NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND GAMMA RAY SOURCES FOR NUCLEAR SECURITY AND NONPROLIFERATIONPROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM

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Nuclear Physics And Gamma Ray Sources For Nuclear Security And Nonproliferation

Author : Takehito Hayakawa
ISBN : 9789814635462
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.97 MB
Format : PDF
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Nuclear nonproliferation is a critical global issue. A key technological challenge to ensuring nuclear nonproliferation and security is the detection of long-lived radioisotopes and fissionable nuclides in a non-destructive manner. This technological challenge requires new methods for detecting relevant nuclides and the development of new quantum-beam sources. For example, one new method that has been proposed and studied is nuclear resonance fluorescence with energy-tunable, monochromatic gamma-rays generated by Compton scattering of laser photons with electrons. The development of new methods requires the help of researchers from a wide range of fields, such as nuclear physics, accelerator physics, laser physics, etc. Furthermore, any new method must be compatible with the requirements of administrators and nuclear-material inspectors. Contents:PrefaceOral Presentations:Nuclear Science and Applications with the Next Generation of High-Power Lasers and Brilliant Low-Energy Gamma Beams at ELI-NP (S Gales)New Non-Intrusive Inspection Technologies for Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation (R J Ledoux)Development of Gamma-Ray Nondestructive Detection and Assay Systems for Nuclear Safeguards and Security at JAEA (R Hajima)Photonuclear Reaction Studies at HIγS: Developing the Science of Remote Detection of Nuclear Materials (C R Howell)Dipole Strength Around the Particle Threshold (D Savran)Resonant Photonuclear Reactions for Neutrino Nuclear Responses and Nuclear Isotope Detections (H Ejiri)Non-Destructive Testing for Control of Radioactive Waste Package (S Plumeri and F Carrel)Development of First Responders Equipment at RN Incident Sites (K Tsuchiya et al.)Compact Short-Pulsed Electron Linac Based Neutron Sources for Precise Nuclear Material Analysis (M Uesaka et al.)Laser-Driven Plasma Deceleration of Electron Beams for Compact Photon Sources (J-L Vay et al.)Advanced Laser-Compton Gamma-Ray Sources for Nuclear Materials Detection, Assay and Imaging (C P J Barty)Compact Gamma-Beam Source for Nuclear Security Technologies (P Gladkikh and J Urakawa)Developments of Optical Resonators and Optical Recirculators for Compton X/γ Ray Machines (A Martens)Low-Lying “Pygmy” Dipole Resonances and Strength Functions (V Werner et al.)NRF-Based NDA of Nuclear Material Using Monochromatic γ-Ray Beam (T Shizuma et al.)Improving the Assay of 239Pu in Spent and Melted Fuel Using the Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence Integral Resonance Transmission Method (C T Angell et al.)Laser Compton Scattering Gamma-Ray Beam Source at NewSUBARU Storage Ring (S Miyamoto et al.)Energy Calibration of Electron and Gamma-Ray Beams at NewSUBARU-GACKO (T Shima and H Utsunomiya)A Paradigm for the Nondestructive Assay of Spent Fuel Assemblies and Similar Large Objects, with Emphasis on the Role of Photon-Based Techniques (A M Bolind)Medium Modification of α Cluster Size in 6Li (T Yamagata et al.)Noninvasive Reactor Imaging Using Cosmic-Ray Muons (H Miyadera et al.)Compton Radiation for Nuclear Waste Management and Transmutation (E Bulyak and J Urakawa)Compact Intense Neutron Generators Based on Inertial Electrostatic Confinement of D-D Fusion Plasmas (K Masuda et al.)NRF Based Nondestructive Inspection System for SNM by Using Laser-Compton-Backscattering Gamma-Rays (H Ohgaki et al.)Development of Measurement Methods for Detection of Special Nuclear Materials Using D-D Pulsed Neutron Source (T Misawa et al.)SOFIA, a Next-Generation Facility for Fission Yields Measurements and Fission Study. First Results and Perspectives (L Audouin et al.)Present Status of Nuclear Data for Nuclear Nonproliferation (M Igashira)Development of the Experimental Photo-Nuclear Reaction Database in Hokkaido University (A Makinaga)Laser-Compton Scattering Photon Beams and Other Gamma-Ray Sources: Project for Coherent Gamma-Ray Source on Basis of Femtosecond Laser at ILC MSU (V G Nedorezov and A B Savelév)Laser Driven Ion Acceleration Study in JAEA (K Kondo)Status of New JENDL Photonuclear Data File (K Kosako et al.)Nuclear Research with Eγ≤15 MeV Photons (C Rangacharyulu)IRIDE: Interdisciplinary Research Infrastructure Based on Dual Electron Linac and Laser (M Ferrario)Poster Presentations:A Study of the Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence Reaction Yield Dependence on the Target Thickness of 208PB (H Negm et al.)Photodisintegration Reactions with Linear Polarized γ-Ray Beam (T Hayakawa et al.)Test Experiment of γ-Ray Diffraction for Crystal Monochromators (S Matsuba et al.)Overview of Laser Compton-scattered Photon Source at the cERL (R Nagai et al.)Development of a High-Brightness and High-Current Electron Gun for High-Flux γ-Ray Generation (N Nishimori et al.)Design of ERL Spoke Cavity for Non-Destructive Assay Research (M Sawamura et al.)Measurements of Cosmic-Ray Muon-Capture X-Rays and Its Application to Nuclear Material Detection (Y Shimbara et al.)Active Neutron-Based Interrogation System with D-D Neutron Source for Detection of Special Nuclear Materials (Y Takahashi et al.)Closing Summary:Summary Comments: Nuclear Physics and Gamma-Ray Sources for Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation (C P J Barty) Readership: Researchers and professionals in the field of nuclear physics. Keywords:Nuclear Nonproliferation;Long-lived Radioisotopes;Fissionable Nuclides;Compton Scarttering;Monochromatic Gamma-rays;Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence;Nuclear Physics
Category: Science

Nuclear Physics And Gamma Ray Sources For Nuclear Security And Nonproliferation

Author : Takehito Hayakawa
ISBN : 9814635448
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.64 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 403
Read : 1039

Nuclear nonproliferation is a critical global issue. A key technological challenge to ensuring nuclear nonproliferation and security is the detection of long-lived radioisotopes and fissionable nuclides in a non-destructive manner. This technological challenge requires new methods for detecting relevant nuclides and the development of new quantum-beam sources. For example, one new method that has been proposed and studied is nuclear resonance fluorescence with energy-tunable, monochromatic gamma-rays generated by Compton scattering of laser photons with electrons. The development of new methods requires the help of researchers from a wide range of fields, such as nuclear physics, accelerator physics, laser physics, etc. Furthermore, any new method must be compatible with the requirements of administrators and nuclear-material inspectors.
Category: Science

Serber Says

Author : Robert Serber
ISBN : 997150376X
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.99 MB
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This book, a completely new and different version from the old 'Serber Says' published forty years ago, is intended for graduate students in the field of nuclear physics. Written with a pedagogical aim it emphasizes topics of basic interest not only in nuclear physics, but also other branches of physics such as atomic physics, solid state physics and nuclear engineering.
Category: Science

Femtosecond Beam Science

Author : Mitsuru Uesaka
ISBN : 9781783261079
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.37 MB
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This book explores recent developments and advances in femtosecond beam science, making these more accessible through contributions from leaders in the field. Each contribution aims to make the particular area of femtosecond beam science accessible through explaining the particular field, reviewing recent advances worldwide, and featuring important results and possible future uses of femtosecond pulses in the field. Femtosecond beam science is expected to lead to the development of technology realizing dynamic microscopy, that is, the visualization of atomic motions, chemical reactions, protein dynamics and other microscopic dynamics. Advances have enabled the visualizations of phonons, thermal expansion and shock-wave propagation by advanced time-resolved X-ray diffraction, at a time resolution of 10 picoseconds. These achievements will extend to the development of femtosecond X-ray sources and fourth generation synchrotron light sources. Dynamic microscopy promises to be one of the most important issues in dynamic nanotechnology in the future. As a result, the overview of femtosecond beam science provided by this book will be useful. Contents: Femtosecond Beam GenerationDiagnosis and SynchronizationApplications Readership: Researchers, engineers, technicians, graduate students and postdoctoral researchers. Key Features:Provides a useful overview of femtosecond beam science which makes the subject accessible to readers with varying interest in the subjectKeywords:Femtosecond Beam;Magnetic Pulse Compression;Laser Plasma Acceleration;Femtosecond Electron Pulse Diagnosis;Synchronization;Pump-and-Probe Analysis;Pulse-Radiolysis;Time-Resolved X-Ray Diffraction
Category: Science

The Littlest Hero

Author : Dan Vanderburg
ISBN : 1530037948
Genre :
File Size : 57.57 MB
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In late 1835, a most unlikely soldier joined the New Orleans Grays, a volunteer fighting unit heading to Texas to help win its independence from a despotic Mexican government. "The Littlest Hero" is not the grandiose story of nation building. It is the uplifting story of a young man -- a little man in physical stature, but with a big heart who wants to earn respect and discover his destiny. Stub Lebeaux, a young dwarf, leaves his home and somewhat unconventional family, and soon learns what life, loyalty, courage under fire and the misery of war is all about. Follow the adventures of this exceptional young man as he earns respect and finds his destiny in frontier Texas during the revolutionary war for independence. Meet Stub LeBeaux, a man of small stature who was big enough to rub shoulders with the giants of Texas history.
Category:

Iodine Chemistry And Applications

Author : Tatsuo Kaiho
ISBN : 9781118878651
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.18 MB
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This book comprehensively covers iodine, its chemistry, and its role in functional materials, reagents, and compounds. • Provides an up-to-date, detailed overview of iodine chemistry with discussion on elemental aspects: characteristics, properties, iodides, and halogen bonding • Acts as a useful guide for readers to learn how to synthesize complex compounds using iodine reagents or intermediates • Describes traditional and modern processing techniques, such as starch, cupper, blowing out, and ion exchange resin methods • Includes seven detailed sections devoted to the applications of iodine: Characteristics, Production, Synthesis, Biological Applications, Industrial Applications, Bioorganic Chemistry and Environmental Chemistry, and Radioisotopes • Features hot topics in the field, such as hypervalent iodine-mediated cross coupling reactions, agrochemicals, dye sensitized solar cells, and therapeutic agents
Category: Science

Jutta And Hildegard

Author : Anna Silvas
ISBN : 0271019549
Genre : Religion
File Size : 29.90 MB
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This book presents in one volume the full range on biographical sources of the outstanding female religious figure of twelfth-century Germany, Hildegard of Bingen (1098&–1179). In addition it gives the English reading public the first in-depth view of Hildegard's spiritual mother, Jutta of Disibodenberg (1092&–1136). Most documents appear in translation for the first time. In particular, the Life of Jutta, which Hildegard herself instigated as a memorial to her spiritual mother, is a major source, recently discovered, that sheds new light on the early life of Hildegard. In addition to her accurate and sensitive translations, Silvas provides a detailed apparatus of up-to-date introductions, notes, and appendices. Included are the following documents: &• Chronicles of Disibodenberg (selections) &• Charters of Disibodenberg &• Documents of Sponheim &• Life of Jutta &• Guibert's Letter 38 to Bovo (including his incomplete Life of Hildegard) &• Life of Hildegard &•Eight Readings to be read on the Feast of St. Hildegard &• Guibert's Revision of the Life of Hildegard &• Charters of Rupertsberg &• Canonization Proceedings
Category: Religion

Introduction To Hilbert Space

Author : Sterling K. Berberian
ISBN : 9780821819128
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90.32 MB
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Completely self-contained ... All proofs are given in full detail ... recommended for unassisted reading by beginners ... For teaching purposes this book is ideal. --Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society The book is easy to read and, although the author had in mind graduate students, most of it is obviously appropriate for an advanced undergraduate course. It is also a book which a reasonably good student might read on his own. --Mathematical Reviews This textbook evolved from a set of course notes for first- or second-year graduate students in mathematics and related fields such as physics. It presents, in a self-contained way, various aspects of geometry and analysis of Hilbert spaces, including the spectral theorem for compact operators. Over 400 exercises provide examples and counter-examples for definitions and theorems in the book, as well as generalization of some material in the text. Aside from being an exposition of basic material on Hilbert space, this book may also serve as an introduction to other areas of functional analysis. The only prerequisite for understanding the material is a standard foundation in advanced calculus. The main notions of linear algebra, such as vector spaces, bases, etc., are explained in the first chapter of the book.
Category: Mathematics

The Soldier And The Changing State

Author : Zoltan Barany
ISBN : 9781400845491
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 56.17 MB
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The Soldier and the Changing State is the first book to systematically explore, on a global scale, civil-military relations in democratizing and changing states. Looking at how armies supportive of democracy are built, Zoltan Barany argues that the military is the most important institution that states maintain, for without military elites who support democratic governance, democracy cannot be consolidated. Barany also demonstrates that building democratic armies is the quintessential task of newly democratizing regimes. But how do democratic armies come about? What conditions encourage or impede democratic civil-military relations? And how can the state ensure the allegiance of its soldiers? Barany examines the experiences of developing countries and the armed forces in the context of major political change in six specific settings: in the wake of war and civil war, after military and communist regimes, and following colonialism and unification/apartheid. He evaluates the army-building and democratization experiences of twenty-seven countries and explains which predemocratic settings are most conducive to creating a military that will support democracy. Highlighting important factors and suggesting which reforms can be expected to work and fail in different environments, he offers practical policy recommendations to state-builders and democratizers.
Category: Political Science

The Secret Of Wealth

Author : Franklyn Hobbs
ISBN : 9781877527760
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 21.62 MB
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Are you convinced that the process of acquiring a fortune comes down to crunching the numbers and making savvy stock picks? If so, think again. In this classic of the personal affluence genre, Franklyn Hobbs dispenses timeless wisdom about the personal, spiritual, and psychological dimensions of wealth-building. Give it a read and set aside the mental blocks that are blocking your path to financial abundance.
Category: Self-Help