NATIONALISM POLITICS AND THE PRACTICE OF ARCHAEOLOGY NEW DIRECTIONS IN ARCHAEOLOGY

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Selective Remembrances

Author : Philip L. Kohl
ISBN : 0226450643
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.87 MB
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When political geography changes, how do reorganized or newly formed states justify their rule and create a sense of shared history for their people? Often, the essays in Selective Remembrances reveal, they turn to archaeology, employing the field and its findings to develop nationalistic feelings and forge legitimate distinctive national identities. Examining such relatively new or reconfigured nation-states as Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Israel, Russia, Ukraine, India, and Thailand, Selective Remembrances shows how states invoke the remote past to extol the glories of specific peoples or prove claims to ancestral homelands. Religion has long played a key role in such efforts, and the contributors take care to demonstrate the tendency of many people, including archaeologists themselves, to view the world through a religious lens—which can be exploited by new regimes to suppress objective study of the past and justify contemporary political actions. The wide geographic and intellectual range of the essays in Selective Remembrances will make it a seminal text for archaeologists and historians.
Category: Social Science

Archaeological Theory And The Politics Of Cultural Heritage

Author : Laurajane Smith
ISBN : 9781134367955
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.34 MB
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This controversial book is a survey of how relationships between indigenous peoples and the archaeological establishment have got into difficulty, and a crucial pointer to how to move forward from this point. With lucid appraisals of key debates such as NAGPRA, Kennewick and the repatriation of Tasmanian artefacts, Laurajane Smith dissects the nature and consequences of this clash of cultures. Smith explores how indigenous communities in the USA and Australia have confronted the pre-eminence of archaeological theory and discourse in the way the material remains of their past are cared for and controlled, and how this has challenged traditional archaeological thought and practice. Essential reading for all those concerned with developing a just and equal dialogue between the two parties, and the role of archaeology in the research and management of their heritage.
Category: Social Science

Fragmentation In Archaeology

Author : John Chapman
ISBN : 9781134687619
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.40 MB
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Fragmentation in Archaeology revolutionises archaeological studies of material culture, by arguing that the deliberate physical fragmentation of objects, and their (often structured) deposition, lies at the core of the archaeology of the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Copper Age of Central and Eastern Europe. John Chapman draws on detailed evidence from the Balkans to explain such phenomena as the mass sherd deposition in pits and the wealth of artefacts found in the Varna cemetery to place the significance of fragmentation within a broad anthropological context.
Category: Social Science

Excavating Nations

Author : J. Laurence Hare
ISBN : 9781442648432
Genre : History
File Size : 85.96 MB
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Excavating Nations traces the history of archaeology and museums in the contested German-Danish borderlands from the emergence of antiquarianism in the early nineteenth-century to German-Danish reconciliation after the Second World War. J. Laurence Hare reveals how the border regions of Schleswig-Holstein and Snderjylland were critical both to the emergence of professional prehistoric archaeology and to conceptions of German and Scandinavian origins. At the center of this process, Hare argues, was a cohort of amateur antiquarians and archaeologists who collaborated across the border to investigate the ancient past but were also complicit in its appropriation for nationalist ends. Excavating Nations follows the development of this cross-border network over four generations, through the unification of Germany and two world wars. Using correspondence and site reports from museum, university, and state archives across Germany and Denmark, Hare shows how these scholars negotiated their simultaneous involvement in nation-building projects and in a transnational academic community. --Provided by publisher.
Category: History

Positioning The Bronze Age In Social Theory And Research Context

Author : Anna Gröhn
ISBN : STANFORD:36105113941681
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61.4 MB
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"Primarily, this is not a book about the Bronze Age. Rather, this study is the product of a strong ambition to form a better understanding of the ways in which interpretations of a particular prehistoric period are formed. Nevertheless, it is the result of a long-term aspiration to understand the dynamic relations between people, landscape and material culture of the Bronze Age in southern Scandinavia. It is also the product of a desire to investigate the possibilities of analyzing a local Bronze Age landscape from a social practice perspective. Furthermore, the study stems from a desire to discuss what sort of an archaeological knowledge our theoretical perspectives produce - and how that knowledge is used in our present society. Contents include: Introduction, Social Theory and Archaeology, People as embodied agents, Material culture - as objectified practice, Research Context, Landscape archaeology, Social Archaeology - understanding Bronze Age social reproduction, Archaeology and the construction of a European cultural heritage - today's Bronze Age, A Structuration of Life and Landscape - The Bronze Age in Stora Kopinge, Settlements and structuration, Materialization of memory and communication in the landscape, Another Bronze Age?"
Category: Social Science

Ethnographies And Archaeologies

Author : Lena Mortensen
ISBN : 0813033667
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.62 MB
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"Very few books have captured the sophisticated nuances of heritage and the past in ways that will attract archaeologists, cultural anthropologists, and others in allied fields, but Mortensen and Hollowell have mastered this with a highly readable, deeply analytical, and remarkably diverse volume."--Stephen W. Silliman, University of MassachusettsBoston "A very welcome addition to the literature of several related discourses: ethnography, heritage, public archaeology, and applied anthropology. The well-chosen, varied case studies are theoretically robust, critical, reflexive, methodologically clear and well-written, and the commentaries push the ideas explored in the case studies in stimulating new directions."--Carol McDavid, University of Houston Ethnographies and Archaeologies explores the many different ways that the archaeological past is used to create meaning in the present. Under the guidance of editors Lena Mortensen and Julie Hollowell, the contributors seek to de-center or reposition the role of archaeologists and archaeological practice in constructing the past. A major focus of the volume is to examine how the past is mediated by social engagements in the present and the consequences of those encounters. It is positioned at the forefront of a growing trend to explore the intersection of archaeology and cultural anthropology. Broadly arguing for the application of ethnography to the dialogue on archaeological heritage, the book considers how concepts of nationalism, identity politics, and cultural production affect how the past is shaped by archaeology.
Category: Social Science

A World History Of Nineteenth Century Archaeology

Author : Margarita Díaz-Andreu García
ISBN : UOM:39015069971920
Genre : History
File Size : 69.33 MB
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Margarita Diaz-Andreu offers an innovative history of archaeology during the nineteenth century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval period, and all areas of the world. The development of archaeology is placed within the framework of contemporary political events, with a particular focus upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a wide range of issues, including the creation of institutions, the conversion of thestudy of antiquities into a profession, public memory, changes in archaeological thought and practice, and the effect on archaeology of racism, religion, the belief in progress, hegemony, and resistance.
Category: History