Author : Lorraine Daston
ISBN : 189095179X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 68.36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 437
Read : 1308

The emergence of objectivity in the mid-nineteenth-century sciences, as revealed through images in scientific atlases—a story of how lofty epistemic ideals fuse with workaday practices.
Category: Philosophy

Objectivity A Very Short Introduction

Author : Stephen Gaukroger
ISBN : 9780199606696
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 83.90 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 510
Read : 865

Objectivity is both an essential and elusive philosophical concept. This Very Short Introduction explores the theoretical and practical problems raised by objectivity, and also deals with the way in which particular understandings of objectivity impinge on social research, science, and art.
Category: Philosophy


Author : Günter Figal
ISBN : 9781438432076
Genre : Hermeneutics
File Size : 85.51 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 872
Read : 608

Category: Hermeneutics


Author : Nicholas Rescher
ISBN : UOM:49015003133338
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 38.17 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 397
Read : 607

Nicholas Rescher presents an original pragmatic defense of the issue of objectivity. Rescher employs reasoned argumentation in restoring objectivity to its place of prominence and utility within social and philosophical discourse. By tracing the source of objectivity back to the very core of rationality itself, Rescher locates objectivity's reason for being deep in our nature as rational animals. His project rehabilitates the case for objectivity by subjecting relativistic and negativistic thinking to close critical scrutiny, revealing the flaws and fallacies at work in the deliberations of those who dismiss objectivity as obsolete and untenable. Rescher takes to task the cultural relativism of contemporary social science and social theory, as well as that of liberalistic political correctness and the postmodern aversion to the normative. In holding such relativistic thinking up to the light of rational argument, he demonstrates that a rejection of objectivity is in fact unreasonable. Rescher further reveals that a relativistic apathy to truth and rightness actually destroys, in effect, the very conception it presumably elucidates.
Category: Philosophy


Author : Guy Axtell
ISBN : 9781509502097
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70.69 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 301
Read : 1109

What do you find more trustworthy, experts or numbers, personal ?know-how? or ?objective facts?? Can science claim special authority based on the objectivity of its methods? Are our ethical decisions always better when we strive to be impartial and unbiased? Why should we value objectivity, and is it achievable anyway? These are a few of the thought-provoking questions Guy Axtell asks in this comprehensive new text book, employing examples from the natural and social sciences as well as philosophy. This unique introduction surveys the key issues in a clear and concise way, assessing the nature of objectivity and value of the demand to be impartial decision-makers. Moving beyond the fundamentals, Axtell explores contemporary feminist and social epistemological attempts to ?reconstruct? the concept of objectivity, explains the implications of the so-called science wars for philosophy and the analytical method, and the ethical consequences of these debates. Objectivity is an excellent introduction to one of the most exciting areas of study in philosophy and science today. Students and scholars alike will value this balanced guide to a hotly contested, and vitally important, topic.
Category: Philosophy

Bachelard Science And Objectivity

Author : Mary Tiles
ISBN : 0521289734
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 20.89 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 965
Read : 1233

Concentrates on Bachelard's central critique of scientific knowledge. Reveals that his concern with discontinuities in the history of science is in accord with recent debates about the nature of rationality and the "incommensurability" of different scientific theories.
Category: Philosophy

Advocacy And Objectivity

Author :
ISBN : 9781412843829
Genre : History
File Size : 53.80 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 421
Read : 910

This award-winning book of the Frederick Jackson Turner Studies describes the early development of social science professions in the United States. Furner traces the academic process in economics, sociology, and political science. She devotes considerable attention to economics in the 1880s, when first-generation professionals wrestled with the enormously difficult social questions associated with industrialization. Controversies among economists reflected an endemic tension in social science between the necessity of being recognized as objective scientists and an intense desire to advocate reforms. Molded by internal conflicts and external pressures, social science gradually changed. In the 1890s economics was defined more narrowly around market concerns. Both reformers and students of social dynamics gravitated to the emerging discipline of sociology, while political science professionalized around the important new field of public administration. This division of social science into specialized disciplines was especially significant as progressivism opened paths to power and influence for social science experts. Professionalization profoundly altered the role and contribution of social scientists in American life. Since the late nineteenth century, professionals have exerted increasing control over complex economic and social processes, often performing services that they themselves have helped to make essential. Furner here seeks to discover how emerging groups of American social scientists envisioned their role what rights and responsibilities they claimed how they hoped to perform a vital social function as they fulfilled their own ambitions, and what restraints they recognized.
Category: History