PASTURE LANDSCAPES AND NATURE CONSERVATION

Download Pasture Landscapes And Nature Conservation ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to PASTURE LANDSCAPES AND NATURE CONSERVATION book pdf for free now.

Pasture Landscapes And Nature Conservation

Author : Bernd Redecker
ISBN : 3540429204
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.57 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 199
Read : 673

One of the main problems and aims of nature conservation in Europe is to protect semi-open landscapes. The development during the past decades is characterized by an ongoing intensivation of land use on the one hand, and an increasing number of former meadows and pastures lying fallow caused by changing economic conditions on the other hand. In several countries the estabishment of larger "pasture landscapes" with a mixed character of open grassland combined with shrubs and forests has been recognized as one solution to this problem. The book gives an overview of the European projects concerning to this topic - nature conservation policy and strategies, scientific results and practical experiences creating large scale grazing systems.
Category: Science

Large Scale Livestock Grazing

Author : Harald Plachter
ISBN : 9783540686675
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.22 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 180
Read : 1117

One of the main objectives of nature conservation in Europe is to protect valuable cultural landscapes characterized by a mixture of open habitats and hedges, trees and patchy woodland (semi-open landscapes).The development of these landscapes during the past decades has been characterized by an ongoing intensification of land use on the one hand, and an increasing number of former meadows and pastures becoming fallow as a result of changing economic conditions on the other hand. Since species adapted to open and semi-open landscapes contribute to biodiversity in Europe in a major way, this development is of great concern to nature conservation. In several countries largescale, nature-adapted pastoral systems have been recognized as one solution to this problem. These systems could offer an alternative to industrial livestock raising and keep a high biodiversity on the landscape level. Against the background of livestock diseases such as BSE and Foot and Mouth Disease and the efforts to reform the Common Agricultural Policy in the EU by changing the criteria for agricultural subsidies, these concepts gain particular significance.They could also represent an alternative to the established, costly habitat management tools.
Category: Science

Trees Forested Landscapes And Grazing Animals

Author : Ian D. Rotherham
ISBN : 9781136242212
Genre : Nature
File Size : 40.54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 249
Read : 863

In this comprehensive book, the critical components of the European landscape – forest, parkland, and other grazed landscapes with trees are addressed. The book considers the history of grazed treed landscapes, of large grazing herbivores in Europe, and the implications of the past in shaping our environment today and in the future. Debates on the types of anciently grazed landscapes in Europe, and what they tell us about past and present ecology, have been especially topical and controversial recently. This treatment brings the current discussions and the latest research to a much wider audience. The book breaks new ground in broadening the scope of wood-pasture and woodland research to address sites and ecologies that have previously been overlooked but which hold potential keys to understanding landscape dynamics. Eminent contributors, including Oliver Rackham and Frans Vera, present a text which addresses the importance of history in understanding the past landscape, and the relevance of historical ecology and landscape studies in providing a future vision.
Category: Nature

Large Scale Livestock Grazing

Author : Harald Plachter
ISBN : 9783540686675
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.8 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 839
Read : 303

One of the main objectives of nature conservation in Europe is to protect valuable cultural landscapes characterized by a mixture of open habitats and hedges, trees and patchy woodland (semi-open landscapes).The development of these landscapes during the past decades has been characterized by an ongoing intensification of land use on the one hand, and an increasing number of former meadows and pastures becoming fallow as a result of changing economic conditions on the other hand. Since species adapted to open and semi-open landscapes contribute to biodiversity in Europe in a major way, this development is of great concern to nature conservation. In several countries largescale, nature-adapted pastoral systems have been recognized as one solution to this problem. These systems could offer an alternative to industrial livestock raising and keep a high biodiversity on the landscape level. Against the background of livestock diseases such as BSE and Foot and Mouth Disease and the efforts to reform the Common Agricultural Policy in the EU by changing the criteria for agricultural subsidies, these concepts gain particular significance.They could also represent an alternative to the established, costly habitat management tools.
Category: Science

European Wood Pastures In Transition

Author : Tibor Hartel
ISBN : 9781135139032
Genre : Nature
File Size : 65.19 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 622
Read : 1088

Wood-pastures are important elements of European cultural identity and have an exceptional ecological value, yet they are in decline all over Europe. The structure of wood-pastures is strongly influenced by grazing and multiple other land uses and by local and regional environmental conditions. This book examines the diverse expressions of wood-pastures across Europe. It provides a new perspective, using a social-ecological framework to explore social and ecological values, governing institutions, threats and conservation approaches. It explores the major drivers of decline, which are shown to be related to accelerated cultural, institutional and developmental changes occurring across Europe over the past century. Case studies are included from North-Western, Southern, and Eastern Europe. Written by renowned scholars and conservationists, the book contributes to developing better, locally adapted conservation policies and management approaches for wood-pastures.
Category: Nature

Grazing And Conservation Management

Author : Michiel F. WallisDeVries
ISBN : 0412475200
Genre : Nature
File Size : 58.6 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 256
Read : 860

This work provides an up-to-date account of theories, practices and case studies. It deals with theoretical considerations, grassland development, herbivore communities, diversity and the effects of grazing in different landscape settings.
Category: Nature

Invertebrate Conservation And Agricultural Ecosystems

Author : T. R. New
ISBN : 9780521825030
Genre : Nature
File Size : 20.31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 229
Read : 898

Invertebrate Conservation and Agricultural Ecosystems explores the diverse interests of invertebrate conservation and agricultural production. It is both an introduction to invertebrate conservation biology for agriculturists and an introduction to crop protection for conservation biologists, demonstrating how these two disparate fields may draw on each other for greater collective benefit. It draws on recent literature to show how invertebrate conservation in highly altered landscapes may be promoted and enhanced. The book deals with problems of, and approaches to, invertebrate conservation in highly managed agricultural ecosystems, and how biodiversity may be promoted without compromising agricultural production. It draws attention to the importance of invertebrates in agricultural systems and their role in ecosystem functions.
Category: Nature

Conservation In Highly Fragmented Landscapes

Author : Mark Schwartz
ISBN : 9781475706567
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.74 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 701
Read : 580

Mark W. Schwartz Soon after we came into extensive meadows: and I was assured that those meadows continue for a hundred and fifty miles. being in winter drowned lands and marshes. By the dryness of the season they were now beautiful pastures, and here presented itself one of the most delightful prospects I have ever beheld; all low grounds being meadow, and without wood, and all of the high grounds being covered with trees and appearing like islands: the whole scene seemed an elysium. Capt. Thomas Morris. 1791 I am sitting in a 60-mile-an-hour bus sailing over a highway originally laid out for horse and buggy. The ribbon of concrete has been widened and widened until the field fences threaten to topple into the road cuts. In the narrow thread of sod between the shaved banks and the toppling fences grow the relics of what once was Illinois: the prairie.
Category: Science

Linkages In The Landscape

Author : Andrew F. Bennett
ISBN : 2831707447
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35.49 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 392
Read : 571

The loss and fragmentation of natural habitats is one of the major issues in wildlife management and conservation. Habitat "corridors" are sometimes proposed as an important element within a conservation strategy. Examples are given of corridors both as pathways and as habitats in their own right. Includes detailed reviews of principles relevant to the design and management of corridors, their place in regional approaches to conservation planning, and recommendations for research and management.
Category: Nature

Urban Nature Conservation

Author : Stephen Forbes
ISBN : 9781135154189
Genre : Nature
File Size : 40.90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 108
Read : 819

Urban nature conservation is a field that has grown rapidly in importance over the past 20 years and will continue to do so in the coming years as landscape ecology and greenspace planning become established disciplines. A widespread concern and interest in the wild plants and animal life found in urban areas now influences the policies and practices of land management organizations. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the subject. It will assist professionals in formulating strategic management policies that integrate urban nature conservation into the wider context of landscape management and urban planning.
Category: Nature