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Iran In The 20th Century

Author : Touraj Atabaki
ISBN : 9780857731876
Genre : History
File Size : 62.97 MB
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Political upheaval has marked Iran’s history throughout the twentieth century. The country has been ravaged by two world wars and the brutal Iran-Iraq War which cost tens of thousands of lives. There was a Constitutional Revolution in 1905-1909 and coups in 1921 and 1953, when Reza Shah and Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi took absolute power, followed by yet another revolution in 1979 when Ayatollah Khomeini proclaimed the Islamic Republic. Wars, revolutions, coups and the impact of modernism have transformed power relations among the political and military elite and have led to radical political, social, cultural, religious and change throughout state and society. These upheavals have shaped Iran’s historiography, just as they have the country’s history. Originally based on oral and written sources, which underpinned traditional genealogical and dynastic history, Iran’s historiography was transformed in the early 20th century with the development of a ‘new’ school of presenting history. Here emphasis shifted from the anecdotal story-telling genre to social, political, economic, cultural and religious history-writing. A new understanding of the nation state and the importance of identity and foreign relations in defining Iran’s place in the modern world all served to transform the perspective of Iranian historiography. Touraj Atabaki here brings together a range of rich contributions from international scholars who cover the leading themes of the historiography of 20th-century Iran, including constitutional reform and revolution, literature and architecture, identity, women and gender, nationalism, modernism, Orientalism, Marxism and Islamism.
Category: History

Beyond Shariati

Author : Siavash Saffari
ISBN : 9781107164161
Genre : History
File Size : 26.56 MB
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A new reading of Ali Shariati's intellectual legacy on Iranian political discourse and concepts of Islam and modernity.
Category: History

Is Islam An Enemy Of The West

Author : Tamara Sonn
ISBN : 9781509504459
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49.44 MB
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New York, Washington, Madrid, London and now Paris Ð the list of Western cities targeted by radical Islamic terrorists waging global jihad continues to grow. Does this extreme violence committed in the name of Islam point to a fundamental enmity between the Muslim faith and the West? In this compelling essay, leading scholar of Islam Tamara Sonn argues that whilst the West has many enemies among Muslims, it is politics not religion that informs their grievances. The longer these demands remain frustrated, the more violence has escalated and recruitment to groups like Islamic State has increased. Far from quelling the spread of Islamic extremism, Western military intervention has helped to turn nationalist movements into radical terrorist groups with international agendas. Islam, Sonn concludes, is not the problem, just as war is not the solution.
Category: Political Science

Exalting Jesus In Proverbs

Author : Jonathan Akin
ISBN : 9780805497663
Genre : Religion
File Size : 27.36 MB
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Edited by David Platt, Daniel L. Akin, and Tony Merida, this new commentary series, projected to be 48 volumes, takes a Christ- centered approach to expositing each book of the Bible. Rather than a verse-by-verse approach, the authors have crafted chapters that explain and apply key passages in their assigned Bible books. Readers will learn to see Christ in all aspects of Scripture, and they will be encouraged by the devotional nature of each exposition. Projected contributors to the series include notable authors such as Russell D. Moore, Al Mohler, Matt Chandler, Francis Chan, Mark Dever, and others.
Category: Religion

Handbook Of Healthcare System Scheduling

Author : Randolph Hall
ISBN : 1461417341
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 83.55 MB
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This edited volume captures and communicates the best thinking on how to improve healthcare by improving the delivery of services -- providing care when and where it is needed most -- through application of state-of-the-art scheduling systems. Over 12 chapters, the authors cover aspects of setting appointments, allocating healthcare resources, and planning to ensure that capacity matches needs for care. A central theme of the book is increasing healthcare efficiency so that both the cost of care is reduced and more patients have access to care. This can be accomplished through reduction of idle time, lessening the time needed to provide services and matching resources to the needs where they can have the greatest possible impact on health. Within their chapters, authors address: (1) Use of scheduling to improve healthcare efficiency. (2) Objectives, constraints and mathematical formulations. (3) Key methods and techniques for creating schedules. (4) Recent developments that improve the available problem solving methods. (5) Actual applications, demonstrating how the methods can be used. (6) Future directions in which the field of research is heading. Collectively, the chapters provide a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of models and methods for scheduling the delivery of patient care for all parts of the healthcare system. Chapter topics include setting appointments for ambulatory care and outpatient procedures, surgical scheduling, nurse scheduling, bed management and allocation, medical supply logistics and routing and scheduling for home healthcare.
Category: Business & Economics

The Kitab I Iqan

Author : Baháʼuʼlláh
ISBN : 1931847088
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 78.55 MB
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This sacred text lays down the basic teachings of Bahá?u'lláh on the essential unity of purpose behind the Manifestations of God, and explains the solid spiritual meaning of most literally interpreted predictions. Consisting of over two-hundred pages, written in the space of just two days, its remarkable lucidity, its foundational explanation of the universal purpose behind religion, its clarification of how to foster authentic human spiritual nature, and its assistance in helping to clear away long-held distractions and misapprehensions, principally from the accumulated traditions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam while reinforcing their genuine Divine origin, make this work one of the pivotal writings of His unmatched Dispensation. No reader who weighs even a small part of its content can deny that he or she has in their hands something welling out from a Realm beyond the normal range of human inspiration.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Qur An With References To The Bible

Author : Safi Kaskas
ISBN : 099659244X
Genre : Religion
File Size : 50.8 MB
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A contemporary translation of the Holy Qur'an with 3000 + biblical references
Category: Religion

Understanding Plastics Packaging Technology

Author : Susan E. M. Selke
ISBN : 1569902348
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83.97 MB
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One of the tasks of rheology is to empirically establish the relationships between deformations and stresses, respectively their derivatives by adequate measurements. These experimental techniques are known as rheometry and are concerned with the determination with well-defined rheological material functions. Such relationships are then amenable to mathematical treatment by the established methods of continuum mechanics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Muslim Political Thought

Author : Sir Muhammad Iqbal
ISBN : 9695160980
Genre : Islam and politics
File Size : 45.89 MB
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Selected political writings of Mohammad Iqbal.
Category: Islam and politics