ON THE CONDITION OF ANONYMITY HISTORY OF COMMUNICATION

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On The Condition Of Anonymity

Author : Matt Carlson
ISBN : 9780252093180
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 78.24 MB
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Matt Carlson confronts the promise and perils of unnamed sources in this exhaustive analysis of controversial episodes in American journalism during the George W. Bush administration, from prewar reporting mistakes at the New York Times and Washington Post to the Valerie Plame leak case and Dan Rather's lawsuit against CBS News. Weaving a narrative thread that stretches from the uncritical post-9/11 era to the spectacle of the Scooter Libby trial, Carlson examines a tense period in American history through the lens of journalism. Revealing new insights about high-profile cases involving confidential sources, he highlights contextual and structural features of the era, including pressure from the right, scrutiny from new media and citizen journalists, and the struggles of traditional media to survive amid increased competition and decreased resources.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Columbia History Of American Television

Author : Gary Edgerton
ISBN : 023151218X
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 78.93 MB
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Television is a form of media without equal. It has revolutionized the way we learn about and communicate with the world and has reinvented the way we experience ourselves and others. More than just cheap entertainment, TV is an undeniable component of our culture and contains many clues to who we are, what we value, and where we might be headed in the future. Media historian Gary R. Edgerton follows the technological developments and increasing cultural relevance of TV from its prehistory (before 1947) to the Network Era (1948-1975) and the Cable Era (1976-1994). He begins with the laying of the first telegraph line in 1844, which gave rise to the idea that images and sounds could be transmitted over long distances. He then considers the remodeling of television's look and purpose during World War II; the gender, racial, and ethnic components of its early broadcasts and audiences; its transformation of postwar America; and its function in the political life of the country. He talks of the birth of prime time and cable, the influence of innovators like Sylvester "Pat" Weaver, Roone Arledge, and Ted Turner, as well as television's entrance into the international market, describing the ascent of such programs as Dallas and The Cosby Show, and the impact these exports have had on transmitting American culture abroad. Edgerton concludes with a discerning look at our current Digital Era (1995-present) and the new forms of instantaneous communication that continue to change America's social, political, and economic landscape. Richly researched and engaging, Edgerton's history tracks television's growth into a convergent technology, a global industry, a social catalyst, a viable art form, and a complex and dynamic reflection of the American mind and character. It took only ten years for television to penetrate thirty-five million households, and by 1983, the average home kept their set on for more than seven hours a day. The Columbia History of American Television illuminates our complex relationship with this singular medium and provides historical and critical knowledge for understanding TV as a technology, an industry, an art form, and an institutional force.
Category: Performing Arts

Digital Rhetoric And Global Literacies Communication Modes And Digital Practices In The Networked World

Author : Verhulsdonck, Gustav
ISBN : 9781466649170
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 34.27 MB
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Understanding digital modes and practices of traditional rhetoric are essential in emphasizing information and interaction in human-to-human and human-computer contexts. These emerging technologies are essential in gauging information processes across global contexts. Digital Rhetoric and Global Literacies: Communication Modes and Digital Practices in the Networked World compiles relevant theoretical frameworks, current practical applications, and emerging practices of digital rhetoric. Highlighting the key principles and understandings of the underlying modes, practices, and literacies of communication, this book is a vital guide for professionals, scholars, researchers, and educators interested in finding clarity and enrichment in the diverse perspectives of digital rhetoric research.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Hacking The Future

Author : Cole Stryker
ISBN : 9781468305456
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.30 MB
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How does anonymity enable free speech - and how is it a threat? "I think anonymity on the Internet has to go away," famously said by Randi Zuckerberg (sister of Mark), has become the policy for some, while the Stop Online Piracy Act mobilized millions to write Congress in protest. Identity Wars is a broad look at how anonymity influences politics, activism, religion, and art. Stryker presents a strong defense of anonymity and explores some of the tools and organizations relating to this issue, especially as it has evolved with the ubiquity of the Internet. Cogent and compelling, his examination of online identities, both false and real, is an essential read for the social-networking age.
Category: Social Science

Anonymous Communication Networks

Author : Kun Peng
ISBN : 9781439881606
Genre : Computers
File Size : 73.71 MB
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In today’s interactive network environment, where various types of organizations are eager to monitor and track Internet use, anonymity is one of the most powerful resources available to counterbalance the threat of unknown spectators and to ensure Internet privacy. Addressing the demand for authoritative information on anonymous Internet usage, Anonymous Communication Networks: Protecting Privacy on the Web examines anonymous communication networks as a solution to Internet privacy concerns. It explains how anonymous communication networks make it possible for participants to communicate with each other without revealing their identities. The book explores various anonymous communication networks as possible solutions to Internet privacy concerns—making it ideal for network researchers and anyone interested in protecting their privacy or the privacy of their users. Identifying specific scenarios where it is best to be anonymous, it details the two main approaches to anonymous communication networks: onion routing and mixed networks. Details helpful tips for optimizing onion routing Defines and classifies mixed networks Illustrates the application of a mixed network to e-voting with a case study Considers the application of symmetric cipher and Diffie-Hellman key exchange in Tor Supplies detailed guidance on how to download and install Tor, I2P, JAP/JonDo, and QuickSilver Using examples and case studies, the book illustrates the usefulness of anonymous communication networks for web browsing, email, e-banking, and e-voting. It explains how to obtain anonymous usage permits for cloud software and analyzes the spectrum of existing techniques for anonymous cyber surfing. The text concludes by examining future directions to supply you with the understanding required to ensure anonymous Internet browsing.
Category: Computers

Journalistic Authority

Author : Matt Carlson
ISBN : 9780231543095
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56.63 MB
Format : PDF
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When we encounter a news story, why do we accept its version of events? Why do we even recognize it as news? A complicated set of cultural, structural, and technological relationships inform this interaction, and Journalistic Authority provides a relational theory for explaining how journalists attain authority. The book argues that authority is not a thing to be possessed or lost, but a relationship arising in the connections between those laying claim to being an authority and those who assent to it. Matt Carlson examines the practices journalists use to legitimate their work: professional orientation, development of specific news forms, and the personal narratives they circulate to support a privileged social place. He then considers journalists' relationships with the audiences, sources, technologies, and critics that shape journalistic authority in the contemporary media environment. Carlson argues that journalistic authority is always the product of complex and variable relationships. Journalistic Authority weaves together journalists’ relationships with their audiences, sources, technologies, and critics to present a new model for understanding journalism while advocating for practices we need in an age of fake news and shifting norms.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Donor Conception And The Search For Information

Author : Sonia Allan
ISBN : 9781317177821
Genre : Law
File Size : 61.97 MB
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This book examines donor conception and the search for information by donor-conceived people. It details differing regulatory approaches across the globe, including those that provide for ‘open-identity’ or anonymous donation, or that take a ‘dual-track’ approach. In doing so, it identifies models regarding the recording and release of information about donors that may assist in the further development of the law, policy and associated practices. Arguments for and against donor anonymity are considered, and specifically critiqued. The study highlights contrasting reasoning and emphasis upon various interests and factors that may underpin secrecy, anonymity or openness. The book will be of value to academics, students and legal practitioners involved with this area. It is also relevant to policy makers, health practitioners and anyone with an interest in the subject.
Category: Law

Journalists Sources And Credibility

Author : Bob Franklin
ISBN : 9781136858321
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 35.42 MB
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This volume revisits what we know about the relationship between journalists and their sources. By asking new questions, employing novel methodologies, and confronting sweeping changes to journalism and media, the contributors reinvigorate the conversation about who gets to speak through the news. It challenges established thinking about how journalists use sources, how sources influence journalists, and how these patterns relate to the power to represent the world to news audiences. Useful to both newcomers and scholars familiar with the topic, the chapters bring together leading journalism scholars from across the globe. Through a variety of methods, including surveys, interviews, content analysis, case studies and newsroom observations, the chapters shed light on attitudes and practices in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, Sweden, Belgium and Israel. Special attention is paid to the changing context of newswork. Shrinking newsgathering resources coupled with a growth in public relations activities have altered the source-journalist dynamic in recent years. At the same time, the rise of networked digital technologies has altered the barriers between journalists and news consumers, leading to unique forms of news with different approaches to sourcing. As the media world continues to change, this volume offers a timely reevaluation of news sources.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Computer Mediated Communication

Author : Crispin Thurlow
ISBN : 0761949542
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81.36 MB
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This title offers students a task-based introduction to the nature of computer-mediated communication and the impact of the internet on social interaction and hence on identities, relationships and communities.
Category: Computers

Anonymous Speech

Author : Eric Barendt
ISBN : 9781509904068
Genre : Law
File Size : 68.42 MB
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Anonymous Speech: Literature, Law and Politics discusses the different contexts in which people write anonymously or with the use of a pseudonym: novels and literary reviews, newspapers and political periodicals, graffiti, and now on the Internet. The book criticises the arguments made for a strong constitutional right to anonymous speech, though it agrees that there is a good case for anonymity in some circumstances, notably for whistle-blowing. One chapter examines the general treatment of anonymous speech and writing in English law, while another is devoted to the protection of journalists' sources, where the law upholds a freedom to communicate anonymously through the media. A separate chapter looks at anonymous Internet communication, particularly on social media, and analyses the difficulties faced by the victims of threats and defamatory allegations on the Net when the speaker has used a pseudonym. In its final chapter the book compares the universally accepted argument for the secret ballot with the more controversial case for anonymous speech. This is the first comprehensive study of anonymous speech to examine critically the arguments for and against anonymity. These arguments were vigorously canvassed in the nineteenth century Â? largely in the context of literary reviewing Â? and are now of enormous importance for communication on the Internet.
Category: Law