Naming And Necessity

Author : Saul A. Kripke
ISBN : 0674598466
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 44.77 MB
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If there is such a thing as essential reading in metaphysics or in philosophy of language, this is it. Ever since the publication of its original version, Naming and Necessity has had great and increasing influence. It redirected philosophical attention to neglected questions of natural and metaphysical necessity and to the connections between these and theories of reference, in particular of naming, and of identity. From a critique of the dominant tendency to assimilate names to descriptions and more generally to treat their reference as a function of their Fregean sense, surprisingly deep and widespread consequences may be drawn. The largely discredited distinction between accidental and essential properties, both of individual things (including people) and of kinds of things, is revived. So is a consequent view of science as what seeks out the essences of natural kinds. Traditional objections to such views are dealt with by sharpening distinctions between epistemic and metaphysical necessity; in particular by the startling admission of necessary a posteriori truths. From these, in particular from identity statements using rigid designators whether of things or of kinds, further remarkable consequences are drawn for the natures of things, of people, and of kinds; strong objections follow, for example to identity versions of materialism as a theory of the mind. This seminal work, to which today's thriving essentialist metaphysics largely owes its impetus, is here published with a substantial new Preface by the author.
Category: Philosophy

Beyond Rigidity

Author : Scott Soames
ISBN : 9780195145298
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 45.47 MB
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Soames introduces a new conception of the relationship between linguistic meaning and assertions made by utterances. He gives meanings of proper names and natural-kind predicates and explains their use in attitude ascriptions.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Naming And Necessity Von Saul A Kripkes Eine Bedeutende Wende In Der Theorie Der Eigennamen

Author : Thomas Wörther
ISBN : 9783668320611
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71.74 MB
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Essay aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Philosophie - Philosophie des 20. Jahrhunderts / Gegenwart, Note: 2,0, Technische Universität Berlin (Philosophie), Veranstaltung: Seminar Eigennamen, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Eine bedeutende Wende in der Theorie der Eigennamen wurde durch Saul A. Kripkes 1972 erschienene Vorträge "Naming and Necessity" eingeleitet. Hierin verwirft er die gesamte bisherige Eigennamentheorie der analytischen Philosophie. Für Kripke stehen Eigennamen zwar für einen Gegenstand, sie haben aber, wie schon zuvor bei Mill, keine Bedeutung. Kripkes Kritik richtet sich somit in erster Linie gegen die Beschreibungs- und Bündeltheorie. Darin wird behauptet, daß der Träger eines Eigennamens derjenige Gegenstand ist, der als einziger die Beschreibungen oder die Mehrzahl aus einem Bündel von Beschreibungen erfüllt, die wir mit dem Namen verbinden. Kripke entwickelt dagegen folgendes Bild: Würde jemand, der mit dem Namen "Kolumbus" "der Entdecker Amerikas" verbindet, erfahren, daß ein Normanne Amerika Jahre früher entdeckt hat, den Namen "Kolumbus" fortan auf diesen Normannen übertragen? Sicherlich nicht. Kripke zeigt damit, daß der Gegenstand Träger des Namens bleibt, selbst wenn alle seine Beschreibungen falsch sind. Folglich können die Beschreibungen nicht die Bedeutung eines Eigennamens ausmachen.
Category: Philosophy

Name Und Notwendigkeit

Author : Saul A. Kripke
ISBN : 3518286560
Genre : Name - Analytische Philosophie
File Size : 20.70 MB
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Category: Name - Analytische Philosophie

Routledge Philosophy Guidebook To Kripke And Naming And Necessity

Author : Harold Noonan
ISBN : 9781135105167
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 21.11 MB
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Saul Kripke is one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. His most celebrated work, Naming and Necessity, makes arguably the most important contribution to the philosophy of language and metaphysics in recent years. Asking fundamental questions – how do names refer to things in the world? Do objects have essential properties? What are natural kind terms and to what do they refer? – he challenges prevailing theories of language and conceptions of metaphysics, especially the descriptivist account of reference, which Kripke argues is found in Frege, Wittgenstein and Russell, and the anti-essentialist metaphysics of Quine. In this invaluable guidebook to Kripke's classic work, Harold Noonan introduces and assesses: Kripke's life and the background to his philosophy the ideas and text of Naming and Necessity the continuing importance of Kripke's work to the philosophy of language and metaphysics. The Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Kripke and Naming and Necessity is an ideal starting point for anyone coming Kripke's work for the first time. It is essential reading for philosophy students studying philosophy of language, metaphysics, logic, or the history of analytic philosophy.
Category: Philosophy

Naming Necessity And More

Author : Jonathan Berg
ISBN : 9781137400932
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 78.61 MB
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Saul Kripke's Naming and Necessity was one of the most influential philosophical works of the twentieth century. In this collection of essays leading specialists explore issues arising from this and other works of Kripke's.
Category: Philosophy

Kripke Names Necessity And Identity

Author : Christopher Hughes
ISBN : 0191544000
Genre :
File Size : 47.91 MB
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Saul Kripke, in a series of classic writings of the 1960s and 1970s, changed the face of metaphysics and philosophy of language. Christopher Hughes offers a careful exposition and critical analysis of Kripke's central ideas about names, necessity, and identity. He clears up some common misunderstandings of Kripke's views on rigid designation, causality and reference, the necessary and the contingent, the a posteriori and the a priori. Through his engagement with Kripke's ideas Hughes makes a significant contribution to ongoing debates on, inter alia, the semantics of natural kind terms, the nature of natural kinds, the essentiality of origin and constitution, the relative merits of 'identitarian' and counterpart-theoretic accounts of modality, and the identity or otherwise of mental types and tokens with physical types and tokens. No specialist knowledge in either the philosophy of language or metaphysics is presupposed; Hughes's book will be valuable for anyone working on the ideas which Kripke made famous in the philosophy world.