Mothers And Others

Author : Sarah Blaffer Hrdy
ISBN : 9780674060326
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83.39 MB
Format : PDF
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Mothers and Others finds the key in the primatologically unique length of human childhood. Renowned anthropologist Sarah Hrdy argues that if human babies were to survive in a world of scarce resources, they would need to be cared for, not only by their mothers but also by siblings, aunts, fathers, friends—and, with any luck, grandmothers. Out of this complicated and contingent form of childrearing, Hrdy argues, came the human capacity for understanding others. In essence, mothers and others teach us who will care, and who will not.
Category: Psychology

Adoption Beyond Borders

Author : Rebecca J. Compton
ISBN : 9780190247805
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 37.41 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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International adoptions have decreased dramatically in the last decade, despite robust evidence of the tremendous benefits that early placement in adoptive families can confer upon children who are not able to remain with birth families. Adoption Beyond Borders integrates evidence from a range of disciplines in the social and biological sciences-- including psychology, neuroscience, evolutionary biology, sociology, anthropology, and social work -- to provide a ringing endorsement of international adoption as a viable child welfare option. The author interweaves narrative accounts of her own adoption journey, which involved visiting a Kazakhstani orphanage daily for nearly a year, to illustrate the complexities and implications of the research evidence. Topics include: the effects of institutionalization on children's developing brains, cognitive abilities, and socio-emotional functioning; the challenges of navigating issues of identity when adopting across national, cultural, and racial lines; the strong emotional bonds that form even without genetic relatedness; and the methods in which adoptive families can address the special needs of children who experienced early neglect and deprivation, thereby providing a supportive environment in which those children can flourish. Striving to attain a balanced, evidence-based perspective on controversial issues, Adoption Beyond Borders argues that international adoption must be maintained and supported as a vital means of promoting international child welfare.
Category: Psychology

V Ter

Author : Paul Raeburn
ISBN : 9783451801860
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 84.96 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Sie werden oft als inkonsequent belächelt oder einfach als inkompetent: Väter. Seit zu langer Zeit werden sie übersehen und nicht Ernst genommen – damit muss endlich Schluss sein! Der preisgekrönte amerikanische Journalist Paul Raeburn zeigt in diesem Buch, welch wichtige Rolle die Väter für die Entwicklung ihrer Kinder spielen und wie sie sich von der Mutterrolle klar unterscheidet. Sein Ziel: bestehende Mythen über die Vaterschaft kritisch zu hinterfragen und aufzubrechen. Hierzu stellt Paul Reaburn aktuelle Untersuchungen vor, die unser bisheriges Bild von Elternschaft grundlegend verändern werden. Seine eigenen Erfahrungen verbindet er mit faszinierenden Erkenntnissen aus Genetik, Hirnforschung und Verhaltensbiologie. Ihm ist ein thesenstarkes und facettenreiches Buch über die Bedeutung der Väter gelungen.
Category: Self-Help

The Creative Spark

Author : Agustín Fuentes
ISBN : 9781101983959
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.54 MB
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A bold new synthesis of paleontology, archaeology, genetics, and anthropology that overturns misconceptions about race, war and peace, and human nature itself, answering an age-old question: What made humans so exceptional among all the species on Earth? Creativity. It is the secret of what makes humans special, hiding in plain sight. Agustín Fuentes argues that your child's finger painting comes essentially from the same place as creativity in hunting and gathering millions of years ago, and throughout history in making war and peace, in intimate relationships, in shaping the planet, in our communities, and in all of art, religion, and even science. It requires imagination and collaboration. Every poet has her muse; every engineer, an architect; every politician, a constituency. The manner of the collaborations varies widely, but successful collaboration is inseparable from imagination, and it brought us everything from knives and hot meals to iPhones and interstellar spacecraft. Weaving fascinating stories of our ancient ancestors' creativity, Fuentes finds the patterns that match modern behavior in humans and animals. This key quality has propelled the evolutionary development of our bodies, minds, and cultures, both for good and for bad. It's not the drive to reproduce; nor competition for mates, or resources, or power; nor our propensity for caring for one another that have separated us out from all other creatures. As Fuentes concludes, to make something lasting and useful today you need to understand the nature of your collaboration with others, what imagination can and can't accomplish, and, finally, just how completely our creativity is responsible for the world we live in. Agustín Fuentes's resounding multimillion-year perspective will inspire readers—and spark all kinds of creativity.
Category: Social Science

Sex Die Wahre Geschichte

Author : Christopher Ryan
ISBN : 9783608100563
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 39.23 MB
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Monogamie ist von der Natur nicht vorgesehen. Mit dieser wissenschaftlich fundierten Erkenntnis stellen die Autoren unser Verständnis menschlicher Evolution und den angeblichen Kern unserer westlichen Gesellschaften infrage: die monogame Paarbeziehung. Dieses Buch stellt so ziemlich alles infrage, was wir bislang über Partnerschaft, Ehe und Gesellschaft geglaubt haben. Die beiden Autoren untersuchen die prähistorischen Wurzeln der menschlichen Sexualität und hinterfragen, welches Sexual- und Paarungsverhalten das natürliche ist. Die Veranlagung zur Monogamie, die Darwin und nach ihm viele Evolutionsbiologen konstatierten, ist eine krasse Fehlinterpretation. Die Autoren greifen die Wurzeln unseres Verständnisses von Ehe, Partnerschaft und Gesellschaft an und argumentieren damit gegen eine ganze Zunft, die Monogamie als genetische anthropologische Konstante betrachtet. Stützt sich auf Forschungsergebnisse aus der Anthropologie, Primatologie, Physiologie und Vorgeschichte
Category: Self-Help

Bindungen Das Gef Ge Psychischer Sicherheit

Author : Karin Grossmann
ISBN : 9783608201529
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36.80 MB
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Das Standardwerk zur Bindungsforschung aus der Feder der führenden deutschsprachigen Experten liegt seit 2012 in überarbeiteter und völlig aktualisierter Form vor: mit den neuesten Erkenntnissen aus den Neurowissenschaften und der Psychophysiologie sowie den jüngsten Befunden der Langzeitstudien. Seit über 30 Jahren betreiben Karin und Klaus Grossmann ihre weltweit beachteten Langzeituntersuchungen über menschliche Bindungen. Mit diesem Buch legten Deutschlands bekannteste Bindungsforscher ihr Lebenswerk vor. Fast 100 Kinder konnte das Ehepaar Grossmann über mehr als 30 Jahre, von der Geburt an bis heute, wissenschaftlich begleiten und beobachten. Schon als Säugling binden wir uns an die Eltern, die uns versorgen und schützen. Ob es aber gelingt, eine sichere Bindung zu entwickeln, hängt von der Qualität der Erfahrungen mit Mutter und Vater ab. Und davon hängen wiederum unsere Erwartungen über die Reaktionen anderer Menschen ab, wenn wir deren Unterstützung brauchen. Wie die Forschungsergebnisse zeigen, führen positive Erfahrungen mit beiden Eltern zur Bereitschaft, verläßliche, vertrauensvolle Beziehungen einzugehen, die auf Gegenseitigkeit beruhen. Bereits in den ersten Lebensjahren wird das Fundament für Freundschaften, Partnerschaften und den rücksichtsvollen sozialen Umgang mit anderen gelegt. Der Bindungsprozeß und die Entstehung psychischer Sicherheit wird von seinen frühen Anfängen ebenso dargestellt wie der Einfluß von Bindungen bei Erwachsenen und im hohen Lebensalter.
Category: Psychology

Do Fathers Matter

Author : Paul Raeburn
ISBN : 9780374710828
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 59.24 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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For too long, we've thought of fathers as little more than sources of authority and economic stability in the lives of their children. Yet cutting-edge studies drawing unexpected links between fathers and children are forcing us to reconsider our assumptions and ask new questions: What changes occur in men when they are "expecting"? Do fathers affect their children's language development? What are the risks and rewards of being an older-than-average father at the time the child is born? What happens to a father's hormone levels at every stage of his child's development, and can a child influence the father's health? Just how much do fathers matter? In Do Fathers Matter? the award-winning journalist and father of five Paul Raeburn overturns the many myths and stereotypes of fatherhood as he examines the latest scientific findings on the parent we've often overlooked. Drawing on research from neuroscientists, animal behaviorists, geneticists, and developmental psychologists, among others, Raeburn takes us through the various stages of fatherhood, revealing the profound physiological connections between children and fathers, from conception through adolescence and into adulthood—and the importance of the relationship between mothers and fathers. In the process, he challenges the legacy of Freud and mainstream views of parental attachment, and also explains how we can become better parents ourselves. Ultimately, Raeburn shows how the role of the father is distinctly different from that of the mother, and that embracing fathers' significance in the lives of young people is something we can all benefit from. An engrossing, eye-opening, and deeply personal book that makes a case for a new perspective on the importance of fathers in our lives no matter what our family structure, Do Fathers Matter? will change the way we view fatherhood today.
Category: Family & Relationships

Human Social Evolution

Author : Kyle Summers
ISBN : 9780199339631
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.41 MB
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Richard D. Alexander is an accomplished entomologist who turned his attention to solving some of the most perplexing problems associated with the evolution of human social systems. Using impeccable Darwinian logic and elaborating, extending and adding to the classic theoretical contributions of pioneers of behavioral and evolutionary ecology like George Williams, William Hamilton and Robert Trivers, Alexander developed the most detailed and comprehensive vision of human social evolution of his era. His ideas and hypotheses have inspired countless biologists, anthropologists, psychologists and other social scientists to explore the evolution of human social behavior in ever greater detail, and many of his seminal ideas have stood the test of time and come to be pillars of our understanding of human social evolution. This volume presents classic papers or chapters by Dr. Alexander, each focused on an important theme from his work. Introductions by Dr. Alexander's former students and colleagues highlight the importance of his work to the field, describe more recent work on the topic, and discuss current issues of contention and interest.
Category: Science

A Mind Of Her Own

Author : Anne Campbell
ISBN : 9780191647024
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 85.92 MB
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When Darwin proposed that females shape evolution by being choosy in their choice of male suitors, his Victorian contemporaries were shocked that he accorded so much importance to women. But this early view of the female role was far from revolutionary: They were simply allowed to be passive 'quality controllers' of male genes. Recent years have shown that the inert 'coy female' is a myth. For a male, a high sex drive and a taste for variety may improve his fitness. But for a female, successful reproduction goes far beyond copulation. She bears the brunt of parental investment with each child represents years of commitment from pregnancy and breast-feeding to provisioning and guarding. For her genetic lineage to survive, she must do this better than her rivals. Each of us comes from a line of winning mothers. Women are, after all, the first and default sex. It is women who bear children. A child born with a single X chromosome can survive, but not one with a single Y. In a population crash, a female-biased population will survive far better than a male-heavy one. In this book, Anne Campbell redresses the balance of evolutionary theory in favour of women. She examines how selection pressures have shaped the female mind over thousands of generations: Their emotions, friendship, competition, aggression and mate choice. She brings together data from neuroscience, endocrinology, anthropology, primatology as well as psychology to address fundamental questions about sex differences.... Why are women less aggressive than men? Were women designed for monogamy or promiscuity? What do women compete for? Why is conflict between males and females inevitable? What makes each woman unique? Have contraception and IVF subverted the process of natural selection?
Category: Psychology