PHARMACEUTICAL ECONOMICS AND POLICY

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Pharmaceutical Economics And Policy

Author : Stuart O. Schweitzer
ISBN : 9780190623807
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20.83 MB
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Pharmaceuticals constitute a relatively small share of the total healthcare expenditure in most developed economies, and yet they play a critical role in the ongoing debate over how best to advance, improve, and afford healthcare. Despite this, and perhaps because of this, the industry has had, for many years, an outsized claim to fame and controversy, praise and criticisms, support and condemnation. Unfortunately, many participants in the debate do not fully understand the complexities of the industry and its role in the overall healthcare system. The analytical tools of economics provide a strong foundation for a better understanding of the dynamics of the pharmaceutical industry, its contribution to health and healthcare, its dual and often conflicting priorities of affordability and innovation, as well as the various private and public policy initiatives directed at the sector. This third edition of a uniquely comprehensive and balanced examination of the industry includes several new chapters on important topics such as the full-fledged generics sector, the arrival of biosimilars or generic biological drugs, the global consolidation of manufacturers, the evolving reimbursement landscape, and the emergence of the world's most populous nations, such as China, India, and Brazil, as both suppliers and consumers of pharmaceutical products. Other chapters have been fully rewritten or extensively updated, covering such important topics as the cost efficiency of research and development, pace of new innovations, economic evaluation and value-based pricing of drugs, and public and private interventions in the industry.
Category: Business & Economics

Pharmaceutical Economics And Public Policy

Author : Ronald Vogel
ISBN : 1439801347
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48.64 MB
Format : PDF
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Get a comprehensive explanation of the key economic concepts on how the pharmaceutical market functions The pharmaceutical industry has come under intense public scrutiny for the perception of product prices being too high and for concerns about research and development spending. Pharmaceutical Economics and Public Policy carefully explains the fundamentals of pharmaceutical economics while examining spending, costs, rates of return, and policies affecting the industry. This text provides a comprehensive economic analysis of the most important dimensions of the pharmaceutical market with easy-to-understand analysis of the implications of public policy. Key economic concepts necessary for understanding how the pharmaceutical market functions are clearly explained in detail. Though it is a manufacturing industry, the pharmaceutical industry has several economic aspects that make it fundamentally different from any other. Pharmaceutical Economics and Public Policy takes these sometimes confusing and difficult economic aspects within this unique industry and makes them understandable. The book is carefully referenced and includes numerous figures and tables to clearly present data. Topics in Pharmaceutical Economics and Public Policy include: policymaking—self-interest vs. public interest a pharmaceutical market overview empirical data on cost effectiveness of pharmaceutical use the economics and politics of the regulatory process the economics of patent policies pharmaceutical cost structure why price discrimination occurs in patented pharmaceuticals governmental price controls R&D expenditures sales and marketing expenditures rates of profitability in the pharmaceutical industry mergers and acquisitions and the connection to higher risk levels the future of the pharmaceutical industry Pharmaceutical Economics and Public Policy is an invaluable resource for educators, graduate students, policymakers, legislators, policy analysts, government agencies, and trade associations involved with pharmaceuticals.
Category: Medical

Peterson S Graduate Programs In The Humanities Arts And Social Sciences 1996

Author : Peterson's Guides Staff
ISBN : 1560795026
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 28.40 MB
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Graduate students depend on this series and ask for it by name. Why? For over 30 years, it's been the only one-stop source that supplies all of their information needs. The new editions of this six-volume set contain the most comprehensive information available on more than 1,500 colleges offering over 31,000 master's, doctoral, and professional-degree programs in more than 350 disciplines.New for 1997 -- Non-degree-granting research centers, institutes, and training programs that are part of a graduate degree program.Five discipline-specific volumes detail entrance and program requirements, deadlines, costs, contacts, and special options, such as distance learning, for each program, if available. Each Guide features "The Graduate Adviser", which discusses entrance exams, financial aid, accreditation, and more.The most exhaustive compilation of more than 10,000 programs in subject areas ranging from applied arts, architecture, and Hispanic studies to political science.
Category: Study Aids

Pharmaceutical Markets And Insurance Worldwide

Author : Michael Grossman
ISBN : 9781849507172
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 21.81 MB
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The fields of pharmaceutical economics and health economics/policy are reaching a point of convergence. This is due to both the widespread availability of pharmaceutical treatments, accompanied by broader insurance coverage, and the regulation of prescription drugs in both private and government plans. This book bridges the gap.
Category: Health & Fitness

The Economics Of Health

Author : Herbert E. Klarman
ISBN : STANFORD:20501418080
Genre : Medical economics
File Size : 31.79 MB
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Category: Medical economics

Peterson S Guide To Graduate Programs In Business Education Health Information Studies Law And Social Work 1997

Author : Peterson's Guides Staff
ISBN : 1560796561
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 48.1 MB
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This guide contains listings for the most popular professions, covering over 13,000 programs in advertising, allied health, business, dentistry, education, health administration, human resources development, law, medicine, nursing, optometry, pharmacy, podiatry, public health, social work, veterinary medicine, and more.
Category: Study Aids

Das Kapital Des Staates

Author : Mariana Mazzucato
ISBN : 9783956140013
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22.87 MB
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Freie Märkte, smarte junge Erfinder und Wagniskapital treiben die Wirtschaft voran; der Staat stört dabei nur und muss daher nach Kräften zurückgedrängt werden. Wie ein Mantra wird dieser oberste Glaubensartikel des Neoliberalismus seit Jahrzehnten wiederholt – aber stimmt er auch? Die Ökonomin Mariana Mazzucato, die seit Jahren über den Zusammenhang zwischen Innovation und Wachstum forscht, beweist das Gegenteil: Wann und wo immer technologische Innovationen zu wirtschaftlichem Aufschwung und Wohlstand geführt haben, hatte ein aktiver Staat die Hand im Spiel. Von der Elektrifizierung bis zum Internet – Motor der Entwicklung, oft bis zur Markteinführung, war stets der Staat. Apples Welterfolg gründet auf Technologien, die sämtlich durch die öffentliche Hand gefördert wurden; innovative Medikamente, für die die Pharmaindustrie ihren Kunden gern hohe Entwicklungskosten in Rechnung stellt, stammen fast ausnahmslos aus staatlicher Forschung. Innovationen und nachhaltiges Wachstum, das derzeit alle fordern, werden also kaum von der Börse kommen. Viel eher von einem Staat, der seine angestammte Rolle neu besetzt, sein einzigartiges Kapital nutzt und mit langem Atem Zukunftstechnologien wie den Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien vorantreibt. Ein brandaktuelles Buch, das die aktuelle Diskussion über die Zukunft der Wirtschaft und die Rolle des Staates vom Kopf auf die Füße stellt.
Category: Political Science

Essen Ohne Sinn Und Verstand

Author : Brian Wansink
ISBN : 9783593403779
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38.52 MB
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Es wird gegessen, was auf den Tisch kommt, und es wird auch aufgegessen – bis zum bitteren Ende. Die Gründe, warum, was und wie viel wir essen, sind vielfältig. Nur wenn wir sie kennen, haben wir eine Chance, unsere Gewohnheiten zu ändern.
Category: Social Science