NEW CAPITALISTS LAW POLITICS AND IDENTITY SURROUNDING CASINO GAMING ON NATIVE AMERICAN LAND CASE STUDIES ON CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL ISSUES

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New Capitalists

Author : Eve Darian-Smith
ISBN : 053461308X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56.28 MB
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This case study examines the impact of casino gaming on Native American reservations, and also explores why the idea of "rich Indians" and their participation in corporate America disrupts dominant assumptions and attitudes about indigenous peoples, their cultural authenticity, and their place in mainstream urban society. Taking an anthropological approach to studying gaming on Indian reservations, the case study explores the implications and challenges of historically marginalized peoples now participating in a corporate entertainment industry. The study also raises broader questions about the nature of capitalism and the enduring stability of predominant cultural constructs about Indians that have dominated the country's political and economic arenas. The impact of Indian gaming in the United States is discussed against a backdrop of globalization and other capitalist endeavors by native peoples in Canada and Australia who are increasingly demanding greater rights to participate in the formal institutions and governments of modern western societies. The book aims to: 1. Introduce students to the legal, political, economic and cultural tensions surrounding casino operations on Native American reservations. 2. Explore why gaming has become such a politically and emotionally charged issue. 3. Emphasize how these tensions existing between Indian and non-Indian communities are representative of wider cultural conflicts and identity politics increasingly confronting many countries.
Category: Business & Economics

Of Sacred Lands And Strip Malls

Author : Ronald Loewe
ISBN : 9780759121621
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78.36 MB
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A twenty-two acre strip of land—known as Puvungna—lies at the edge of California State University’s Long Beach campus. The land, indisputably owned by California, is also sacred to several Native American tribes. And these twenty-two acres have been the nexus for an acrimonious and costly conflict over control of the land. Of Sacred Lands and Strip Malls tells the story of Puvungna, from the region’s deep history, through years of struggle between activists and campus administration, and ongoing reverberations from the conflict. As Loewe makes clear, this is a case study with implications beyond a single controversy; at stake in the legal battle is the constitutionality of state codes meant to protect sacred sites from commercial development, and the right of individuals to participate in public hearings. The case also raises questions about the nature of contract archaeology, applied anthropology, and the relative status of ethnography and ethnohistorical research. It is a compelling snapshot of issues surrounding contemporary Native American landscapes.
Category: Social Science

Religion Race Rights

Author : Eve Darian-Smith
ISBN : 9781847317315
Genre : Law
File Size : 82.43 MB
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The book highlights the interconnections between three framing concepts in the development of modern western law: religion, race, and rights. The author challenges the assumption that law is an objective, rational and secular enterprise by showing that the rule of law is historically grounded and linked to the particularities of Christian morality, the forces of capitalism dependent upon exploitation of minorities, and specific conceptions of individualism that surfaced with the Reformation in the sixteenth century and rapidly developed in the Enlightenment in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Drawing upon landmark legal decisions and historical events, the book emphasises that justice is not blind because our concept of justice changes over time and is linked to economic power, social values, and moral sensibilities that are neither universal nor apolitical. Highlighting the historical interconnections between religion, race and rights aids our understanding of contemporary socio-legal issues. In the twenty-first century, the economic might of the USA and the west often leads to a myopic vision of law and a belief in its universal application. This ignores the cultural specificity of western legal concepts, and prevents us from appreciating that, analogous to previous colonial periods, in a global political economy Anglo-American law is not always transportable, transferable, or translatable across political landscapes and religious communities.
Category: Law

Ethnography And Law

Author : Eve Darian-Smith
ISBN : 9781351158824
Genre : Law
File Size : 59.45 MB
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Ethnographies of law are historically associated with anthropology and the study of far-away places and people. In contrast, this volume underscores the importance of ethnographic research in analyzing law in all societies, particularly complex developed nations. By exploring recent ethnographic research by socio-legal scholars across a range of disciplines, the volume highlights how an ethnographic approach helps in appreciating the realities of legal pluralism, the subtle contradictions in any legal system and how legal meaning is constantly reproduced on the ground through the cultural frames and practices of peoples' everyday lives.
Category: Law

Legal Aspects Of Aboriginal Business Development

Author : Joseph Eliot Magnet
ISBN : NWU:35556036225464
Genre : Business enterprises
File Size : 56.3 MB
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"Today is a time of economic rebirth for Aboriginal people in Canada. The federal government has committed billions of dollars to Aboriginal business initiatives, and courts are actively settling a range of claims. Innovative business models, new forms of property, and daring ventures and partnerships flourish across Canada, with many more planned.
Category: Business enterprises

A Crisis Of Births

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114319549
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22.48 MB
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When reproduction becomes a political issue, where do you stand? A CRISIS OF BIRTHS: POPULATION POLITICS AND FAMILY MAKING IN ITALY tells the fascinating story of Italian families in the 1990s, when Italy had the lowest birthrate of any nation in the world. You'll gain an in-depth understanding of why Italy's birthrate has fallen so low and what this means for Italians as individuals and Italy as a society and how reproduction has become politicized. Personal dialogues with ordinary people ranging from sweater-makers to counts, and aging bachelors to doting mothers reveal how a silent revolution against patriarchy reshapes social and sexual morality to create new imperatives for family making.
Category: Social Science

With No Direction Home

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114301174
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67.65 MB
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Do you know what it's really like to be a young homeless person? WITH NO DIRECTION HOME: HOMELESS YOUTH ON THE ROAD AND IN THE STREETS takes you into their world, their living conditions, and their street experiences. Plus, it takes a hard look at fictive kin experiences and drug addiction. Learn how to move from compassion to rapport with this incredible ethnography textbook.
Category: Social Science

Conservation And Globalization

Author : Jim Igoe
ISBN : 0534613179
Genre : Nature
File Size : 62.54 MB
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CONSERVATION AND GLOBALIZATION opens with a discussion of these two broad issues as they relate to the author's fieldwork with Maasai herding communities on the margins of Tarangire National Park in Tanzania. It explores different theoretical perspectives (Neo-Marxist and Foucauldian) on globalization and why both are relevant to the case studies presented. Students are introduced to the practice of multi-sited ethnography and its centrality to the anthropological study of globalization. While drawing on examples from specific Maasai communities, the book is more broadly concerned with the historical and contemporary links between these communities and a global system of institutions, ideas, and money. The ecological incompatibility of Western national park-style conservation with East African savanna ecosystems and Maasai resource management practices, are highlighted. The concept of national parks is traced temporally and geographically from Maasai communities to the enclosure movement in 18th century England and westward expansion in 19th century North America. The relationships of parks to Judeo-Christian assumptions about "man's place in nature," colonial ideologies like Manifest Destiny and the Civilizing Mission, and capitalist notions of private property and "The Tragedy of the Commons," are explored.
Category: Nature

Religions Des Peuples Autochtones Au Nord De L Am Rique

Author : Louis Rousseau
ISBN : 9782811110697
Genre : Indians of North America
File Size : 57.84 MB
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Le Dossier Religions des peuples autochtones au Nord de l’Amérique Dirigé par Louis Rousseau avec les contributions de Laurent Jérôme, Claude Gélinas, Olivier Servais, Marie-Pierre Bousquet, Frédéric Laugrand et Caroline Braën. On les croyait tous convertis au christianisme. De religions autochtones, quelques groupes traditionalistes exceptés, il ne resterait plus que des artéfacts folkloriques à plumes exhibés au cours de festivals annuels et mis en vente pour les touristes visiteurs. La deuxième partie du XXe siècle a donc le plus souvent traité l’activité religieuse autochtone contemporaine comme un objet sans intérêt appelé à disparaître, emporté par la modernité victorieuse. Déjouant les prévisions et les prédictions, la recomposition actuelle d’une conscience identitaire autochtone suscite d’intenses débats internes en lien avec la dimension religieuse tressée autour du triple courant des grandes Églises chrétiennes, des Églises évangéliques et d’un nativisme qui s’élabore avec des traits du patrimoine antérieur au contact avec les blancs. Louis Rousseau a réuni six anthropologues dont les approches permettent de comprendre les changements en cours et leurs enjeux. Laurent Jérôme prend appui sur le projet de renouveler l’exposition permanente que le Musée de la civilisation du Québec consacre aux 11 Premières Nations pour analyser le nouveau type de relations qui s’instaure entre les agents d’une institution de l’État et les acteurs autochtones. À travers les conflits surgis dans le champ religieux, Claude Gélinas pose le problème de la tension entre le besoin de fabriquer de l’unité sociale et la réalité du pluralisme religieux. Olivier Servais s’attache à l’observation des transformations de la tradition des jeux de hasard. Marie-Pierre Bousquet entre en conversation avec des Anicinabek (Algonquins) autour de ce qu’elle appelle des faits bizarres et qui semblent résister à l’explication facile. Frédéric Laugrand et Caroline Braën tracent le premier portait d’ensemble de la genèse et des articulations des réseaux de réseaux créés par la mouvance évangélique et pentecôtiste qui investit le monde autochtone canadien. Varia Héritières d’un projet, porteuses d’un charisme : regards de missionnaires québécoises sur la rénovation de leur institut, par Catherine Foisy Chroniques Les catholiques français après l’épisode du mariage pour tous Compte rendu de colloque : « Les laïcs dans les religions », Besançon, 22e université d’été Lectures Dynamiques religieuses au Québec ; travaux récents publiés par : Catherine Foisy, Yvan Lamonde, Robert Mager et Serge Cantin, Géraldine Mossière, Jacques Palard, Martin Pâquet, Matteo Sanfilippo et Jean-Philippe Warren.
Category: Indians of North America