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Author : Lorraine Daston
ISBN : 189095179X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 20.59 MB
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The emergence of objectivity in the mid-nineteenth-century sciences, as revealed through images in scientific atlases—a story of how lofty epistemic ideals fuse with workaday practices.
Category: Philosophy

Objectivity A Very Short Introduction

Author : Stephen Gaukroger
ISBN : 9780199606696
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79.35 MB
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Objectivity is both an essential and elusive philosophical concept. This Very Short Introduction explores the theoretical and practical problems raised by objectivity, and also deals with the way in which particular understandings of objectivity impinge on social research, science, and art.
Category: Philosophy

Truth And Objectivity

Author : Crispin WRIGHT
ISBN : 9780674045385
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89.29 MB
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Category: Philosophy

The Invention Of Journalism Ethics Second Edition

Author : Stephen J.A. Ward
ISBN : 9780773598072
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 60.61 MB
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Does objectivity exist in the news media? In The Invention of Journalism Ethics, Stephen Ward argues that given the current emphasis on interpretation, analysis, and perspective, journalists and the public need a new theory of objectivity. He explores the varied ethical assertions of journalists over the past few centuries, focusing on the changing relationship between journalist and audience. This historical analysis leads to an innovative theory of pragmatic objectivity that enables journalists and the public to recognize and avoid biased and unbalanced reporting. Ward convincingly demonstrates that journalistic objectivity is not a set of absolute standards but the same fallible but reasonable objectivity used for making decisions in other professions and public institutions. Considered a classic in the field since its first publication in 2004, this second edition includes new chapters that bring the book up to speed with journalism ethics in the twenty-first century by focusing on the growing dominance of online journalism and calling for a radical approach to journalism ethics reform. Ward also addresses important developments that have occurred in the last decade, including the emergence of digital journalism ethics and global journalism ethics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Science Values And Objectivity

Author : Peter Machamer
ISBN : 9780822970866
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.19 MB
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Collection of essays that identify the values crucial to science, distinguish some of the criteria that can be used for value identification, and elaborate the conditions for warranting certain values as necessary or central to scientific research.
Category: Science


Author : Günter Figal
ISBN : 9781438432076
Genre : Hermeneutics
File Size : 76.84 MB
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Category: Hermeneutics

Trust In Numbers

Author : Theodore M. Porter
ISBN : 1400821614
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25.22 MB
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This investigation of the overwhelming appeal of quantification in the modern world discusses the development of cultural meanings of objectivity over two centuries. How are we to account for the current prestige and power of quantitative methods? The usual answer is that quantification is seen as desirable in social and economic investigation as a result of its successes in the study of nature. Theodore Porter is not content with this. Why should the kind of success achieved in the study of stars, molecules, or cells be an attractive model for research on human societies? he asks. And, indeed, how should we understand the pervasiveness of quantification in the sciences of nature? In his view, we should look in the reverse direction: comprehending the attractions of quantification in business, government, and social research will teach us something new about its role in psychology, physics, and medicine. Drawing on a wide range of examples from the laboratory and from the worlds of accounting, insurance, cost-benefit analysis, and civil engineering, Porter shows that it is "exactly wrong" to interpret the drive for quantitative rigor as inherent somehow in the activity of science except where political and social pressures force compromise. Instead, quantification grows from attempts to develop a strategy of impersonality in response to pressures from outside. Objectivity derives its impetus from cultural contexts, quantification becoming most important where elites are weak, where private negotiation is suspect, and where trust is in short supply.
Category: Mathematics

Origins Of Objectivity

Author : Tyler Burge
ISBN : 9780199581405
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 38.97 MB
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Tyler Burge's study investigates the most primitive ways in which individuals represent the physical world. By reflecting on the science of perception and related psychological and biological sciences, Burge outlines the constitutive conditions for perceiving the physical world, thus locating the origins of representational mind.
Category: Philosophy

Objectivity Relativism And Truth

Author : Richard Rorty
ISBN : 0521358779
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 40.80 MB
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In this volume Rorty offers a Deweyan account of objectivity as intersubjectivity, one that drops claims about universal validity and instead focuses on utility for the purposes of a community. The sense in which the natural sciences are exemplary for inquiry is explicated in terms of the moral virtues of scientific communities rather than in terms of a special scientific method. The volume concludes with reflections on the relation of social democratic politics to philosophy.
Category: Philosophy


Author : Guy Axtell
ISBN : 9781509502097
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 81.43 MB
Format : PDF
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What do you find more trustworthy, experts or numbers, personal ?know-how? or ?objective facts?? Can science claim special authority based on the objectivity of its methods? Are our ethical decisions always better when we strive to be impartial and unbiased? Why should we value objectivity, and is it achievable anyway? These are a few of the thought-provoking questions Guy Axtell asks in this comprehensive new text book, employing examples from the natural and social sciences as well as philosophy. This unique introduction surveys the key issues in a clear and concise way, assessing the nature of objectivity and value of the demand to be impartial decision-makers. Moving beyond the fundamentals, Axtell explores contemporary feminist and social epistemological attempts to ?reconstruct? the concept of objectivity, explains the implications of the so-called science wars for philosophy and the analytical method, and the ethical consequences of these debates. Objectivity is an excellent introduction to one of the most exciting areas of study in philosophy and science today. Students and scholars alike will value this balanced guide to a hotly contested, and vitally important, topic.
Category: Philosophy