PATHOLOGIES OF RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY

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Pathologies Of Rational Choice Theory

Author : Donald Green
ISBN : 0300066368
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88.11 MB
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A critical evaluation of the use of rational choice theory in political science. In this text, the authors assess this theory where it is believed to be most useful: the study of collective action, the behaviour of political parties, and phenomena such as voting cycles and prisoners' dilemmas.
Category: Political Science

Pathologies Of Rational Choice Theory

Author : Donald Green
ISBN : 9780300187083
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67.16 MB
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This is the first comprehensive critical evaluation of the use of rational choice theory in political science. Writing in an accessible and nontechnical style, Donald P. Green and Ian Shapiro assess rational choice theory where it is reputed to be most successful: the study of collective action, the behavior of political parties and politicians, and such phenomena as voting cycles and Prisoner's Dilemmas. In their hard-hitting critique, Green and Shapiro demonstrate that the much heralded achievements of rational choice theory are in fact deeply suspect and that fundamental rethinking is needed if rational choice theorists are to contribute to the understanding of politics. In their final chapters, they anticipate and respond to a variety of possible rational choice responses to their arguments, thereby initiating a dialogue that is bound to continue for some time.
Category: Political Science

The Rational Choice Controversy

Author : Jeffrey Friedman
ISBN : 0300068212
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 41.64 MB
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Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory, a book written by Donald Green and Ian Shapiro and published in 1994, excited much controversy among political scientists and promoted a dialogue among them that was printed in a double issue of the journal Critical Review in 1995. This new book reproduces thirteen essays from the journal written by senior scholars in the field, along with an introduction by the editor of the journal, Jeffrey Friedman, and a rejoinder to the essays by Green and Shapiro. The scholars--who include John Ferejohn, Morris P. Fiorina, Stanley Kelley, Jr., Robert E. Lane, Peter C. Ordeshook, Norman Schofield, and Kenneth A. Shepsle--criticize, agree with, or build on the issues raised by Green and Shapiro`s critique. Together the essays provide an interesting and accessible way of focusing on competing approaches to the study of politics and the social sciences.
Category: Philosophy

The Flight From Reality In The Human Sciences

Author : Ian Shapiro
ISBN : 9781400826902
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69.9 MB
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In this captivating yet troubling book, Ian Shapiro offers a searing indictment of many influential practices in the social sciences and humanities today. Perhaps best known for his critique of rational choice theory, Shapiro expands his purview here. In discipline after discipline, he argues, scholars have fallen prey to inward-looking myopia that results from--and perpetuates--a flight from reality. In the method-driven academic culture we inhabit, argues Shapiro, researchers too often make display and refinement of their techniques the principal scholarly activity. The result is that they lose sight of the objects of their study. Pet theories and methodological blinders lead unwelcome facts to be ignored, sometimes not even perceived. The targets of Shapiro's critique include the law and economics movement, overzealous formal and statistical modeling, various reductive theories of human behavior, misguided conceptual analysis in political theory, and the Cambridge school of intellectual history. As an alternative to all of these, Shapiro makes a compelling case for problem-driven social research, rooted in a realist philosophy of science and an antireductionist view of social explanation. In the lucid--if biting--prose for which Shapiro is renowned, he explains why this requires greater critical attention to how problems are specified than is usually undertaken. He illustrates what is at stake for the study of power, democracy, law, and ideology, as well as in normative debates over rights, justice, freedom, virtue, and community. Shapiro answers many critics of his views along the way, securing his position as one of the distinctive social and political theorists of our time.
Category: Social Science

Rational Choice

Author : Jon Elster
ISBN : 9780814721698
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 49.50 MB
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This series brings together a carefully edited selection of the most influential and enduring articles on central topics in social and political theory. Each volume contains ten to twelve articles and an introductory essay by the editor.
Category: Philosophy

Nested Games

Author : George Tsebelis
ISBN : 0520911970
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.55 MB
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Clearly written and easily understood by the nonspecialist, Nested Games provides a systematic, empirically accurate, and theoretically coherent account of apparently irrational political actions.
Category: Social Science

Immigration And Race

Author : Gerald David Jaynes
ISBN : 0300080050
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 45.26 MB
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A selection of insights about conflicts and competition, vital to those who formulate immigration policies. The insights are derived from the work of authors such as Frank D. Bean, Thomas E. Cavanagh, John A. Garcia, Peter H. Schuck, Wendy Zimmerman, and more.
Category: Business & Economics

In God S Shadow

Author : Michael Walzer
ISBN : 9780300180442
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 83.46 MB
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Examines the laws, histories, prophecies and wisdom of the ancient biblical writers and discusses their views on justice, hierarchy, war, the authority of kings and priests and the experience of exile.
Category: Philosophy

A Model Discipline

Author : Kevin A. Clarke
ISBN : 9780195382204
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49.77 MB
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Political science is an intensely quantitative discipline, and models are central. Political scientists use models—formal and informal, statistical and qualitative—to investigate and illuminate causal mechanisms, generate comparative data, and understand the conditions under which certain outcomes are expected to occur. But how do we justify and rationalize the method? Why test predictions from a deductive, and thus truth-preserving, system? David Primo and Kevin Clarke tackle these central questions in this novel work of methodology.
Category: Political Science

The Moral Foundations Of Politics

Author : Ian Shapiro
ISBN : 9780300185454
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37.93 MB
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When do governments merit our allegiance, and when should they be denied it? Ian Shapiro explores this most enduring of political dilemmas in this innovative and engaging book. Building on his highly popular Yale courses, Professor Shapiro evaluates the main contending accounts of the sources of political legitimacy. Starting with theorists of the Enlightenment, he examines the arguments put forward by utilitarians, Marxists, and theorists of the social contract. Next he turns to the anti-Enlightenment tradition that stretches from Edmund Burke to contemporary post-modernists. In the last part of the book Shapiro examines partisans and critics of democracy from Plato's time until our own. He concludes with an assessment of democracy's strengths and limitations as the font of political legitimacy. The book offers a lucid and accessible introduction to urgent ongoing conversations about the sources of political allegiance.
Category: Philosophy