MUSEUMS AND THE SHAPING OF KNOWLEDGE HERITAGE

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Museums And The Shaping Of Knowledge

Author : Eilean Hooper-Greenhill
ISBN : 9780415070317
Genre : Education
File Size : 63.73 MB
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Museums have been active in shaping knowledge over the last six hundred years. Yet what is their function within today's society? At the present time, when funding is becoming increasingly scarce, difficult questions are being asked about the justification of museums. Museums and the Shaping of Knowledge presents a critical survey of major changes in current assumptions about the nature of museums. Through the examination of case studies, Eilean Hooper-Greenhill reveals a variety of different roles for museums in the production and shaping of knowledge. Today, museums are once again organising their spaces and collections to present themselves as environments for experimental and self-directed learning.
Category: Education

The Educational Role Of The Museum

Author : Eilean Hooper-Greenhill
ISBN : 0415198267
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 71.78 MB
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Grounded in the solid strengths of its first edition, this updated and revised second edition, collates recent and important articles that address the relationships of museums and galleries to their audiences. The Educational Role of the Museum has been entirely restructured and new papers have been added which make this an up-to-date presentation of front-running theory and practice. Covering broad themes relevant to providing for all museum visitors, and also focusing specifically on educational groups, the book is set in four sections which sequentially: chart the development of museum communication relate constructivist learning theory to specific audiences with different learning needs apply this learning theory to the development of museum exhibitions pose questions about the way museums conceptualize audiences. For any student of museum studies, and for professionals too, this book fuses theory with practice in a way that can only serve to enhance their knowledge of the field.
Category: Business & Economics

Museums And Education

Author : Eilean Hooper-Greenhill
ISBN : 9781134181698
Genre : Art
File Size : 34.41 MB
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At the beginning of the 21st century museums are challenged on a number of fronts. The prioritisation of learning in museums in the context of demands for social justice and cultural democracy combined with cultural policy based on economic rationalism forces museums to review their educational purposes, redesign their pedagogies and account for their performance. The need to theorise learning and culture for a cultural theory of learning is very pressing. If culture acts as a process of signification, a means of producing meaning that shapes worldviews, learning in museums and other cultural organisations is potentially dynamic and profound, producing self-identities. How is this complexity to be ‘measured’? What can this ‘measurement’ reveal about the character of museum-based learning? The calibration of culture is an international phenomenon, and the measurement of the outcomes and impact of learning in museums in England has provided a detailed case study. Three national evaluation studies were carried out between 2003 and 2006 based on the conceptual framework of Generic Learning Outcomes. Using this revealing data Museums and Education reveals the power of museum pedagogy and as it does, questions are raised about traditional museum culture and the potential and challenge for museum futures is suggested.
Category: Art

Cultural Heritage In The Arabian Peninsula

Author : Karen Exell
ISBN : 9781317156499
Genre : Art
File Size : 34.93 MB
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Heritage projects in the Arabian Peninsula are developing rapidly. Museums and heritage sites are symbols of shifting national identities, and a way of placing the Arabian Peninsula states on the international map. Global, i.e. Western, heritage standards and practices have been utilised for the rapid injection of heritage expertise in museum development and site management and for international recognition. The use of Western heritage models in the Arabian Peninsula inspires two key areas for research which this book examines: the obscuring of indigenous concepts and practices of heritage and expressions of cultural identity; and the tensions between local/community concepts of heritage and identity and the new national identities being constructed through museums and heritage sites at a state level.
Category: Art

Museums And Their Visitors

Author : Eilean Hooper-Greenhill
ISBN : 9781134915859
Genre : Art
File Size : 79.1 MB
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Museums are at a critical moment in their history. In order to ensure survival into the next century, museums and galleries must demonstrate their social relevance and use. This means developing their public service functions through becoming more knowledgeable about the needs of their visitors and more adept at providing enjoyable and worthwhile experiences. Museums and Their Visitors aims to help museums and galleries in this crucial task. It examines the ways in which museums need to develop their communicative functions and, with examples of case-studies, explains how to achieve best practice. The special needs of a number of target audiences including schools, families and people with disabilities are outlined and illustrated by examples of exhibition, education and marketing policies. The book looks in detail at the power of objects to inspire and stimulate and analyses the use of language in museums and galleries. This is the first book to be written to guide museum and gallery staff in the development of provision for their visitors. It will be of interest to students of museum, heritage and leisure and tourism studies, as well as to international museum professionals.
Category: Art

Ireland S Heritages

Author : Mark McCarthy
ISBN : 9781351926218
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.1 MB
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This book is the first sustained attempt to incorporate critical scholarship and thought at the cutting edge of contemporary geography, history and archaeology into the burgeoning field of Irish heritage studies. It seeks to illustrate the validity of multiple depictions of the Irish past, showing how scrutiny of heritage practices and meanings is so essential for illuminating our understanding of the present. Examining Ireland's heritages from a critical perspective that celebrates notions of heterogeneity and uniqueness, the distinguished contributors to this book scrutinise the multiplicity of complex relations between heritage, history, memory, commemoration, economy, and cultural identity within various historical, geographical and archaeological contexts. Using several examples and case studies, this book raises issues not only from a uniquely Irish perspective, but also investigates the memorialisation and marketing of the Irish past in overseas locations such as the USA and Australia.
Category: Social Science

Heritage Gardens

Author : Sheena MacKellar Goulty
ISBN : 9781134904785
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56.42 MB
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Heritage gardens create huge management headaches. How does one preserve a garden designed for the enjoyment of the few when the advent of the many grinds it away to nothing? The answer, as presented in Heritage Gardens is a subterfuge: preserve the illusion of the created environment as originally conceived, but adjust it using more durable materials: plants and designs which require less cultivation. Of all the problems facing the heritage industry today, the managment of gardens and landscape environment create some of the greatest difficulties. This book seeks to provide some of the answers.
Category: Business & Economics

Museum Culture

Author : Daniel J. Sherman
ISBN : 0816619530
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.80 MB
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Museums are the staging grounds of culture-a close look reveals that museums display much more than artifacts, and this perceptive tour of our collected and catalogued culture affords such a look. This book conducts us through the complex of ideas, values, and symbols that pervade and shape the practice of exhibiting that make the museum a central institution and metaphor in contemporary society. Writing from a broad range of perspectives in history, art history and criticism, critical theory, and sociology, the authors represented here go beyond previous institutional analyses to consider the museum as the intricate amalgam of architecture, history, practices and strategies of display, and pedagogical and other programs, functioning under the aegis of various governing ideologies. These essays explore the ways in which museums assign meaning to art through various kinds of exhibitions and display strategies and controlling discourses. The authors examine the political implications of these strategies and the forms of knowledge they invoke and construct, their transformations into alternative exhibition forms, and their recent involvement with the spectacular practices of mass-media culture. Certain essays also take up the question of how the museum - going public itself is constructed. Drawing on the history of museums and ranging from Western Europe to the former Soviet Union, Israel, and the United States, this book will interest historians, critics, museum professionals, students of art and critical theory, and all those concerned with our contemporary museum culture.
Category: Social Science

Who Owns Antiquity

Author : James Cuno
ISBN : 1400839246
Genre : Art
File Size : 62.54 MB
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Whether antiquities should be returned to the countries where they were found is one of the most urgent and controversial issues in the art world today, and it has pitted museums, private collectors, and dealers against source countries, archaeologists, and academics. Maintaining that the acquisition of undocumented antiquities by museums encourages the looting of archaeological sites, countries such as Italy, Greece, Egypt, Turkey, and China have claimed ancient artifacts as state property, called for their return from museums around the world, and passed laws against their future export. But in Who Owns Antiquity?, one of the world's leading museum directors vigorously challenges this nationalistic position, arguing that it is damaging and often disingenuous. "Antiquities," James Cuno argues, "are the cultural property of all humankind," "evidence of the world's ancient past and not that of a particular modern nation. They comprise antiquity, and antiquity knows no borders." Cuno argues that nationalistic retention and reclamation policies impede common access to this common heritage and encourage a dubious and dangerous politicization of antiquities--and of culture itself. Antiquities need to be protected from looting but also from nationalistic identity politics. To do this, Cuno calls for measures to broaden rather than restrict international access to antiquities. He advocates restoration of the system under which source countries would share newly discovered artifacts in exchange for archaeological help, and he argues that museums should again be allowed reasonable ways to acquire undocumented antiquities. Cuno explains how partage broadened access to our ancient heritage and helped create national museums in Cairo, Baghdad, and Kabul. The first extended defense of the side of museums in the struggle over antiquities, Who Owns Antiquity? is sure to be as important as it is controversial. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.
Category: Art

Museum Studies

Author : Bettina Messias Carbonell
ISBN : 9781405173810
Genre : Art
File Size : 84.73 MB
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Retaining the multidisciplinary focus of the critically acclaimed first edition, the new edition of "Museum Studies: An Anthology of Contexts" presents a comprehensive collection of approaches to museums and their relation to history, culture, and philosophy. Striking a careful balance between contemporary analysis and historical documentation, the new edition features primary and secondary texts spanning the course of some two hundred years of museum history that reveal a wealth of insights into culture and society. Among the developments in twenty-first-century museum scholarship featured in this new edition are issues of inclusion and exclusion, repatriation, indigenous models of collection and display, museums in an age of globalization, visitor studies, and interactive technologies. A new section on relationships, interactions, and responsibilities focuses on the intersection of memory, history, ethics, and affect within the museum and beyond its walls. With its expansive nature and multidisciplinary approach, "Museum Studies" solidifies its reputation as the primary resource for this important academic discipline.
Category: Art