OHIO ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL QUARTERLY

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A Fragile Capital

Author : Charles Chester Cole
ISBN : 0814208533
Genre : History
File Size : 56.48 MB
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In 1812 the Ohio legislature chose the high eastern bank of the Scioto River as the site of the third, and final, state capital. The legislators named the city-to-be Columbus after the boyhood hero of one of the state senators. In A Fragile Capital, Charles C. Cole Jr. uses material from original sources such as letters, diaries, documents, and newspapers to trace the first forty years of the fledgling community. Overall, the book is organized by topic, including business, politics, education, religion, the arts, transportation, and the press. Cole shows how Columbus residents reacted to and reflected the major political, economic, and social trends in the United States at the time. In contrast to earlier accounts that focused primarily on the male, white leadership, this book tries to encompass all economic classes and ethnic and racial groups. How did the state capital, created before there was even a town in place, go about establishing a sense of identity? How did the new settlers balance their desire for freedom, which caused them to move west in the first place, with the need to build a secure and stable community? Charles Cole has written an engaging and informative account of the early years of Columbus, Ohio.
Category: History

Hopewell Ceremonial Landscapes Of Ohio

Author : Mark Lynott
ISBN : 9781782977551
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90.47 MB
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Nearly 2000 years ago, people living in the river valleys of southern Ohio built earthen monuments on a scale that is unmatched in the archaeological record for small-scale societies. The period from c. 200 BC to c. AD 500 (Early to Middle Woodland) witnessed the construction of mounds, earthen walls, ditches, borrow pits and other earthen and stone features covering dozen of hectares at many sites and hundreds of hectares at some. The development of the vast Hopewell Culture geometric earthwork complexes such as those at Mound City, Chilicothe; Hopewell; and the Newark earthworks was accompanied by the establishment of wide-ranging cultural contacts reflected in the movement of exotic and strikingly beautiful artefacts such as elaborate tobacco pipes, obsidian and chert arrowheads, copper axes and regalia, animal figurines and delicately carved sheets of mica. These phenomena, coupled with complex burial rituals, indicate the emergence of a political economy based on a powerful ideology of individual power and prestige, and the creation of a vast cultural landscape within which the monument complexes were central to a ritual cycle encompassing a substantial geographical area. The labour needed to build these vast cultural landscapes exceeds population estimates for the region, and suggests that people from near (and possibly far) travelled to the Scioto and other river valleys to help with construction of these monumental earthen complexes. Here, Mark Lynott draws on more than a decade of research and extensive new datasets to re-examine the spectacular and massive scale Ohio Hopewell landscapes and to explore the society that created them.
Category: Social Science

Ohio Hopewell Community Organization

Author : William S. Dancey
ISBN : 0873387694
Genre :
File Size : 59.71 MB
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Contains papers from an April 1992 symposium, plus other papers, evaluating Olaf Prufer's thesis of the 1960s stating that the Native builders of the earthen mounds of southern Ohio lived in small, scattered hamlets. Topics include problems and solutions in the study of dispersed communities, determining sedentism in the archaeological record, habitation at earthworks, and evidence and case studies from various sites. Includes bandw maps. Of interest to professional and amateur archaeologists. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Category:

The Slave Catchers

Author : Stanley W. Campbell
ISBN : 9781469610078
Genre : History
File Size : 79.11 MB
Format : PDF
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In this thoroughly researched documentation of a historically controversial issue, the author considers the background, passage, and constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave Law. The author's relation of public opinion and the executive policy regarding the much disputed law will help the reader reach a decision as to whether the law was actually a success or failure, legally and socially. Originally published in 1970. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.
Category: History

Encyclopedia Of Prehistory

Author : Peter N. Peregrine
ISBN : 0306462605
Genre : History
File Size : 52.90 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The "Encyclopedia of Prehistory," with regionally organizedentries on each major archaeological tradition, is a comprehensiveoverview of human history from two million years ago to the historicperiod. Prepared under the auspices and with the support of the HumanRelations Area Files, and an internationally distinguished advisoryboard, the encyclopedia is written by noted experts in the field andedited by Peter N. Peregrine and Melvin Ember. These volumes employcomparable units of description and analysis, making them easy to useand compare."Volume 6" focuses on "North America."
Category: History

Surveillance And Spies In The Civil War

Author : Stephen E. Towne
ISBN : 9780821444931
Genre : History
File Size : 38.50 MB
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Surveillance and Spies in the Civil War represents pathbreaking research on the rise of U.S. Army intelligence operations in the Midwest during the American Civil War and counters long-standing assumptions about Northern politics and society. At the beginning of the rebellion, state governors in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois cooperated with federal law enforcement officials in various attempts—all failed—to investigate reports of secret groups and individuals who opposed the Union war effort. Starting in 1862, army commanders took it upon themselves to initiate investigations of antiwar sentiment in those states. By 1863, several of them had established intelligence operations staffed by hired civilian detectives and by soldiers detailed from their units to chase down deserters and draft dodgers, to maintain surveillance on suspected persons and groups, and to investigate organized resistance to the draft. By 1864, these spies had infiltrated secret organizations that, sometimes in collaboration with Confederate rebels, aimed to subvert the war effort. Stephen E. Towne is the first to thoroughly explore the role and impact of Union spies against Confederate plots in the North. This new analysis invites historians to delve more deeply into the fabric of the Northern wartime experience and reinterpret the period based on broader archival evidence.
Category: History

The Civil War Soldier

Author : Larry M. Logue
ISBN : 0814798799
Genre : History
File Size : 41.22 MB
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An anthology of twenty-seven selections combines nineteenth-century battlefield accounts of the Civil War with past and contemporary scholarship to offer a broad perspective on the soldiers' total experience.
Category: History