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Negotiating Statehood

Author : Tobias Hagmann
ISBN : 9781444395570
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39.98 MB
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Negotiating Statehood: Dynamics of Power and Domination in Africa provides a conceptual framework for analysing dynamic processes of state-making in Africa. Features a conceptual framework which provides a method for analysing the everyday making, contestation, and negotiation of statehood in contemporary Africa Conceptualizes who negotiates statehood (the actors, resources and repertoires), where these negotiation processes take place, and what these processes are all about Includes a collections of essays that provides empirical and analytical insights into these processes in eight different country studies in Africa Critically reflects on the negotiability of statehood in Africa
Category: Political Science

The Rwenzururu Movement In Uganda

Author : Martin Doornbos
ISBN : 9781351708982
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62.70 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive account and analysis of the Rwenzururu movement in Western Uganda. The movement began in the 1960s in the Rwenzori region of Toro District, and was a protest by the minority Bakonzo and Baamba ethnic groups against their continued discrimination and incorporation in the Batoro-dominated kingdom-district. In the course of the years this movement experienced various significant transformations, and in the end came to demand recognition of Rwenzururu’s claimed semi-traditional kingship within Uganda. Martin Doornbos illuminates how the Rwenzururu came to life. He documents and analyses the transformations that the movement has undergone, and shows how the Ugandan government responded to, and eventually accepted, the movement while igniting continuing enmity and violence in the process.
Category: Political Science

Transition And Justice

Author : Gerhard Anders
ISBN : 9781118944752
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.4 MB
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Transition and Justice examines a series of cases from across the African continent where peaceful ‘new beginnings’ were declared after periods of violence and where transitional justice institutions helped define justice and the new socio-political order. Offers a new perspective on transition and justice in Africa transcending the institutional limits of transitional justice Covers a wide range of situations, and presents a broad range of sites where past injustices are addressed Examines cases where peaceful ‘new beginnings’ have been declared after periods of violence Addresses fundamental questions about transitions and justice in societies characterized by a high degree of external involvement and internal fragmentation
Category: Political Science

Reconfiguring Ethiopia The Politics Of Authoritarian Reform

Author : Jon Abbink
ISBN : 9781134916047
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.70 MB
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This book takes stock of political reform in Ethiopia and the transformation of Ethiopian society since the adoption of multi-party politics and ethnic federalism in 1991. Decentralization, attempted democratization via ethno-national representation, and partial economic liberalization have reconfigured Ethiopian society and state in the past two decades. Yet, as the contributors to this volume demonstrate, ‘democracy’ in Ethiopia has not changed the authority structures and the culture of centralist decision-making of the past. The political system is tightly engineered and controlled from top to bottom by the ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). Navigating between its 1991 announcements to democratise the country and its aversion to power-sharing, the EPRDF has established a de facto one-party state that enjoys considerable international support. This ruling party has embarked upon a technocratic ‘developmental state’ trajectory ostensibly aimed at ‘depoliticizing’ national policy and delegitimizing alternative courses. The contributors analyze the dynamics of authoritarian state-building, political ethnicity, electoral politics and state-society relations that have marked the Ethiopian polity since the downfall of the socialist Derg regime. Chapters on ethnic federalism, 'revolutionary democracy', opposition parties, the press, the judiciary, state-religion, and state-foreign donor relations provide the most comprehensive and thought-provoking review of contemporary Ethiopian national politics to date. This book is based on a special issue of the Journal of Eastern African Studies.
Category: Political Science

Rule And Rupture

Author : Christian Lund
ISBN : 9781119384793
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.85 MB
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Rule and Rupture - State Formation Through the Production of Property and Citizenship examines the ways in which political authority is defined and created by the rights of community membership and access to resources. Combines the latest theory on property rights and citizenship with extensive fieldwork to provide a more complex, nuanced assessment of political states commonly viewed as “weak,” “fragile,” and “failed” Contains ten case studies taken from post-colonial settings around the world, including Cambodia, Nepal, Indonesia, Afghanistan, Rwanda, Somalia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Colombia, and Bolivia Characterizes the results of societal ruptures into three types of outcomes for political power: reconstituted and consolidated, challenged, and fragmented Brings together exciting insights from a global group of scholars in the fields of political science, development studies, and geography
Category: Political Science

Propri T Et Citoyennet Dans L Afrique Des Villes

Author : Christian Lund
ISBN : 9782811111113
Genre : Africa, Sub-Saharan
File Size : 40.55 MB
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n le Dossier Propriété et citoyenneté dans l’Afrique des villes Coordonné par Christian Lund et Éric Hahonou, avec les contributions de Rony Emmenegger, Claudia Gastrow, Éric Hahonou, Mathieu Hilgers, Gabriella Körling Dans la vie sociale comme en politique, peu de choses sont plus fondamentales que ce que nous avons et qui nous sommes : avoir et être, la propriété et la citoyenneté. L’une et l’autre sont intimement liées dans leur constitution. La reconnaissance mutuelle est l’élément central de ces deux concepts. En effet, c’est au travers du processus qui consiste à entériner des revendications de propriété de terres et d’autres ressources ou à reconnaître l’identité politique comme un droit à l’appartenance que l’institution qui produit cette reconnaissance peut acquérir la légitimité et la reconnaissance de son autorité pour le faire. Les luttes pour la propriété et la citoyenneté portent par conséquent autant sur l’étendue et la constitution de l’autorité que sur l’accès aux ressources ou sur l’appartenance. C’est en cela que les notions d’avoir et d’être sont intimement liées au pouvoir. Les articles de ce numéro analysent l’émergence de nouvelles combinatoires de propriété et de citoyenneté dans des villes d’Éthiopie, d’Angola, du Burkina Faso, du Ghana, du Niger et du Bénin et montrent comment elles contribuent à la (re)production de l’État. n Recherches Afrod, le business touareg avec la frontière : nouvelles conditions et nouveaux défis Ines Kohl n Conjoncture Somalie, la renaissance manquée Anna Bruzzone n Lectures Autour d’un livre. Le métier des armes au Tchad. Le gouvernement de l’entre- guerres, de Marielle Debos, commenté par Morten Bøås, Mirjam de Bruijn et Laurent Gayer La revue des livres
Category: Africa, Sub-Saharan

Aid And Authoritarianism In Africa

Author : Tobias Hagmann
ISBN : 9781783606313
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32.46 MB
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In 2013 almost half of Africa's top aid recipients were ruled by authoritarian regimes. While the West may claim to promote democracy and human rights, in practice major bilateral and international donors, such as USAID, DFID, the World Bank and the European Commission, have seen their aid policies become ever more entangled with the survival of their authoritarian protégés. Local citizens thus find themselves at the receiving end of a compromise between aid agencies and government elites, in which development policies are shaped in the interests of maintaining the status quo. Aid and Authoritarianism in Africa sheds light on the political intricacies and moral dilemmas raised by the relationship between foreign aid and autocratic rule in Africa. Through contributions by leading experts exploring the revival of authoritarian development politics in Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Cameroon, Mozambique and Angola, the book exposes shifting donor interests and rhetoric as well as the impact of foreign aid on military assistance, rural development, electoral processes and domestic politics. In the process, it raises an urgent and too often neglected question: to what extent are foreign aid programmes actually perpetuating authoritarian rule?
Category: Political Science

Reclaiming The Land

Author : Sam Moyo
ISBN : 9781848137653
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74.78 MB
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Rural movements have recently emerged to become some of the most important social forces in opposition to neoliberalism. From Brazil and Mexico to Zimbabwe and the Philippines, rural movements of diverse political character, but all sharing the same social basis of dispossessed peasants and unemployed workers, have used land occupations and other tactics to confront the neoliberal state. This volume brings together for the first time across three continents - Africa, Latin America and Asia - an intellectually consistent set of original investigations into this new generation of rural social movements. These country studies seek to identify their social composition, strategies, tactics, and ideologies; to assess their relations with other social actors, including political parties, urban social movements, and international aid agencies and other institutions; and to examine their most common tactic, the land occupation, its origins, pace and patterns, as well as the responses of governments and landowners. At a more fundamental level, this volume explores the ways in which two decades of neoliberal policy - including new land tenure arrangements intended to hasten the commodification of land, and new land uses linked to global markets -- have undermined the social reproduction of the rural labour force and created the conditions for popular resistance. The volume demonstrates the longer-term potential impact of these movements. In economic terms, they raise the possibility of tackling immiseration by means of the redistribution of land and the reorganisation of production on a more efficient and socially responsible basis. And in political terms, breaking the power of landowners and transnational capital with interests in land could ultimately open the way to an alternative pattern of capital accumulation and development.
Category: Political Science

How Europe Underdeveloped Africa

Author : Walter Rodney
ISBN : 9781788731201
Genre : History
File Size : 59.32 MB
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The classic work of political, economic, and historical analysis, powerfully introduced by Angela Davis In his short life, the Guyanese intellectual Walter Rodney emerged as one of the leading thinkers and activists of the anticolonial revolution, leading movements in North America, South America, the African continent, and the Caribbean. In each locale, Rodney found himself a lightning rod for working class Black Power. His deportation catalyzed 20th century Jamaica's most significant rebellion, the 1968 Rodney riots, and his scholarship trained a generation how to think politics at an international scale. In 1980, shortly after founding of the Working People's Alliance in Guyana, the 38-year-old Rodney would be assassinated. In his magnum opus, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Rodney incisively argues that grasping "the great divergence" between the west and the rest can only be explained as the exploitation of the latter by the former. This meticulously researched analysis of the abiding repercussions of European colonialism on the continent of Africa has not only informed decades of scholarship and activism, it remains an indispensable study for grasping global inequality today.
Category: History

The Dynamics Of States

Author : Klaus Schlichte
ISBN : 9781351891288
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20.72 MB
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State domination in the non-Western world is hallmarked by its constantly shifting character. This stimulating book develops a new approach to the study of state formation and state erosion to explain dynamics that neither follow the pathways of development nor the rule of stagnation that dependency theory once suggested. Carefully edited by Klaus Schlichte, this book provides a fresh angle to the study of states with an attempt to 'overcome Weber with Weber'. The approach focuses on the historical authenticity of states and their institutional frameworks, describing the trajectories taken as they react to the effects of changes in their international and local social environments. The emphasis laid on the specific characteristics of individual states does not however lead to the theoretical difficulty of a new contextual relativism. The conceptual design employs sociological categories developed by Max Weber, Norbert Elias, Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu and others.
Category: Political Science