ORIGINS OF THE BRONZE AGE OASIS CIVILIZATION IN CENTRAL ASIA AMERICAN SCHOOL OF PREHISTORIC RESEARCH BULLETINS VOL 42

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Origins Of The Bronze Age Oasis Civilization In Central Asia

Author : Fredrik Talmage Hiebert
ISBN : 9780873655453
Genre : History
File Size : 52.57 MB
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The Murghad River delta, the site of ancient Margiana, was extensively settled during at least part of the Bronze Age, between 2200 and 1750 B.C. Oases in an otherwise desert region, settlements were situated along deltaic branches of the river or canals dug from those branches. Excavations at one of the largest and most complex of these sites, Gonur depe, have been ongoing for many years under the direction of Victor Sarianidi. During the 1988-89 field season, Fred Hiebert excavated part of Gonur in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture of Turkmenistan and the Institute of Archaeology in Moscow. Published here, the results provide a key to understanding the large corpus of material of the Bactro-Margiana Archaeological Complex extracted over the past 30 years from this and neighboring sites of the Oxus civilization.
Category: History

The Archaeology Of Drylands

Author : Graeme Barker
ISBN : 9781134582655
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74.66 MB
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Many dryland regions contain archaeological remains which suggest that there must have been intensive phases of settlement in what now seem to be dry and degraded environments. This book discusses successes and failures of past land use and settlement in drylands, and contributes to wider debates about desertification and the sustainability of dryland settlement.
Category: Social Science

The Indo Aryan Controversy

Author : Edwin Francis Bryant
ISBN : 0700714634
Genre : History
File Size : 58.81 MB
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For the first time in a single volume, this book presents the various arguments in the Indo-Aryan controversy. It also provides a template for the basic issues addressing four major areas: archaeological research, linguistic issues, the interpretation of Vedic texts in their historical contexts, and ideological roots. The volume ends with a plea for a return to civility in the debates which have become increasingly, and unproductively, politicized, and suggests a program of research and inquiry upon which scholars from all sides of the debate might embark.
Category: History

The Indus Civilization

Author : Gregory L. Possehl
ISBN : 9780759116429
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.88 MB
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A brief introduction to the history, archaeology, art, language, and culture of the Indus Valley civilization, written by the leading North American Indus archaeologist.
Category: Social Science

The Origins Of Monsters

Author : David Wengrow
ISBN : 9781400848867
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.70 MB
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It has often been claimed that "monsters"--supernatural creatures with bodies composed from multiple species--play a significant part in the thought and imagery of all people from all times. The Origins of Monsters advances an alternative view. Composite figurations are intriguingly rare and isolated in the art of the prehistoric era. Instead it was with the rise of cities, elites, and cosmopolitan trade networks that "monsters" became widespread features of visual production in the ancient world. Showing how these fantastic images originated and how they were transmitted, David Wengrow identifies patterns in the records of human image-making and embarks on a search for connections between mind and culture. Wengrow asks: Can cognitive science explain the potency of such images? Does evolutionary psychology hold a key to understanding the transmission of symbols? How is our making and perception of images influenced by institutions and technologies? Wengrow considers the work of art in the first age of mechanical reproduction, which he locates in the Middle East, where urban life began. Comparing the development and spread of fantastic imagery across a range of prehistoric and ancient societies, including Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and China, he explores how the visual imagination has been shaped by a complex mixture of historical and universal factors. Examining the reasons behind the dissemination of monstrous imagery in ancient states and empires, The Origins of Monsters sheds light on the relationship between culture and cognition.
Category: Social Science

Copper And Bronze Metallurgy In Late Prehistoric Xinjiang

Author : Jianjun Mei
ISBN : UCSC:32106016213115
Genre : History
File Size : 78.8 MB
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Xinjiang was an important area for connections between the east and west of Central Asia, most notably in terms of metallurgical innovations and metal objects. This study of the later prehistory of the region, and of the Andronovo Culture of the second millennium BC, focuses on typological studies and analyses of early metal artefacts and of metallurgical processes, especially mining and smelting. The question of the diffusion and influence of innovations and styles of objects are considered in terms of the relationships between Xinjiang and its neighbours.
Category: History

The Bronze Age And Early Iron Age In The Margiana Lowlands

Author : Sandro Salvatori
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131737053
Genre : History
File Size : 86.72 MB
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Volume II in the series on The Archaeological Map of the Murghab Delta focuses on The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age in the Margiana Lowlands. Contents: In Memoria of Iminjan Suleymanovich Masimov 1940-2006; Introduction (Sandro Salvatori and Maurizio Tosi); 1) Transects and Other Techniques for Systematic Sampling (Maurizio Cattani and Sandro Salvatori); 2) A GIS for the Archaeology of the Murghab Delta (Barbara Cerasetti); 3) The Murghab Delta in Central Asia 1990-2001: the GIS from Research Resource to a Reasoning Tool for the Study of Settlement Change in Long-Term Fluctuations (Maurizio Cattani, Barbara Cerasetti, Sandro Salvatori and Maurizio Tosi); 4) Non-graphic Information Systems and Diachronic Transformations in Margiana (Joshua Wright); 5) The Margiana Settlement Pattern from the Middle Bronze Age to the Parthian-Sasanian: a Contribution to the Study of Complexity (Sandro Salvatori); 6) Cultural Variability in the Bronze Age Oxus Civilisation and its Relations with the Surrounding Regions of Central Asia and Iran (Sandro Salvatori); 7) Unpublished Stamp-seals from the North-western Murghab Delta (Iminjan S. Masimov and Sandro Salvatori); 8) A New Cylinder Seal from Ancient Margiana: Cultural Exchange and Syncretism in a World Wide Trade System at the End of the 3rd Millennium BC (Sandro Salvatori); 9) Excavations at Sites No. 1211 and No. 1219 (Final Bronze Age) (Maurizio Cattani); 10) The Final Phase of the Bronze Age and the Andronovo Question in Margiana (Maurizio Cattani); 11) An Aspect of the Early Iron Age (Yaz I) Period in Margiana: Ceramic; 12) Iron-working and Ceramic Recycling on the Surface of a Late Iron Age Fort at the North-eastern Fringe of the Murghab Delta (Massimo Vidale, Enrico Battistella and Giuseppe Guida); 13) An Egyptian Vessel at Site No. 203 (Sabina Malgora).
Category: History

East And West

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105113368661
Genre : Asia
File Size : 63.50 MB
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Category: Asia

Man And Environment

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015073116611
Genre : Prehistoric peoples
File Size : 70.60 MB
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Category: Prehistoric peoples