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Pasture Landscapes And Nature Conservation

Author : Bernd Redecker
ISBN : 3540429204
Genre : Science
File Size : 56.86 MB
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One of the main problems and aims of nature conservation in Europe is to protect semi-open landscapes. The development during the past decades is characterized by an ongoing intensivation of land use on the one hand, and an increasing number of former meadows and pastures lying fallow caused by changing economic conditions on the other hand. In several countries the estabishment of larger "pasture landscapes" with a mixed character of open grassland combined with shrubs and forests has been recognized as one solution to this problem. The book gives an overview of the European projects concerning to this topic - nature conservation policy and strategies, scientific results and practical experiences creating large scale grazing systems.
Category: Science

Large Scale Livestock Grazing

Author : Harald Plachter
ISBN : 9783540686675
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.13 MB
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One of the main objectives of nature conservation in Europe is to protect valuable cultural landscapes characterized by a mixture of open habitats and hedges, trees and patchy woodland (semi-open landscapes).The development of these landscapes during the past decades has been characterized by an ongoing intensification of land use on the one hand, and an increasing number of former meadows and pastures becoming fallow as a result of changing economic conditions on the other hand. Since species adapted to open and semi-open landscapes contribute to biodiversity in Europe in a major way, this development is of great concern to nature conservation. In several countries largescale, nature-adapted pastoral systems have been recognized as one solution to this problem. These systems could offer an alternative to industrial livestock raising and keep a high biodiversity on the landscape level. Against the background of livestock diseases such as BSE and Foot and Mouth Disease and the efforts to reform the Common Agricultural Policy in the EU by changing the criteria for agricultural subsidies, these concepts gain particular significance.They could also represent an alternative to the established, costly habitat management tools.
Category: Science

Cultural Landscapes And Land Use

Author : Martin Dieterich
ISBN : 9781402021053
Genre : Nature
File Size : 45.36 MB
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Cultural landscapes are created by people, and used by people, but still decidedly rich in biodiversity, and in harmony with nature. The landscapes of fairy tales, without dragons. Socio-economic complexity on top of biological diversity is the challenge nature conservation faces in the context of cultural landscape. This book is an attempt to approach this complexity and provide a theoretical background as well as guidelines and examples for hands-on solutions. It draws on inputs from scientists, administrators, independent consultants and politicians from Europe and the United States. With a particular emphasis on agriculture it attempts to merge disciplines such as philosophy, law, planning, economics and conservation biology toward a common goal: nature conservation and the preservation of biological diversity in landscapes under the pressure of human usage.
Category: Nature

Trees Forested Landscapes And Grazing Animals

Author : Ian D. Rotherham
ISBN : 9780415626118
Genre : History
File Size : 56.99 MB
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In this comprehensive book, the critical components of the European landscape - forest, parkland, and other grazed landscapes with trees are addressed. The book considers the history of grazed treed landscapes, of large grazing herbivores in Europe, and the implications of the past in shaping our environment today and in the future. Debates on the types of anciently grazed landscapes in Europe, and what they tell us about past and present ecology, have been especially topical and controversial recently. This treatment brings the current discussions and the latest research to a much wider audience. The book breaks new ground in broadening the scope of wood-pasture and woodland research to address sites and ecologies that have previously been overlooked but which hold potential keys to understanding landscape dynamics. Eminent contributors, including Oliver Rackham and Frans Vera, present a text which addresses the importance of history in understanding the past landscape, and the relevance of historical ecology and landscape studies in providing a future vision.
Category: History

Grazing And Conservation Management

Author : Michiel F. WallisDeVries
ISBN : 0412475200
Genre : Nature
File Size : 44.93 MB
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Grazing animals enjoy an ambiguous reputation in the field of nature conservation. Livestock are often treated as a scourge, yet native large herbivores form the prime attraction of many a reserve. This book gives the first comprehensive overview of the use of grazing as a tool in conservation management. Considering in turn the ecological and historical background, the impact of grazing on community structure, management applications and future prospects, this book examines issues such as the role of herbivores as keystone species, the assessment of habitat quality and the function of scientific models in advancing grazing management. Large herbivores are shown to be potentially powerful allies in the management of nature reserves, particularly in the maintenance, enhancement or restoration of biodiversity. Grazing and Conservation Management will appeal to conservation biologists and rangeland managers, providing them with a clearer understanding of grazing and conservation management.
Category: Nature

Grasslands In Europe

Author : Peter Veen
ISBN : 9789004278103
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.33 MB
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A tribute to an essential part of our natural and cultural environment. 24 European cases studies written by international grassland experts. Thematic chapters provide essential background information on grassland fauna, the history of agriculture, grassland communities, the relationship between grasslands and climate and opportunities to conserve these grasslands of high nature value.
Category: Science

Petermanns Mitteilungen

Author : August Petermann
ISBN : UOM:39015076238271
Genre : Geography
File Size : 37.97 MB
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Vols. 54-57 include section "Kartographischer Monatsbericht von Hermann Haack" (title varies) v. 1-4, 1908-11.
Category: Geography

Berichte Der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Zu Freiburg I Br

Author : Naturforschende Gesellschaft zu Freiburg i. B.
ISBN : 00280917
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.55 MB
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Vol. 5, 1891, includes "Die Naturforschende gesellschaft zu Freiburg i. B. in den siebzig Jahren. ihres Bestehens. Nebst einem Register ihrer sämmtlichen Publicationen, hrsg. von August Gruber," p. 200-276.
Category: Science