OPTIMAL CONTROL FOR CHEMICAL ENGINEERS

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Optimal Control For Chemical Engineers

Author : Simant Ranjan Upreti
ISBN : 9781439838952
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.78 MB
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Optimal Control for Chemical Engineers gives a detailed treatment of optimal control theory that enables readers to formulate and solve optimal control problems. With a strong emphasis on problem solving, the book provides all the necessary mathematical analyses and derivations of important results, including multiplier theorems and Pontryagin’s principle. The text begins by introducing various examples of optimal control, such as batch distillation and chemotherapy, and the basic concepts of optimal control, including functionals and differentials. It then analyzes the notion of optimality, describes the ubiquitous Lagrange multipliers, and presents the celebrated Pontryagin principle of optimal control. Building on this foundation, the author examines different types of optimal control problems as well as the required conditions for optimality. He also describes important numerical methods and computational algorithms for solving a wide range of optimal control problems, including periodic processes. Through its lucid development of optimal control theory and computational algorithms, this self-contained book shows readers how to solve a variety of optimal control problems.
Category: Science

Batch Distillation

Author : Urmila Diwekar
ISBN : 9781466515420
Genre : Science
File Size : 60.9 MB
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Most available books in chemical engineering mainly pertain to continuous processes, with batch distillation relegated to a small section. Filling this void in the chemical engineering literature, Batch Distillation: Simulation, Optimal Design, and Control, Second Edition helps readers gain a solid, hands-on background in batch processing. The second edition of this bestseller explores numerous new developments in batch distillation that have emerged since the publication of the first edition. New to the Second Edition Special sections on complex column configurations and azeotropic, extractive, and reactive distillation A chapter on various kinds of uncertainties in batch distillation A chapter covering software packages for batch distillation simulation, design, optimization, and control Separate chapters on complex columns and complex systems Up-to-date references and coverage of recent research articles This edition continues to explain how to effectively design, synthesize, and make operations decisions related to batch processes. Through careful treatments of uncertainty analysis, optimization, and optimal control methods, the author gives readers the necessary tools for making the best decisions in practice. While primarily designed for a graduate course in batch distillation, the text can also be used in undergraduate chemical engineering courses. In addition, researchers and academics faced with batch distillation research problems and practicing chemical engineers tackling problems in actual day-to-day operations will find the book to be a useful reference source.
Category: Science

The Optimal Control Of Chemical Processes

Author : Coleman B. Brosilow
ISBN : STANFORD:36105046452905
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89.84 MB
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Attention is focused on obtaining a near optimal controller, for chemical processes, which is simple to design and inexpensive to implement. Pontryagin's technique is used to show that for a quadratic objective function, and a process which is described by a set of ordinary differential equations, linear in the controllable variables, the optimal control is on-off control, when the controllable variables are assumed to be bounded. A technique of parameter optimization is developed and used to obtain the equations which specify the switching times. These equations are restricted to processes which can be approximated by stable, linear, sationary differential equations. For the special case of one switch it is shown that the control law can be transformed into a switching criterion which is linear in the process outputs. Employing this criterion continuously results in a feedback controller which requires only a relay and a summing device for implementation. Analog computer studies on the control of both underdamped and overdamped systems with the 'one switch into the future' optimal controller show that this controller gives a virtually dead beat type of response even for severe disturbances. (Author).
Category: Mathematics

Application Of Optimal Control Theory To Enhanced Oil Recovery

Author : W. Fred Ramirez
ISBN : 0080868797
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24.98 MB
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In recent years, enhanced oil recovery techniques have received much attention in the oil industry. Enhanced oil recovery methods can be divided into three major categories: thermal processes which include steam flooding, steam stimulation, and in-situ combustion; chemical processes which include surfactant-polymer injection, polymer flooding, and caustic flooding; and miscible displacement processes which include miscible hydrocarbon displacement, carbon dioxide injection of large amounts of rather expensive fluids into oil bearing reservoir formations. Commercial application of any enhanced oil recovery process relies upon economic projections that show a decent return on the investment. Because of high chemical costs, it is important to optimize enhanced oil recovery processes to provide the greatest recovery at the lowest chemical injection cost. The aim of this book is to develop an optimal control theory for the determination of operating strategies that maximize the economic attractiveness of enhanced oil recovery processes. The determination of optimal control histories or operating strategies is one of the key elements in the successful usage of new enhanced oil recovery techniques. The information contained in the book will therefore be both interesting and useful to all those working in petroleum engineering, petroleum management and chemical engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Optimization In Chemical Engineering

Author : Suman Dutta
ISBN : 9781316691793
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.40 MB
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Optimization is used to determine the most appropriate value of variables under given conditions. The primary focus of using optimisation techniques is to measure the maximum or minimum value of a function depending on the circumstances. This book discusses problem formulation and problem solving with the help of algorithms such as secant method, quasi-Newton method, linear programming and dynamic programming. It also explains important chemical processes such as fluid flow systems, heat exchangers, chemical reactors and distillation systems using solved examples. The book begins by explaining the fundamental concepts followed by an elucidation of various modern techniques including trust-region methods, Levenberg–Marquardt algorithms, stochastic optimization, simulated annealing and statistical optimization. It studies the multi-objective optimization technique and its applications in chemical engineering and also discusses the theory and applications of various optimization software tools including LINGO, MATLAB, MINITAB and GAMS.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Large Scale Optimization With Applications

Author : Lorenz T. Biegler
ISBN : 0387982876
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 21.6 MB
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With contributions by specialists in optimization and practitioners in the fields of aerospace engineering, chemical engineering and fluid and solid mechanics, the major themes of this work include an assessment of the state of the art in optimization algorithms as well as challenging applications in design and control, in the areas of process engineering and systems with partial differential equation models. This is the second volume in the series.
Category: Mathematics

Scientific Computing In Chemical Engineering Ii

Author : Frerich Keil
ISBN : 3540658513
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 27.19 MB
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The application of modern methods in numerical mathematics on problems in chemical engineering is essential for designing, analyzing and running chemical processes and even entire plants. Scientific Computing in Chemical Engineering II gives the state of the art from the point of view of numerical mathematicians as well as that of engineers. The present volume as part of a two-volume edition covers topics such as computer-aided process design, combustion and flame, image processing, optimization, control, and neural networks. The volume is aimed at scientists, practitioners and graduate students in chemical engineering, industrial engineering and numerical mathematics.
Category: Mathematics

Optimal Control

Author : William W. Hager
ISBN : 9781475760958
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.83 MB
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February 27 - March 1, 1997, the conference Optimal Control: The ory, Algorithms, and Applications took place at the University of Florida, hosted by the Center for Applied Optimization. The conference brought together researchers from universities, industry, and government laborato ries in the United States, Germany, Italy, France, Canada, and Sweden. There were forty-five invited talks, including seven talks by students. The conference was sponsored by the National Science Foundation and endorsed by the SIAM Activity Group on Control and Systems Theory, the Mathe matical Programming Society, the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP), and the International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (IMACS). Since its inception in the 1940s and 1950s, Optimal Control has been closely connected to industrial applications, starting with aerospace. The program for the Gainesville conference, which reflected the rich cross-disci plinary flavor of the field, included aerospace applications as well as both novel and emerging applications to superconductors, diffractive optics, non linear optics, structural analysis, bioreactors, corrosion detection, acoustic flow, process design in chemical engineering, hydroelectric power plants, sterilization of canned foods, robotics, and thermoelastic plates and shells. The three days of the conference were organized around the three confer ence themes, theory, algorithms, and applications. This book is a collection of the papers presented at the Gainesville conference. We would like to take this opportunity to thank the sponsors and participants of the conference, the authors, the referees, and the publisher for making this volume possible.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Energy Optimization In Process Systems And Fuel Cells

Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
ISBN : 9780080982274
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83.86 MB
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Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Second Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This second edition contains substantial revisions, with particular focus on the rapid progress in the field of fuel cells, related energy theory, and recent advances in the optimization and control of fuel cell systems. New information on fuel cell theory, combined with the theory of flow energy systems, broadens the scope and usefulness of the book Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion, and chemical transformation in static and dynamic systems Contains practical applications of optimization methods that help solve the problems of power maximization and optimal use of energy and resources in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering
Category: Technology & Engineering

Computational Techniques For Chemical Engineers

Author : C. Storey
ISBN : 9781483157139
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.86 MB
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Computational Techniques for Chemical Engineers offers a practical guide to the chemical engineer faced with a problem of computing. The computer is a servant not a master, its value depends on the instructions it is given. This book aims to help the chemical engineer in the right choice of these instructions. The text begins by outlining the principles of operation of digital and analogue computers and then discussing the difficulties which arise in formulating a problem for solution on such a machine. This is followed by separate chapters on digital computers and their programming; the use of digital computers in chemical engineering design work; optimization techniques and their application in the selection of optimum designs; the solution of sets of non-linear algebraic equations via hill-climbing; and determination of equilibrium compositions by minimization of Gibbs free energy. Subsequent chapters discuss the solution of partial or simultaneous differential equations; parameter estimation in differential equations; continuous systems; and analogue computers.
Category: Science