MOTHERS MONSTERS WHORES WOMENS VIOLENCE IN GLOBAL POLITICS

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Mothers Monsters Whores

Author : Laura Sjoberg
ISBN : 9781848137370
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82.14 MB
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A woman did that? The general reaction to women's political violence is still one of shock and incomprehension. Mothers, Monsters, Whores provides an empirical study of women's violence in global politics. The book looks at military women who engage in torture; the Chechen 'Black Widows'; Middle Eastern suicide bombers; and the women who directed and participated in genocides in Bosnia and Rwanda. Sjoberg & Gentry analyse the biological, psychological and sexualized stereotypes through which these women are conventionally depicted, arguing that these are rooted in assumptions about what is 'appropriate' female behaviour. What these stereotypes have in common is that they all perceive women as having no agency in any sphere of life, from everyday choices to global political events. This book is a major feminist re-evaluation of women's motivations and actions as perpetrators of political violence.
Category: Political Science

Beyond Mothers Monsters Whores

Author : Caron E. Gentry
ISBN : 9781783602100
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.15 MB
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Beyond Mothers, Monsters, Whores takes the suggestion in Mothers, Monsters, Whores that it is important to see genderings in characterizations of violent women, and to use critique of those genderings to retheorize individual violence in global politics. It begins by demonstrating the interdependence of the personal and international levels of global politics in violent women's lives, but then shows that this interdependence is inaccurately depicted in gender-subordinating narratives of women's violence. Such narratives, the authors argue, are not only normatively problematic on the surface but also intersect with other identifiers, such as race, religion, and geopolitical location.
Category: Social Science

Gendering Terror

Author : Dominique Grisard
ISBN : 9783593392813
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.65 MB
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Dass Frauen in linksterroristischen Gruppen aktiv waren und den bewaffneten Kampf befürworteten, rief in den 1970er-Jahren massive Verunsicherungen hervor. Dominique Grisard analysiert am Beispiel des Linksterrorismus in der Schweiz vergeschlechtlichte Sicherheitsdiskurse, die das Phänomen Terrorismus mit der "pervertierten" Emanzipation ausländischer Frauen verknüpften. Über die Abgrenzung von der Figur der maskulinen, ausländischen Terroristin versicherten sich der Staat und seine Bürger des "Eigenen", nämlich einer bürgerlichen Geschlechterordnung, die aus Beschützern der Nation und ihren Frauen und Kindern bestand.
Category: Social Science

Gender And International Security

Author : Laura Sjoberg
ISBN : 9781135240257
Genre : History
File Size : 85.58 MB
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This book defines the relationship between gender and international security, analyzing and critiquing international security theory and practice from a gendered perspective. Gender issues have an important place in the international security landscape, but have been neglected both in the theory and practice of international security. The passage and implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (on Security Council operations), the integration of gender concerns into peacekeeping, the management of refugees, post-conflict disarmament and reintegration and protection for non-combatants in times of war shows the increasing importance of gender sensitivity for actors on all fronts in global security. This book aims to improve the quality and quantity of conversations between feminist security studies and security studies more generally, in order to demonstrate the importance of gender analysis to the study of international security, and to expand the feminist research program in Security Studies. The chapters included in this book not only challenge the assumed irrelevance of gender, they argue that gender is not a subsection of security studies to be compartmentalized or briefly considered as a side issue. Rather, the contributors argue that gender is conceptually, empirically, and normatively essential to studying international security. They do so by critiquing and reconstructing key concepts of and theories in international security, by looking for the increasingly complex roles women play as security actors, and by looking at various contemporary security issues through gendered lenses. Together, these chapters make the case that accurate, rigorous, and ethical scholarship of international security cannot be produced without taking account of women’s presence in or the gendering of world politics. This book will be of interest to all students of critical security studies, gender studies and International Relations in general. Laura Sjoberg is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida. She has a Phd in International Relations and Gender Studies from the University of Southern California and is the author of Gender, Justice, and the Wars in Iraq (2006) and, with Caron Gentry, Mothers, Monsters, Whores: Women's Violence in Global Politics (2007)
Category: History

Women Gender And Terrorism

Author : Laura Sjoberg
ISBN : 9780820335834
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37.77 MB
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In the last decade the world has witnessed a rise in women's participation in terrorism. Women, Gender, and Terrorism explores women's relationship with terrorism, with a keen eye on the political, gender, racial, and cultural dynamics of the contemporary world. Throughout most of the twentieth century, it was rare to hear about women terrorists. In the new millennium, however, women have increas­ingly taken active roles in carrying out suicide bombings, hijacking air­planes, and taking hostages in such places as Palestine, Iraq, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Lebanon, and Chechnya. These women terrorists have been the subject of a substantial amount of media and scholarly attention, but the analysis of women, gender, and terrorism has been sparse and riddled with stereotypical thinking about women's capabilities and motivations. In the first section of this volume, contributors offer an overview of women's participation in and relationships with contemporary terrorism, and a historical chapter traces their involvement in the politics and conflicts of Islamic societies. The next section includes empirical and theoretical analysis of terrorist movements in Chechnya, Kashmir, Palestine, and Sri Lanka. The third section turns to women's involvement in al Qaeda and includes critical interrogations of the gendered media and the scholarly presentations of those women. The conclusion offers ways to further explore the subject of gender and terrorism based on the contributions made to the volume. Contributors to Women, Gender, and Terrorism expand our understanding of terrorism, one of the most troubling and complicated facets of the modern world.
Category: Political Science

Gendering Global Conflict

Author : Laura Sjoberg
ISBN : 9780231148610
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87.27 MB
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Laura Sjoberg positions gender and gender subordination as key factors in the making and fighting of global conflict. Through the lens ofgender, she examines the meaning, causes, practices, and experiences of war, building a more inclusive approach to the analysis of violent conflict between states. Considering war at the international, state, substate, and individual levels, Sjoberg's feminist perspective elevates a number of causal variables in war decision-making. These include structural gender inequality, cycles of gendered violence, state masculine posturing, the often overlooked role of emotion in political interactions, gendered understandings of power, and states' mistaken perception of their own autonomy and unitary nature. Gendering Global Conflict also calls attention to understudied spaces that can be sites of war, such as the workplace, the household, and even the bedroom. Her findings show gender to be a linchpin of even the most tedious and seemingly bland tactical and logistical decisions in violent conflict. Armed with that information, Sjoberg undertakes the task of redefining and reintroducing critical readings of war's political, economic, and humanitarian dimensions, developing the beginnings of a feminist theory of war.
Category: Political Science

Das Klonen Und Der Terror

Author : W. J. T. Mitchell
ISBN : 9783518763605
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 47.27 MB
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Die Propagandaformel vom »Krieg gegen den Terror« ist seit geraumer Zeit nicht mehr in aller Munde, wirkt jedoch untergründig fort. Aber haben wir überhaupt jemals richtig begriffen, was damit gemeint ist, und vor allem, wie subtil und mit welchen Mitteln dieser Krieg geführt wurde und wird? In seinem neuen Buch erkundet der renommierte Bildtheoretiker W. J. T. Mitchell die Sprach- und Bildpolitiken im Jahrzehnt nach 9/11 und stößt auf eine so heikle wie mächtige Konstellation aus Metaphern und Bildern, die ihre eigene furchteinflößende Realität erschafft und enorme gesellschaftliche und politische Auswirkungen hat. Letztere werden noch verstärkt durch einen anderen Begriff, der praktisch zeitgleich die Bühne des öffentlichen Diskurses betrat: das Klonen. Das Klonen und der Terror, so eine zentrale These Mitchells, weisen beunruhigende strukturelle Ähnlichkeiten auf und verschmelzen zu einem Dispositiv aus Realem und Imaginärem, Fakten und Metaphern, Überzeugungen und religiösem Glauben – zu einer gefährlichen Allianz aus Biotechnologie, Biopolitik und realer Politik, die sich in Bildern reproduziert und ins kollektive Gedächtnis eingräbt. Mitchells Buch ist ein Meisterwerk politischer Ästhetik und zugleich eine düstere Bilanz der Bush-Ära: »Der Kapuzenmann von Abu Ghraib, des Terrors verdächtig, Opfer der Folter, ein anonymer Klon, gesichtsloser Menschensohn, wird auf absehbare Zeit die Ikone unserer Zeit bleiben.«
Category: Social Science