OXYGEN ENHANCED COMBUSTION SECOND EDITION

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Oxygen Enhanced Combustion Second Edition

Author : Charles E. Baukal Jr.
ISBN : 9781439862285
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53.29 MB
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Combustion technology has traditionally been dominated by air/fuel combustion. However, two developments have increased the significance of oxygen-enhanced combustion—new technologies that produce oxygen less expensively and the increased importance of environmental regulations. Advantages of oxygen-enhanced combustion include less pollutant emissions as well as increased energy efficiency and productivity. Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion, Second Edition compiles information about using oxygen to enhance industrial heating and melting processes. It integrates fundamental principles, applications, and equipment design in one volume, making it a unique resource for specialists implementing the use of oxygen in combustion systems. This second edition of the bestselling book has more than doubled in size. Extensively updated and expanded, it covers significant advances in the technology that have occurred since the publication of the first edition. What’s New in This Edition Expanded from 11 chapters to 30, with most of the existing chapters revised A broader view of oxygen-enhanced combustion, with more than 50 contributors from over 20 organizations around the world More coverage of fundamentals, including fluid flow, heat transfer, noise, flame impingement, CFD modeling, soot formation, burner design, and burner testing New chapters on applications such as flameless combustion, steel reheating, iron production, cement production, power generation, fluidized bed combustion, chemicals and petrochemicals, and diesel engines This book offers a unified, up-to-date look at important commercialized uses of oxygen-enhanced combustion in a wide range of industries. It brings together the latest knowledge to assist those researching, engineering, and implementing combustion in power plants, engines, and other applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Lean Combustion

Author : Derek Dunn-Rankin
ISBN : 9780128005774
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.75 MB
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Lean Combustion: Technology and Control, Second Edition outlines and explains the latest advances in lean combustion technology and systems. Combustion under sufficiently fuel-lean conditions can have the desirable attributes of high efficiency and low emissions. The book offers readers both the fundamentals and latest developments in how lean burn (broadly defined) can increase fuel economy and decrease emissions, while still achieving desired power output and performance. This volume brings together research and design of lean combustion systems across the technology spectrum in order to explore the state-of-the-art in lean combustion. Readers will learn about advances in the understanding of ultra-lean fuel mixtures and how new types of burners and approaches to managing heat flow can reduce problems often found with lean combustion (such as slow, difficult ignition and frequent flame extinction). This book offers abundant references and examples of real-world applications. New to this edition are significantly revised chapters on IC engines and stability/oscillations, and new case studies and examples. Written by a team of experts, this contributed reference book aims to teach its reader to maximize efficiency and minimize both economic and environmental costs. Presents a comprehensive collection of lean burn technology across potential applications, allowing readers to compare and contrast similarities and differences Provides an extensive update on IC engines including compression ignition (diesel), spark ignition, and homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) Includes an extensive revision to the Stability/Oscillations chapter Includes use of alternative fuels such as biogas and hydrogen for relevant technologies Covers new developments in lean combustion using high levels of pre-heat and heat recirculating burners, as well as the active control of lean combustion instabilities
Category: Technology & Engineering

The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook Second Edition

Author : Charles E. Baukal, Jr.
ISBN : 9781439840757
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.37 MB
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Despite the length of time it has been around, its importance, and vast amounts of research, combustion is still far from being completely understood. Issues regarding the environment, cost, and fuel consumption add further complexity, particularly in the process and power generation industries. Dedicated to advancing the art and science of industrial combustion, The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook, Second Edition: Volume 3 – Applications offers comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of equipment used in the process and power generation industries. Under the leadership of Charles E. Baukal, Jr., top engineers and technologists from John Zink Hamworthy Combustion examine industry applications such as process burners, boiler burners, process flares, thermal oxidizers, and vapor control. This volume builds on the concepts covered in the first two volumes and shows how they are used in combustion applications. The book also features a wealth of color illustrations, photographs, and tables throughout. What’s New in This Edition Expanded to three volumes, with Volume 3 focusing on important industry applications Extensive updates and revisions throughout, reflecting new standards, energy sources, processes, and conservation concerns Expanded coverage of flares and new coverage of biogas flares and flare gas recovery Information on vapor combustors Discussion of pollution control equipment Expanded coverage of commercial and utility boiler burners Chapters on process and air heaters More material on thermal oxidizers A new chapter on marine and offshore applications The third of three volumes in the new, expanded edition of the bestselling handbook, this volume helps you broaden your knowledge of industrial combustion applications to better meet the challenges of this field. For the other volumes in the set, see The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook, Second Edition: Three-Volume Set.
Category: Science

Combustion Flames And Explosions Of Gases

Author : Bernard Lewis
ISBN : 9780323138024
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76.94 MB
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Combustion, Flames and Explosions of Gases, Third Edition provides the chemist, physicist, and engineer with the scientific basis for understanding combustion phenomena.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Odors In Plastic Materials

Author : George Wypych
ISBN : 9781455728336
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.24 MB
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Several reasons are behind formation of odors in materials, including the following: Use of other materials than polymer, especially materials required in processing Use of various process parameters and their severity in degradation of components of formulation Recycling of polymeric materials Contact with natural products (food, cosmetics, etc.) Storage Migration-evaporation Storage in the same space Diffusion-related properties The above reasons are analyzed for different materials to find out the best methods to prevent odor formation. The book also contains information on testing of odor changes, relationship between odor and toxicity, and the selection of raw materials for fog-free products. The first book in this field, the Handbook of Odors in Materials is needed by anyone interested in materials. The first book of its kind in this field Analyzes the reasons behind odor formation and provides the best methods to prevent odors in various materials Contains information on testing of odor changes and the relationship between odor and toxicity
Category: Technology & Engineering

The John Zink Combustion Handbook

Author : Charles E. Baukal, Jr.
ISBN : 9781420038699
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.25 MB
Format : PDF
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Despite the length of time it has been around, its importance, and vast amounts of research, combustion is still far from being completely understood. Industrial applications of combustion add environmental, cost, and fuel consumption issues to its fundamental complexity, and the process and power generation industries in particular present their own unique challenges The John Zink Combustion Handbook is dedicated to improving that understanding and meeting those challenges. Under the leadership of Charles E. Baukal, Jr., top combustion engineers and technologists from the world-renowned John Zink Company have joined forces to bring you this landmark work— a synthesis of the multi-disciplinary background that will broaden your understanding, hone your skills, and further advance the art and science of industrial combustion. Background—The fundamentals of thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, fluid mechanics, and transport processes of combustion Equipment—Design, maintenance, and troubleshooting Applications—Duct burners, boiler burners, flares, thermal oxidizers
Category: Technology & Engineering

Gasification

Author : Christopher Higman
ISBN : 0080560903
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37.90 MB
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Gasification is a process that if properly utilized can transform the world in which we live. Comprehensive in its coverage, this second edition continues the tradition of the first by providing engineers and scientists with an up-to-date overview of commercial processes and applications relevant to today's demands. Gasification, 2nd edition is expanded and provides more detail on the integration issues for current generation, state-of-the-art Integrated Gasification Combined Cycles (IGCC); CO2 capture in the IGCC context addressing the issues of pre-investment and retrofitting as well as defining what the term "CO2 capture ready" might mean in practice; issues of plant reliability, availability and maintainability (RAM) including as evaluation of feedback from existing plants; implementation of fuel cell technology in IGCC concepts. All statistics, processes and projects, including descriptions of a number of processes not covered in the previous edition. *Up-to-date overview of commercial processes *Covers applications relevant to today's demands *Addresses the issues of pre-investment and retrofitting *Provides more detail on the integration issues for Integrated Gasification
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Biodiesel Handbook

Author : Gerhard Knothe
ISBN : 9780983507260
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.38 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The second edition of this invaluable handbook covers converting vegetable oils, animal fats, and used oils into biodiesel fuel. The Biodiesel Handbook delivers solutions to issues associated with biodiesel feedstocks, production issues, quality control, viscosity, stability, applications, emissions, and other environmental impacts, as well as the status of the biodiesel industry worldwide. Incorporates the major research and other developments in the world of biodiesel in a comprehensive and practical format Includes reference materials and tables on biodiesel standards, unit conversions, and technical details in four appendices Presents details on other uses of biodiesel and other alternative diesel fuels from oils and fats
Category: Science

Industrial Combustion Testing

Author : Charles E. Baukal, Jr.
ISBN : 9781439859650
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23.25 MB
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Until now, anyone conducting industrial combustion tests had to either rely on old methods, go scurrying through the literature to find proven applicable methodologies, or hire top-shelf consultants such as those that work for cutting-edge companies like John Zink. Manufacturers can no longer take industrial combustion for granted. Air and noise pollution standards must be met, and today no one can afford the inefficient use of fuel. Drawing on three decades of experience, Charles Baukal Jr. is not only aware of the best methods but is responsible for designing and implementing a number of them, owning 11 patents of his own, as well as having hundreds of articles to his credit. Providing busy engineers with a convenient reference that gives them state-of-the-art techniques without having to cull through the literature, this practical compendium: Demonstrates how to conduct meaningful experiments with industrial scale combustion equipment Illustrates a number of methods through case studies Includes detailed pictures, figures, graphs, and tables, to explain processes and make sense of the data Presents valuable information on advanced diagnostics, burner and flare testing, and testing in combustors, including techniques for a variety of kilns, furnaces, and boilers Written to make better practioners out of academicians and better scholars out of hands-on engineers, this unique volume teaches academics how to work at the large scales associated with industrial combustion, while also teaching engineers the rigorous approach needed for successful modeling.
Category: Technology & Engineering

High Temperature Oxidation And Corrosion Of Metals

Author : David John Young
ISBN : 9780081001196
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.25 MB
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High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion of Metals, Second Edition, provides a high level understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of high temperature alloy oxidation. It uses this understanding to develop methods of predicting oxidation rates and the way they change with temperature, gas chemistry, and alloy composition. The book focuses on the design and selection of alloy compositions which provide optimal resistance to attack by corrosive gases, providing a rigorous treatment of the thermodynamics and kinetics underlying high temperature alloy corrosion. In addition, it emphasizes quantitative calculations for predicting reaction rates and the effects of temperature, oxidant activities, and alloy compositions. Users will find this book to be an indispensable source of information for researchers and students who are dealing with high temperature corrosion. Emphasizes quantitative calculations for predicting reaction rates and the effects of temperature, oxidant activities, and alloy compositions Uses phase diagrams and diffusion paths to analyze and interpret scale structures and internal precipitation distributions Presents a detailed examination of corrosion in industrial gases (water vapor effects, carburization and metal dusting, sulphidation) Contains numerous micrographs, phase diagrams, and tabulations of relevant thermodynamic and kinetic data Combines physical chemistry and materials science methodologies Provides two completely new chapters (chapters 11 and 13), and numerous other updates throughout the text
Category: Technology & Engineering