PERSPECTIVES ON BIAS IN MENTAL TESTING

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Perspectives On Bias In Mental Testing

Author : Cecil Reynolds
ISBN : 9781468446586
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72.2 MB
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The cultural-test-bias hypothesis is one of the most important scien tific questions facing psychology today. Briefly, the cultural-test-bias hypothesis contends that all observed group differences in mental test scores are due to a built-in cultural bias of the tests themselves; that is, group score differences are an artifact of current psychomet ric methodology. If the cultural-test-bias hypothesis is ultimately shown to be correct, then the 100 years or so of psychological research on human differences (or differential psychology, the sci entific discipline underlying all applied areas of human psychology including clinical, counseling, school, and industrial psychology) must be reexamined and perhaps dismissed as confounded, contam inated, or otherwise artifactual. In order to continue its existence as a scientific discipline, psychology must confront the cultural-test-bias hypothesis from the solid foundations of data and theory and must not allow the resolution of this issue to occur solely within (and to be determined by) the political Zeitgeist of the times or any singular work, no matter how comprehensive. In his recent volume Bias in Mental Testing (New York: Free Press, 1980), Arthur Jensen provided a thorough review of most of the empirical research relevant to the evaluation of cultural bias in psychological and educational tests that was available at the time that his book was prepared. Nevertheless, Jensen presented only one per spective on those issues in a volume intended not only for the sci entific community but for intelligent laypeople as well.
Category: Psychology

Handbook Of Psychology Assessment Psychology

Author : Irving B. Weiner
ISBN : 0471384070
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 69.71 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the nature of personality, intellectual, neuropsychological, ability, aptitude, and vocational assessment and its application in a variety of settings including counseling, school, forensic, personnel, and industrial psychological .contexts. Chapters cover interviewing, behavioral tests, objective tests, projective tests, and observational methods of assessment.
Category: Psychology

Test Item Bias

Author : Steven J. Osterlind
ISBN : 0803919891
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 46.6 MB
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A unique, practical manual for identifying and analyzing item bias in standardized tests. Osterlind discusses five strategies for detecting bias: analysis of variance, transformed item difficulties, chi square, item characteristic curve, and distractor response. He covers specific hypotheses under test for each technique, as well as the capabilities and limitations of each strategy.
Category: Mathematics

The Corsini Encyclopedia Of Psychology

Author : Irving B. Weiner
ISBN : 9780470170250
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 82.65 MB
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Psychologists, researchers, teachers, and students need complete and comprehensive information in the fields of psychology and behavioral science. The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology, Volume One has been the reference of choice for almost three decades. This indispensable resource is updated and expanded to include much new material. It uniquely and effectively blends psychology and behavioral science. The Fourth Edition features over 1,200 entries; complete coverage of DSM disorders; and a bibliography of over 10,000 citations. Readers will benefit from up-to-date and authoritative coverage of every major area of psychology.
Category: Psychology

Deafness Deprivation And Iq

Author : Jeffery P. Braden
ISBN : 9781475749175
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 64.83 MB
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Deafness is a "low incidence" disability and, therefore not studied or understood in the same way as other disabilities. Historically, research in deafness has been conducted by a small group of individuals who communicated mainly with each other. That is not to say that we did not sometimes publish in the mainstream or attempt to communicate outside our small circle. Nonetheless, most research appeared in deafness-related publications where it was not likely to be seen or valued by psychologists. Those researchers did not understand what they could leam from the study of deaf people or how their knowledge of individual differ ences and abilites applied to that population. In Deafness, Deprivation, ami /Q, Jeffrey Braden pulls together two often unrelated fields: studies of intelligence and deafness. The book includes the largest single compilation of data describing deaf people's intelligence that exists. Here is a careful, well-documented, and very thorough analysis of virtually ali the research available. Those who have studied human intelligence have long noted that deafness provides a "natural experiment." This book makes evident two contrary results: on the one hand, some research points to the impact deafness has on intelligence; on the other hand, the research supports the fact that deafness has very little, if any, impact on nonverbal measures of intelligence.
Category: Psychology

Determinants Of Substance Abuse

Author : Mark Galizio
ISBN : 9781475799903
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 44.37 MB
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With the recent increase in the scope of drug and alcohol problems has come an awareness of the need for solutions. In this context, federal support for research on drug problems increased tremendously during the last 10 to 15 years with the establishment of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). Funding from these and other sources has led to a substantial increase in the quantity and quality ofpublished work related to substance abuse. As data accumulate, it is becoming more apparent that substance abuse problems are extremely complex and are influenced by a variety ofbiological psychological, and environmental variables. Un fortunately it has proved difficult to go beyond this conclusion to a de scription of how these multiple factors work tagether to influence the development of, and recovery from, drug and alcohol dependence. The purpose of this book is to try to meet that objective by including, in one volume, Iiterature reviews and theoretical analyses from a wide variety of drug researchers. We chose the authors in an attempt to assure that each of the various Ievels of analysis appropriate to the substance abuse problems would be included. In each case, the author was asked to consider how the variables in is or her particular domain might con tribute to the appearance of individual differences in both alcohol and drug problems.
Category: Psychology

Bias In Mental Testing

Author : Arthur Robert Jensen
ISBN : UOM:39015012405885
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87.95 MB
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Illuminating detailed methods for assessing bias in commonly used I.Q., aptitude, and achievement tests, Jensen argues that standardized tests are not biased against Englishspeaking minority groups and describes the uses of such tests in education and emp
Category: Psychology

Psychological Testing

Author : Robert J. Gregory
ISBN : UVA:X004718292
Genre : Psychological tests
File Size : 65.94 MB
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In addition to customary coverage of traditional topics and instruments, the author provides detailed presentations for several topics not always found in other textbooks. These topics include: history of psychological testing, early uses and abuses of intelligence, neuropsychological foundations of ability, factor analysis, assessment of learning disabilities, consumer assessment, environmental assessment, and courtroom testimony.
Category: Psychological tests

Psychological Testing

Author : Anne Anastasi
ISBN : UOM:39015040704309
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72.74 MB
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This classic, authoritative introduction to psychological testing is widely hailed for its broad coverage and its ability to cover "graduate school" topics in terms that one with little testing experience can understand. This book familiarizes the reader with the basics of test construction and prepares the reader to effectively evaluate different tests, choose tests for particular purposes and individual examines, and interpret scores properly.
Category: Medical