NEUROPHILOSOPHY

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Neurophilosophy

Author : Patricia Smith Churchland
ISBN : 0262530856
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.73 MB
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Neurophilosophy is a rich interdisciplinary study of the prospects for a unified cognitive neurobiology. Contemporary research in the empirical neurosciences, and recent research in the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of science, are used to illuminate fundamental questions concerning the relation between abstract cognitive theory and substantive neuroscience. A Bradford Book.
Category: Medical

Brain Wise

Author : Patricia Smith Churchland
ISBN : 026253200X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58.2 MB
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A neurophilosopher's take on the self, free will, human understanding, and the experience of God, from the perspective of the brain.
Category: Medical

Neurophilosophy Of Free Will

Author : Walter
ISBN : 0262265036
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85.79 MB
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Neuroscientists routinely investigate such classical philosophical topics as consciousness, thought, language, meaning, aesthetics, and death. According to Henrik Walter, philosophers should in turn embrace the wealth of research findings and ideas provided by neuroscience. In this book Walter applies the methodology of neurophilosophy to one of philosophy's central challenges, the notion of free will. Neurophilosophical conclusions are based on, and consistent with, scientific knowledge about the brain and its functioning.Walter's answer to whether there is free will is, It depends. The basic questions concerning free will are (1) whether we are able to choose other than we actually do, (2) whether our choices are made intelligibly, and (3) whether we are really the originators of our choices. According to Walter, freedom of will is an illusion if we mean by it that under identical conditions we would be able to do or decide otherwise, while simultaneously acting only for reasons and being the true originators of our actions. In place of this scientifically untenable strong version of free will, Walter offers what he calls natural autonomy -- self-determination unaided by supernatural powers that could exist even in an entirely determined universe. Although natural autonomy can support neither our traditional concept of guilt nor certain cherished illusions about ourselves, it does not imply the abandonment of all concepts of responsibility. For we are not mere marionettes, with no influence over our thoughts or actions.
Category: Medical

Neuro Philosophy And The Healthy Mind Learning From The Unwell Brain

Author : Georg Northoff
ISBN : 9780393709391
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 24.58 MB
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Applying insights from neuroscience to philosophical questions about the self, consciousness, and the healthy mind. Can we “see” or “find” consciousness in the brain? How can we create working definitions of consciousness and subjectivity, informed by what contemporary research and technology have taught us about how the brain works? How do neuronal processes in the brain relate to our experience of a personal identity? Where does the brain end and the mind begin? To explore these and other questions, esteemed philosopher and neuroscientist Georg Northoff turns to examples of unhealthy minds. By investigating consciousness through its absence—in people in vegetative states, for example—we can develop a model for understanding its presence in an active, healthy person. By examining instances of distorted self-recognition in people with psychiatric disorders, like schizophrenia, we can begin to understand how the experience of “self” is established in a stable brain. Taking an integrative approach to understanding the self, consciousness, and what it means to be mentally healthy, this book brings insights from neuroscience to bear on philosophical questions. Readers will find a science-grounded examination of the human condition with far-reaching implications for psychology, medicine, our daily lives, and beyond.
Category: Psychology

Neurophilosophy At Work

Author : Paul Churchland
ISBN : 9781139462808
Genre : Science
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Churchland explores the unfolding impact of the several empirical sciences of the mind, especially cognitive neurobiology and computational neuroscience on a variety of traditional issues central to the discipline of philosophy. Representing Churchland's most recent research, they continue his research program, launched over thirty years ago which has evolved into the field of neurophilosophy. Topics such as the nature of Consciousness, the nature of cognition and intelligence, the nature of moral knowledge and moral reasoning, neurosemantics or world-representation in the brain, the nature of our subjective sensory qualia and their relation to objective science, and the future of philosophy itself are here addressed in a lively, graphical, and accessible manner. Throughout the volume, Churchland's view that science is as important as philosophy is emphasised. Several of the color figures in the volume will allow the reader to perform some novel phenomenological experiments on his/her own visual system.
Category: Science

Neuroscience Neurophilosophy And Pragmatism

Author : T. Solymosi
ISBN : 9781137376077
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34.64 MB
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Bringing together active neuroscientists, neurophilosophers, and scholars this volume considers the prospects of a neuroscientifically-informed pragmatism and a pragmatically-informed neuroscience on issues ranging from the nature of mental life to the implications of neuroscience for education and ethics.
Category: Philosophy

Treatise On The Neurophilosophy Of Consciousness

Author : Dr. Angell O. de la Sierra
ISBN : 9781466948990
Genre : Reference
File Size : 58.70 MB
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I would like to invite all those studious of the mind/brain interface puzzle to share our insights. What follows represents an ongoing series of reflections on the ontology of consciousness based on some intuitions on life, language acquisition and survival strategies to accommodate the biological, psychic and social imperatives of human life in its ecological niche, thus the BPS model. For the latest publication click on BPS Model. http://www.delaSierra-Sheffer.net/ID-Neurophilo-net/index.htm
Category: Reference

Neurophilosophy Of Consciousness Vol V And Yogi

Author : Dr. Angell O. de la Sierra
ISBN : 9781466978560
Genre : Medical
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In this continuation of our speculations and conjectures about brain dynamics as it pertains the attainment of the introspective self conscious state and the concomitant brain proto language faculty activation -both sine qua non antecedents to the decision making process- we are now trying to get a clearer picture about what seems to our species confusion of consciously experiencing two simultaneous but opposing perspectives of the same existential 4-d reality and how it may impact the conscious free judgment on the priority to be assigned to any important and relevant issue to the human species. Which one should we adopt to guide our lives today and the day after tomorrow? Of course we are more concerned with the above average responsible citizen looking beyond the conveniences of a quotidian hedonistic Sartrean existentialism where pleasurable enjoyment is routinely satisfied ahead of known but ignored necessities for the lasting survival of the human species generations ahead. How can we reconcile these seemingly opposing views we need to take into account? This realistic approach is called compromise, hybridization or complementarity and the assumption that hidden variables -if any- beyond human brain phenomenological or combinatorial threshold would always bring Heisenberg-type uncertainties to reckon with. These can be either the choice of exclusive biopsychosocial (BPS) imperatives for any living species survival as opposed to the altruistic, spiritual life against self interests of the historical prophets or the more familiar Einstein, Podolsky, Rosen (EPR) complementarities between the position of a particulate object of mass (m) and its momentum when we try to measure them. Likewise for energy and time. Underlying these seemingly opposite/contrasting appearances are subthreshold physical interactions. These considerations force you to adopt a quantum statistical probabilistic view of reality relying on falsifiability, predictability and mathematical logic manipulations of symbolic representations of measurable/observed facts. But when it comes to human judgments these coexisting complementarities, i.e., the subconscious species survival BPS imperative drives we share with other evolved species to stay alive now and then and the conscious species survival across generations sacrifices a few were willing to endure against self interest, resist being framed into coherent rules of metaphysical logic for analysis..
Category: Medical

Touching A Nerve Our Brains Our Selves

Author : Patricia S. Churchland
ISBN : 9780393240634
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.97 MB
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A trailblazing philosopher’s exploration of the latest brain science—and its ethical and practical implications. What happens when we accept that everything we feel and think stems not from an immaterial spirit but from electrical and chemical activity in our brains? In this thought-provoking narrative—drawn from professional expertise as well as personal life experiences—trailblazing neurophilosopher Patricia S. Churchland grounds the philosophy of mind in the essential ingredients of biology. She reflects with humor on how she came to harmonize science and philosophy, the mind and the brain, abstract ideals and daily life. Offering lucid explanations of the neural workings that underlie identity, she reveals how the latest research into consciousness, memory, and free will can help us reexamine enduring philosophical, ethical, and spiritual questions: What shapes our personalities? How do we account for near-death experiences? How do we make decisions? And why do we feel empathy for others? Recent scientific discoveries also provide insights into a fascinating range of real-world dilemmas—for example, whether an adolescent can be held responsible for his actions and whether a patient in a coma can be considered a self. Churchland appreciates that the brain-based understanding of the mind can unnerve even our greatest thinkers. At a conference she attended, a prominent philosopher cried out, “I hate the brain; I hate the brain!” But as Churchland shows, he need not feel this way. Accepting that our brains are the basis of who we are liberates us from the shackles of superstition. It allows us to take ourselves seriously as a product of evolved mechanisms, past experiences, and social influences. And it gives us hope that we can fix some grievous conditions, and when we cannot, we can at least understand them with compassion.
Category: Science

Pragmatist Neurophilosophy American Philosophy And The Brain

Author : John R. Shook
ISBN : 9781472505859
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89.73 MB
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Pragmatist Neurophilosophy :American Philosophy and the Brainexplains why thebroad tradition ofpragmatism is needed now more than ever. Bringing pragmatist philosophers togetherwith cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists, this volume explores topicsof urgent interest across neuroscience and philosophy from the perspective ofpragmatism. � Discussing how Charles Peirce, William James, John Dewey, andGeorge Mead benefited from their laboratory-knowledge, contributors treat America'sfirst-generation pragmatists as America's first cognitive scientists. They explainwhy scientists today should participate in pragmatic judgments, just as theclassical pragmatists did, and how current scientists can benefit from their earlierphilosophical explorations across the same territory. Looking at recentneuroscientific discoveries in relation to classical pragmatists, they exploreemerging pragmatic views supported directly from the behavioral and brainsciences and describe how "neuropragmatism" engages larger cultural questions byadequately dealing with meaningful values and ethical ideals. PragmatistNeurophilosophy is an important contribution to scholars of bothpragmatism and neuroscience and a timely reminder that America's firstgeneration of pragmatists did not stumble onto its principles, but designedthem in light of biology's new discoveries.
Category: Philosophy