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Pediatric Brain Stimulation

Author : Adam Kirton
ISBN : 9780128020388
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Pediatric Brain Stimulation: Mapping and Modulating the Developing Brain presents the latest on this rapidly expanding field that has seen an exponential growth in publications over the past 10 years. Non-invasive modalities like TMS can painlessly map and measure complex neurophysiology in real patients. Neuromodulatory applications like rTMS and tDCS carry increasingly proven therapeutic applications. Rapidly advancing technological methodologies are increasing opportunities and indications. Despite all these benefits, applications in the more plastic developing brains of children are only just emerging. This book provides a comprehensive overview of brain stimulation in children. Chapters include Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) fundamentals, brain stimulation in pediatric neurological conditions, and invasive brain stimulation. The main audience for this research will be those interested in applying brain stimulation technologies to advance clinical research and patient care, although a wide variety of clinicians and scientist will find this to be a valuable reference on brain stimulation with specific chapters on a variety of conditions. Provides an overview of recent findings and knowledge of pediatric brain stimulation and the developing brain Edited by renowned leaders in the field of pediatric brain stimulation Presents a great resource for basic and clinical scientists and practitioners in neuroscience, neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
Category: Science

Neurotechnology And Brain Stimulation In Pediatric Psychiatric And Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author : Lindsay M. Oberman
ISBN : 9780128127780
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27.86 MB
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Neurotechnology and Brain Stimulation in Pediatric Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders provides a comprehensive overview of neurotechnological devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. Many neuropsychiatric disorders are covered such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, Depression, Tourette’s Syndrome, and OCD. Different device-based treatments are discussed such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, Deep Brain Stimulation, Chronotherapy, and Neurofeedback. Provides an overview of neuromodulatory devices as potential treatments for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents Gives evidence-based recommendations for non-drug interventions that may be effective for treatment options Discusses different neuromodulatory treatment options, including TMS, tDCS, DBS, chronotherapy and neurofeedback
Category: Medical

The Safety And Efficacy Of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation In Development And Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author : Lindsay M. Oberman
ISBN : 9782889196999
Genre :
File Size : 67.31 MB
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Noninvasive brain stimulation (including Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Current Brain Stimulation (TCS)) can be used both experimentally and therapeutically. In the experimental domain TMS can be applied in single pulses to depolarize a small population of neurons in a targeted brain region. This protocol can be used, for example, to map cortical motor outputs, study central motor conduction time, or evaluate the cortical silent period (a measure of intracortical inhibition) all of which are relevant to neurodevelopment. TMS can also be applied in pairs of pulses (paired pulse stimulation, ppTMS) where two pulses are presented in rapid succession to study intracortical inhibition and facilitation. Trains of repeated TMS (rTMS) pulses can be applied at various stimulation frequencies and patterns to modulate local cortical excitability beyond the duration of the stimulation itself. Depending on the parameters of stimulation the excitability can be either facilitated or suppressed. TCS (including Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), alternating current (tACS), and random noise current stimulation (tRNS) also have the potential to modulate cortical excitability and have also been used to study and modulate cortical activity in healthy and patient populations. The after-effects of rTMS and TCS are thought to be related to changes in efficacy (in either the positive or negative direction) of synaptic connections of the neurons being stimulated, thus these techniques have been used to study and modulate cortical plasticity mechanisms in a number of populations. Recently, researchers have begun to apply these techniques to the study of neurodevelopmental mechanisms as well as the pathophysiology and development of novel treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. Though there is much promise, caution is warranted given the vulnerability of pediatric and clinical populations and the potential that these techniques have to modify circuit development in a cortex that is in a very dynamic state. This Research Topic hopes to provide an opportunity to share ideas across areas (human and animal researchers, clinicians and basic scientists). We are particularly interested in papers that address issues of choosing a protocol (intensity, frequency, location, coil geometry etc.), populations where noninvasive brain stimulation may have direct impact on diagnostics and treatment, as well as the safety and ethics of applying these techniques in pediatric populations. As many may not be aware of the potential and limitations of noninvasive brain stimulation and its use for research and treatment in this area, this Research Topic promises to have broad appeal. Submissions for all Frontiers article types are encouraged.


Author : Stephan Ulmer
ISBN : 9783642343421
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55.4 MB
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Over the past two decades, fMRI has evolved into an invaluable clinical tool for routine brain imaging. This book provides a state of the art overview of fMRI and its use in clinical practice. Experts in the field share their knowledge and explain how to overcome diverse potential technical barriers and problems. Starting from the very basics on the origin of the BOLD signal, the book covers technical issues, anatomical landmarks, the full range of clinical applications, methods of statistical analysis, and special issues in various clinical fields. Comparisons are made with other brain mapping techniques, such as DTI, PET, TMS, EEG, and MEG, and their combined use with fMRI is also discussed. Since the first edition, original chapters have been updated and new chapters added, covering both novel aspects of analysis and further important clinical applications.
Category: Medical

Swaiman S Pediatric Neurology E Book

Author : Kenneth F. Swaiman
ISBN : 9780323374811
Genre : Medical
File Size : 83.79 MB
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Since 1975, Dr. Kenneth Swaiman’s classic text has been the reference of choice for authoritative guidance in pediatric neurology, and the 6th Edition continues this tradition of excellence with thorough revisions that bring you fully up to date with all that’s new in the field. Five new sections, 62 new chapters, 4 new editors, and a reconfigured format make this a comprehensive and clearly-written resource for the experienced clinician as well as the physician-in-training. Nearly 3,000 line drawings, photographs, tables, and boxes highlight the text, clarify key concepts, and make it easy to find information quickly. New content includes 12 new epilepsy chapters, 5 new cerebrovascular chapters, and 13 new neurooncology chapters, as well as new chapters on neuroimmunology and neuromuscular disorders, as well as chapters focused on clinical care (e.g., Counseling Families, Practice Guidelines, Transitional Care, Personalized Medicine, Special Educational Law, Outcome Measurements, Neurorehabilitation, Impact of Computer Resources, and Training Issues). Additional new chapters cover topics related to the developmental connectome, stem cell transplantation, and cellular and animal models of neurological disease. Greatly expanded sections to increase your knowledge of perinatal acquired and congenital disorders, neurodevelopmental disabilities, pediatric epilepsy, and nonepileptiform paroxysmal disorders and disorders of sleep. Coverage of new, emerging, or controversial topics includes developmental encephalopathies, non-verbal learning disorders, and the pharmacological and future genetic treatment of neurodevelopmental disabilities.
Category: Medical

Pediatric Epilepsy

Author : Blaise F. Bourgeois, MD
ISBN : 1934559865
Genre : Medical
File Size : 25.96 MB
Format : PDF
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The extensively updated third edition of Pediatric Epilepsy: Diagnosis and Therapy continues to be the definitive volume on the diagnosis, treatment, classification, and management of the childhood epilepsies. Written by nearly 100 international leaders in the field, this new edition progresses logically with major sections on the basic mechanisms of the disease, classification, epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, and age-related syndromes of epilepsy. The core of the new third edition is its completely updated section on antiepileptic drugs, including an in-depth discussion of dosage considerations, drug toxicity, teratogenicity, and drug interactions, with recommendations for optimal combinations when multiple drug therapy is required. Features unique to the third edition include: Expanded section on the basic science and mechanism of epilepsy Completely updated drug chapters, including newly released drugs and those in development Expanded chapters on vagus nerve stimulation and surgical treatment Expanded section on co-morbidities The third edition includes 21 new chapters, including discussions of: epileptic channelopathies; epileptogenic cerebral cortical malformation; epilepsy genes; etiologies and workup; evidence-based medicine issues related to drug selection; Levetiracetam; Sulthiame; Pregabalin; herbal medications; basic and advanced imaging; immunotherapy issues; vagus nerve stimulation therapy; cognitive and psychiatric co-morbidities and educational placement; and psychosocial aspects of epilepsy.
Category: Medical

Exploring The Spectrum Of Autism And Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Author : Carolyn Murray-Slutsky
ISBN : UOM:39015051282757
Genre : Medical
File Size : 71.82 MB
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This book is a resource for therapists, teachers, and parents who are interested in learning more about the spectrum of autism and appropriate intervention strategies. It provides a holistic view of autistic spectrum disorders and the children who experience them.
Category: Medical

Advances In Neurology

Author : Hermann Stefan
ISBN : UCLA:L0079477089
Genre : Neurology
File Size : 37.48 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Category: Neurology

Nursing Care Of The Pediatric Trauma Patient

Author : Pat Moloney-Harmon
ISBN : UOM:39015056225876
Genre : Medical
File Size : 30.46 MB
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Providing the most comprehensive coverage available on nursing care of the pediatric trauma patient, this practical reference discusses pediatric trauma across the continuum of care. Its broad perspective enables the use of a systems approach - consistent with the current health care environment. Four convenient sections provide in-depth, comprehensive coverage of critical information for nurses caring for the pediatric trauma patient. Comprehensive content focuses specifically on nursing care of the pediatric trauma patient. The nurse's role in the continuum of care is consistent with the emphasis of the current healthcare environment. The organizational framework focuses on the systems approach and is divided into four sections. The section on The Scope of Pediatric Trauma covers issues such as epidemiology, prevention, outcomes management, and ethical issues. The Clinical Concepts section addresses mechanism of injury, pre-hospital care, initial resuscitation, rehabilitation, pain management, nutrition, family-centered care, and violence. The section on System Injuries covers specific body system issues. The section on Multisystem Issues covers thermal and submersion injuries as well as the unborn infant as trauma victim and sequellae of trauma. Independent and collaborative nursing interventions are emphasized in the System Injuries section. Timely issues such as outcomes management are discussed. Chapters written by nurses practicing in pediatric trauma ensure clinically relevant, up-to-date content.
Category: Medical