ON THE FRONTIER OF SCIENCE AN AMERICAN RHETORIC OF EXPLORATION AND EXPLOITATION RHETORIC PUBLIC AFFAIRS

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On The Frontier Of Science

Author : Leah Ceccarelli
ISBN : 9780870130342
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 87.22 MB
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“The frontier of science” is a metaphor that has become ubiquitous in American rhetoric, from its first appearance in the public address of early twentieth-century American intellectuals and politicians who aligned a mythic national identity with scientific research, to its more recent use in scientists’ arguments in favor of increased research funding. Here, Leah Ceccarelli explores what is selected and what is deflected when this metaphor is deployed, its effects on those who use it, and what rhetorical moves are made by those who try to counter its appeal. In her research, Ceccarelli discovers that “the frontier of science” evokes a scientist who is typically male, a risk taker, an adventurous loner—someone separated from a public that both envies and distrusts him, with a manifest destiny to penetrate the unknown. It conjures a competitive desire to claim the riches of a new territory before others can do the same. Closely reading the public address of scientists and politicians and the reception of their audiences, this book shows how the frontier of science metaphor constrains American speakers, helping to guide the ends of scientific research in particular ways and sometimes blocking scientists from attaining the very goals they set out to achieve.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Bounding Biomedicine

Author : Colleen Derkatch
ISBN : 9780226345840
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 90.87 MB
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During the 1990s, unprecedented numbers of Americans turned to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), an umbrella term encompassing health practices such as chiropractic, energy healing, herbal medicine, homeopathy, meditation, naturopathy, and traditional Chinese medicine. By 1997, nearly half the US population was seeking CAM in one form or another, spending at least $27 billion out-of-pocket annually on related products and services. As CAM rose in popularity over the decade, so did mainstream medicine's interest in understanding whether those practices actually worked, and how. Medical researchers devoted considerable effort to testing CAM interventions in clinical trials, and medical educators scrambled to assist physicians in advising patients about CAM. In Bounding Biomedicine, Colleen Derkatch examines how the rhetorical discourse around the published research on this issue allowed the medical profession to maintain its position of privilege and prestige throughout this process, even as its place at the top of the healthcare hierarchy appeared to be weakening. Her research focuses on the ground-breaking and somewhat controversial CAM-themed issues of The Journal of the American Medical Association and its nine specialized Archives journals from 1998, demonstrating how these texts performed rhetorical boundary work for the medical profession. As Derkatch reveals, the question of how to test healthcare practices that don't fit easily (or at all) within mainstream Western medical frameworks sweeps us into the realm of medical knowledge-making--the research teams, clinical trials, and medical journals that determine which treatments are safe and effective--and also out into the world where doctors meet patients, illnesses find treatment, and values, practices, policies, and priorities intersect. Through Bounding Biomedicine, Derkatch shows exactly how narratives of medicine's entanglements with competing models of healthcare shape not only the historical episodes they narrate but also the very fabric of medical knowledge itself and how the medical profession is made and remade through its own discursive activity.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Communication Strategies For Engaging Climate Skeptics

Author : Emma Frances Bloomfield
ISBN : 9780429998355
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89.94 MB
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Communication Strategies for Engaging Climate Skeptics examines the intersection of climate skepticism and Christianity and proposes strategies for engaging climate skeptics in productive conversations. Despite the scientifically established threats of climate change, there remains a segment of the American population that is skeptical of the scientific consensus on climate change and the urgent need for action. One of the most important stakeholders and conversants in environmental conversations is the religious community. While existing studies have discussed environmentalism as a factor within the religious community, this book positions religion as an important factor in environmentalism and focuses on how identities play a role in environmental conversation. Rather than thinking of religious skeptics as a single unified group, Emma Frances Bloomfield argues that it is essential to recognize there are different types of skeptics so that we can better tailor our communication strategies to engage with them on issues of the environment and climate change. To do so, this work breaks skeptics down into three main types: "separators," "bargainers," and "harmonizers." The book questions monolithic understandings of climate skepticism and considers how competing narratives such as religion, economics, and politics play a large role in climate communication. Considering recent political moves to remove climate change from official records and withdraw from international environmental agreements, it is imperative now more than ever to offer practical solutions to academics, practitioners, and the public to change the conversation. To address these concerns, this book provides both a theoretical examination of the rhetoric of religious climate skeptics and concrete strategies for engaging the religious community in conversations about the environment. This book will be of great interest to students, scholars, and practitioners of climate change science, environmental communication, environmental policy, and religion.
Category: Political Science

Topic Driven Environmental Rhetoric

Author : Derek G. Ross
ISBN : 9781315442020
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 50.74 MB
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Common topics and commonplaces help develop arguments and shape understanding. When used in argumentation, they may help interested parties more effectively communicate valuable information. The purpose of this edited collection on topics of environmental rhetoric is to fill gaps in scholarship related to specific, targeted, topical communication tactics. The chapters in this collection address four overarching areas of common topics in technical communication and environmental rhetoric: framing, place, risk and uncertainty, and sustainability. In addressing these issues, this collection offers insights for students and scholars of rhetoric, as well as for environmental communication practitioners looking for a more nuanced understanding of how topic-driven rhetoric shapes attitudes, beliefs, and decision-making.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

America History And Life

Author : Eric H. Boehm
ISBN : UOM:39015065819669
Genre : Dissertations, Academic
File Size : 41.75 MB
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Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.
Category: Dissertations, Academic

The Writers Directory

Author :
ISBN : 155862032X
Genre : Authors, American
File Size : 65.46 MB
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Category: Authors, American

Historical Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105022099571
Genre : History, Modern
File Size : 59.53 MB
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Category: History, Modern

Congressional Record

Author : United States. Congress
ISBN : OSU:32437010711311
Genre : Law
File Size : 64.10 MB
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The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)
Category: Law

Stories Of Old

Author : Mattias Bolkéus Blom
ISBN : 9155444369
Genre : History
File Size : 51.49 MB
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"What happened to the American West as a cultural expression in the 1970s? Despite proclamations of its death, as a collection of representations the West continued to provide writers with material for the negotiation of American history and identity." "But it was a distinctly different West that emerged from the pages of such writers as Don DeLillo, Robert Coover, Jean Didlen, and Tom Wolfe." "In this study, the imagined West of these writers and of others who employed images of the past in literature, movies, political rhetoric, commercial enterprises, and historiographical writing comes under scrutiny." "It is an analysis of a historical symbology that was of critical importance to the construction of national identity during a time of cultural and social instability."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Category: History