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Nationalism And Private Law In Europe

Author : Guido Comparato
ISBN : 9781782253860
Genre : Law
File Size : 43.5 MB
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While the internationalisation of society has stimulated the emergence of common legal frameworks to coordinate transnational social relations, private law itself is firmly rooted in national law. European integration processes have altered this state of affairs to a limited degree with a few, albeit groundbreaking, interventions that have tended to engender resistance from various actors within European nation-states. Against that background, this book takes as its point of departure the need to understand the process of legal denationalisation within broader political frameworks. In particular it seeks to make sense of opposition to Europeanisation at this point in the evolution of European law when, despite growing nationalist attitudes, great efforts have been made to produce comprehensive legal instruments to synthesise general contract law - an area that has traditionally been solely within the ambit of nation-states. Combining insights from the disciplines of law, history and political science, the book investigates the conceptual and cultural associations between law and the nation-state, examines the impact of nationalist ideas in modern legal thought and reveals the nationalist underpinnings of some of the arguments employed against and, somewhat paradoxically, even in support of legal Europeanisation. The author's research for this book has been supported by the Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law.
Category: Law

The Struggle For European Private Law

Author : Leone Niglia
ISBN : 9781782253105
Genre : Law
File Size : 90.86 MB
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The European codification project has rapidly gathered pace since the turn of the century. This monograph considers the codification project in light of a series of broader analytical frameworks Â? comparative, historical and constitutional Â? which make modern codification phenomena intelligible. This new reading across fields renders the European codification project (currently being promoted through the Common Frame of Reference and the Optional Sales Law Code proposal) vulnerable to constitutionally-grounded criticism, traceable to normative considerations of private law authority and legitimacy. Arguing that modern codification phenomena are more complex than positivist, socio-legal and historical approaches have suggested over the past two centuries, the book stages a pathbreaking method of analysis of the law-discourse (nomos-centred) which questions at once the reduction of private law to legislation and of law to power and, on this basis, redefines the ways in which to counter law's disintegration and crisis in the context of Europeanisation. Professor Niglia reconstructs the European codification project as a complex structure of government-in-the-making that embodies a set of contingent world views, excludes alternatives, challenges the plurality of private laws and entrenches conflicts that pertain not only to form (codification, de-codification, recodification) but also to dilemmas implicated in determining the substantive orientation of European private law. The book investigates the position of the codifiers and their discontents in the shadow of the codification strategy pursued by the European Commission Â? noting a new turn in the struggle over the configuration of private law which has taken place since the Savigny-Thibaut dispute of 1814 which this book critically revisits exactly two centuries later. This monograph is particularly aimed at readers interested in exploring the complexities, and interconnections, of the supposedly separate realms of comparative law, European law, private law, legal history, constitutional law, sociology of law and, last but not least, legal theory and jurisprudence.
Category: Law

Questioning Eu Citizenship

Author : Daniel Thym
ISBN : 1509914684
Genre : Citizenship
File Size : 31.89 MB
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Introduction : the judicial deconstruction of Union citizenship / Daniel Thym -- Extending citizenship rights and losing it all : brexit and the perils of "over-constitutionalisation" / Susanne K Schmidt -- The citizenship of personal circumstances in Europe / Dimitry Kochenov -- (De)Constructing the road to brexit : paving the way to further limitations on free movement and equal treatment? / Stephanie Reynolds -- Why did the citizenship jurisprudence change? / Urška Šadl and Suvi Sankari -- The evolution of citizens : rights in light of the European Union's constitutional development / Daniel Thym -- The engine of "europeanness" : free movement, social transnationalism and European identification / Ettore Recchi -- European citizenship and transnational rights : chronicles of a troubled narrative / Francesca Strumia -- Consolidating union citizenship : residence and solidarity rights for jobseekers and the economically inactive in the post-Dano era / Ferdinand Wollenschläger -- Back to the roots : no access to social assistance for Union citizens who are economically inactive / Paul Minderhoud and Sandra Mantu -- Integrating Union citizenship and the Charter of Fundamental Rights / Niamh Nic Shuibhne -- The constitutional status of foreigners and European Union citizens : loopholes and interactions in the scope of application of fundamental rights / Sara Iglesias Sánchez -- The integration exception : a new limit to social rights of third-country nationals in European Union law? / Karin De Vries -- Membership without naturalisation? : the limits of European Court of Human Rights case law on residence security and equal treatment / Clíodhna Murphy -- Conclusion : the non-simultaneous evolution of citizens' rights / Dora Kostakopoulou and Daniel Thym
Category: Citizenship

The Financialisation Of The Citizen

Author : Guido Comparato
ISBN : 9781509919246
Genre : Law
File Size : 33.25 MB
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This book discusses the role of private law as an instrument to produce financial and social inclusion in a context characterised by the redefinition of the role of the State and by the financialisation of society. By depicting the political and economic developments behind the popular idea of financial inclusion, the book deconstructs that notion, illustrating the existence and interaction of different discourses surrounding it. The book further traces the evolution of inclusion, specifically in the European context, and thus moves on to analyse the legal rules which are most relevant for the purposes of bringing about the financialisation of the citizen. Hence, the author focuses more on four highly topical areas: access to a bank account, access to credit, over indebtedness, and financial education. Adopting a critical and inter-disciplinary approach, The Financialisation of the Citizen takes the reader through a top-down journey starting from the political economy of financialisation, to the law and policy of the European Union, and finally to more specific private law rules.
Category: Law

The Oxford Handbook Of European Legal History

Author : Heikki Pihlajamäki
ISBN : 9780191088377
Genre : Law
File Size : 74.25 MB
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European law, including both civil law and common law, has gone through several major phases of expansion in the world. European legal history thus also is a history of legal transplants and cultural borrowings, which national legal histories as products of nineteenth-century historicism until have recently largely left unconsidered. The Handbook of European Legal History supplies its readers with an overview of the different phases of European legal history in the light of today's state-of-the-art research, by offering cutting-edge views on research questions currently emerging in international discussions. The Handbook takes a broad approach to its subject matter both nationally and systemically. Unlike traditional European legal histories, which tend to concentrate on " of Europe (notably Italy and Germany), the Europe of the Handbook is more versatile and nuanced, taking into consideration the legal developments in Europe's geographical " such as Scandinavia and Eastern Europe. The Handbook covers all major time periods, from the ancient Greek law to the twenty-first century. Contributors include acknowledged leaders in the field as well as rising talents, representing a wide range of legal systems, methodologies, areas of expertise and research agendas.
Category: Law

Memory Laws Memory Wars

Author : Nikolay Koposov
ISBN : 9781108329538
Genre : History
File Size : 86.68 MB
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Laws against Holocaust denial are perhaps the best-known manifestation of the present-day politics of historical memory. In Memory Laws, Memory Wars, Nikolay Koposov examines the phenomenon of memory laws in Western and Eastern Europe, Ukraine, and Russia and exposes their very different purposes in the East and West. In Western Europe, he shows how memory laws were designed to create a common European memory centred on the memory of the Holocaust as a means of integrating Europe, combating racism, and averting national and ethnic conflicts. In Russia and Eastern Europe, by contrast, legislation on the issues of the past is often used to give the force of law to narratives which serve the narrower interests of nation states and protect the memory of perpetrators rather than victims. This will be essential reading for all those interested in ongoing conflicts over the legacy of the Second World War, Nazism, and communism.
Category: History

Fundamentals Of Roman Private Law

Author : George Mousourakis
ISBN : 9783642293115
Genre : Law
File Size : 70.63 MB
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Roman law forms a vital part of the intellectual background of many legal systems currently in force in Continental Europe, Latin America, East Asia and other parts of the world. Knowledge of Roman law, therefore, constitutes an essential component of a sound legal education as well as the education of the student of history. This book begins with a historical introduction, which traces the evolution of Roman law from the earliest period of Roman history up to and including Justinian's codification in the sixth century AD. Then follows an exposition of the principal institutions of Roman private law: the body of rules and principles relating to individuals in Roman society and regulating their personal and proprietary relationships. In this part of the book special attention is given to the Roman law of things, which forged the foundations for much of the modern law of property and obligations in European legal systems. Combining a law specialist's informed perspective with a historical and cultural focus, the book provides an accessible source of reference for students and researchers in many diverse fields of legal and historical learning.
Category: Law

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Nationalism

Author : John Breuilly
ISBN : 9780191644269
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61.47 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism comprises thirty six essays by an international team of leading scholars, providing a global coverage of the history of nationalism in its different aspects - ideas, sentiments, and politics. Every chapter takes the form of an interpretative essay which, by a combination of thematic focus, comparison, and regional perspective, enables the reader to understand nationalism as a distinct and global historical subject. The book covers the emergence of nationalist ideas, sentiments, and cultural movements before the formation of a world of nation-states as well as nationalist politics before and after the era of the nation-state, with chapters covering Europe, the Middle East, North-East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Americas. Essays on everday national sentiment and race ideas in fascism are accompanied by chapters on nationalist movements opposed to existing nation-states, nationalism and international relations, and the role of external intervention into nationalist disputes within states. In addition, the book looks at the major challenges to nationalism: international socialism, religion, pan-nationalism, and globalization, before a final section considering how historians have approached the subject of nationalism. Taken separately, the chapters in this Handbook will deepen understanding of nationalism in particular times and places; taken together they will enable the reader to see nationalism as a distinct subject in modern world history.
Category: Political Science

Historians And Nationalism

Author : Monika Baár
ISBN : 9780199581184
Genre : History
File Size : 77.36 MB
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Peripheral cultures have been largely absent from the European canon of historiography. Seeking to redress the balance, Baár discusses the achievements of Joachim Lelewel (Polish); Simonas Daukantas (Lithuanian); Franti&sek Palacký (Czech); Mihály Horváth (Hungarian) and Mihail Kog&alniceanu (Romanian). Using previously untranslated documents, Baár reconstructs the scholars' shared intellectual background andtheir nationalistic aims, arguing that historians on the European periphery made worthwhile and fascinating contributions to historical writing.
Category: History