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On The Frontier Of Science

Author : Leah Ceccarelli
ISBN : 9780870130342
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 32.2 MB
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“The frontier of science” is a metaphor that has become ubiquitous in American rhetoric, from its first appearance in the public address of early twentieth-century American intellectuals and politicians who aligned a mythic national identity with scientific research, to its more recent use in scientists’ arguments in favor of increased research funding. Here, Leah Ceccarelli explores what is selected and what is deflected when this metaphor is deployed, its effects on those who use it, and what rhetorical moves are made by those who try to counter its appeal. In her research, Ceccarelli discovers that “the frontier of science” evokes a scientist who is typically male, a risk taker, an adventurous loner—someone separated from a public that both envies and distrusts him, with a manifest destiny to penetrate the unknown. It conjures a competitive desire to claim the riches of a new territory before others can do the same. Closely reading the public address of scientists and politicians and the reception of their audiences, this book shows how the frontier of science metaphor constrains American speakers, helping to guide the ends of scientific research in particular ways and sometimes blocking scientists from attaining the very goals they set out to achieve.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Bounding Biomedicine

Author : Colleen Derkatch
ISBN : 9780226345840
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 60.69 MB
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During the 1990s, unprecedented numbers of Americans turned to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), an umbrella term encompassing health practices such as chiropractic, energy healing, herbal medicine, homeopathy, meditation, naturopathy, and traditional Chinese medicine. By 1997, nearly half the US population was seeking CAM in one form or another, spending at least $27 billion out-of-pocket annually on related products and services. As CAM rose in popularity over the decade, so did mainstream medicine's interest in understanding whether those practices actually worked, and how. Medical researchers devoted considerable effort to testing CAM interventions in clinical trials, and medical educators scrambled to assist physicians in advising patients about CAM. In Bounding Biomedicine, Colleen Derkatch examines how the rhetorical discourse around the published research on this issue allowed the medical profession to maintain its position of privilege and prestige throughout this process, even as its place at the top of the healthcare hierarchy appeared to be weakening. Her research focuses on the ground-breaking and somewhat controversial CAM-themed issues of The Journal of the American Medical Association and its nine specialized Archives journals from 1998, demonstrating how these texts performed rhetorical boundary work for the medical profession. As Derkatch reveals, the question of how to test healthcare practices that don't fit easily (or at all) within mainstream Western medical frameworks sweeps us into the realm of medical knowledge-making--the research teams, clinical trials, and medical journals that determine which treatments are safe and effective--and also out into the world where doctors meet patients, illnesses find treatment, and values, practices, policies, and priorities intersect. Through Bounding Biomedicine, Derkatch shows exactly how narratives of medicine's entanglements with competing models of healthcare shape not only the historical episodes they narrate but also the very fabric of medical knowledge itself and how the medical profession is made and remade through its own discursive activity.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbuch Wissenschaftspolitik

Author : Dagmar Simon
ISBN : 9783658054557
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.53 MB
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Das deutsche Wissenschaftssystem befindet sich in einem langfristigen, inkrementellen Wandlungsprozess und hat nach wie vor viele Baustellen, so dass es lohnt, den Fortgang der Arbeiten weiterhin kritisch zu begleiten. Genügend Gründe, die 2010 erschienenen Beiträge einer Revision zu unterziehen und in einer zweiten, umfassend bearbeiteten Auflage zusammen mit neuen Artikeln erneut zur Diskussion zu stellen. Mit der Gesamtschau wird ein systemischer Blick auf die Wissenschaftspolitik geworfen: es zeigt sich der Trend einer wichtiger werdenden Rolle der Politik für die Wissenschaft.
Category: Political Science

Topic Driven Environmental Rhetoric

Author : Derek G. Ross
ISBN : 9781315442020
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 45.99 MB
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Common topics and commonplaces help develop arguments and shape understanding. When used in argumentation, they may help interested parties more effectively communicate valuable information. The purpose of this edited collection on topics of environmental rhetoric is to fill gaps in scholarship related to specific, targeted, topical communication tactics. The chapters in this collection address four overarching areas of common topics in technical communication and environmental rhetoric: framing, place, risk and uncertainty, and sustainability. In addressing these issues, this collection offers insights for students and scholars of rhetoric, as well as for environmental communication practitioners looking for a more nuanced understanding of how topic-driven rhetoric shapes attitudes, beliefs, and decision-making.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Commonplaces Of Scientific Evidence In Environmental Discourses

Author : Denise Tillery
ISBN : 9781351691536
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 34.30 MB
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This book focuses on the uses of scientific evidence within three types of environmental discourses: popular nonfiction books about the environment; traditional and social media texts created by a grassroots environmental group; and a set of data displays that make arguments about global warming in a variety of media and contexts. It traces the operations of eight commonplaces about science and shows how they recur throughout these contexts, starting with Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring and ending with contemporary blogs and social media. The commonplaces are shown to embed ideological assumptions and simultaneously challenge those assumptions. In addition, the book addresses the potential dangers involved in relying too heavily on aspects of these commonplaces, and how they can undermine the goals of some of the writers who use them.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Probleme Des Empirismus

Author : Paul K. Feyerabend
ISBN : 9783322831651
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.62 MB
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Category: Technology & Engineering

Elementa Rhetorices

Author : Philipp Melanchthon
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114708089
Genre : Rhetoric
File Size : 38.12 MB
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Category: Rhetoric

Internationale Organisationen

Author : Volker Rittberger
ISBN : 9783531195148
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.91 MB
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Internationale Organisationen mit globaler oder regionaler Reichweite (z.B. UN, IWF, Weltbank, WTO, EU) spielen eine zunehmend wichtige Rolle bei der Schaffung und Implementierung von internationalen Normen und Regeln, mithin bei Global Governance. Die Sicherheit, das ökonomische Wohlergehen, der Schutz der Menschenrechte und die ökologischen Lebensbedingungen von Menschen weltweit werden von der Fähigkeit bzw. Unfähigkeit internationaler Organisationen, Kooperation und Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates möglich zu machen und zu stabilisieren, beeinflusst. Das Lehrbuch will die Leserin bzw. den Leser daher theoretisch informiert und empirisch fundiert mit den Entstehungsbedingungen, der Entwicklung, Funktionsweise und den Tätigkeiten internationaler Organisationen vertraut machen. Es führt in die wichtigsten Theorien über internationale Organisationen ein und bietet einen historischen Überblick über internationale Organisationen in verschiedenen Politikfeldern. Das Lehrbuch analysiert ferner die Akteure, Strukturen und Prozesse, die die Entscheidungsfindung in internationalen Organisationen prägen. Schließlich werden die Tätigkeiten eines breiten Spektrums internationaler Organisationen und deren Beitrag zur kooperativen Bearbeitung grenzüberschreitender Probleme in den Sachbereichen „Sicherheit“, „Wirtschaft“, „Umwelt“ und „Menschenrechte“ untersucht.
Category: Social Science

Wahrheit Und N Tzlichkeit

Author : David Kaldewey
ISBN : 9783839425657
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.26 MB
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Die moderne Wissenschaft definiert sich einerseits als selbstzweckhaftes Streben nach Wahrheit, andererseits hat sie zugleich den praktischen Nutzen des neuen Wissens im Blick. Die Genese und Bedeutung dieser doppelten Referenz rekonstruiert David Kaldewey mittels historisch-soziologischer Semantikanalysen. Er zeigt, wie die beiden Zielsetzungen in vielfältigen Autonomiediskursen und Praxisdiskursen kondensieren. Die Spannung zwischen diesen Diskursen erweist sich aus einer differenzierungstheoretischen Perspektive als konstitutiv für die Dynamik der modernen Wissenschaft.
Category: Science