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Pedestrian And Evacuation Dynamics 2012

Author : Ulrich Weidmann
ISBN : 9783319024479
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47.23 MB
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The 6th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics (PED2012) showcased research on human locomotion. This book presents the proceedings of PED2012. Humans have walked for eons; our drive to settle the globe began with a walk out of Africa. However, much remains to discover. As the world moves toward sustainability while racing to assess and accommodate climate change, research must provide insight on the physical requirements of walking, the dynamics of pedestrians on the move and more. We must understand, predict and simulate pedestrian behaviour, to avoid dangerous situations, to plan for emergencies, and not least, to make walking more attractive and enjoyable. PED2012 offered 70 presentations and keynote talks as well as 70 poster presentations covering new and improved mathematical models, describing new insights on pedestrian behaviour in normal and emergency cases and presenting research based on sensors and advanced observation methods. These papers offer a starting point for innovative new research, building a strong foundation for the next conference and for future research.
Category: Computers

Pedestrian And Evacuation Dynamics

Author : Richard D. Peacock
ISBN : 1441997253
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 77.96 MB
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An aging population, increasing obesity and more people with mobility impairments are bringing new challenges to the management of routine and emergency people movement in many countries. These population challenges, coupled with the innovative designs being suggested for both the built environment and other commonly used structures (e.g., transportation systems) and the increasingly complex incident scenarios of fire, terrorism, and large-scale community disasters, provide even greater challenges to population management and safety. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, an edited volume, is based on the Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics (PED) 5th International 2010 conference, March 8th-10th 2010, located at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA. This volume addresses both pedestrian and evacuation dynamics and associated human behavior to provide answers for policy makers, designers, and emergency management to help solve real world problems in this rapidly developing field. Data collection, analysis, and model development of people movement and behavior during nonemergency and emergency situations will be covered as well.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Cellular Automata

Author : Georgios Ch. Sirakoulis
ISBN : 9783642333507
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30.77 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2012, held in Santorini Island, Greece, in September 2012. The 88 revised papers were carefully selected from numerous submissions. In order to give a perspective in which both theoretical and applicational aspects of cellular automata contribute to the growth of the area, this book mirrors the structure of the conference, grouping the 88 papers into two main parts. The first part collects papers presented as part of the main conference and organized according to six main topics: theoretical results on cellular automata; cellular automata dynamics, control and synchronization; cellular automata and networks; modeling and simulation with cellular automata; cellular automata-based hardware and architectures; codes, pseudorandom number generators and cryptography with cellular automata. The second part of the volume is dedicated to contributions presented during the ACRI 2012 workshops on theoretical advances, specifically asynchronous cellular automata, and challenging application contexts for cellular automata: crowds and CA, traffic and CA, and the satellite Workshop on cellular automata of cancer growth and invasion.
Category: Computers

Contemporary Ergonomics 2008

Author : Philip D. Bust
ISBN : 020388325X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.7 MB
Format : PDF
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Presenting the Proceedings of the Ergonomics Society's annual conference, the series embraces the wide range of topics covered by ergonomics. Individual papers provide insight into current practice, present new research findings and form an invaluable reference source. A wide range of topics are covered in these proceedings, including Ergonomics, Human Factors and User-Centred Design. It also features related disciplines such as Psychology, Engineering and Physiology. Particular emphasis is given to the utility of these disciplines in improving health, safety, efficiency and productivity. The 2008 Annual Conference features the following themes: "Human Reliability" "Disaster Management" "Slips, Trips and Falls" from research to practice "Health and Well Being of Construction Workers" "Inclusive Design" "Rail Human Factors" "Nuclear Human Factors" Contemporary Ergonomics will appeal to all those who are concerned with the interaction of people with their working and leisure environment — including designers, manufacturing and production engineers, health and safety specialists, occupational, applied and industrial psychologists and applied physiologists.
Category: Technology & Engineering

This Is Improbable Too

Author : Marc Abrahams
ISBN : 9781780743622
Genre : Science
File Size : 31.62 MB
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Marc Abrahams collects the odd, the imaginative, and the brilliantly improbable from around the world. Here he investigates research on the ins and outs of the very improbable evolutionary innovation that is the human body (brain included). This Is Improbable Too explores the odd questions that researchers are asking, such as: What's the best way to get a monkey to floss regularly? How much dandruff do soldiers in Pakistan's army have? If you add an extra henchman to your bank-robbing gang, how much more money will you earn? Why is it so impossible to estimate the number of stupid people in circulation? How many dimples will be found on the cheeks of 28,282 Greek children? Who is the Einstein of pork carcasses? This Is Improbable Too also investigates unlikely medical cases, including a boy with an "Eiffel head injury" (involving a toy tower), and even more unlikely inventions, such as a patented system for attacking your enemy with a bio-waste bomb.
Category: Science

Ich Denke Also Irre Ich

Author : David McRaney
ISBN : 9783864153334
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 48.16 MB
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DER IRRGLAUBE: Sie sind ein rationales, logisch denkendes Wesen, das die Welt so sieht, wie sie wirklich ist. DIE WAHRHEIT: Sie sind wie alle anderen Menschen in Selbsttäuschungen gefangen. Tagtäglich führt uns unser Gehirn in die Irre, ohne dass wir es merken. David McRaney entführt uns in die faszinierende Welt der Psychologie und erklärt verständlich die interessantesten Trugschlüsse, denen wir immer wieder erliegen, wie: -Rückschaufehler: Wenn wir etwas Neues lernen, versichern wir uns, dass wir es ohnehin längst wussten. -Markentreue: Wir kaufen immer wieder dieselbe Marke – nicht, weil wir von deren Qualität überzeugt sind, sondern weil wir uns selbst beteuern wollen, dass wir beim letzten Kauf eine clevere Wahl getroffen haben. -Strohmann-Argument: Wir glauben, dass wir bei einem Streit die Fakten objektiv beurteilen. Doch jedes Mal verleitet uns der Zorn dazu, den Standpunkt unseres Gegners verzerrt darzustellen. In spannenden Anekdoten erläutert David McRaney fesselnde Forschungsergebnisse aus der Psychologie und demonstriert, wie unser Gehirn wirklich funktioniert und wie wir uns von Denkfehlern befreien.
Category: Psychology

Pedestrian Dynamics

Author : Pushkin Kachroo
ISBN : 3540755616
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58.30 MB
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Effective evacuations can save lives. This book provides mathematical models of pedestrian movements that can be used specifically for designing feedback control laws for effective evacuation. The book also provides various feedback control laws to accomplish the effective evacuation. It book uses the hydrodynamic hyperbolic PDE macroscopic pedestrian models since they are amenable to feedback control design. The control designs are obtained through different nonlinear techniques.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Automata 2008

Author : Andrew Adamatzky
ISBN : 9781905986163
Genre : Computers
File Size : 75.76 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Cellular automata are regular uniform networks of locally-connected finite-state machines. They are discrete systems with non-trivial behaviour. Cellular automata are ubiquitous: they are mathematical models of computation and computer models of natural systems. The book presents results of cutting edge research in cellular-automata framework of digital physics and modelling of spatially extended non-linear systems; massive-parallel computing, language acceptance, and computability; reversibility of computation, graph-theoretic analysis and logic; chaos and undecidability; evolution, learning and cryptography. The book is unique because it brings together unequalled expertise of inter-disciplinary studies at the edge of mathematics, computer science, engineering, physics and biology.
Category: Computers

Trail In Perspective

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556038300521
Genre : Traffic engineering
File Size : 33.64 MB
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Category: Traffic engineering

Social Computing

Author : Subhasish Dasgupta
ISBN : 9781605669847
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39.53 MB
Format : PDF
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With an increasing accessibility to social networking tools, the development of Web 2.0, and the emergence of virtual worlds, social computing crosses cultural boundaries to join people in the digital landscape. Social Computing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications uncovers the growing and expanding phenomenon of human behavior, social constructs, and communication in online environments. This multiple volume publication presents the latest research on social change, evolving networks, media, and interaction with technology to offer audiences a comprehensive view of the impact of social computing on the way cultures think, act, and exchange information.
Category: Computers