Ozette

Author : Ruth Kirk
ISBN : 0295994622
Genre : History
File Size : 69.46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 953
Read : 1078

Makah families left the coastal village of Ozette in the 1920s to comply with the federal government’s requirement that they send their children to school, and by doing so they ended nearly two thousand years of occupation at this strategic whale- and seal-hunting site on Washington’s Olympic Peninsula. Archaeologist Richard Daugherty took note of the site in a survey of the coast in 1947 and later returned at the request of the Makah tribal chairman when storm waves began exposing both architecture and artifacts. Full-scale excavations from 1966 to 1981 revealed houses and their contents—including ordinarily perishable wood and basketry objects that had been buried in a mudflow well before the arrival of Europeans in the region. Led by Daugherty, with a team of graduate and undergraduate students and Makah tribal members, the work culminated in the creation of the Makah Museum in Neah Bay, where more than 55,000 Ozette artifacts are curated and displayed. Ozette: Excavating a Makah Whaling Village is a comprehensive and highly readable account of this world-famous archaeological site and the hydraulic excavation of the mudslide that both demolished the houses and protected the objects inside from decay. Ruth Kirk was present, documenting the archaeological work from its beginning, and her firsthand knowledge of the people and efforts involved enrich her compelling story of discovery, fieldwork, and deepen our understanding of Makah cultural heritage.
Category: History

Spirits Of Our Whaling Ancestors

Author : Charlotte Cote
ISBN : 9780295997582
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61.10 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 650
Read : 554

Following the removal of the gray whale from the Endangered Species list in 1994, the Makah tribe of northwest Washington State announced that they would revive their whale hunts; their relatives, the Nuu-chah-nulth Nation of British Columbia, shortly followed suit. Neither tribe had exercised their right to whale - in the case of the Makah, a right affirmed in their 1855 treaty with the federal government - since the gray whale had been hunted nearly to extinction by commercial whalers in the 1920s. The Makah whale hunt of 1999 was an event of international significance, connected to the worldwide struggle for aboriginal sovereignty and to the broader discourses of environmental sustainability, treaty rights, human rights, and animal rights. It was met with enthusiastic support and vehement opposition. As a member of the Nuu-chah-nulth Nation, Charlotte Cote offers a valuable perspective on the issues surrounding indigenous whaling, past and present. Whaling served important social, economic, and ritual functions that have been at the core of Makah and Nuu-chahnulth societies throughout their histories. Even as Native societies faced disease epidemics and federal policies that undermined their cultures, they remained connected to their traditions. The revival of whaling has implications for the physical, mental, and spiritual health of these Native communities today, Cote asserts. Whaling, she says, �defines who we are as a people.� Her analysis includes major Native studies and contemporary Native rights issues, and addresses environmentalism, animal rights activism, anti-treaty conservatism, and the public�s expectations about what it means to be �Indian.� These thoughtful critiques are intertwined with the author�s personal reflections, family stories, and information from indigenous, anthropological, and historical sources to provide a bridge between cultures.
Category: Social Science

Biodiversity Conservation Law And Livelihoods Bridging The North South Divide

Author : Michael I. Jeffery
ISBN : 1139469126
Genre : Law
File Size : 90.11 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 887
Read : 822

The IUCN Academy of Environmental Law Research Studies' third colloquium of 2005 brought together more than 130 experts from 27 nations on nearly every continent. This book brings together a number of the papers presented there and offers a global perspective on biodiversity conservation and the maintenance of sustainable cultures. It addresses issues from international, regional, and country-specific perspectives. The book is organized thematically to present a broad spectrum of issues, including the history and major governance structures in this area; the needs, problems, and prerequisites for biodiversity; area-based, species-based, and ecosystem-based conservation measures; the use of components of biodiversity and the processes affecting it; biosecurity; and access to and sharing of benefits from components of biodiversity and their economic value.
Category: Law

A Guide To The Indian Tribes Of The Pacific Northwest

Author : Robert H. Ruby
ISBN : 0806124792
Genre : History
File Size : 70.98 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 321
Read : 641

Over the centuries the Indians of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and western Montana have adapted their lifeways to their region’s radically different environments-an evolution that in some tribes continues to this day, as they conform to the demands of contemporary American society.
Category: History

Native Peoples Of The Olympic Peninsula

Author : Jacilee Wray
ISBN : 9780806153667
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59.48 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 517
Read : 1326

The nine Native tribes of Washington State’s Olympic Peninsula—the Hoh, Skokomish, Squaxin Island, Lower Elwha Klallam, Jamestown S’Klallam, Port Gamble S’Klallam, Quinault, Quileute, and Makah—share complex histories of trade, religion, warfare, and kinship, as well as reverence for the teaching of elders. However, each indigenous nation’s relationship to the Olympic Peninsula is unique. Native Peoples of the Olympic Peninsula: Who We Are traces the nine tribes’ common history and each tribe’s individual story. This second edition is updated to include new developments since the volume’s initial publication—especially the removal of the Elwha River dams—thus reflecting the ever-changing environment for the Native peoples of the Olympic Peninsula. Nine essays, researched and written by members of the subject tribes, cover cultural history, contemporary affairs, heritage programs, and tourism information. Edited by anthropologist Jacilee Wray, who also provides the book’s introduction, this collection relates the Native peoples’ history in their own words and addresses each tribe’s current cultural and political issues, from the establishment of community centers to mass canoe journeys. The volume’s updated content expands its findings to new audiences. More than 70 photographs and other illustrations, many of which are new to this edition, give further insight into the unique legacy of these groups, moving beyond popular romanticized views of American Indians to portray their lived experiences. Providing a foundation for outsiders to learn about the Olympic Peninsula tribes’ unique history with one another and their land, this volume demonstrates a cross-tribal commitment to education, adaptation, and cultural preservation. Furthering these goals, this updated edition offers fresh understanding of Native peoples often seen from an outside perspective only.
Category: Social Science

Wet Site Archaeology

Author : Barbara A. Purdy
ISBN : 0936923083
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43.78 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 911
Read : 729

Wet Site Archaeology identifies the characteristics common to all archaeological wet sites, from Newfoundland to Chile, Polynesia to Florida and from the Late Pleistoscene to the twentieth century. The rewards and responsibilities of recovering unique assemblages from water-saturated deposits are explored. The book discusses topics including innovative excavation and preservation methods; expanded knowledge of past environments, subsistence technologies, artistic expression, skeletal structure and pathologies; and how to determine when enough of a wet site has been sampled. Herculaneum, Hoko River, Hontoon Island, Key Marco, Monte Verde, Ozette, the Somerset levels, Windover, the bog bodies of Northern Europe and the lake dwellers of Switzerland are some of the many famous sites and discoveries described in the this volume.
Category: Social Science

Medium

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015082949648
Genre : School libraries
File Size : 47.89 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 219
Read : 1175

Category: School libraries

History News

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89082382052
Genre : United States
File Size : 58.63 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 375
Read : 511

Category: United States

Coming To Shore

Author : Marie Mauzé
ISBN : UCSD:31822033202284
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.37 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 117
Read : 300

The Northwest Coast of North America was home to dozens of Native peoples at the time of its first contact with Europeans. The rich artistic, ceremonial, and oral traditions of these peoples and their preservation of cultural practices have made this region especially attractive for anthropological study. Coming to Shore provides a historical overview of the ethnology and ethnohistory of this region, with special attention given to contemporary, theoretically informed studies of communities and issues. The first book to explore the role of the Northwest Coast in three distinct national traditions of anthropology-- American, Canadian, and French--Coming to Shore gives particular consideration to the importance of Claude L�vi-Strauss and structuralism, as well as more recent social theory in the context of Northwest Coast anthropology. In addition contributors explore the blurring boundaries between theoretical and applied anthropology as well as contemporary issues such as land claims, criminal justice, environmentalism, economic development, and museum display. The contribution of Frederica de Laguna provides a historical background to the enterprise of Northwest Coast anthropology, as do the contributions of Claude L�vi-Strauss and Marie Mauz�.
Category: Social Science