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Other Children Other Languages

Author : Yonata Levy
ISBN : 9781134776931
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56.17 MB
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This volume investigates the implications of the study of populations other than educated, middle-class, normal children and languages other than English on a universal theory of language acquisition. Because the authors represent different theoretical orientations, their contributions permit the reader to appreciate the full spectrum of language acquisition research. Emphasis is placed on the principle ways in which data from pathology and from a variety of languages may affect universal statements. The contributors confront some of the major theoretical issues in acquisition.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Progression And Regression In Language

Author : Kenneth Hyltenstam
ISBN : 0521438748
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 70.29 MB
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This crosslinguistic collection looks at changes and developments in language known as progression and regression. The processes are examined and compared at the societal and individual level. In the former, the focus is on the socio-cultural forces that influence groups of speakers to create new languages or abandon old ones. In the latter, the acquisition and attrition of first and second languages are considered. The theoretical issues around this topic are addressed from sociological, neuropsychological and linguistic perspectives.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Learnability And The Lexicon

Author : Alan Juffs
ISBN : 9789027224781
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 47.89 MB
Format : PDF
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This book provides a critical review of recent theories of semantics-syntax correspondences and makes new proposals for constraints on semantic structure relevant to syntax. Data from several languages are presented which suggest that semantic structure in root morphemes is subject to parametric variation which has effect across a variety of verb classes, including locatives, unaccusatives, and psych verbs.The implications for first and second language acquisition are discussed. In particular, it is suggested that different parametric settings may lead to a learnability problem if adult learners do not retain access to sensitivity to underlying semantic organization and morphological differences between languages provided by Universal Grammar.An experiment with Chinese-speaking learners of English is presented which shows that learners initially transfer L1 semantic organization to the L2, but are able to retreat from overgeneralisations and achieve native-like grammars in this area.Suggestions for further research in this rapidly developing area of theory and acquisition research are also made.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Handbook Of Language Emergence

Author : Brian MacWhinney
ISBN : 9781118346099
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 37.75 MB
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This authoritative handbook explores the latest integrated theory for understanding human language, offering the most inclusive text yet published on the rapidly evolving emergentist paradigm. Brings together an international team of contributors, including the most prominent advocates of linguistic emergentism Focuses on the ways in which the learning, processing, and structure of language emerge from a competing set of cognitive, communicative, and biological constraints Examines forces on widely divergent timescales, from instantaneous neurolinguistic processing to historical changes and language evolution Addresses key theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues, making this handbook the most rigorous examination of emergentist linguistic theory ever
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistische Arbeiten

Author : Ira Gawlitzek-Maiwald
ISBN : 3484303700
Genre : Linguistics
File Size : 60.14 MB
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Category: Linguistics

Der Monolinguale Und Bilinguale Erwerb Von Infinitivkonstruktionen

Author : Ira Gawlitzek-Maiwald
ISBN : STANFORD:36105020983354
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 30.64 MB
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Drawing on three monolingual (German) and three bilingual (German/English) case studies, the study describes the (dual) first-language acquisition of German and English infinitive constructions and relates this to the overall processes operative in language acquisition. It transpires that previous assumptions about the course of English acquisition need to be diversified. Specific differences in the acquisition modes for German and English are interpreted and explained with reference to the principles-and-parameters model.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Applying Theory And Research To Learning Japanese As A Foreign Language

Author : Masahiko Minami
ISBN : 9781443806435
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57.95 MB
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Complex issues surround second language acquisition and foreign language learning in any language. There is no doubt that individuals are capable of acquiring two or more languages at different stages of human development, particularly in childhood. Research investigating how adults acquire two languages also carries important insights into what takes place during later stages of human development. From the fact that early and late bilinguals are faced with two languages in diverse stages of cognitive development we can predict differences in language processing between these two groups. In the case of the Japanese language, unfortunately, far fewer studies — particularly those written in English — have been presented on foreign-language learners and bilingual children. Designed to address some of these gaps in the literature, the chapters included in this book discuss various issues with regard to adult learners of Japanese as an L2 and English-Japanese bilingual children. This book provides the reader with an overview of the field of Japanese linguistics and its current concerns. One of the main purposes of the book is to provide a forum in which to examine contributions in a variety of areas of Japanese linguistics to the teaching and learning of Japanese in the L2 classroom. This book has at least two interrelated areas of benefit. First, both researchers and teachers benefit from each other’s expertise and receive new insights that apply to their respective fields. Second and more important, the book serves as a forum to promote ways in which we can apply linguistic theory to the learning of Japanese as an L2. That is, what researchers have learned from both theory and practice can suggest what is important for the teaching of language; conversely, language educators have a great deal to offer linguists regarding the phenomenon of language. Thus, the goal of this book is to integrate theoretical concepts and empirical research findings in L2 development in order to apply them to educational practice.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Constructing A Language

Author : Michael TOMASELLO
ISBN : 0674017641
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 69.52 MB
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In this groundbreaking book, Tomasello presents a comprehensive usage-based theory of language acquisition. Drawing together a vast body of empirical research in cognitive science, linguistics, and developmental psychology, Tomasello demonstrates that we don't need a self-contained "language instinct" to explain how children learn language. Their linguistic ability is interwoven with other cognitive abilities.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Theoretical Issues In Language Acquisition

Author : Juergen Weissenborn
ISBN : 9781134746699
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 77.55 MB
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In recent linguistic theory, there has been an explosion of detailed studies of language variation. This volume applies such recent analyses to the study of child language, developing new approaches to change and variation in child grammars and revealing both early knowledge in several areas of grammar and a period of extended development in others. Topics dealt with include question formation, "subjectless" sentences, object gaps, rules for missing subject interpretation, passive sentences, rules for pronoun interpretation and argument structure. Leading developmental linguists and psycholinguists show how linguistic theory can help define and inform a theory of the dynamics of language development and its biological basis, meeting the growing need for such studies in programs in linguistics, psychology, and cognitive science.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines