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Other Minds

Author : Peter Godfrey-Smith
ISBN : 9780374712808
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.14 MB
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Although mammals and birds are widely regarded as the smartest creatures on earth, it has lately become clear that a very distant branch of the tree of life has also sprouted higher intelligence: the cephalopods, consisting of the squid, the cuttlefish, and above all the octopus. In captivity, octopuses have been known to identify individual human keepers, raid neighboring tanks for food, turn off lightbulbs by spouting jets of water, plug drains, and make daring escapes. How is it that a creature with such gifts evolved through an evolutionary lineage so radically distant from our own? What does it mean that evolution built minds not once but at least twice? The octopus is the closest we will come to meeting an intelligent alien. What can we learn from the encounter? In Other Minds, Peter Godfrey-Smith, a distinguished philosopher of science and a skilled scuba diver, tells a bold new story of how subjective experience crept into being—how nature became aware of itself. As Godfrey-Smith stresses, it is a story that largely occurs in the ocean, where animals first appeared. Tracking the mind’s fitful development, Godfrey-Smith shows how unruly clumps of seaborne cells began living together and became capable of sensing, acting, and signaling. As these primitive organisms became more entangled with others, they grew more complicated. The first nervous systems evolved, probably in ancient relatives of jellyfish; later on, the cephalopods, which began as inconspicuous mollusks, abandoned their shells and rose above the ocean floor, searching for prey and acquiring the greater intelligence needed to do so. Taking an independent route, mammals and birds later began their own evolutionary journeys. But what kind of intelligence do cephalopods possess? Drawing on the latest scientific research and his own scuba-diving adventures, Godfrey-Smith probes the many mysteries that surround the lineage. How did the octopus, a solitary creature with little social life, become so smart? What is it like to have eight tentacles that are so packed with neurons that they virtually “think for themselves”? What happens when some octopuses abandon their hermit-like ways and congregate, as they do in a unique location off the coast of Australia? By tracing the question of inner life back to its roots and comparing human beings with our most remarkable animal relatives, Godfrey-Smith casts crucial new light on the octopus mind—and on our own.
Category: Science

Other Minds The Octopus And The Evolution Of Intelligent Life

Author : Peter Godfrey-Smith
ISBN : 9780008226282
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.75 MB
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‘Brilliant’ Guardian ‘Fascinating and often delightful’ The Times SHORTLISTED FOR THE 2017 ROYAL SOCIETY SCIENCE BOOK PRIZE What if intelligent life on Earth evolved not once, but twice? The octopus is the closest we will come to meeting an intelligent alien. What can we learn from the encounter?
Category: Science

Guide To Peter Godfrey Smith S Other Minds

Author : Eureka
ISBN : 1544152035
Genre :
File Size : 26.12 MB
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PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS A COMPANION TO THE BOOK AND NOT THE ORIGINAL BOOK. Guide to Peter Godfrey-Smith's Other Minds Preview: The Octopus, the Sea, and the Deep Origins of Consciousness by Peter Godfrey-Smith discusses the evolution of intelligence in cephalopods in order to better understand the development of consciousness and cognition. Cephalopods like octopuses and cuttlefish have the most complex nervous systems in the invertebrate world... Inside this companion: -Overview of the book -Important People -Key Takeaways -Analysis of Key Takeaways -and much more!

Sizing Up Consciousness

Author : Marcello Massimini
ISBN : 9780191044106
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24.40 MB
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Whilst our knowledge of brain function has improved over the last decades, there remains a gap in our knowledge of consciousness. Why is the brain associated with consciousness, but not the liver or the heart, as previous cultures believed? Why does consciousness fade during deep sleep while the cerebral cortex remains active? Can computers be conscious? Using a framework - the Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness (IIT) - Sizing up Consciousness explains and measures consciousness. IIT clarifies what consciousness is, how it can be generated from a physical system, and how it can be measured. More importantly, this book shows how conscious states can be expressed mathematically and how precise predictions can be made using data from neurophysiological studies. Sizing up Consciousness is a short, accessible book which outlines not only this theory but also its applications, including measuring consciousness in those within a coma or vegetative state. This book will be of interest to anyone interested in consciousness.
Category: Medical

The Rights Of Nature

Author : David R. Boyd
ISBN : 1770412395
Genre : LAW
File Size : 21.94 MB
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An important and timely recipe for hope for humans and all forms of life Palila v Hawaii. New Zealand's Te Urewera Act. Sierra Club v Disney. These legal phrases hardly sound like the makings of a revolution, but beyond the headlines portending environmental catastrophes, a movement of immense import has been building -- in courtrooms, legislatures, and communities across the globe. Cultures and laws are transforming to provide a powerful new approach to protecting the planet and the species with whom we share it. Lawyers from California to New York are fighting to gain legal rights for chimpanzees and killer whales, and lawmakers are ending the era of keeping these intelligent animals in captivity. In Hawaii and India, judges have recognized that endangered species -- from birds to lions -- have the legal right to exist. Around the world, more and more laws are being passed recognizing that ecosystems -- rivers, forests, mountains, and more -- have legally enforceable rights. And if nature has rights, then humans have responsibilities. In The Rights of Nature, noted environmental lawyer David Boyd tells this remarkable story, which is, at its heart, one of humans as a species finally growing up. Read this book and your world view will be altered forever.
Category: LAW

Dreams And Nightmares

Author : James Arthur Hadfield
ISBN : UOM:39015011948224
Genre : Nightmares
File Size : 70.9 MB
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Category: Nightmares

The Novels Of D H Lawrence

Author : John E. Stoll
ISBN : UOM:39015005200772
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 64.70 MB
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Category: Literary Criticism

The Living Age

Author :
ISBN : CHI:12547830
Genre : Literature
File Size : 84.22 MB
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Category: Literature