active agents from natural products. Includes step-by-step protocols for various computational and mathematical approaches applied to phytochemical research Features clearly illustrated chapters contributed by highly reputed researchers Covers all key areas in phytochemical research, including virtual screening and metabolomics
Category: Science

Advances In Drug Discovery Techniques

Author : Alan L. Harvey
ISBN : 0471975095
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27.21 MB
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A guide to techniques for the discovery and evaluation of pharamcologically active compounds for therapeutic development, this book covers rational drug design, high-throughput screening, and genetic approaches to drug discovery. The authors focus on advances in the use of combinatorial chemistry and natural products, both of which support the chemical diversity for many drug screening programmes. They examine typical screening studies and their link to robotics and informatics in detail and present an overview of current progress within anitsense therapeutics. The book explores the rapid changes in drug discovery resulting from developments in molecular biology, robotics, and informatics.
Category: Medical

Natural Compounds As Drugs

Author : Frank Petersen
ISBN : 3764381175
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67.12 MB
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In a real tour de force of pharmacological literature, this edited volume’s chapters highlight the biodiversity-driven approaches which are now of eminent importance in natural products research. It addresses the question why natural products display such complex chemical information, what makes them unique, as they often are, and what their characteristics are. Practical questions such as supply of natural substances and production optimization strategies are also covered.
Category: Medical

Wirkstoffdesign

Author : Gerhard Klebe
ISBN : 9783827422132
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67.38 MB
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Dieses für den deutschen Raum einzigartige Lehrbuch richtet sich an Studenten der Pharmazie, Chemie und Biowissenschaften, aber auch an Quereinsteiger in Forschungs- und Entwicklungsabteilungen der Pharmazeutischen Industrie. Die zweite Auflage ist komplett überarbeitet. Zahlreiche aktuelle Entwicklungen vor allem im methodischen Bereich sind zum Teil in neuen Kapiteln aufgegriffen, viele Fallbeispiele machen die Theorien und Verfahren anschaulich und nachvollziehbar. Der Bogen spannt sich von der Geschichte der Arzneimittelforschung, den Wirkmechanismen der Arzneistoffe und den Methoden zur Leitstruktursuche und -optimierung über Strukturbestimmungsmethoden, Modelling, Moleküldynamik und QSAR-Methoden bis zum struktur- und computergestützten Design. Insgesamt legt das Buch besonderen Wert auf die räumliche Struktur der interagierenden Moleküle und erklärt, warum ein bestimmter Wirkstoff in seiner Gestalt praktisch durch die Geometrie und den Wirkmechanismus des Zielproteins festgelegt wird. Die beiliegende DVD mit interaktiven Molekülmodellen dient dem Ziel, dem Lernenden einen leichten Zugang zum räumlichen Verständnis der molekularen Strukturen und Interaktionen zu geben.
Category: Medical

Recent Advances In Plant Based Traditional And Natural Medicines

Author : Subramayam Vemulpad
ISBN : 9781482243598
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.82 MB
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The purpose of this book is to discuss several medicinal plants to find wider application in the domain of medicinal, clinical, and pharmaceutical treatment. Recent Advances in Plant-Based, Traditional, and Natural Medicines serves as a useful source of ideas and an inspiration for further cell and molecular biology research toward developing drugs and treatments from these traditional and plant-based remedies. The book covers a variety of topics and: • Considers the current state of research of traditional and plant-based medicines • Covers the current status of ethnomedicine and medicinal plant discovery • Presents the clinical applications of traditional and plant-based medicines
Category: Medical