OBJECTIVITY IN LAW AND MORALS

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Objectivity In Law And Morals

Author : Brian Leiter
ISBN : 052104149X
Genre : Law
File Size : 20.31 MB
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The seven original essays included in this volume from 2000, written by some of the world's most distinguished moral and legal philosophers, offer a sophisticated perspective on issues about the objectivity of legal interpretation and judicial decision-making. They examine objectivity from both metaphysical and epistemological perspectives and develop a variety of approaches, constructive and critical, to the fundamental problems of objectivity in morality. One of the key issues explored is that of the alleged 'domain-specificity' of conceptions of objectivity, i.e. whether there is a conception of objectivity appropriate for ethics that is different in kind from the conception of objectivity appropriate for other areas of study. This volume considers the intersection between objectivity in ethics and objectivity in law. It presents a survey of live issues in metaethics, and examines their relevance to theorizing about law and adjudication.
Category: Law

Truth And Objectivity In Law And Morals Ii

Author : André Ferreira Leite de Paula
ISBN : 3848736004
Genre :
File Size : 31.2 MB
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Objectivity and truth are highly contested issues in contemporary Legal and Moral Philosophy. There are a full range of approaches, from the very skeptic and pessimistic positions, to the most contemplative and optimistic conceptions, which defend their possibility not only within the theoretical but also within the practical thought. Any possible approach should be diverse enough in order to integrate, among others, the concepts of facts, existence, justifiability, language, emotions, disagreement, and a degree of relatedness between law and morals. This book addresses these topics from various points of view. It is comprised of a selection of the papers presented at the Second Special Workshop "Truth and Objectivity in Law and Morals" held at the 27th World Congress of the IVR in Washington D.C., USA, 2015. The compilation is divided into four parts that focus on objectivity and truth in law, legal reasoning, and Kelsen's Theory of Law as well as objectivity and truth in morals.
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Law And Objectivity

Author : Kent Greenawalt
ISBN : 0195356926
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 45.27 MB
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In modern times the idea of the objectivity of law has been undermined by skepticism about legal institutions, disbelief in ideals of unbiased evaluation, and a conviction that language is indeterminate. Greenawalt here considers the validity of such skepticism, examining such questions as: whether the law as it exists provides determinate answers to legal problems; whether the law should treat people in an "objective way," according to abstract rules, general categories, and external consequences; and how far the law is anchored in something external to itself, such as social morality, political justice, or economic efficiency. In the process he illuminates the development of jurisprudence in the English-speaking world over the last fifty years, assessing the contributions of many important movements.
Category: Philosophy

Objectivity In Law And Legal Reasoning

Author : Jaakko Husa
ISBN : 9781782250685
Genre : Law
File Size : 51.18 MB
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Legal theorists consider their discipline as an objective endeavour in line with other fields of science. Objectivity in science is generally regarded as a fundamental condition, informing how science should be practised and how truths may be found. Objective scientists venture to uncover empirical truths about the world and ought to eliminate personal biases, prior commitments and emotional involvement. However, legal theorists are inevitably bound up with a given legal culture. Consequently, their scholarly work derives at least in part from this environment and their subtle interaction with it. This book questions critically, in novel ways and from various perspectives, the possibilities of objectivity of legal theory in the twenty-first century. It transpires that legal theory is unavoidably confronted with varying conceptions of law, underlying ideologies, approaches to legal method, argumentation and discourse etc, which limit the possibilities of 'objectivity' in law and in legal reasoning. The authors of this book reveal some of these underlying notions and discuss their consequences for legal theory.
Category: Law

Meta Ethics Moral Objectivity And Law

Author : Veronica Rodríguez-Blanco
ISBN : 3897852101
Genre : Law and ethics
File Size : 34.38 MB
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The book shows the relevance of meta-ethical and metaphysical considerations to determine the nature of law and the connection between objective moral and legal judgements. The investigation analyses the legal theories of Ronald Dworkin, Jurgen Habermas and Michael Moore. The conclusion of the scrutiny is that the discussed views fail to explain the plausible links between objective moral and legal judgements. The lesson to learn from the failure of these philosophical perspectives is that we need to revise fundamental meta-ethical conceptions within law. In addition to the view that meta-ethical and metaphysical considerations play a central role in our understanding of objective moral and legal judgements, we enforce the idea that it is necessary to revise our meta-ethical and metaphysical premises in jurisprudence. Epistemic and meta-ethical abstinence in legal theory, in this way, is challenged by a number of criticisms. Finally, we argue that it is necessary to establish the limits of our contemporary debate, without sacrificing fundamental notions such as truth and objectivity. The outcome of our reflection is that in legal theory, as in many other disciplines, we need to take truth and objectivity seriously. Veronica Rodriguez-Blanco, born 1966 in Caracas, Venezuela, studied Logic and Philosophy of Science in Caracas, and Law in Oxford and Cambridge (PhD 2000). Since 2001 she is Lecturer in the School of Law at the University of Birmingham, UK. Her research interests lie in the fields of legal, moral and political philosophy.
Category: Law and ethics

Objectivity And The Rule Of Law

Author : Matthew Kramer
ISBN : 9781139463966
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 65.28 MB
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What is objectivity? What is the rule of law? Are the operations of legal systems objective? If so, in what ways and to what degrees are they objective? Does anything of importance depend on the objectivity of law? These are some of the principal questions addressed by Matthew H. Kramer in this lucid and wide-ranging study that introduces readers to vital areas of philosophical enquiry. As Kramer shows, objectivity and the rule of law are complicated phenomena, each comprising a number of distinct though overlapping dimensions. Although the connections between objectivity and the rule of law are intimate, they are also densely multi-faceted.
Category: Philosophy

Objectivity In Law

Author : Nicos Stavropoulos
ISBN : 0198258992
Genre : Law
File Size : 40.84 MB
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The question of objectivity in legal interpretation has emerged in recent years as a highly important topic in contemporary jurisprudence. This original book addresses the issue of how and in what sense legal interpretation can be objective. The author supports the possibility of objectivity in law and spells out the content of objectivity involved. He then provides a comprehensive defence against the classical, as well as less well-known, objections to the possibility of objectivity in legal interpretation. The discussion is firmly grounded in metaphysics, which sets the book apart from other similar discussions in jurisprudence. Stavropoulos identifies an important source of resistance to acceptance of the possibility of objectivity in legal interpretation: a widely-held but faulty semantic. He then develops an alternative semantic framework which draws on influential theories in contemporary philosophy. The book shows that objectivism is a natural, commonsensical position, and rejects the currently popular notion that objectivism requires extravagant or bizarre metaphysics. Furthermore, the discussion presents the opportunity to reinterpret major debates in jurisprudence and to show how influential theories, notably H. L. A. Hart's and Ronald Dworkin's, bear on that central issue.
Category: Law

Positive Law And Objective Values

Author : Andrei Marmor
ISBN : 0198268971
Genre : Law
File Size : 51.27 MB
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Using a theory of social conventions and an analysis of law's authoritative nature, this book sets out the scope of law in relation to moral and other critical values. Marmor argues that law is founded on constructive conventions, and that consequently moral values cannot determine what the law is. He also provides an analysis of the concept of objectivity, arguing that many aspects of the law, and of moral values, are metaphysically objective.
Category: Law

Judicial Review In An Objective Legal System

Author : Tara Smith
ISBN : 9781316404737
Genre : Law
File Size : 56.1 MB
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How should courts interpret the law? While all agree that courts must be objective, people differ sharply over what this demands in practice: fidelity to the text? To the will of the people? To certain moral ideals? In Judicial Review in an Objective Legal System, Tara Smith breaks through the false dichotomies inherent in dominant theories - various forms of originalism, living constitutionalism, and minimalism - to present a new approach to judicial review. She contends that we cannot assess judicial review in isolation from the larger enterprise of which it is a part. By providing careful clarification of both the function of the legal system as well as of objectivity itself, she produces a compelling, firmly grounded account of genuinely objective judicial review. Smith's innovative approach marks a welcome advance for anyone interested in legal objectivity and individual rights.
Category: Law