NATIONAL LIBERATION MOVEMENTS AS GOVERNMENT IN AFRICA

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National Liberation Movements As Government In Africa

Author : Redie Bereketeab
ISBN : 9781351588836
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 77.23 MB
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Africa is well known for the production of national liberation movements (NLMs), stemming from a history of exploitation, colonisation and slavery. NLMs are generally characterised by a struggle carried out by or in the name of suppressed people for political, social, cultural, economic, territorial liberation and decolonisation. Dozens of NLMs have ascended to state power in Africa following a successful violent popular struggle either as an outright military victory or a negotiated settlement.? National Liberation Movements as Government in Africa analyses the performance of NLMs after they gain state power. The book tracks the initial promises and guiding principles of NLMs against their actual record in achieving socio-economic development goals such as peace, stability, state building and democratisation. The book explores the various different struggles for liberation, whether against European colonialism, white minority rule, neighbouring countries, or for internal reform or regime change. Bringing together case studies from Somalia, Somaliland, Uganda, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Namibia, Angola, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Algeria, the book builds a comprehensive analysis of the challenges NLMs face when ascending to state power, and why so many ultimately end in failure. This is an ideal resource for scholars, policy makers and students with an interest in African development, politics, and security studies.
Category: Political Science

The African National Congress And The Liberation Struggle

Author : Dale T. McKinley
ISBN : UOM:39015040548128
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 81.87 MB
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When the African National Congress, the ANC, negotiated a transition of government and power in South Africa in the early 1990s they gained widespread respect and legitimacy when Nelson Mandela was voted in as President in 1994. In this controversial and radical critique of the ANC and the struggle for liberation in South Africa, McKinley challenges conventional public perceptions of the organisation and its celebrated rise to power. He offers a detailed analysis of the ANC's leadership, tactics and strategies from the 1920s, through the years of exile, to the 1990s, including its dose alliance with the South African Communist Party. He reveals that the organisation, despite historical claims to the contrary, failed to stay in touch with the South African masses. He maintains that the ANC made fundamental compromises to gain political power, and in so doing has ensured that the economic power-base of the ruling elites in post-apartheid South Africa remains essentially unaltered.
Category: Political Science

Norway And National Liberation In Southern Africa

Author : Tore Linné Eriksen
ISBN : 9171064478
Genre : History
File Size : 28.9 MB
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A documentation and analysis of the involvement of Norway in the liberation struggle in Southern Africa from the late 1950s onwards. Apart from focusing on the formulation of official policies, the study highlights the popular involvement and commitment to the struggle. Separate chapters are concerned with the churches, trade unions and solidarity movements.
Category: History

Sweden And National Liberation In Southern Africa Formation Of A Popular Opinion 1950 1970

Author : Tor Sellstrom
ISBN : 9171064303
Genre : History
File Size : 89.79 MB
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In 1969, the Swedish parliament endorsed a policy of direct assistance to the liberation movements in Southern Africa. Sweden thus became the first Western country to enter into a relationship with organizations that elsewhere in the West were shunned as 'Communist' or 'terrorist'. This book traces the background to the relationship. Presenting the actors and the factors behind the support to MPLA of Angola, FRELIMO of Mozambique, SWAPO of Namibia, ZANU and ZAPU of Zimbabwe and ANC of South Africa, it addresses the question why Sweden established those close relations with the very movements that eventually would assume state power in their respective countries. The second volume (appearing in late 1999) will discuss how the support was expressed, covering the period from 1970 to 1994.
Category: History

Finland And National Liberation In Southern Africa

Author : Iina Soiri
ISBN : 9171064311
Genre : History
File Size : 23.32 MB
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Finland’s special characteristic as a Nordic, non-aligned welfare state gave it the resources and motivation to support liberation movements -- in spite of restrictions arising from trade interests and a reluctance to jeopardize the country’s neutral image. The study shows that, although it is not an easy task, in a democratic country, dedicated people can, over time, influence political decision making in its most closed and guarded area, foreign politics.
Category: History

Post Colonial Struggles For A Democratic Southern Africa

Author : Carolyn Bassett
ISBN : 9781317430193
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79.13 MB
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National liberation, one of the grand narratives of the twentieth century, has left a weighty legacy of unfulfilled dreams. This book explores the ongoing struggle for legitimate, accountable political leaders in postcolonial Southern Africa, focussing on dilemmas arising when ex-liberation movements form the governments. While the spread of multi-party democracy to most countries in the region is to be celebrated, democratic practice often has been superficial - a limited, elitist politics that relies on the symbols of the liberation struggle to legitimate de facto one-party rule and authoritarian practices. Using country cases from Tanzania, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Zambia, the collection explores three subthemes relevant to postcolonial governance in Southern Africa: how the struggle for liberation shapes the character of political transformation, the nature of rule in one-party dominant states headed by former liberation movements, and the processes of governance and resistance in post-liberation contexts. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Contemporary African Studies.
Category: Political Science

Sweden And National Liberation In Southern Africa Solidarity And Assistance 1970 1994

Author : Tor Sellström
ISBN : 9171064486
Genre : History
File Size : 51.1 MB
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This book is the second in a two volume study on Sweden and the struggle for national liberation in Southern Africa. Largely drawing from hitherto restricted sources at official and NGO archives, the study focuses on Sweden’s relations with MPLA of Angola, FRELIMO of Mozambique, SWAPO of Namibia, ZANU and ZAPU of Zimbabwe and ANC of South Africa. The first volume (Formation of a Popular Opinion (1950 - 1970)-- which appeared in 1999--- addressed the question why Sweden established close relations with nationalist movements that elsewhere in the West were shunned as ‘Communist’ or ‘terrorist’. The second volume discusses how the Swedish political, diplomatic and material support to these movements was expressed during the period from 1970 to 1994, i.e. until the first democratic elections in South Africa and the end of the region’s Thirty Years’ War for majority rule. The scope and orientation of the official humanitarian assistance to the very liberation movements that eventually assumed state power in their respective Southern African countries are documented and analyzed. The book thus presents a unique and little known North-South relationship in the Cold War period.
Category: History