PATHWAYS OF POWER AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC POLICY

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Pathways Of Power

Author : Timothy J. Conlan
ISBN : 9781626160392
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31.55 MB
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While textbooks often describe an idealized model of "how a bill becomes law" and journalists emphasize special interest lobbying and generous campaign contributions to Congress, these approaches fail to convey -- much less explain -- the tremendous diversity in political processes that shape specific policies in contemporary Washington. Pathways of Power provides a framework that integrates the roles of political interests and policy ideals in the contemporary policy process. This book argues that the policy process can be understood as a set of four distinctive pathways of policymaking -- pluralist, partisan, expert, and symbolic -- that draw upon different political resources, appeal to different political actors, and elicit unique strategies and styles of coalition building. The book's use of a wide universe of major policy decisions provides a useful foundation for students of the policy process as well as for policy practitioners eager to learn more about their craft.
Category: Political Science

Pathways Of Power

Author : Eric R. Wolf
ISBN : 9780520223349
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23.62 MB
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"This collection of twenty-eight essays by Eric R. Wolf is a legacy of some of his most original work, with an insightful foreword by Aram Yengoyan."--Jacket.
Category: Social Science

Public Policy

Author : Carter A. Wilson
ISBN : 9781478610625
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40.48 MB
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Every American is impacted by public policy issues, yet most of us do not fully understand them. What are public policies, and why are they necessary? What types of public policies are there, and which have been most controversial? Building on the success of the popular first edition, the author uses an historical approach to answer these and many other fundamental questions, often through the lens of different strands of policy theory. He illuminates the intricate interactions of the dynamic social and political forces that result in the creation, maintenance, and reform of public policy. In an accessible and engaging writing style, Wilson effectively examines and contrasts different positions on controversial issues, provides a wide range of examples, and fills in important details. Landmark legal cases and their policy ramifications are clearly explained, and a list of websites at the close of each chapter points readers to the most up-to-date sources of information on current public policy issues.
Category: Political Science

Public Policymaking By Private Organizations

Author : Catherine E. Rudder
ISBN : 9780815728993
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66.97 MB
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How private groups increasingly set public policy and regulate lives—with little public knowledge or attention. From accrediting doctors and lawyers to setting industry and professional standards, private groups establish many of the public policies in today’s advanced societies. Yet this important role of nongovernmental groups is largely ignored by those who study, teach, or report on public policy issues. Public Policymaking by Private Organizations sheds light on policymaking by private groups, which are not accountable to the general public or, often, even to governments. This book brings to life the hidden world of policymaking by providing an overview of this phenomenon and in-depth case studies in the areas of finance, food safety, and certain professions. Far from being merely self regulation or self-governance, policymaking by private groups, for good or ill, can have a substantial impact on the broader public—from ensuring the safety of our home electrical appliances to vetting the credit-worthiness of complex financial instruments in the run-up to the 2008 financial crisis. From nonprofit associations to multinational corporations, private policymaking groups are everywhere. They certify professionals as competent, establish industry regulations, and set technical and professional standards. But because their operations lack the transparency and accountability required of governmental bodies, these organizations comprise a policymaking territory that is largely unseen, unreported, uncharted, and not easily reconciled with democratic principles. Anyone concerned about how policies are made—and who makes them—should read this book.
Category: Political Science

Medicaid Politics

Author : Frank J. Thompson
ISBN : 9781589019355
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84.88 MB
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Medicaid, one of the largest federal programs in the United States, gives grants to states to provide health insurance for over 60 million low-income Americans. As private health insurance benefits have relentlessly eroded, the program has played an increasingly important role. Yet Medicaid’s prominence in the health care arena has come as a surprise. Many astute observers of the Medicaid debate have long claimed that “a program for the poor is a poor program” prone to erosion because it serves a stigmatized, politically weak clientele. Means-tested programs for the poor are often politically unpopular, and there is pressure from fiscally conservative lawmakers to scale back the $350-billion-per-year program even as more and more Americans have come to rely on it. For their part, health reformers had long assumed that Medicaid would fade away as the country moved toward universal health insurance. Instead, Medicaid has proved remarkably durable, expanding and becoming a major pillar of America’s health insurance system. In Medicaid Politics, political scientist Frank J. Thompson examines the program’s profound evolution during the presidential administrations of Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama and its pivotal role in the epic health reform law of 2010. This clear and accessible book details the specific forces embedded in American federalism that contributed so much to Medicaid’s growth and durability during this period. It also looks to the future outlining the political dynamics that could yield major program retrenchment.
Category: Medical

When The Tea Party Came To Town

Author : Robert Draper
ISBN : 9781451642094
Genre : History
File Size : 82.67 MB
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Presents an assessment of the House of Representatives elected in 2010, including the influence of eighty-seven freshmen, many of whom had never held public office, and the actions of more senior members from both parties.
Category: History

Wisconsin Politics And Government

Author : James K. Conant
ISBN : 9780803264564
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46.72 MB
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Throughout the twentieth century, Wisconsin won national visibility and praise for its role as a ?laboratory of democracy? within the American federal system. In Wisconsin Politics and Government James K. Conant traces the development of the state and its Progressive heritage from the early territorial experience to contemporary times. Conant includes a discussion of the four major periods of institutional and policy innovation that occurred in Wisconsin during the twentieth century as well as an examination of the state?s constitution, legislature, office of the governor, courts, political parties and elections, interest groups, social welfare policy, local governments, state-local relations, and current and emerging issues. ø Readers of Wisconsin Politics and Government are likely to find a close correspondence between Wisconsin's social, economic, and political experience during the twentieth century and the essential democratic characteristics Alexis de Tocqueville describes in his classic work Democracy in America. For example, Wisconsin?s twentieth-century civil society was highly developed: its elected and administrative officials continuously sought to improve the state's political and administrative institutions, and they worked to enhance the economic and social conditions of the state's citizens. Other modern characteristics of the state's democratic experience include issue-oriented politics, government institutions operating free of scandal, and citizens turning out to vote in large numbers.
Category: Political Science

Economics Politics And American Public Policy

Author : James J. Gosling
ISBN : 9780765637710
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50.19 MB
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This text introduces students to the interrelationship of politics and economics in American public policymaking: how economic concerns have been legislated into law since Franklin Roosevelt's time and how politics (e.g., Washington gridlock) affects the economy and the making of public policy.
Category: Business & Economics

Governing Under Stress

Author : Timothy J. Conlan
ISBN : 9781626163706
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59.77 MB
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The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) was an intervention of historic proportions in the US economy during the Great Recession. What lessons for the future can we learn from this massive federal program? In Governing under Stress, scholars from public administration and public policy analyze the fraught politics and complex implementation of ARRA. Their essays address vital issues of enduring significance such as government accountability, public perceptions of public sector success, strengths and weaknesses of different policy instruments, and the most pressing challenges confronting public policy and management in modern government.
Category: Business & Economics

Beyond Machiavelli

Author : Beryl A. Radin
ISBN : 1589012755
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53.20 MB
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Policy analysis is a relatively young field, created in the 1960s as a way to introduce data and rationality into the decision-making process. In Beyond Machiavelli, Beryl A. Radin compares policy analysis in the 1960s with its practice in the 1990s, analyzing the transformations the profession has undergone since its birth and offering a provocative conception of its practice today. All new professions go through a maturation process, but Radin points out that policy analysis is more susceptible to change because it is directly affected by shifting political values. The United States of the 1960s was characterized by a strong belief in progress, a trust in the public sector, and a reliance on experts. By the 1990s, Americans were less confident about the future, not as trustful of the government, and less willing to defer to so-called experts. Even so, the number and range of policy analysis jobs has grown markedly. Radin explores the significant changes that have taken place in the field, including attitudes toward politics, skills and methodologies required, views about information and data, and shifts in modes of decision making. She includes profiles of six very diverse policy analysis organizations to illustrate these changes. While some argue that the 1960s were the golden day of the profession when decision makers listened to experts, Radin argues that the earlier version of the field held to traditions of elitism and secrecy and that policy analysis in the 1990s, pluralistic and open, is a more democratic American profession.
Category: Political Science