MOSSADS ROLE IN REGIONAL SECURITY PDF

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Author : Gordon Thomas
ISBN : 9953870810
Genre : Intelligence service
File Size : 26.50 MB
Format : PDF
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Intelligence service; Israel; history; politics and government.
Category: Intelligence service

Author : غسان كنفانى
ISBN : 6000179669
Genre :
File Size : 74.45 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Author : توماس هوبز
ISBN : 9796500033068
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70.62 MB
Format : PDF
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إنّ كتاب اللوياثان الذي وضعه (سنة 1651)، من الكتب المؤسِّسة لنظرية الفلسفة، وهو يبتكر أسطورة السلطة المطلقة فيضع ركائز التقليد السياسي الحديث.. فقد قرّر البشر، استناداً إلى قُدرتهم الخاصّة على العزم والتفكير، أن يُزوّدوا أنفُسَهُم بقانون مُشترَك ومُصطَنَع، وعندها لم يعد القانون يرتكز على العالم الإلهي، بل على العالم الإنساني. واللفياثان هو كائن بحري خرافي له رأس تنين وجسد وأفعى ويرد ذكره مرات عدة في الكتاب المقدس، أما هوبز فيستعمله ليصور سلطة الحاكم أو الدولة التي يستبدل بها الناس ضمن عقد اجتماعي جديد سلطة الدين أو اللاهوت.
Category: Philosophy

Fighting To The End

Author : C. Christine Fair
ISBN : 9780199892709
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.29 MB
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Pakistan's army has dominated the state for most of its 66 years. It has locked the country in an enduring rivalry with India to revise the maps in Kashmir and to resist India's slow but inevitable rise. To prosecute these dangerous policies, the army employs non-state actors under the security of its ever-expanding nuclear umbrella. The Pakistan army started three wars with India over Kashmir in 1947, 1965, and 1999 and failed to win any of them. It has sustained a proxy war in Kashmir since 1989 using Islamist militants, some of whom have now turned their guns against the Pakistani state. The Pakistan army has supported non-Islamist insurgencies throughout India as well as a country-wide Islamist terror campaign that have brought the two countries to the brink of war on several occasions. Despite Pakistan's efforts to coerce India, it has only achieved modest successes. Even though India vivisected Pakistan in 1971, Pakistan continues to see itself as India's equal and demands the world do the same. The tools that the army prefers to use, non-state actors under a nuclear umbrella, has brought international opprobrium upon the country and the army. In recent years, erstwhile proxies have turned their gun on the Pakistani state itself and its peoples. Why does the army persist in pursuing these revisionist policies that have come to imperil the very viability of the state itself, from which the army feeds? This volume argues that the answer lies, at least partially, in the strategic culture of the army. From the army's distorted view of history, the army is victorious as long as can resist India's purported hegemony and the territorial status quo. To acquiesce is defeat. Because the army is unlikely to abandon these preferences, the world must prepare for an ever more dangerous future Pakistan.
Category: Political Science

The Unlawful Society

Author : Paul Battersby
ISBN : 9781137282965
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57.78 MB
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Exploring the dynamics of law-making in a world where the pace of technological change is outstripping our capacity to capture new forms of transnational crime, this book uses the innovative concept of unlawfulness to examine the crimes of the global overworld, forming a unique analysis of global order in the twenty-first century.
Category: Social Science

Author : شمعون بيرس
ISBN : 9796500190433
Genre :
File Size : 88.4 MB
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أردنا أن نلج إلى التقديم لهذا الكتاب، بهذه الصورة، ليس بدافع جلد الذات، بل سعياً وراء خلق مسؤول عربي، تذوب مصالحه وهالة كرسيه، في إطار المصلحة العامة، والمستقبل الذي ينتظر الدولة والأمة، بحيث يوفر أرضية ممهدة لخلفه، يبدأ من آخرها وليس من نقطة الصفر.,نقول هذا، ونحن نقرأ مذكرات شمعون بيرس، مهندس اتفاقية السلام الفلسطينية – الإسرائيلية، فقد نيف الرجل على السبعين، وما زال يعمل بهمة الشباب، ترفده نجاحاته بمزيد من الاصرار على مواصلة العمل الدؤوب... وهو يعلم أن ما بقي من عمره، ليس فيه مساحة لزعامة، أو موضع لقيادة، ... لكنه يتطلع إلى مستقبل دولته وشعبه، وربما يطمح إلى تسجيل اسمه في كتب التاريخ.
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Peacemaking From Above Peace From Below

Author : Norrin M. Ripsman
ISBN : 9781501704079
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58.90 MB
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In Peacemaking from Above, Peace from Below, Norrin M. Ripsman explains how regional rivals make peace and how outside actors can encourage regional peacemaking. Through a qualitative empirical analysis of all the regional rivalries that terminated in peace treaties in the twentieth century—including detailed case studies of the Franco-German, Egyptian-Israeli, and Israeli-Jordanian peace settlements—Ripsman concludes that efforts to encourage peacemaking that focus on changing the attitudes of the rival societies or democratizing the rival polities to enable societal input into security policy are unlikely to achieve peace. Prior to a peace treaty, he finds, peacemaking is driven by states, often against intense societal opposition, for geostrategic reasons or to preserve domestic power. After a formal treaty has been concluded, the stability of peace depends on societal buy-in through mechanisms such as bilateral economic interdependence, democratization of former rivals, cooperative regional institutions, and transfers of population or territory. Society is largely irrelevant to the first stage but is critical to the second. He draws from this analysis a lesson for contemporary policy. Western governments and international organizations have invested heavily in efforts to promote Israeli-Palestinian and Indo-Pakistani peace by promoting democratic values, economic exchanges, and cultural contacts between the opponents. Such attempts to foster peace are likely to waste resources until such time as formal peace treaties are concluded between longtime adversaries.
Category: Political Science

Us Foreign Policy And Global Standing In The 21st Century

Author : Efraim Inbar
ISBN : 9781317382690
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24.4 MB
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This book examines US foreign policy and global standing in the 21st Century. The United States is the most powerful actor in world politics today. Against this backdrop, the present volume examines how the foreign policies pursued by Presidents’ George W. Bush and Barack Obama have affected elite and public perceptions of the United States. By examining America’s standing from the perspective of different actors from across various regions, including China, Russia, Latin America and the Middle East, while also assessing how these perceptions interact with America’s own policies, this books presents a fresh interpretation of America’s global standing. In doing so, the volume evaluates how these perceptions affect the realities of US power, and what impact this has on moulding US foreign policy and the policies of other global powers. A number of books address the question of which grand strategy the United States should adopt and the issue of whether or not America is in relative decline as a world power. However, the debate on these issues has largely been set against the policies of the Bush administration. By contrast, this volume argues that while Obama has raised the popularity of America since the low reached by Bush, America’s credibility and overall standing have actually been damaged further under President Obama. This book will be of much interest to students of US foreign policy, US national security, strategic studies, Middle Eastern politics, international relations and security studies generally.
Category: Political Science

Defending The Holy Land

Author : Zeev Maoz
ISBN : 0472115405
Genre : History
File Size : 28.68 MB
Format : PDF
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A landmark analysis of the entire history of Israel's defense and foreign policies and a fundamental reassessment of its security doctrine
Category: History