NEW NORMS AND KNOWLEDGE IN WORLD POLITICS PROTECTING PEOPLE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND THE ENVIRONMENT ROUTLEDGE ADVANCES IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND GLOBAL POLITICS

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New Norms And Knowledge In World Politics

Author : Preslava Stoeva
ISBN : 9781135196714
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85.51 MB
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This book examines the process of norm development and knowledge creation in international politics, and assesses these processes in case studies on protection from torture, intellectual property rights and climate change. Drawing on the theories of constructivism and the sociology of scientific knowledge, author Preslava Stoeva demonstrates that international norms are a product of a sequence of closures and consensus reached at different social levels. She contends that it is this process which makes norms permeate the social and political fabric of international relations even before they become official principles of state behaviour. Proposing a theoretical model which indicates the stages of the development of norms, she studies the roles that various actors play in that process, together with the interplay of various types of power. Through this endeavour, this book succeeds in providing the reader with a better understanding of the social processes that lead to normative change in international relations. New Norms and Knowledge in World Politics will be of interest to students, scholars and practitioners of international relations, comparative politics, globalization, sociology and anthropology.
Category: Political Science

Genocide Ethnonationalism And The United Nations

Author : Hannibal Travis
ISBN : 9780415531252
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64.23 MB
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Genocide, Ethnonationalism, and the United Nations examines a series of related crises in human civilization growing out of conflicts between powerful states or empires and indigenous or stateless peoples. This is the first book to attempt to explore the causes of genocide and other mass killing by a detailed exploration of UN archives covering the period spanning from 1945 through 2011. Hannibal Travis argues that large states and empires disproportionately committed or facilitated genocide and other mass killings between 1945 and 2011. His research incorporates data concerning factors linked to the scale of mass killing, and recent findings in human rights, political science, and legal theory. Turning to potential solutions, he argues that the concept of genocide imagines a future system of global governance under which the nation-state itself is made subject to law. The United Nations, however, has deflected the possibility of such a cosmopolitical law. It selectively condemns genocide and has established an institutional structure that denies most peoples subjected to genocide of a realistic possibility of global justice, lacks a robust international criminal tribunal or UN army, and even encourages "security" cooperation among states that have proven to be destructive of peoples in the past. Questions raised include: What have been the causes of mass killing during the period since the United Nations Charter entered into force in 1945? How does mass killing spread across international borders, and what is the role of resource wealth, the arms trade, and external interference in this process? Have the United Nations or the International Criminal Court faced up to the problem of genocide and other forms of mass killing, as is their mandate?
Category: Political Science

The Promise And Perils Of Transnationalization

Author : Benjamin Stachursky
ISBN : 9780415662024
Genre : Law
File Size : 69.1 MB
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To date, most constructivist international relations studies have characterized the influence of transnationalism on domestic forms of activism as uniformly positive. In particular, transnational interactions are viewed as positive factors for the development and daily impact of gender activism. Benjamin Stachursky’s book questions the unvarying positive view of transnationalism on domestic forms of activism, arguing for a more nuanced analysis that permits an understanding of the enabling and restricting effects of transnationalism. Stachursky also challenges the dominant view of civil society as normatively homogenous by illustrating the complex relationships and conflicts that exist between NGOs and other civil society representatives. He grounds his theoretical arguments with a comparative case study on women’s rights activism in Egypt and Iran, which uses semi-structured interviews with women’s rights activists in the two countries and analysis of documentation by local political and societal actors. Looking at the period from the mid-1980s up to present developments such as the Arab Spring, Stachursky analyzes the emergence and development of NGO activism in Egypt and Iran, the social, political, and legal context of NGO activism, and key domestic debates on the impact and legitimacy of the actors operating in women’s rights activism. By closely examining the ambivalent relationship between transnationalism and human rights organizations, Stachursky proves that transnationalization has both enabling and constraining effects on the domestic legitimacy of women’s rights activists and on their ability to create meaningful social and political change.
Category: Law

Caribbean Sovereignty Development And Democracy In An Age Of Globalization

Author : Linden Lewis
ISBN : 9781136274329
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 73.7 MB
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Many of the nations of the Caribbean that have become independent states have maintained as a central, organizing, nationalist principle the importance in the beliefs of the ideals of sovereignty, democracy, and development. Yet in recent years, political instability, the relative size of these nations, and the increasing economic vulnerabilities of the region have generated much popular and policy discussions over the attainability of these goals. The geo-political significance of the region, its growing importance as a major transshipment gateway for illegal drugs coming from Latin America to the United States, issues of national security, vulnerability to corruption, and increases in the level of violence and social disorder have all raised serious questions not only about the notions of sovereignty, democracy, and development but also about the long-term viability of these nations. This volume is intended to make a strategic intervention into the discourse on these important topics, but the importance of its contribution resides in its challenge to conventional wisdom on these matters, and the multidisciplinary approach it employs. Recognized experts in the field identify these concerns in the context of globalization, economic crises, and their impact on the Caribbean.
Category: Political Science

Protecting Traditional Knowledge

Author : Daniel F. Robinson
ISBN : 9781317354864
Genre : Law
File Size : 55.4 MB
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This is the first comprehensive review of the Intergovernmental Committee (IGC) of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) established in 2000. It provides an in-depth consideration of the key thematic areas within WIPO discussions – genetic resources (GRs), traditional knowledge (TK) and traditional cultural expressions (TCEs) through the perspectives of a broad range of experts and stakeholders, including indigenous peoples and local communities. It also looks at how these areas have been treated in a number of forums and settings (including national systems and experiences, and also in trade agreements) and the interface with WIPO discussions. Furthermore, the book analyses the process and the negotiation dynamics since the IGC received a mandate from WIPO members, in 2009, to undertake formal text-based negotiations towards legal instruments for the protection of GR, TK and TCEs. While there has been some progress in these negotiations, important disagreements persist. If these are to be resolved, the adoption of these legal instruments would be a significant development towards resolving key gaps in the modern intellectual property system. In this regard, the book considers the future of the IGC and suggests options which could contribute towards achieving a consensual outcome.
Category: Law

Annuaire Des Organisations Internationales

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951D00966481S
Genre : International agencies
File Size : 86.8 MB
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Beginning in 1983/84 published in 3 vols., with expansion to 6 vols. by 2007/2008: vol. 1--Organization descriptions and cross references; vol. 2--Geographic volume: international organization participation; vol. 3--Subject volume; vol. 4--Bibliography and resources; vol. 5--Statistics, visualizations and patterns; vol. 6--Who's who in international organizations. (From year to year some slight variations in naming of the volumes).
Category: International agencies

Author : Timothy Poirson
ISBN : 9786035038850
Genre : Religion
File Size : 41.84 MB
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شهد العالم أحداث الربيع العربي عام 2011، حيث كان قد تجدّد أمل المجتمع المدني العربي بتلك الوقائع، ومع انحدار ليبيا وسوريا إلى حرب أهلية وفوضى يبقى نجاح المجتمع المدني في إيجاد مساحة لنفسه موضع تساؤل؛ إذ إن سقوط أنظمة استبدادية راسخة ظاهريًّا لم يُفد المجتمع المدني كثيرًا، إلا أن حركات إسلامية سياسية استفادت من الفراغ لإنشاء قواعد لها وإطلاق عملياتها من أجل تطبيق إيديولوجيتها. وبعد سنوات عدة على أول الاحتجاجات تعود جماعات إسلامية بقوة في بعض دول الشرق الأوسط، وشمالي إفريقيا، (في سوريا، والعراق، وبلدات في ليبيا، وبعض مناطق لبنان)، حيث تعلن جماعات مثل الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام، أو أنصار الشريعة أو غيرها من الجماعات تنصيب خلفاء في المناطق التي تستولي عليها، في محاولة لتحقيق الهدف الإسلامي السياسي المتمثّل بإنشاء (خلافة إسلامية عالمية) تضم العالم الإسلامي برمَّته. يطرح هذا الكتاب وجهة نظر مؤلِّفه بشكل خاص، والعالم الغربي بشكل عام، عن الإسلام السياسي، إضافة إلى تقويم للدولة الإسلامية وتحدّيها المفاهيم والواقعية والمنطقية، وركز بين صفحاته على العلاقة بين الإسلام والديموقراطية. العبيكان 2016
Category: Religion